Israel Urged to Obey God’s Law

“Now, Israel, listen to the statutes and the judgments which (A)I am teaching you to perform, so that (B)you will live and go in and take possession of the land which the Lord, the God of your fathers, is giving you. (C)You shall not add to the word which (D)I am commanding you, nor take away from it, so that you may keep the commandments of the Lord your God which I am commanding you. (E)Your eyes have seen what the Lord has done in the case of Baal-peor, for all the men who followed Baal-peor, the Lord your God has destroyed [a]them from among you. But you who clung to the Lord your God are alive today, every one of you.

“See, I have taught you statutes and judgments (F)just as the Lord my God commanded me, that you are to do these things in the land where you are entering to take possession of it. So keep and do them, (G)for that is your wisdom and your understanding in the sight of the peoples who will hear all these statutes and say, ‘Surely this great nation is a wise and understanding people.’ For (H)what great nation is there that has a god (I)so near to it as is the Lord our God (J)whenever we call on Him? Or what great nation is there that has (K)statutes and judgments as righteous as this whole Law which I am setting before you today?

“Only (L)be careful for yourself and watch over your soul diligently, so that you do not forget the things which your eyes have seen and they do not depart from your heart (M)all the days of your life; but (N)make them known to your sons and your grandsons. 10 Remember the day you stood before the Lord your God at Horeb, when the Lord said to me, ‘Assemble the people to Me, that I may have them hear My words (O)so that they may learn to [b]fear Me all the days that they live on the earth, and that they may (P)teach their children.’ 11 You came forward and stood at the foot of the mountain, (Q)and the mountain was burning with fire to the heart of the heavens: darkness, cloud, and thick gloom. 12 Then the Lord spoke to you from the midst of the fire; you heard the sound of words, but you saw no form—there was only a voice. 13 So He declared to you His covenant which He commanded you to perform, that is, (R)the Ten [c]Commandments; and (S)He wrote them on two tablets of stone. 14 The Lord commanded me at that time to teach you statutes and judgments, so that you would perform them in the land where you are going over to take possession of it.

15 “So (T)be very careful [d]yourselves, since you did not see any (U)form on the day the Lord spoke to you at Horeb from the midst of the fire, 16 so that you do not (V)act corruptly and (W)make a carved image for yourselves in the form of any figure, a representation of male or female, 17 a representation of any animal that is on the earth, a representation of (X)any winged bird that flies in the sky, 18 a representation of anything that crawls on the ground, or a representation of any fish that is in the water below the earth. 19 And be careful not to raise your eyes to heaven and look at the sun, the moon, and the stars, (Y)all the heavenly [e]lights, (Z)and allow yourself to be drawn away and worship them and serve them, things which the Lord your God has allotted to all the peoples under the whole heaven. 20 But the Lord has taken you and brought you out of (AA)the iron furnace, from Egypt, to (AB)be a people of His own possession, as today.

21 (AC)Now the Lord was angry with me on your account, and He swore that I would not cross the Jordan, and that I would not enter the good land which the Lord your God is giving you as an inheritance. 22 For (AD)I am going to die in this land; I am not crossing the Jordan, but you are going to cross, and you will take possession of this (AE)good land. 23 So be careful [f]yourselves, (AF)that you do not forget the covenant of the Lord your God which He made with you, and (AG)make for yourselves a carved image in the form of anything against which the Lord your God has commanded you. 24 For the Lord your God is a (AH)consuming fire, a (AI)jealous God.

25 “When you father children and have [g]grandchildren, and you grow old in the land, and you (AJ)act corruptly, and (AK)make [h]an idol in the form of anything, and (AL)do what is evil in the sight of the Lord your God to provoke Him to anger, 26 I (AM)call heaven and earth as witnesses against you today, that you will (AN)certainly perish quickly from the land where you are going over the Jordan to take possession of it. You will not [i]live long on it, but will be utterly destroyed. 27 The Lord will (AO)scatter you among the peoples, and you will be left few in number among the nations where the Lord drives you. 28 (AP)There you will serve gods, the work of human hands, (AQ)wood and stone, (AR)which neither see nor hear, nor eat nor smell anything. 29 (AS)But from there you will seek the Lord your God, and you will find Him if you search for Him (AT)with all your heart and all your soul. 30 When you (AU)are in distress and all these things happen to you, (AV)in the latter days (AW)you will return to the Lord your God and listen to His voice. 31 For the Lord your God is a (AX)compassionate God; (AY)He will not abandon you nor (AZ)destroy you, nor (BA)forget the covenant with your fathers which He swore to them.

32 “Indeed, (BB)ask now about the earlier days that were [j]before your time, since the (BC)day that God created [k]mankind on the earth, and inquire (BD)from one end of the heavens to the other. (BE)Has anything been done like this great thing, or has anything been heard like it? 33 (BF)Has any people heard the voice of God speaking from the midst of the fire, as you have heard it, and survived? 34 (BG)Or has a god ventured to go to take for himself a nation from within another nation (BH)by trials, by signs and wonders, by war, (BI)by a mighty hand, by an outstretched arm, and by great terrors, [l]just as the Lord your God did for you in Egypt before your eyes? 35 You were shown these things so that you might know that the Lord, He is God; (BJ)there is no other besides Him. 36 (BK)Out of the heavens He let you hear His voice (BL)to discipline you; and on earth He let you see His great fire, and you heard His words from the midst of the fire. 37 (BM)Because He loved your fathers, He chose [m]their descendants after them. And He [n](BN)personally brought you from Egypt by His great power, 38 driving out from before you nations greater and mightier than you, to bring you in and (BO)to give you their land as an inheritance, as it is today. 39 Therefore know today, and take it to your heart, that (BP)the Lord, He is God in heaven above and on the earth below; there is no other. 40 (BQ)So you shall keep His statutes and His commandments which I am [o]giving you today, so that (BR)it may go well for you and for your children after you, and (BS)that you may [p]live long on the land which the Lord your God is giving you for all time.”

41 (BT)Then Moses set apart three cities across the Jordan to the [q]east, 42 for [r]one to flee there who unintentionally killed his neighbor, without having hatred for him in time past; and by fleeing to one of these cities he might live: 43 (BU)Bezer in the wilderness on the plateau for the Reubenites, Ramoth in Gilead for the Gadites, and Golan in Bashan for the Manassites.

44 Now this is the Law which Moses set before the sons of Israel; 45 these are the testimonies and the statutes, and the ordinances which Moses spoke to the sons of Israel, when they came out of Egypt, 46 across the Jordan, in the valley (BV)opposite Beth-peor, in the land of (BW)Sihon king of the Amorites who lived in Heshbon, whom Moses and the sons of Israel [s]defeated when they came out of Egypt. 47 And they took possession of his land and the land of (BX)Og king of Bashan, the two kings of the Amorites, who were across the Jordan to the [t]east, 48 from (BY)Aroer, which is on the edge of the [u]Valley of Arnon, even as far as (BZ)Mount Sion (that is, Hermon), 49 with all the Arabah across the Jordan to the east, even as far as the sea of the Arabah, [v]at the foot of the slopes of Pisgah.

The Ten Commandments Repeated

Now Moses summoned all Israel and said to them:

“Listen, Israel, to the statutes and ordinances which I am speaking today [w]for you to hear, so that you may learn them and be careful to do them. The Lord our God made (CA)a covenant with us at Horeb. (CB)The Lord did not make this covenant with our fathers, but with us, all [x]of us who are alive here today. The Lord spoke with you (CC)face to face at the mountain (CD)from the midst of the fire, while (CE)I was standing between the Lord and you at that time, to declare to you the word of the Lord; (CF)for you were afraid because of the fire, and you did not go up on the mountain. [y]He said,

(CG)I am the Lord your God who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of [z]slavery.

(CH)You shall have no other gods besides Me.

(CI)You shall not make for yourself a carved image, or any [aa]likeness of what is in heaven above [ab]or on the earth beneath [ac]or in the water under the earth. You shall not worship them nor serve them; for I, the Lord your God, am a jealous God, (CJ)inflicting the [ad]punishment of the fathers on the children, [ae]even on the third and fourth generations of those who hate Me, 10 but (CK)showing [af]favor to thousands, to those who love Me and keep My commandments.

11 (CL)You shall not take the name of the Lord your God [ag]in vain, for the Lord will not [ah]leave unpunished the one who takes His name in vain.

12 (CM)Keep the Sabbath day to treat it as holy, as the Lord your God commanded you. 13 For six days you [ai]shall labor and do all your work, 14 but (CN)the seventh day is a Sabbath of the Lord your God; you shall not do any work that day, you or your son or your daughter, or your male slave or your female slave, or your ox, your donkey, or any of your cattle, or your [aj]resident who [ak]stays with you, so that your male slave and your female slave may rest as well as you. 15 (CO)And you shall remember that you were a slave in the land of Egypt, and the Lord your God brought you out of there by a mighty hand and an outstretched arm; therefore the Lord your God commanded you to [al]celebrate the Sabbath day.

16 (CP)Honor your father and your mother, just as the Lord your God has commanded you, (CQ)so that your days may be prolonged and that it may go well for you on the land which the Lord your God is giving you.

17 (CR)You shall not murder.

18 (CS)You shall not commit adultery.

19 (CT)You shall not steal.

20 (CU)You shall not give false testimony against your neighbor.

21 (CV)You shall not covet your neighbor’s wife, nor desire your neighbor’s house, his field, his male slave or his female slave, his ox, his donkey, or anything that belongs to your neighbor.’

Moses Interceded

22 “These words the Lord spoke to your whole assembly at the mountain from the midst of the fire, from the cloud, and from the thick darkness, with a great voice, and He added nothing more. (CW)He wrote them on two tablets of stone and gave them to me. 23 And when you heard the voice from the midst of the darkness, while the mountain was burning with fire, you approached me, all the heads of your tribes and your elders. 24 You said, ‘Behold, the Lord our God has shown us His glory and His greatness, and we have heard His voice from the midst of the fire; we have seen today that God speaks with mankind, yet he lives. 25 (CX)Now then, why should we die? For this great fire will consume us; if we hear the voice of the Lord our God any longer, then we will die! 26 For (CY)who is there of [am]humanity who has heard the voice of the living God speaking from the midst of the fire, as we have, and lived? 27 [an]Go near and listen to everything that the Lord our God says; then speak to us everything that the Lord our God speaks to you, and we will listen and do it.’

28 “Now the Lord heard the sound of your words when you spoke to me, (CZ)and the Lord said to me, ‘I have heard the sound of the words of this people which they have spoken to you. They have done well in all that they have spoken. 29 (DA)If only they had such a heart in them, to fear Me and (DB)keep all My commandments always, so that (DC)it would go well with them and with their sons forever! 30 Go, say to them, “Return to your tents.” 31 (DD)But as for you, stand here by Me, that I may speak to you all the commandments, the statutes, and the judgments which you shall teach them, so that they may [ao]follow them in the land which I am giving them to possess.’ 32 So you shall be careful to do just as the Lord your God has commanded you; (DE)you shall not turn aside to the right or to the left. 33 (DF)You shall walk [ap]entirely in the way which the Lord your God has commanded you, (DG)so that you may live and that it may be well for you, and that you may prolong your days in the land which you will possess.

Footnotes

  1. Deuteronomy 4:3 Lit him
  2. Deuteronomy 4:10 Or revere
  3. Deuteronomy 4:13 Lit Words
  4. Deuteronomy 4:15 Or for your own lives
  5. Deuteronomy 4:19 Lit host
  6. Deuteronomy 4:23 Or for yourselves
  7. Deuteronomy 4:25 Lit children’s children
  8. Deuteronomy 4:25 Or a carved image
  9. Deuteronomy 4:26 Lit prolong your days
  10. Deuteronomy 4:32 Lit before you
  11. Deuteronomy 4:32 Or Adam
  12. Deuteronomy 4:34 Lit according to all that
  13. Deuteronomy 4:37 Lit his seed
  14. Deuteronomy 4:37 Lit with His presence
  15. Deuteronomy 4:40 Lit commanding
  16. Deuteronomy 4:40 Lit prolong your days
  17. Deuteronomy 4:41 Lit sunrise
  18. Deuteronomy 4:42 Lit one who committed manslaughter
  19. Deuteronomy 4:46 Lit struck
  20. Deuteronomy 4:47 Lit sunrise
  21. Deuteronomy 4:48 Or wadi
  22. Deuteronomy 4:49 Lit under
  23. Deuteronomy 5:1 Lit in your ears
  24. Deuteronomy 5:3 Lit these of us ourselves
  25. Deuteronomy 5:5 Lit saying
  26. Deuteronomy 5:6 Lit slaves
  27. Deuteronomy 5:8 Or manifestation
  28. Deuteronomy 5:8 Lit or what is on
  29. Deuteronomy 5:8 Lit or what is on
  30. Deuteronomy 5:9 I.e., punishment for the wrongdoing
  31. Deuteronomy 5:9 Or and on
  32. Deuteronomy 5:10 Or faithfulness
  33. Deuteronomy 5:11 I.e., uselessly or abusively
  34. Deuteronomy 5:11 Or hold guiltless
  35. Deuteronomy 5:13 Or may
  36. Deuteronomy 5:14 Lit stranger
  37. Deuteronomy 5:14 Lit is in your gates
  38. Deuteronomy 5:15 Lit perform
  39. Deuteronomy 5:26 Lit all flesh
  40. Deuteronomy 5:27 Lit Go yourself
  41. Deuteronomy 5:31 Lit perform
  42. Deuteronomy 5:33 Lit in all the way of

The Tablets Rewritten

10 “At that time the Lord said to me, ‘(A)Cut out for yourself two tablets of stone like the first two, and come up to Me on the mountain, and (B)make an [a]ark of wood for yourself. Then (C)I will write on the tablets the words that were on the first tablets which you smashed to pieces, and (D)you shall put them in the ark.’ So (E)I made an ark of acacia wood and (F)cut out two tablets of stone like the first two, and I went up on the mountain with the two tablets in my hand. Then He wrote on the tablets, like the first writing, (G)the Ten [b]Commandments (H)which the Lord had spoken to you on the mountain from the midst of the fire (I)on the day of the assembly; and the Lord gave them to me. Then I turned and (J)came down from the mountain, and I (K)put the tablets in the ark which I had made; (L)and they are there, just as the Lord commanded me.”

(Now the sons of Israel set out from [c]Beeroth (M)Bene-jaakan to Moserah. (N)There Aaron died and there he was buried, and his son Eleazar served as priest in his place. (O)From there they set out to Gudgodah, and from Gudgodah to Jotbathah, a land of streams of water. (P)At that time the Lord singled out the tribe of Levi to carry the ark of the covenant of the Lord, to stand before the Lord (Q)to serve Him and to bless in His name, until this day. (R)Therefore, Levi does not have a portion or inheritance with his brothers; the Lord is his inheritance, just as the Lord your God spoke to him.)

10 (S)I, moreover, stayed on the mountain for forty days and forty nights like the first time, and the Lord listened to me that time also; the Lord was not willing to destroy you. 11 Then the Lord said to me, ‘Arise, proceed on your journey ahead of the people, so that they may go in and take possession of the land which I swore to their fathers to give them.’

12 (T)And now, Israel, what does the Lord your God require of you, but to [d]fear the Lord your God, to walk in all His ways and (U)love Him, and to serve the Lord your God with (V)all your heart and with all your soul, 13 and to keep the Lords commandments and His statutes which I am commanding you today for your good? 14 Behold, (W)to the Lord your God belong heaven and the [e]highest heavens, (X)the earth and all that is in it. 15 (Y)Yet the Lord set His affection on your fathers, to love them, and He chose their [f]descendants after them, you over all the other peoples, as it is this day. 16 (Z)So circumcise [g]your heart, and do not (AA)stiffen your neck any longer. 17 (AB)For the Lord your God is the God of gods and the (AC)Lord of lords, the great, the mighty, and the awesome God, (AD)who does not show partiality, nor (AE)take a bribe. 18 He executes justice for (AF)the orphan and the widow, and shows His love for the stranger by giving him food and clothing. 19 (AG)So show your love for the stranger, for you were strangers in the land of Egypt. 20 You shall fear the Lord your God; you shall serve Him, and (AH)cling to Him, and (AI)you shall swear by His name. 21 He is (AJ)your glory and He is your God, who has done these great and awesome things for you which your eyes have seen. 22 (AK)Your fathers went down to Egypt seventy persons in all, (AL)and now the Lord your God has made you as numerous as the stars of heaven.

Footnotes

  1. Deuteronomy 10:1 I.e., sacred chest
  2. Deuteronomy 10:4 Lit Words
  3. Deuteronomy 10:6 Or the wells of the sons of Jaakan
  4. Deuteronomy 10:12 Or revere
  5. Deuteronomy 10:14 Lit heaven of heavens
  6. Deuteronomy 10:15 Lit seed
  7. Deuteronomy 10:16 Lit the foreskin of your heart,