Holman Christian Standard Bible
12 “I will pass through(B) the land of Egypt on that night and strike every firstborn male in the land of Egypt, both man and beast. I am Yahweh; I will execute judgments against all the gods of Egypt.(C) 13 The blood on the houses where you are staying will be a distinguishing mark for you; when I see the blood, I will pass over you. No plague will be among you to destroy you when I strike the land of Egypt.
14 “This day is to be a memorial for you, and you must celebrate it as a festival to the Lord. You are to celebrate it throughout your generations as a permanent statute.(D) 15 You must eat unleavened bread for seven days. On the first day you must remove yeast(E) from your houses. Whoever eats what is leavened from the first day through the seventh day must be cut off(F) from Israel. 16 You are to hold a sacred assembly(G) on the first day and another sacred assembly on the seventh day. No work may be done on those days except for preparing what people need to eat—you may do only that.
17 “You are to observe the Festival of Unleavened Bread because on this very day I brought your divisions out of the land of Egypt.(H) You must observe this day throughout your generations as a permanent statute. 18 You are to eat unleavened bread in the first month,(I) from the evening of the fourteenth day of the month until the evening of the twenty-first day. 19 Yeast must not be found in your houses for seven days. If anyone eats something leavened, that person, whether a foreign resident or native of the land, must be cut off from the community of Israel. 20 Do not eat anything leavened; eat unleavened bread in all your homes.”[b]
21 Then Moses summoned all the elders of Israel and said to them, “Go, select an animal from the flock according to your families, and slaughter the Passover animal.(J) 22 Take a cluster of hyssop, dip it in the blood(K) that is in the basin, and brush the lintel and the two doorposts with some of the blood in the basin. None of you may go out the door of his house until morning. 23 When the Lord passes through to strike Egypt and sees the blood on the lintel and the two doorposts, He will pass over the door and not let the destroyer enter your houses to strike you.(L)
24 “Keep this command permanently as a statute for you and your descendants. 25 When you enter the land that the Lord will give you as He promised, you are to observe this ritual. 26 When your children(M) ask you, ‘What does this ritual mean to you?’ 27 you are to reply, ‘It is the Passover sacrifice(N) to the Lord, for He passed over the houses of the Israelites in Egypt when He struck the Egyptians and spared our homes.’” So the people bowed down and worshiped. 28 Then the Israelites went and did this; they did just as the Lord had commanded Moses and Aaron.
29 Now at midnight the Lord struck every firstborn male in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh who sat on his throne to the firstborn of the prisoner who was in the dungeon, and every firstborn of the livestock.(O) 30 During the night Pharaoh got up, he along with all his officials and all the Egyptians, and there was a loud wailing(P) throughout Egypt because there wasn’t a house without someone dead. 31 He summoned Moses and Aaron during the night and said, “Get up, leave my people, both you and the Israelites, and go, worship Yahweh as you have asked. 32 Take even your flocks and your herds as you asked and leave, and also bless me.”
33 Now the Egyptians pressured the people in order to send them quickly out of the country, for they said, “We’re all going to die!”(Q) 34 So the people took their dough before it was leavened, with their kneading bowls wrapped up in their clothes on their shoulders.
35 The Israelites acted on Moses’ word and asked the Egyptians for silver and gold jewelry and for clothing.(R) 36 And the Lord gave the people such favor in the Egyptians’ sight that they gave them what they requested. In this way they plundered the Egyptians.
37 The Israelites traveled from Rameses to Succoth,(S) about 600,000(T) soldiers on foot, besides their families. 38 An ethnically diverse crowd also went up with them, along with a huge number of livestock, both flocks and herds. 39 The people baked the dough they had brought out of Egypt into unleavened loaves, since it had no yeast; for when they had been driven(U) out of Egypt they could not delay and had not prepared any provisions for themselves.
40 The time that the Israelites lived in Egypt[c] was 430 years.(V) 41 At the end of 430 years, on that same day, all the Lord’s divisions went out from the land of Egypt. 42 It was a night of vigil in honor of the Lord, because He would bring them out of the land of Egypt. This same night is in honor of the Lord, a night vigil for all the Israelites throughout their generations.(W)
43 The Lord said to Moses and Aaron, “This is the statute of the Passover: no foreigner may eat it. 44 But any slave a man has purchased may eat it, after you have circumcised him. 45 A temporary resident or hired hand may not eat the Passover.(X) 46 It is to be eaten in one house. You may not take any of the meat outside the house, and you may not break any of its bones.(Y) 47 The whole community of Israel must celebrate[d] it. 48 If a foreigner resides with you and wants to celebrate the Lord’s Passover, every male in his household must be circumcised, and then he may participate;[e] he will become like a native of the land. But no uncircumcised person may eat it.Read full chapter
New International Version
12 “On that same night I will pass through(C) Egypt and strike down(D) every firstborn(E) of both people and animals, and I will bring judgment on all the gods(F) of Egypt. I am the Lord.(G) 13 The blood will be a sign for you on the houses where you are, and when I see the blood, I will pass over(H) you. No destructive plague will touch you when I strike Egypt.(I)
14 “This is a day you are to commemorate;(J) for the generations to come you shall celebrate it as a festival to the Lord—a lasting ordinance.(K) 15 For seven days you are to eat bread made without yeast.(L) On the first day remove the yeast from your houses, for whoever eats anything with yeast in it from the first day through the seventh must be cut off(M) from Israel. 16 On the first day hold a sacred assembly, and another one on the seventh day. Do no work(N) at all on these days, except to prepare food for everyone to eat; that is all you may do.
17 “Celebrate the Festival of Unleavened Bread,(O) because it was on this very day that I brought your divisions out of Egypt.(P) Celebrate this day as a lasting ordinance for the generations to come.(Q) 18 In the first month(R) you are to eat bread made without yeast, from the evening of the fourteenth day until the evening of the twenty-first day. 19 For seven days no yeast is to be found in your houses. And anyone, whether foreigner(S) or native-born, who eats anything with yeast in it must be cut off(T) from the community of Israel. 20 Eat nothing made with yeast. Wherever you live,(U) you must eat unleavened bread.”(V)
21 Then Moses summoned all the elders of Israel and said to them, “Go at once and select the animals for your families and slaughter the Passover(W) lamb. 22 Take a bunch of hyssop,(X) dip it into the blood in the basin and put some of the blood(Y) on the top and on both sides of the doorframe. None of you shall go out of the door of your house until morning. 23 When the Lord goes through the land to strike(Z) down the Egyptians, he will see the blood(AA) on the top and sides of the doorframe and will pass over(AB) that doorway, and he will not permit the destroyer(AC) to enter your houses and strike you down.
24 “Obey these instructions as a lasting ordinance(AD) for you and your descendants. 25 When you enter the land(AE) that the Lord will give you as he promised, observe this ceremony. 26 And when your children(AF) ask you, ‘What does this ceremony mean to you?’ 27 then tell them, ‘It is the Passover(AG) sacrifice to the Lord, who passed over the houses of the Israelites in Egypt and spared our homes when he struck down the Egyptians.’”(AH) Then the people bowed down and worshiped.(AI) 28 The Israelites did just what the Lord commanded(AJ) Moses and Aaron.
29 At midnight(AK) the Lord(AL) struck down all the firstborn(AM) in Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh, who sat on the throne, to the firstborn of the prisoner, who was in the dungeon, and the firstborn of all the livestock(AN) as well. 30 Pharaoh and all his officials and all the Egyptians got up during the night, and there was loud wailing(AO) in Egypt, for there was not a house without someone dead.
31 During the night Pharaoh summoned Moses and Aaron and said, “Up! Leave my people, you and the Israelites! Go, worship(AP) the Lord as you have requested. 32 Take your flocks and herds,(AQ) as you have said, and go. And also bless(AR) me.”
33 The Egyptians urged the people to hurry(AS) and leave(AT) the country. “For otherwise,” they said, “we will all die!”(AU) 34 So the people took their dough before the yeast was added, and carried it on their shoulders in kneading troughs(AV) wrapped in clothing. 35 The Israelites did as Moses instructed and asked the Egyptians for articles of silver and gold(AW) and for clothing.(AX) 36 The Lord had made the Egyptians favorably disposed(AY) toward the people, and they gave them what they asked for; so they plundered(AZ) the Egyptians.
37 The Israelites journeyed from Rameses(BA) to Sukkoth.(BB) There were about six hundred thousand men(BC) on foot, besides women and children. 38 Many other people(BD) went up with them, and also large droves of livestock, both flocks and herds. 39 With the dough the Israelites had brought from Egypt, they baked loaves of unleavened bread. The dough was without yeast because they had been driven out(BE) of Egypt and did not have time to prepare food for themselves.
40 Now the length of time the Israelite people lived in Egypt[a] was 430 years.(BF) 41 At the end of the 430 years, to the very day, all the Lord’s divisions(BG) left Egypt.(BH) 42 Because the Lord kept vigil that night to bring them out of Egypt, on this night all the Israelites are to keep vigil to honor the Lord for the generations to come.(BI)
43 The Lord said to Moses and Aaron, “These are the regulations for the Passover meal:(BJ)
46 “It must be eaten inside the house; take none of the meat outside the house. Do not break any of the bones.(BN) 47 The whole community of Israel must celebrate it.
48 “A foreigner residing among you who wants to celebrate the Lord’s Passover must have all the males in his household circumcised; then he may take part like one born in the land.(BO) No uncircumcised(BP) male may eat it.Read full chapter
- Exodus 12:40 Masoretic Text; Samaritan Pentateuch and Septuagint Egypt and Canaan
Holman Christian Standard Bible
2 “The Israelites are to observe the Passover at its appointed time.(A) 3 You must observe it at its appointed time on the fourteenth day of this month at twilight; you are to observe it according to all its statutes and ordinances.”(B) 4 So Moses told the Israelites to observe the Passover, 5 and they observed it in the first month on the fourteenth day at twilight in the Wilderness of Sinai. The Israelites did everything as the Lord had commanded Moses.
6 But there were some men who were unclean because of a human corpse, so they could not observe the Passover on that day.(C) These men came before Moses and Aaron the same day 7 and said to him, “We are unclean because of a human corpse. Why should we be excluded from presenting the Lord’s offering at its appointed time with the other Israelites?”
8 Moses replied to them, “Wait here until I hear what the Lord commands for you.”
9 Then the Lord spoke to Moses: 10 “Tell the Israelites: When any one of you or your descendants is unclean because of a corpse(D) or is on a distant journey, he may still observe the Passover to the Lord. 11 Such people are to observe it in the second month, on the fourteenth day at twilight. They are to eat the animal with unleavened bread and bitter herbs;(E) 12 they may not leave any of it until morning or break any of its bones.(F) They must observe the Passover according to all its statutes.
13 “But the man who is ceremonially clean, is not on a journey, and yet fails to observe the Passover is to be cut off from his people, because he did not present the Lord’s offering at its appointed time. That man will bear the consequences of his sin.
14 “If a foreigner resides with you and wants to observe the Passover to the Lord,(G) he is to do so according to the Passover statute and its ordinances. You are to apply the same statute to both the foreign resident and the native of the land.”(H)Read full chapter
New International Version
2 “Have the Israelites celebrate the Passover(A) at the appointed time.(B) 3 Celebrate it at the appointed time, at twilight on the fourteenth day of this month,(C) in accordance with all its rules and regulations.(D)”
4 So Moses told the Israelites to celebrate the Passover,(E) 5 and they did so in the Desert of Sinai(F) at twilight on the fourteenth day of the first month.(G) The Israelites did everything just as the Lord commanded Moses.(H)
6 But some of them could not celebrate the Passover on that day because they were ceremonially unclean(I) on account of a dead body.(J) So they came to Moses and Aaron(K) that same day 7 and said to Moses, “We have become unclean because of a dead body, but why should we be kept from presenting the Lord’s offering with the other Israelites at the appointed time?(L)”
8 Moses answered them, “Wait until I find out what the Lord commands concerning you.”(M)
9 Then the Lord said to Moses, 10 “Tell the Israelites: ‘When any of you or your descendants are unclean because of a dead body(N) or are away on a journey, they are still to celebrate(O) the Lord’s Passover, 11 but they are to do it on the fourteenth day of the second month(P) at twilight. They are to eat the lamb, together with unleavened bread and bitter herbs.(Q) 12 They must not leave any of it till morning(R) or break any of its bones.(S) When they celebrate the Passover, they must follow all the regulations.(T) 13 But if anyone who is ceremonially clean and not on a journey fails to celebrate the Passover, they must be cut off from their people(U) for not presenting the Lord’s offering at the appointed time. They will bear the consequences of their sin.
14 “‘A foreigner(V) residing among you is also to celebrate the Lord’s Passover in accordance with its rules and regulations. You must have the same regulations for both the foreigner and the native-born.’”Read full chapter