The Covenant Renewed in Moab

29 These are the words of the covenant which the Lord commanded Moses to make with the children of Israel in the land of Moab, besides the (A)covenant which He made with them in Horeb.

Now Moses called all Israel and said to them: (B)“You have seen all that the Lord did before your eyes in the land of Egypt, to Pharaoh and to all his servants and to all his land— (C)the great trials which your eyes have seen, the signs, and those great wonders. Yet (D)the Lord has not given you a heart to [a]perceive and eyes to see and ears to hear, to this very day. (E)And I have led you forty years in the wilderness. (F)Your clothes have not worn out on you, and your sandals have not worn out on your feet. (G)You have not eaten bread, nor have you drunk wine or similar drink, that you may know that I am the Lord your God. And when you came to this place, (H)Sihon king of Heshbon and Og king of Bashan came out against us to battle, and we conquered them. We took their land and (I)gave it as an inheritance to the Reubenites, to the Gadites, and to half the tribe of Manasseh. Therefore (J)keep the words of this covenant, and do them, that you may (K)prosper in all that you do.

10 “All of you stand today before the Lord your God: your leaders and your tribes and your elders and your officers, all the men of Israel, 11 your little ones and your wives—also the stranger who is in your camp, from (L)the one who cuts your wood to the one who draws your water— 12 that you may enter into covenant with the Lord your God, and (M)into His oath, which the Lord your God makes with you today, 13 that He may (N)establish you today as a people for Himself, and that He may be God to you, (O)just as He has spoken to you, and (P)just as He has sworn to your fathers, to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.

14 “I make this covenant and this oath, (Q)not with you alone, 15 but with him who stands here with us today before the Lord our God, (R)as well as with him who is not here with us today 16 (for you know that we dwelt in the land of Egypt and that we came through the nations which you passed by, 17 and you saw their [b]abominations and their idols which were among them—wood and stone and silver and gold); 18 so that there may not be among you man or woman or family or tribe, (S)whose heart turns away today from the Lord our God, to go and serve the gods of these nations, (T)and that there may not be among you a root bearing (U)bitterness or wormwood; 19 and so it may not happen, when he hears the words of this curse, that he blesses himself in his heart, saying, ‘I shall have peace, even though I [c]follow the (V)dictates of my heart’—(W)as though the drunkard could be included with the sober.

20 (X)“The Lord would not spare him; for then (Y)the anger of the Lord and (Z)His jealousy would burn against that man, and every curse that is written in this book would settle on him, and the Lord (AA)would blot out his name from under heaven. 21 And the Lord (AB)would separate him from all the tribes of Israel for adversity, according to all the curses of the covenant that are written in this Book of the (AC)Law, 22 so that the coming generation of your children who rise up after you, and the foreigner who comes from a far land, would say, when they (AD)see the plagues of that land and the sicknesses which the Lord has laid on it:

23 ‘The whole land is brimstone, (AE)salt, and burning; it is not sown, nor does it bear, nor does any grass grow there, (AF)like the overthrow of Sodom and Gomorrah, Admah, and Zeboiim, which the Lord overthrew in His anger and His wrath.’ 24 All nations would say, (AG)‘Why has the Lord done so to this land? What does the heat of this great anger mean?’ 25 Then people would say: ‘Because they have forsaken the covenant of the Lord God of their fathers, which He made with them when He brought them out of the land of Egypt; 26 for they went and served other gods and worshiped them, gods that they did not know and that He had not given to them. 27 Then the anger of the Lord was aroused against this land, (AH)to bring on it every curse that is written in this book. 28 And the Lord (AI)uprooted them from their land in anger, in wrath, and in great indignation, and cast them into another land, as it is this day.’

29 “The secret things belong to the Lord our God, but those things which are revealed belong to us and to our children forever, that we may do all the words of this law.

The Blessing of Returning to God

30 “Now (AJ)it shall come to pass, when (AK)all these things come upon you, the blessing and the (AL)curse which I have set before you, and (AM)you [d]call them to mind among all the nations where the Lord your God drives you, and you (AN)return to the Lord your God and obey His voice, according to all that I command you today, you and your children, with all your heart and with all your soul, (AO)that the Lord your God will bring you back from captivity, and have compassion on you, and (AP)gather you again from all the nations where the Lord your God has scattered you. (AQ)If any of you are driven out to the farthest parts under heaven, from there the Lord your God will gather you, and from there He will bring you. Then the Lord your God will bring you to the land which your fathers possessed, and you shall possess it. He will prosper you and multiply you more than your fathers. And (AR)the Lord your God will circumcise your heart and the heart of your descendants, to love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul, that you may live.

“Also the Lord your God will put all these (AS)curses on your enemies and on those who hate you, who persecuted you. And you will (AT)again obey the voice of the Lord and do all His commandments which I command you today. (AU)The Lord your God will make you abound in all the work of your hand, in the [e]fruit of your body, in the increase of your livestock, and in the produce of your land for good. For the Lord will again (AV)rejoice over you for good as He rejoiced over your fathers, 10 if you obey the voice of the Lord your God, to keep His commandments and His statutes which are written in this Book of the Law, and if you turn to the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul.

The Choice of Life or Death

11 “For this commandment which I command you today (AW)is [f]not too mysterious for you, nor is it far off. 12 (AX)It is not in heaven, that you should say, ‘Who will ascend into heaven for us and bring it to us, that we may hear it and do it?’ 13 Nor is it beyond the sea, that you should say, ‘Who will go over the sea for us and bring it to us, that we may hear it and do it?’ 14 But the word is very near you, (AY)in your mouth and in your heart, that you may do it.

15 “See, (AZ)I have set before you today life and good, death and evil, 16 in that I command you today to love the Lord your God, to walk in His ways, and to keep His commandments, His statutes, and His judgments, that you may live and multiply; and the Lord your God will bless you in the land which you go to possess. 17 But if your heart turns away so that you do not hear, and are drawn away, and worship other gods and serve them, 18 (BA)I announce to you today that you shall surely perish; you shall not prolong your days in the land which you cross over the Jordan to go in and possess. 19 (BB)I call heaven and earth as witnesses today against you, that (BC)I have set before you life and death, blessing and cursing; therefore choose life, that both you and your descendants may live; 20 that you may love the Lord your God, that you may obey His voice, and that you may cling to Him, for He is your (BD)life and the length of your days; and that you may dwell in the land which the Lord swore to your fathers, to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, to give them.”

Joshua the New Leader of Israel(BE)

31 Then Moses went and spoke these words to all Israel. And he said to them: “I (BF)am one hundred and twenty years old today. I can no longer (BG)go out and come in. Also the Lord has said to me, (BH)‘You shall not cross over this Jordan.’ The Lord your God (BI)Himself crosses over before you; He will destroy these nations from before you, and you shall dispossess them. (BJ)Joshua himself crosses over before you, just (BK)as the Lord has said. (BL)And the Lord will do to them (BM)as He did to Sihon and Og, the kings of the Amorites and their land, when He destroyed them. (BN)The Lord will give them over to you, that you may do to them according to every commandment which I have commanded you. (BO)Be strong and of good courage, (BP)do not fear nor be afraid of them; for the Lord your God, (BQ)He is the One who goes with you. (BR)He will not leave you nor forsake you.”

Then Moses called Joshua and said to him in the sight of all Israel, (BS)“Be strong and of good courage, for you must go with this people to the land which the Lord has sworn to their fathers to give them, and you shall cause them to inherit it. And the Lord, (BT)He is the One who goes before you. (BU)He will be with you, He will not leave you nor forsake you; do not fear nor be dismayed.”

The Law to Be Read Every Seven Years

So Moses wrote this law (BV)and delivered it to the priests, the sons of Levi, (BW)who bore the ark of the covenant of the Lord, and to all the elders of Israel. 10 And Moses commanded them, saying: “At the end of every seven years, at the appointed time in the (BX)year of release, (BY)at the Feast of Tabernacles, 11 when all Israel comes to (BZ)appear before the Lord your God in the (CA)place which He chooses, (CB)you shall read this law before all Israel in their hearing. 12 (CC)Gather the people together, men and women and little ones, and the stranger who is within your gates, that they may hear and that they may learn to fear the Lord your God and carefully observe all the words of this law, 13 and that their children, (CD)who have not known it, (CE)may hear and learn to fear the Lord your God as long as you live in the land which you cross the Jordan to possess.”

Prediction of Israel’s Rebellion

14 Then the Lord said to Moses, (CF)“Behold, the days approach when you must die; call Joshua, and present yourselves in the tabernacle of meeting, that (CG)I may [g]inaugurate him.”

So Moses and Joshua went and presented themselves in the tabernacle of meeting. 15 Now (CH)the Lord appeared at the tabernacle in a pillar of cloud, and the pillar of cloud stood above the door of the tabernacle.

16 And the Lord said to Moses: “Behold, you will [h]rest with your fathers; and this people will (CI)rise and (CJ)play the harlot with the gods of the foreigners of the land, where they go to be among them, and they will (CK)forsake Me and (CL)break My covenant which I have made with them. 17 Then My anger shall be (CM)aroused against them in that day, and (CN)I will forsake them, and I will (CO)hide My face from them, and they shall be [i]devoured. And many evils and troubles shall befall them, so that they will say in that day, (CP)‘Have not these evils come upon us because our God is (CQ)not among us?’ 18 And (CR)I will surely hide My face in that day because of all the evil which they have done, in that they have turned to other gods.

19 “Now therefore, write down this song for yourselves, and teach it to the children of Israel; put it in their mouths, that this song may be (CS)a witness for Me against the children of Israel. 20 When I have brought them to the land flowing with milk and honey, of which I swore to their fathers, and they have eaten and filled themselves (CT)and grown fat, (CU)then they will turn to other gods and serve them; and they will provoke Me and break My covenant. 21 Then it shall be, (CV)when many evils and troubles have come upon them, that this song will testify against them as a witness; for it will not be forgotten in the mouths of their descendants, for (CW)I know the inclination (CX)of their behavior today, even before I have brought them to the land of which I swore to give them.

22 Therefore Moses wrote this song the same day, and taught it to the children of Israel. 23 (CY)Then He inaugurated Joshua the son of Nun, and said, (CZ)“Be strong and of good courage; for you shall bring the children of Israel into the land of which I swore to them, and I will be with you.”

24 So it was, when Moses had completed writing the words of this law in a book, when they were finished, 25 that Moses commanded the Levites, who bore the ark of the covenant of the Lord, saying: 26 “Take this Book of the Law, (DA)and put it beside the ark of the covenant of the Lord your God, that it may be there (DB)as a witness against you; 27 (DC)for I know your rebellion and your (DD)stiff neck. If today, while I am yet alive with you, you have been rebellious against the Lord, then how much more after my death? 28 Gather to me all the elders of your tribes, and your officers, that I may speak these words in their hearing (DE)and call heaven and earth to witness against them. 29 For I know that after my death you will (DF)become utterly corrupt, and turn aside from the way which I have commanded you. And (DG)evil will befall you (DH)in the latter days, because you will do evil in the sight of the Lord, to provoke Him to anger through the work of your hands.”

The Song of Moses

30 Then Moses spoke in the hearing of all the assembly of Israel the words of this song until they were ended:


  1. Deuteronomy 29:4 understand or know
  2. Deuteronomy 29:17 detestable things
  3. Deuteronomy 29:19 walk in the stubbornness or imagination
  4. Deuteronomy 30:1 Lit. cause them to return to your heart
  5. Deuteronomy 30:9 offspring
  6. Deuteronomy 30:11 not hidden from
  7. Deuteronomy 31:14 commission
  8. Deuteronomy 31:16 Die and join your ancestors
  9. Deuteronomy 31:17 consumed

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