Israel Urged to Obey God’s Law

“Now, O Israel, listen to the statutes and the judgments which (A)I am teaching you to perform, so that (B)you may live and go in and take possession of the land which the Lord, the God of your fathers, is giving you. (C)You shall not add to the word which (D)I am commanding you, nor take away from it, that you may keep the commandments of the Lord your God which I command you. (E)Your eyes have seen what the Lord has done in the case of Baal-peor, for all the men who followed Baal-peor, the Lord your God has destroyed [a]them from among you. But you who held fast to the Lord your God are alive today, every one of you.

“See, I have taught you statutes and judgments (F)just as the Lord my God commanded me, that you should do thus in the land where you are entering to possess it. So keep and do them, (G)for that is your wisdom and your understanding in the sight of the peoples who will hear all these statutes and say, ‘Surely this great nation is a wise and understanding people.’ For (H)what great nation is there that has a god (I)so near to it as is the Lord our God (J)whenever we call on Him? Or what great nation is there that has (K)statutes and judgments as righteous as this whole law which I am setting before you today?

“Only (L)give heed to yourself and keep your soul diligently, so that you do not forget the things which your eyes have seen and they do not depart from your heart (M)all the days of your life; but (N)make them known to your sons and your grandsons. 10 Remember the day you stood before the Lord your God at Horeb, when the Lord said to me, ‘Assemble the people to Me, that I may let them hear My words (O)so they may learn to [b]fear Me all the days they live on the earth, and that they may (P)teach their children.’ 11 You came near and stood at the foot of the mountain, (Q)and the mountain burned with fire to the very heart of the heavens: darkness, cloud and thick gloom. 12 Then the Lord spoke to you from the midst of the fire; you heard the sound of words, but you saw no form—only a voice. 13 So He declared to you His covenant which He commanded you to perform, that is, (R)the Ten [c]Commandments; and (S)He wrote them on two tablets of stone. 14 The Lord commanded me at that time to teach you statutes and judgments, that you might perform them in the land where you are going over to possess it.

15 “So (T)watch yourselves carefully, since you did not see any (U)form on the day the Lord spoke to you at Horeb from the midst of the fire, 16 so that you do not (V)act corruptly and (W)make a graven image for yourselves in the form of any figure, the likeness of male or female, 17 the likeness of any animal that is on the earth, the likeness of (X)any winged bird that flies in the sky, 18 the likeness of anything that creeps on the ground, the likeness of any fish that is in the water below the earth. 19 And beware not to lift up your eyes to heaven and see the sun and the moon and the stars, (Y)all the host of heaven, (Z)and be drawn away and worship them and serve them, those which the Lord your God has allotted to all the peoples under the whole heaven. 20 But the Lord has taken you and brought you out of (AA)the iron furnace, from Egypt, to (AB)be a people for His own possession, as today.

21 (AC)Now the Lord was angry with me on your account, and swore that I would not cross the Jordan, and that I would not enter the good land which the Lord your God is giving you as an inheritance. 22 For (AD)I will die in this land, I shall not cross the Jordan, but you shall cross and take possession of this (AE)good land. 23 So watch yourselves, (AF)that you do not forget the covenant of the Lord your God which He made with you, and (AG)make for yourselves a graven image in the form of anything against which the Lord your God has commanded you. 24 For the Lord your God is a (AH)consuming fire, a (AI)jealous God.

25 “When you [d]become the father of children and children’s children and have remained long in the land, and (AJ)act corruptly, and (AK)make an [e]idol in the form of anything, and (AL)do that which is evil in the sight of the Lord your God so as to provoke Him to anger, 26 I (AM)call heaven and earth to witness against you today, that you will (AN)surely perish quickly from the land where you are going over the Jordan to possess it. You shall not [f]live long on it, but will be utterly destroyed. 27 The Lord will (AO)scatter you among the peoples, and you will be left few in number among the nations where the Lord drives you. 28 (AP)There you will serve gods, the work of man’s hands, (AQ)wood and stone, (AR)which neither see nor hear nor eat nor smell. 29 (AS)But from there you will seek the Lord your God, and you will find Him if you search for Him (AT)with all your heart and all your soul. 30 When you (AU)are in distress and all these things have come upon you, (AV)in the latter days (AW)you will return to the Lord your God and listen to His voice. 31 For the Lord your God is a (AX)compassionate God; (AY)He will not fail you nor (AZ)destroy you nor (BA)forget the covenant with your fathers which He swore to them.

32 “Indeed, (BB)ask now concerning the former days which were before you, since the (BC)day that God created [g]man on the earth, and inquire (BD)from one end of the heavens to the other. (BE)Has anything been done like this great thing, or has anything been heard like it? 33 (BF)Has any people heard the voice of God speaking from the midst of the fire, as you have heard it, and survived? 34 (BG)Or has a god tried to go to take for himself a nation from within another nation (BH)by trials, by signs and wonders and by war and (BI)by a mighty hand and by an outstretched arm and by great terrors, [h]as the Lord your God did for you in Egypt before your eyes? 35 To you it was shown that you might know that the Lord, He is God; (BJ)there is no other besides Him. 36 (BK)Out of the heavens He let you hear His voice (BL)to discipline you; and on earth He let you see His great fire, and you heard His words from the midst of the fire. 37 [i](BM)Because He loved your fathers, therefore He chose [j]their descendants after them. And He [k](BN)personally brought you from Egypt by His great power, 38 driving out from before you nations greater and mightier than you, to bring you in and (BO)to give you their land for an inheritance, as it is today. 39 Know therefore today, and take it to your heart, that (BP)the Lord, He is God in heaven above and on the earth below; there is no other. 40 (BQ)So you shall keep His statutes and His commandments which I am [l]giving you today, that (BR)it may go well with you and with your children after you, and (BS)that you may [m]live long on the land which the Lord your God is giving you for all time.”

41 (BT)Then Moses set apart three cities across the Jordan to the [n]east, 42 that a manslayer might flee there, who unintentionally slew his neighbor without having enmity toward him in time past; and by fleeing to one of these cities he might live: 43 (BU)Bezer in the wilderness on the plateau for the Reubenites, and Ramoth in Gilead for the Gadites, and Golan in Bashan for the Manassites.

44 Now this is the law which Moses set before the sons of Israel; 45 these are the testimonies and the statutes and the ordinances which Moses spoke to the sons of Israel, when they came out from Egypt, 46 across the Jordan, in the valley (BV)opposite Beth-peor, in the land of (BW)Sihon king of the Amorites who lived at Heshbon, whom Moses and the sons of Israel [o]defeated when they came out from Egypt. 47 They took possession of his land and the land of (BX)Og king of Bashan, the two kings of the Amorites, who were across the Jordan to the [p]east, 48 from (BY)Aroer, which is on the edge of the [q]valley of Arnon, even as far as (BZ)Mount Sion (that is, Hermon), 49 with all the Arabah across the Jordan to the east, even as far as the sea of the Arabah, [r]at the foot of the slopes of Pisgah.

The Ten Commandments Repeated

Then Moses summoned all Israel and said to them:

“Hear, O Israel, the statutes and the ordinances which I am speaking today in your [s]hearing, that you may learn them and observe [t]them carefully. The Lord our God made (CA)a covenant with us at Horeb. (CB)The Lord did not make this covenant with our fathers, but with us, with all those of [u]us alive here today. The Lord spoke to you (CC)face to face at the mountain (CD)from the midst of the fire, while (CE)I was standing between the Lord and you at that time, to declare to you the word of the Lord; (CF)for you were afraid because of the fire and did not go up the mountain. [v]He said,

(CG)I am the Lord your God who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of [w]slavery.

(CH)You shall have no other gods [x]before Me.

(CI)You shall not make for yourself [y]an idol, or any likeness of what is in heaven above [z]or on the earth beneath [aa]or in the water under the earth. You shall not worship them or serve them; for I, the Lord your God, am a jealous God, (CJ)visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children, and on the third and the fourth generations of those who hate Me, 10 but (CK)showing lovingkindness to thousands, to those who love Me and keep My commandments.

11 (CL)You shall not take the name of the Lord your God in vain, for the Lord will not [ab]leave him unpunished who takes His name in vain.

12 (CM)Observe the sabbath day to keep it holy, as the Lord your God commanded you. 13 Six days you shall labor and do all your work, 14 but (CN)the seventh day is a sabbath of the Lord your God; in it you shall not do any work, you or your son or your daughter or your male servant or your female servant or your ox or your donkey or any of your cattle or your sojourner who [ac]stays with you, so that your male servant and your female servant may rest as well as you. 15 (CO)You shall remember that you were a slave in the land of Egypt, and the Lord your God brought you out of there by a mighty hand and by an outstretched arm; therefore the Lord your God commanded you to observe the sabbath day.

16 (CP)Honor your father and your mother, as the Lord your God has commanded you, (CQ)that your days may be prolonged and that it may go well with you on the land which the Lord your God gives you.

17 (CR)You shall not murder.

18 (CS)You shall not commit adultery.

19 (CT)You shall not steal.

20 (CU)You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.

21 (CV)You shall not covet your neighbor’s wife, and you shall not desire your neighbor’s house, his field or his male servant or his female servant, his ox or his donkey or anything that belongs to your neighbor.’

Moses Interceded

22 “These words the Lord spoke to all your assembly at the mountain from the midst of the fire, of the cloud and of the thick gloom, with a great voice, and He added no more. (CW)He wrote them on two tablets of stone and gave them to me. 23 And when you heard the voice from the midst of the darkness, while the mountain was burning with fire, you came near to me, all the heads of your tribes and your elders. 24 You said, ‘Behold, the Lord our God has shown us His glory and His greatness, and we have heard His voice from the midst of the fire; we have seen today that God speaks with man, yet he lives. 25 (CX)Now then why should we die? For this great fire will consume us; if we hear the voice of the Lord our God any longer, then we will die. 26 For (CY)who is there of all flesh who has heard the voice of the living God speaking from the midst of the fire, as we have, and lived? 27 [ad]Go near and hear all that the Lord our God says; then speak to us all that the Lord our God speaks to you, and we will hear and do it.’

28 “The Lord heard the voice of your words when you spoke to me, (CZ)and the Lord said to me, ‘I have heard the voice of the words of this people which they have spoken to you. They have done well in all that they have spoken. 29 (DA)Oh that they had such a heart in them, that they would fear Me and (DB)keep all My commandments always, that (DC)it may be well with them and with their sons forever! 30 Go, say to them, “Return to your tents.” 31 (DD)But as for you, stand here by Me, that I may speak to you all the commandments and the statutes and the judgments which you shall teach them, that they may observe them in the land which I give them to possess.’ 32 So you shall observe to do just as the Lord your God has commanded you; (DE)you shall not turn aside to the right or to the left. 33 (DF)You shall walk in all the way which the Lord your God has commanded you, (DG)that you may live and that it may be well with you, and that you may prolong your days in the land which you will possess.

Footnotes

  1. Deuteronomy 4:3 Lit him
  2. Deuteronomy 4:10 Or reverence
  3. Deuteronomy 4:13 Lit Words
  4. Deuteronomy 4:25 Lit beget
  5. Deuteronomy 4:25 Or a graven image
  6. Deuteronomy 4:26 Lit prolong your days
  7. Deuteronomy 4:32 Or Adam
  8. Deuteronomy 4:34 Lit according to all that
  9. Deuteronomy 4:37 Lit And instead, because
  10. Deuteronomy 4:37 Lit his seed
  11. Deuteronomy 4:37 Lit with His presence
  12. Deuteronomy 4:40 Lit commanding
  13. Deuteronomy 4:40 Lit prolong your days
  14. Deuteronomy 4:41 Lit sunrise
  15. Deuteronomy 4:46 Lit smote
  16. Deuteronomy 4:47 Lit sunrise
  17. Deuteronomy 4:48 Or wadi
  18. Deuteronomy 4:49 Lit under
  19. Deuteronomy 5:1 Lit ears
  20. Deuteronomy 5:1 Lit to do them
  21. Deuteronomy 5:3 Lit us ourselves
  22. Deuteronomy 5:5 Lit saying
  23. Deuteronomy 5:6 Lit slaves
  24. Deuteronomy 5:7 Or besides
  25. Deuteronomy 5:8 Or a graven image
  26. Deuteronomy 5:8 Lit or what is
  27. Deuteronomy 5:8 Lit or what is
  28. Deuteronomy 5:11 Or hold him guiltless
  29. Deuteronomy 5:14 Lit is in your gates
  30. Deuteronomy 5:27 Lit Go yourself

The Tablets Rewritten

10 “At that time the Lord said to me, ‘(A)Cut out for yourself two tablets of stone like the former ones, and come up to Me on the mountain, and (B)make an ark of wood for yourself. (C)I will write on the tablets the words that were on the former tablets which you shattered, and (D)you shall put them in the ark.’ So (E)I made an ark of acacia wood and (F)cut out two tablets of stone like the former ones, and went up on the mountain with the two tablets in my hand. He wrote on the tablets, like the former writing, (G)the Ten [a]Commandments (H)which the Lord had spoken to you on the mountain from the midst of the fire (I)on the day of the assembly; and the Lord gave them to me. Then I turned and (J)came down from the mountain and (K)put the tablets in the ark which I had made; (L)and there they are, as the Lord commanded me.”

(Now the sons of Israel set out from [b]Beeroth (M)Bene-jaakan to Moserah. (N)There Aaron died and there he was buried and Eleazar his son ministered as priest in his place. (O)From there they set out to Gudgodah, and from Gudgodah to Jotbathah, a land of brooks of water. (P)At that time the Lord set apart the tribe of Levi to carry the ark of the covenant of the Lord, to stand before the Lord (Q)to serve Him and to bless in His name until this day. (R)Therefore, Levi does not have a portion or inheritance with his brothers; the Lord is his inheritance, just as the Lord your God spoke to him.)

10 (S)I, moreover, stayed on the mountain forty days and forty nights like the first time, and the Lord listened to me that time also; the Lord was not willing to destroy you. 11 Then the Lord said to me, ‘Arise, proceed on your journey ahead of the people, that they may go in and possess the land which I swore to their fathers to give them.’

12 (T)Now, Israel, what does the Lord your God require from you, but to [c]fear the Lord your God, to walk in all His ways and (U)love Him, and to serve the Lord your God with (V)all your heart and with all your soul, 13 and to keep the Lord’s commandments and His statutes which I am commanding you today for your good? 14 Behold, (W)to the Lord your God belong heaven and the [d]highest heavens, (X)the earth and all that is in it. 15 (Y)Yet on your fathers did the Lord set His affection to love them, and He chose their [e]descendants after them, even you above all peoples, as it is this day. 16 (Z)So circumcise [f]your heart, and (AA)stiffen your neck no longer. 17 (AB)For the Lord your God is the God of gods and the (AC)Lord of lords, the great, the mighty, and the awesome God (AD)who does not show partiality nor (AE)take a bribe. 18 He executes justice for (AF)the orphan and the widow, and shows His love for the alien by giving him food and clothing. 19 (AG)So show your love for the alien, for you were aliens in the land of Egypt. 20 You shall fear the Lord your God; you shall serve Him and (AH)cling to Him, and (AI)you shall swear by His name. 21 He is (AJ)your praise and He is your God, who has done these great and awesome things for you which your eyes have seen. 22 (AK)Your fathers went down to Egypt seventy persons in all, (AL)and now the Lord your God has made you as numerous as the stars of heaven.

Footnotes

  1. Deuteronomy 10:4 Lit Words
  2. Deuteronomy 10:6 Or the wells of the sons of Jaakan
  3. Deuteronomy 10:12 Or reverence
  4. Deuteronomy 10:14 Lit heaven of heavens
  5. Deuteronomy 10:15 Lit seed
  6. Deuteronomy 10:16 Lit the foreskin of your heart

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