20 which he has worked[a] in Christ, raising[b] him from the dead and seating him[c] at his right hand in the heavenly places, 21 above all rule and authority and power and lordship and every name named, not only in this age but also in the coming one, 22 and he subjected all things under his feet[d] and gave him as head over all things to the church,

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  1. Ephesians 1:20 Some manuscripts have “he worked”
  2. Ephesians 1:20 These participles are either means (“by raising … and seating”) or temporal (“when he raised … and seated”)
  3. Ephesians 1:20 Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation
  4. Ephesians 1:22 An allusion to Ps 8:6