2 Vanity[a] of vanities, says the Preacher, vanity of vanities! All is vanity.
Ecclesiastes 1:2The Hebrew term hebel, translated vanity or vain, refers concretely to a “mist,” “vapor,” or “mere breath,” and metaphorically to something that is fleeting or elusive (with different nuances depending on the context). It appears five times in this verse and in 29 other verses in Ecclesiastes
Ecclesiastes 1:12-14English Standard Version (ESV)
The Vanity of Wisdom
12 I the Preacher have been king over Israel in Jerusalem.13 And I applied my heart[a] to seek and to search out by wisdom all that is done under heaven. It is an unhappy business that God has given to the children of man to be busy with.14 I have seen everything that is done under the sun, and behold, all is vanity[b] and a striving after wind.[c]
Ecclesiastes 1:13The Hebrew term denotes the center of one's inner life, including mind, will, and emotions
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