9 Queen Vashti also gave a banquet for the women in the [a]palace which belonged to King Ahasuerus.
Queen Vashti’s Refusal
10 On the seventh day, when the heart of the king was merry with wine, he commanded Mehuman, Biztha, Harbona, Bigtha, Abagtha, Zethar and Carkas, the seven eunuchs who served in the presence of King Ahasuerus,11 to bring Queen Vashti before the king with her royal crown in order to display her beauty to the people and the princes, for she was beautiful.12 But Queen Vashti refused to come at the king’s command delivered by the eunuchs. Then the king became very angry and his wrath burned within him.
13 Then the king said to the wise men who understood the times—for it was the custom of the king so to speak before all who knew law and justice14 and were close to him: Carshena, Shethar, Admatha, Tarshish, Meres, Marsena and Memucan, the seven princes of Persia and Media who [b]had access to the king’s presence and sat in the first place in the kingdom—15 “According to law, what is to be done with Queen Vashti, because she did not [c]obey the command of King Ahasuerus delivered by the eunuchs?”16 In the presence of the king and the princes, Memucan said, “Queen Vashti has wronged not only the king but also all the princes and all the peoples who are in all the provinces of King Ahasuerus.17 For the queen’s conduct will [d]become known to all the women causing them [e]to look with contempt on their husbands by saying, ‘King Ahasuerus commanded Queen Vashti to be brought in to his presence, but she did not come.’18 This day the ladies of Persia and Media who have heard of the queen’s conduct will speak in the same way to all the king’s princes, and there will be plenty of contempt and anger.19 If it pleases the king, let a royal [f]edict be issued by him and let it be written in the laws of Persia and Media so that it cannot [g]be repealed, that Vashti may no longer come into the presence of King Ahasuerus, and let the king give her royal position to [h]another who is more worthy than she.20 When the king’s edict which he will make is heard throughout all his kingdom, [i]great as it is, then all women will give honor to their husbands, great and small.”
21 This word pleased the king and the princes, and the king did [j]as Memucan proposed.22 So he sent letters to all the king’s provinces, to each province according to its script and to every people according to their language, that every man should be the master in his own house and the one who speaks in the language of his own people.
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