(A)in which you once walked according to the [a]course of this world, according to (B)the prince of the power of the air, the spirit who now works in (C)the sons of disobedience, (D)among whom also we all once conducted ourselves in (E)the lusts of our flesh, fulfilling the desires of the flesh and of the mind, and (F)were by nature children of wrath, just as the others.

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Footnotes

  1. Ephesians 2:2 Gr. aion, aeon

in which you (A)previously walked according to the [a]course of (B)this world, according to (C)the prince of the power of the air, of the spirit that is now working in (D)the [b]sons of disobedience. Among them [c]we too all (E)previously lived in (F)the lusts of our flesh, [d]indulging the desires of the flesh and of the [e]mind, and were (G)by nature (H)children of wrath, (I)just as the rest.

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Footnotes

  1. Ephesians 2:2 Lit age
  2. Ephesians 2:2 I.e., people opposed to God
  3. Ephesians 2:3 I.e., Jewish believers
  4. Ephesians 2:3 Lit doing
  5. Ephesians 2:3 Lit thoughts

in which you once walked. You were following the ways of this world [influenced by this present age], in accordance with the prince of the power of the air (Satan), the spirit who is now at work in the disobedient [the unbelieving, who fight against the purposes of God]. Among these [unbelievers] we all once lived in the passions of our flesh [our behavior governed by the sinful self], indulging the desires of [a]human nature [without the Holy Spirit] and [the impulses] of the [sinful] mind. We were, by nature, children [under the sentence] of [God’s] wrath, just like the rest [of mankind].

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Footnotes

  1. Ephesians 2:3 Lit flesh.

in which you used to live(A) when you followed the ways of this world(B) and of the ruler of the kingdom of the air,(C) the spirit who is now at work in those who are disobedient.(D) All of us also lived among them at one time,(E) gratifying the cravings of our flesh[a](F) and following its desires and thoughts. Like the rest, we were by nature deserving of wrath.

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Footnotes

  1. Ephesians 2:3 In contexts like this, the Greek word for flesh (sarx) refers to the sinful state of human beings, often presented as a power in opposition to the Spirit.

Wherein in time past ye walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that now worketh in the children of disobedience:

Among whom also we all had our conversation in times past in the lusts of our flesh, fulfilling the desires of the flesh and of the mind; and were by nature the children of wrath, even as others.

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Take Up the Cross and Follow Him(A)

23 (B)Then He said to them all, “If anyone desires to come after Me, let him deny himself, and take up his cross [a]daily, and follow Me.

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Footnotes

  1. Luke 9:23 M omits daily

23 And He was saying to them all, (A)If anyone wants to come after Me, he must deny himself, take up his cross daily, and follow Me.

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23 And He was saying to them all, “If anyone wishes to follow Me [as My disciple], he must deny himself [set aside selfish interests], and take up his cross daily [expressing a willingness to endure whatever may come] and follow Me [believing in Me, conforming to My example in living and, if need be, suffering or perhaps dying because of faith in Me].

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23 Then he said to them all: “Whoever wants to be my disciple must deny themselves and take up their cross daily and follow me.(A)

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23 And he said to them all, If any man will come after me, let him deny himself, and take up his cross daily, and follow me.

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17 For (A)the flesh lusts against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh; and these are contrary to one another, (B)so that you do not do the things that you wish.

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17 For (A)the desire of the flesh is against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh; for these are in opposition to one another, (B)in order to keep you from doing whatever you want.

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17 For the sinful nature has its desire which is opposed to the Spirit, and the [desire of the] Spirit opposes the [a]sinful nature; for these [two, the sinful nature and the Spirit] are in direct opposition to each other [continually in conflict], so that you [as believers] do not [always] do whatever [good things] you want to do.

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Footnotes

  1. Galatians 5:17 Lit flesh.

17 For the flesh desires what is contrary to the Spirit, and the Spirit what is contrary to the flesh.(A) They are in conflict with each other, so that you are not to do whatever[a] you want.(B)

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Footnotes

  1. Galatians 5:17 Or you do not do what

17 For the flesh lusteth against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh: and these are contrary the one to the other: so that ye cannot do the things that ye would.

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Trained by Saving Grace

11 For (A)the grace of God that brings salvation has appeared to all men, 12 teaching us that, denying ungodliness and worldly lusts, we should live soberly, righteously, and godly in the present age,

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11 For the grace of God has (A)appeared, [a](B)bringing salvation to all people, 12 [b]instructing us to deny ungodliness and (C)worldly desires and (D)to live sensibly, righteously, and in a godly manner (E)in the present age,

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Footnotes

  1. Titus 2:11 Or to all mankind, bringing
  2. Titus 2:12 Or disciplining

11 For the [remarkable, undeserved] grace of God that [a]brings salvation has appeared to all men. 12 It teaches us to reject ungodliness and worldly (immoral) desires, and to live sensible, upright, and godly lives [lives with a purpose that reflect spiritual maturity] in this present age,

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Footnotes

  1. Titus 2:11 Jesus is the source of salvation for all who believe and accept Him as Savior and Lord.

11 For the grace(A) of God has appeared(B) that offers salvation to all people.(C) 12 It teaches us to say “No” to ungodliness and worldly passions,(D) and to live self-controlled,(E) upright and godly lives(F) in this present age,

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11 For the grace of God that bringeth salvation hath appeared to all men,

12 Teaching us that, denying ungodliness and worldly lusts, we should live soberly, righteously, and godly, in this present world;

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that he no longer should live the rest of his time in the flesh for the lusts of men, (A)but for the will of God.

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