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Vanity of vanities,[a] says Qoheleth,
    vanity of vanities! All things are vanity!(A)

Vanity of Human Toil

What profit have we from all the toil
    which we toil at under the sun?[b](B)
One generation departs and another generation comes,
    but the world forever stays.

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  1. 1:2 Vanity of vanities: a Hebrew superlative expressing the supreme degree of futility and emptiness.
  2. 1:3 Under the sun: used throughout this book to signify “on the earth.”

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