English Standard Version
The King's Banquets
1 Now in the days of Ahasuerus, the Ahasuerus who reigned (A)from India to Ethiopia over (B)127 provinces, 2 in those days when King Ahasuerus (C)sat on his royal throne in (D)Susa, the citadel, 3 in the third year of his reign (E)he gave a feast for all his officials and servants. The army of Persia and Media and the nobles and governors of the provinces were before him, 4 while he showed the riches of his royal glory and the splendor and pomp of his greatness for many days, 180 days. 5 And when these days were completed, the king gave for all the people present in Susa the citadel, both great and small, a feast lasting for seven days in the court of (F)the garden of the king's palace. 6 There were white cotton curtains and violet hangings fastened with cords of fine linen and purple to silver rods[a] and marble pillars, and also (G)couches of gold and silver on a mosaic pavement of porphyry, marble, mother-of-pearl, and precious stones. 7 Drinks were served in golden vessels, vessels of different kinds, and the royal wine was lavished according to the bounty of the king. 8 And drinking was according to this edict: “There is no compulsion.” For the king had given orders to all the staff of his palace to do as each man desired. 9 Queen Vashti also gave a feast for the women in the palace that belonged to King Ahasuerus.
Queen Vashti's Refusal
10 On the seventh day, (H)when the heart of the king was merry with wine, he commanded Mehuman, Biztha, (I)Harbona, (J)Bigtha and Abagtha, Zethar and Carkas, the seven eunuchs who served in the presence of King Ahasuerus, 11 to bring Queen Vashti before the king with (K)her royal crown,[b] in order to show the peoples and the princes her beauty, for she was lovely to look at. 12 But Queen Vashti refused to come at the king's command delivered by the eunuchs. At this the king became enraged, and his anger burned within him.
13 Then the king said to (L)the wise men (M)who knew the times (for this was the king's procedure toward all who were versed in law and judgment, 14 the men next to him being Carshena, Shethar, Admatha, Tarshish, Meres, Marsena, and (N)Memucan, (O)the seven princes of Persia and Media, (P)who saw the king's face, and sat first in the kingdom): 15 “According to the law, what is to be done to Queen Vashti, because she has not performed the command of King Ahasuerus delivered by the eunuchs?” 16 Then Memucan said in the presence of the king and the officials, “Not only against the king has Queen Vashti done wrong, but also against all the officials and all the peoples who are in all the provinces of King Ahasuerus. 17 For the queen's behavior will be made known to all women, causing them to look at their husbands with contempt,[c] since they will say, ‘King Ahasuerus commanded Queen Vashti to be brought before him, and she did not come.’ 18 This very day the noble women of Persia and Media who have heard of the queen's behavior will say the same to all the king's officials, and there will be contempt and wrath in plenty. 19 If it please the king, let a royal order go out from him, and let it be written among the laws of the Persians and the Medes so (Q)that it may not be repealed, that Vashti is never again to come before King Ahasuerus. And let the king give her royal position to another who is better than she. 20 So when the decree made by the king is proclaimed throughout all his kingdom, for it is vast, (R)all women will give honor to their husbands, high and low alike.” 21 This advice pleased the king and the princes, and the king did as Memucan proposed. 22 He sent letters to all the royal provinces, (S)to every province in its own script and to every people in its own language, that every man be master in his own household and speak according to the language of his people.
Esther Chosen Queen
2 After these things, (T)when the anger of King Ahasuerus had abated, he remembered Vashti (U)and what she had done and what had been decreed against her. 2 Then the king's young men who attended him said, “Let beautiful young virgins be sought out for the king. 3 And let the king appoint officers in all the provinces of his kingdom to gather all the beautiful young virgins to the harem in Susa the citadel, under custody of (V)Hegai, the king's eunuch, who is in charge of the women. (W)Let their cosmetics be given them. 4 And let the young woman who pleases the king[d] be queen instead of Vashti.” This pleased the king, and he did so.
5 Now there was a Jew in Susa the citadel whose name was (X)Mordecai, the son of Jair, son of Shimei, son of Kish, a Benjaminite, 6 (Y)who had been carried away from Jerusalem among the captives carried away with Jeconiah king of Judah, whom Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon had carried away. 7 He was bringing up Hadassah, that is Esther, (Z)the daughter of his uncle, for she had neither father nor mother. The young woman had a beautiful figure and was lovely to look at, and when her father and her mother died, Mordecai took her as his own daughter. 8 So when the king's order and his edict were proclaimed, and (AA)when many young women were gathered in Susa the citadel in custody of (AB)Hegai, Esther also was taken into the king's palace and put in custody of Hegai, who had charge of the women. 9 And the young woman pleased him and won his favor. And he quickly provided her (AC)with her cosmetics and her portion of food, and with seven chosen young women from the king's palace, and advanced her and her young women to the best place in the harem. 10 (AD)Esther had not made known her people or kindred, for Mordecai had commanded her not to make it known. 11 And every day Mordecai walked in front of the court of the harem to learn how Esther was and what was happening to her.
12 Now when the turn came for each young woman to go in to King Ahasuerus, after being twelve months under the regulations for the women, since this was the regular period of their beautifying, six months with oil of myrrh and six months with spices and ointments for women— 13 when the young woman went in to the king in this way, she was given whatever she desired to take with her from the harem to the king's palace. 14 In the evening she would go in, and in the morning she would return to the second harem in custody of Shaashgaz, the king's eunuch, who was in charge of the concubines. She would not go in to the king again, unless the king delighted in her and she was summoned by name.
15 When the turn came for Esther (AE)the daughter of Abihail the uncle of Mordecai, who had taken her as his own daughter, to go in to the king, she asked for nothing except what (AF)Hegai the king's eunuch, who had charge of the women, advised. Now Esther was winning favor in the eyes of all who saw her. 16 And when Esther was taken to King Ahasuerus, into his royal palace, in the tenth month, which is the month of Tebeth, in the seventh year of his reign, 17 the king loved Esther more than all the women, and she won grace and favor in his sight more than all the virgins, so that he set (AG)the royal crown[e] on her head and made her queen instead of Vashti. 18 Then the king (AH)gave a great feast for all his officials and servants; it was Esther's feast. He also granted a remission of taxes to the provinces and gave gifts with royal generosity.
Mordecai Discovers a Plot
19 Now when the virgins were gathered together (AI)the second time, Mordecai was sitting (AJ)at the king's gate. 20 (AK)Esther had not made known her kindred or her people, as Mordecai had commanded her, for Esther obeyed Mordecai just (AL)as when she was brought up by him. 21 In those days, as Mordecai was sitting at the king's gate, (AM)Bigthan and (AN)Teresh, two of the king's eunuchs, who guarded the threshold, became angry and sought to lay hands on King Ahasuerus. 22 And this came to the knowledge of Mordecai, (AO)and he told it to Queen Esther, and Esther told the king in the name of Mordecai. 23 When the affair was investigated and found to be so, the men were both hanged on the gallows.[f] And it was recorded in (AP)the book of the chronicles in the presence of the king.
Haman Plots Against the Jews
3 After these things King Ahasuerus (AQ)promoted Haman (AR)the Agagite, the son of Hammedatha, (AS)and advanced him and set his throne above all the officials who were with him. 2 And all the king's servants who were at the king's gate bowed down and paid homage to Haman, for the king had so commanded concerning him. (AT)But Mordecai did not bow down or pay homage. 3 Then the king's servants who were (AU)at the king's gate said to Mordecai, “Why do you transgress (AV)the king's command?” 4 And when they spoke to him day after day and he would not listen to them, they told Haman, in order to see whether Mordecai's words would stand, for he had told them that he was a Jew. 5 And when Haman saw that (AW)Mordecai did not bow down or pay homage to him, Haman was (AX)filled with fury. 6 But he disdained[g] to lay hands on Mordecai alone. So, as they had made known to him the people of Mordecai, Haman sought to destroy[h] all the Jews, the people of Mordecai, throughout the whole kingdom of Ahasuerus.
7 In the first month, which is the month of Nisan, in the twelfth year of King Ahasuerus, (AY)they cast Pur (that is, they cast lots) before Haman day after day; and they cast it month after month till the twelfth month, which is (AZ)the month of Adar. 8 Then Haman said to King Ahasuerus, “There is a certain people scattered abroad and dispersed among the peoples in all the provinces of your kingdom. (BA)Their laws are different from those of every other people, and they do not keep the king's laws, so that it is not to the king's profit to tolerate them. 9 If it please the king, let it be decreed that they be destroyed, and I will pay 10,000 talents[i] of silver into the hands of those who have charge of the king's business, that they may put it into the king's treasuries.” 10 (BB)So the king took his signet ring from his hand and gave it to Haman (BC)the Agagite, the son of Hammedatha, (BD)the enemy of the Jews. 11 And the king said to Haman, “The money is given to you, the people also, to do with them as it seems good to you.”
12 (BE)Then the king's scribes were summoned on the thirteenth day of the first month, and an edict, according to all that Haman commanded, was written to the king's (BF)satraps and to the governors over all the provinces and to the officials of all the peoples, (BG)to every province in its own script and every people in its own language. It was written (BH)in the name of King Ahasuerus (BI)and sealed with the king's signet ring. 13 Letters were sent (BJ)by couriers to all the king's provinces with instruction (BK)to destroy, to kill, and to annihilate all Jews, young and old, women and children, (BL)in one day, the thirteenth day of the twelfth month, which is the month of Adar, (BM)and to plunder their goods. 14 (BN)A copy of the document was to be issued as a decree in every province by proclamation to all the peoples to be ready for that day. 15 (BO)The couriers went out hurriedly by order of the king, and the decree was issued in Susa the citadel. And the king and Haman sat down to drink, (BP)but the city of Susa was thrown into confusion.
- Esther 1:6 Or rings
- Esther 1:11 Or headdress
- Esther 1:17 Hebrew to disdain their husbands in their eyes
- Esther 2:4 Hebrew who is good in the eyes of the king
- Esther 2:17 Or headdress
- Esther 2:23 Or wooden beam or stake; Hebrew tree or wood. This Persian execution practice involved affixing or impaling a person on a stake or pole (compare Ezra 6:11)
- Esther 3:6 Hebrew disdained in his eyes
- Esther 3:6 Or annihilate
- Esther 3:9 A talent was about 75 pounds or 34 kilograms
1 Corinthians 11:17-34
English Standard Version
The Lord's Supper
17 But in the following instructions I do not commend you, because when you come together it is not for the better but for the worse. 18 For, in the first place, when you come together as a church, (A)I hear that there are divisions among you. And I believe it in part,[a] 19 for (B)there must be factions among you in order (C)that those who are genuine among you may be recognized. 20 When you come together, it is not the Lord's supper that you eat. 21 For in eating, each one goes ahead with his own meal. One goes hungry, (D)another gets drunk. 22 What! Do you not have houses to eat and drink in? Or do you despise (E)the church of God and (F)humiliate those who have nothing? What shall I say to you? Shall I commend you in this? No, I will not.
23 For (G)I received from the Lord what I also delivered to you, that (H)the Lord Jesus on the night when he was betrayed took bread, 24 and when he had given thanks, he broke it, and said, “This is my body, which is for[b] you. Do this in remembrance of me.”[c] 25 In the same way also he took the cup, after supper, saying, “This cup is the new covenant in my blood. Do this, as often as you drink it, in remembrance of me.” 26 For as often as you eat this bread and drink the cup, you proclaim the Lord's death (I)until he comes.
27 (J)Whoever, therefore, eats the bread or drinks the cup of the Lord (K)in an unworthy manner will be guilty concerning (L)the body and blood of the Lord. 28 (M)Let a person examine himself, then, and so eat of the bread and drink of the cup. 29 For anyone who eats and drinks without discerning the body eats and drinks judgment on himself. 30 That is why many of you are weak and ill, and some (N)have died.[d] 31 (O)But if we judged[e] ourselves truly, we would not be judged. 32 But when we are judged by the Lord, (P)we are disciplined[f] so that we may not be (Q)condemned along with the world.
33 So then, my brothers,[g] when you come together to eat, wait for[h] one another— 34 (R)if anyone is hungry, (S)let him eat at home—so that when you come together it will not be for judgment. About the other things (T)I will give directions (U)when I come.Read full chapter
- 1 Corinthians 11:18 Or I believe a certain report
- 1 Corinthians 11:24 Some manuscripts broken for
- 1 Corinthians 11:24 Or as my memorial; also verse 25
- 1 Corinthians 11:30 Greek have fallen asleep (as in 15:6, 20)
- 1 Corinthians 11:31 Or discerned
- 1 Corinthians 11:32 Or when we are judged we are being disciplined by the Lord
- 1 Corinthians 11:33 Or brothers and sisters
- 1 Corinthians 11:33 Or share with
English Standard Version
17 How long, O Lord, will you (A)look on?
Rescue me from their destruction,
(B)my precious life from the lions!
18 I will thank you in (C)the great congregation;
in the mighty throng I will praise you.
19 (D)Let not those rejoice over me
who are (E)wrongfully my foes,
and let not those (F)wink the eye
who (G)hate me (H)without cause.
20 For they do not speak peace,
but against those who are quiet in the land
they devise words of deceit.
21 They (I)open wide their mouths against me;
they say, (J)“Aha, Aha!
Our eyes have seen it!”
22 (K)You have seen, O Lord; (L)be not silent!
O Lord, (M)be not far from me!
23 Awake and (N)rouse yourself for (O)my vindication,
for my cause, my God and my Lord!
24 (P)Vindicate me, O Lord, my God,
according to your righteousness,
and (Q)let them not rejoice over me!
25 Let them not say in their hearts,
(R)“Aha, our heart's desire!”
Let them not say, (S)“We have swallowed him up.”
27 Let those who delight in my righteousness
shout for joy and be glad
(W)and say evermore,
(X)“Great is the Lord,
who (Y)delights in the welfare of his servant!”
28 Then my (Z)tongue shall tell of your righteousness
and of your praise all the day long.