The Ten Commandments(A)

Moses summoned all Israel and said:

Hear, Israel, the decrees and laws(B) I declare in your hearing today. Learn them and be sure to follow them. The Lord our God made a covenant(C) with us at Horeb.(D) It was not with our ancestors[a] that the Lord made this covenant, but with us,(E) with all of us who are alive here today.(F) The Lord spoke(G) to you face to face(H) out of the fire(I) on the mountain. (At that time I stood between(J) the Lord and you to declare to you the word of the Lord, because you were afraid(K) of the fire and did not go up the mountain.) And he said:

“I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of Egypt,(L) out of the land of slavery.(M)

“You shall have no other gods before[b] me.

“You shall not make for yourself an image in the form of anything in heaven above or on the earth beneath or in the waters below.(N) You shall not bow down to them or worship them; for I, the Lord your God, am a jealous God, punishing the children for the sin of the parents(O) to the third and fourth generation of those who hate me,(P) 10 but showing love to a thousand(Q) generations of those who love me and keep my commandments.(R)

11 “You shall not misuse the name(S) of the Lord your God, for the Lord will not hold anyone guiltless who misuses his name.(T)

12 “Observe the Sabbath day by keeping it holy,(U) as the Lord your God has commanded you. 13 Six days you shall labor and do all your work, 14 but the seventh day(V) is a sabbath to the Lord your God. On it you shall not do any work, neither you, nor your son or daughter, nor your male or female servant,(W) nor your ox, your donkey or any of your animals, nor any foreigner residing in your towns, so that your male and female servants may rest, as you do.(X) 15 Remember that you were slaves(Y) in Egypt and that the Lord your God brought you out of there with a mighty hand(Z) and an outstretched arm.(AA) Therefore the Lord your God has commanded you to observe the Sabbath day.

16 “Honor your father(AB) and your mother,(AC) as the Lord your God has commanded you, so that you may live long(AD) and that it may go well with you in the land the Lord your God is giving you.

17 “You shall not murder.(AE)

18 “You shall not commit adultery.(AF)

19 “You shall not steal.(AG)

20 “You shall not give false testimony against your neighbor.(AH)

21 “You shall not covet your neighbor’s wife. You shall not set your desire on your neighbor’s house or land, his male or female servant, his ox or donkey, or anything that belongs to your neighbor.”(AI)

22 These are the commandments the Lord proclaimed in a loud voice to your whole assembly there on the mountain from out of the fire, the cloud and the deep darkness;(AJ) and he added nothing more. Then he wrote them on two stone tablets(AK) and gave them to me.

23 When you heard the voice out of the darkness, while the mountain was ablaze with fire, all the leaders of your tribes and your elders(AL) came to me. 24 And you said, “The Lord our God has shown us(AM) his glory and his majesty,(AN) and we have heard his voice from the fire. Today we have seen that a person can live even if God speaks with them.(AO) 25 But now, why should we die? This great fire will consume us, and we will die if we hear the voice of the Lord our God any longer.(AP) 26 For what mortal has ever heard the voice of the living God speaking out of fire, as we have, and survived?(AQ) 27 Go near and listen to all that the Lord our God says.(AR) Then tell us whatever the Lord our God tells you. We will listen and obey.”(AS)

28 The Lord heard you when you spoke to me, and the Lord said to me, “I have heard what this people said to you. Everything they said was good.(AT) 29 Oh, that their hearts would be inclined to fear me(AU) and keep all my commands(AV) always, so that it might go well with them and their children forever!(AW)

30 “Go, tell them to return to their tents. 31 But you stay here(AX) with me so that I may give you all the commands, decrees and laws you are to teach them to follow in the land I am giving them to possess.”

32 So be careful to do what the Lord your God has commanded you;(AY) do not turn aside to the right or to the left.(AZ) 33 Walk in obedience to all that the Lord your God has commanded you,(BA) so that you may live and prosper and prolong your days(BB) in the land that you will possess.

Love the Lord Your God

These are the commands, decrees and laws the Lord your God directed me to teach you to observe in the land that you are crossing the Jordan to possess, so that you, your children and their children after them may fear(BC) the Lord your God as long as you live(BD) by keeping all his decrees and commands(BE) that I give you, and so that you may enjoy long life.(BF) Hear, Israel, and be careful to obey(BG) so that it may go well with you and that you may increase greatly(BH) in a land flowing with milk and honey,(BI) just as the Lord, the God of your ancestors, promised(BJ) you.

Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God, the Lord is one.[c](BK) Love(BL) the Lord your God with all your heart(BM) and with all your soul and with all your strength.(BN) These commandments that I give you today are to be on your hearts.(BO) Impress them on your children. Talk about them when you sit at home and when you walk along the road, when you lie down and when you get up.(BP) Tie them as symbols on your hands and bind them on your foreheads.(BQ) Write them on the doorframes of your houses and on your gates.(BR)

10 When the Lord your God brings you into the land he swore to your fathers, to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, to give you—a land with large, flourishing cities you did not build,(BS) 11 houses filled with all kinds of good things you did not provide, wells you did not dig,(BT) and vineyards and olive groves you did not plant—then when you eat and are satisfied,(BU) 12 be careful that you do not forget(BV) the Lord, who brought you out of Egypt, out of the land of slavery.

13 Fear the Lord(BW) your God, serve him only(BX) and take your oaths(BY) in his name.(BZ) 14 Do not follow other gods, the gods of the peoples around you; 15 for the Lord your God(CA), who is among you, is a jealous God and his anger will burn against you, and he will destroy you from the face of the land. 16 Do not put the Lord your God to the test(CB) as you did at Massah. 17 Be sure to keep(CC) the commands of the Lord your God and the stipulations and decrees he has given you.(CD) 18 Do what is right and good in the Lord’s sight,(CE) so that it may go well(CF) with you and you may go in and take over the good land the Lord promised on oath to your ancestors, 19 thrusting out all your enemies(CG) before you, as the Lord said.

20 In the future, when your son asks you,(CH) “What is the meaning of the stipulations, decrees and laws the Lord our God has commanded you?” 21 tell him: “We were slaves of Pharaoh in Egypt, but the Lord brought us out of Egypt with a mighty hand.(CI) 22 Before our eyes the Lord sent signs and wonders—great and terrible—on Egypt and Pharaoh and his whole household. 23 But he brought us out from there to bring us in and give us the land he promised on oath to our ancestors. 24 The Lord commanded us to obey all these decrees and to fear the Lord our God,(CJ) so that we might always prosper and be kept alive, as is the case today.(CK) 25 And if we are careful to obey all this law(CL) before the Lord our God, as he has commanded us, that will be our righteousness.(CM)

Driving Out the Nations

When the Lord your God brings you into the land you are entering to possess(CN) and drives out before you many nations(CO)—the Hittites,(CP) Girgashites,(CQ) Amorites,(CR) Canaanites, Perizzites,(CS) Hivites(CT) and Jebusites,(CU) seven nations larger and stronger than you— and when the Lord your God has delivered(CV) them over to you and you have defeated them, then you must destroy(CW) them totally.[d](CX) Make no treaty(CY) with them, and show them no mercy.(CZ) Do not intermarry with them.(DA) Do not give your daughters to their sons or take their daughters for your sons, for they will turn your children away from following me to serve other gods,(DB) and the Lord’s anger will burn against you and will quickly destroy(DC) you. This is what you are to do to them: Break down their altars, smash their sacred stones, cut down their Asherah poles[e](DD) and burn their idols in the fire.(DE) For you are a people holy(DF) to the Lord your God.(DG) The Lord your God has chosen(DH) you out of all the peoples on the face of the earth to be his people, his treasured possession.(DI)

The Lord did not set his affection on you and choose you because you were more numerous(DJ) than other peoples, for you were the fewest(DK) of all peoples.(DL) But it was because the Lord loved(DM) you and kept the oath he swore(DN) to your ancestors that he brought you out with a mighty hand(DO) and redeemed(DP) you from the land of slavery,(DQ) from the power of Pharaoh king of Egypt. Know therefore that the Lord your God is God;(DR) he is the faithful God,(DS) keeping his covenant of love(DT) to a thousand generations(DU) of those who love him and keep his commandments.(DV) 10 But

those who hate him he will repay to their face by destruction;
    he will not be slow to repay to their face those who hate him.(DW)

11 Therefore, take care to follow the commands, decrees and laws I give you today.

12 If you pay attention to these laws and are careful to follow them, then the Lord your God will keep his covenant of love with you, as he swore to your ancestors.(DX) 13 He will love you and bless you(DY) and increase your numbers.(DZ) He will bless the fruit of your womb,(EA) the crops of your land—your grain, new wine(EB) and olive oil(EC)—the calves of your herds and the lambs of your flocks in the land he swore to your ancestors to give you.(ED) 14 You will be blessed more than any other people; none of your men or women will be childless, nor will any of your livestock be without young.(EE) 15 The Lord will keep you free from every disease.(EF) He will not inflict on you the horrible diseases you knew in Egypt,(EG) but he will inflict them on all who hate you.(EH) 16 You must destroy all the peoples the Lord your God gives over to you.(EI) Do not look on them with pity(EJ) and do not serve their gods,(EK) for that will be a snare(EL) to you.

17 You may say to yourselves, “These nations are stronger than we are. How can we drive them out?(EM) 18 But do not be afraid(EN) of them; remember well what the Lord your God did to Pharaoh and to all Egypt.(EO) 19 You saw with your own eyes the great trials, the signs and wonders, the mighty hand(EP) and outstretched arm, with which the Lord your God brought you out. The Lord your God will do the same to all the peoples you now fear.(EQ) 20 Moreover, the Lord your God will send the hornet(ER) among them until even the survivors who hide from you have perished. 21 Do not be terrified by them, for the Lord your God, who is among you,(ES) is a great and awesome God.(ET) 22 The Lord your God will drive out those nations before you, little by little.(EU) You will not be allowed to eliminate them all at once, or the wild animals will multiply around you. 23 But the Lord your God will deliver them over to you, throwing them into great confusion until they are destroyed.(EV) 24 He will give their kings(EW) into your hand,(EX) and you will wipe out their names from under heaven. No one will be able to stand up against you;(EY) you will destroy them.(EZ) 25 The images of their gods you are to burn(FA) in the fire. Do not covet(FB) the silver and gold on them, and do not take it for yourselves, or you will be ensnared(FC) by it, for it is detestable(FD) to the Lord your God. 26 Do not bring a detestable thing into your house or you, like it, will be set apart for destruction.(FE) Regard it as vile and utterly detest it, for it is set apart for destruction.

Do Not Forget the Lord

Be careful to follow every command I am giving you today, so that you may live(FF) and increase and may enter and possess the land the Lord promised on oath to your ancestors.(FG) Remember how the Lord your God led(FH) you all the way in the wilderness these forty years, to humble and test(FI) you in order to know what was in your heart, whether or not you would keep his commands. He humbled(FJ) you, causing you to hunger and then feeding you with manna,(FK) which neither you nor your ancestors had known, to teach(FL) you that man does not live on bread(FM) alone but on every word that comes from the mouth(FN) of the Lord.(FO) Your clothes did not wear out and your feet did not swell during these forty years.(FP) Know then in your heart that as a man disciplines his son, so the Lord your God disciplines you.(FQ)

Observe the commands of the Lord your God, walking in obedience to him(FR) and revering him.(FS) For the Lord your God is bringing you into a good land(FT)—a land with brooks, streams, and deep springs gushing out into the valleys and hills;(FU) a land with wheat and barley,(FV) vines(FW) and fig trees,(FX) pomegranates, olive oil and honey;(FY) a land where bread(FZ) will not be scarce and you will lack nothing;(GA) a land where the rocks are iron and you can dig copper out of the hills.(GB)

10 When you have eaten and are satisfied,(GC) praise the Lord your God for the good land he has given you. 11 Be careful that you do not forget(GD) the Lord your God, failing to observe his commands, his laws and his decrees that I am giving you this day. 12 Otherwise, when you eat and are satisfied, when you build fine houses and settle down,(GE) 13 and when your herds and flocks grow large and your silver and gold increase and all you have is multiplied, 14 then your heart will become proud and you will forget(GF) the Lord your God, who brought you out of Egypt, out of the land of slavery. 15 He led you through the vast and dreadful wilderness,(GG) that thirsty and waterless land, with its venomous snakes(GH) and scorpions. He brought you water out of hard rock.(GI) 16 He gave you manna(GJ) to eat in the wilderness, something your ancestors had never known,(GK) to humble and test(GL) you so that in the end it might go well with you. 17 You may say to yourself,(GM) “My power and the strength of my hands(GN) have produced this wealth for me.” 18 But remember the Lord your God, for it is he who gives you the ability to produce wealth,(GO) and so confirms his covenant, which he swore to your ancestors, as it is today.

19 If you ever forget the Lord your God and follow other gods(GP) and worship and bow down to them, I testify against you today that you will surely be destroyed.(GQ) 20 Like the nations(GR) the Lord destroyed before you, so you will be destroyed for not obeying the Lord your God.(GS)


  1. Deuteronomy 5:3 Or not only with our parents
  2. Deuteronomy 5:7 Or besides
  3. Deuteronomy 6:4 Or The Lord our God is one Lord; or The Lord is our God, the Lord is one; or The Lord is our God, the Lord alone
  4. Deuteronomy 7:2 The Hebrew term refers to the irrevocable giving over of things or persons to the Lord, often by totally destroying them; also in verse 26.
  5. Deuteronomy 7:5 That is, wooden symbols of the goddess Asherah; here and elsewhere in Deuteronomy

Blessings for Obedience

28 If you fully obey the Lord your God and carefully follow(A) all his commands(B) I give you today, the Lord your God will set you high above all the nations on earth.(C) All these blessings will come on you(D) and accompany you if you obey the Lord your God:

You will be blessed(E) in the city and blessed in the country.(F)

The fruit of your womb will be blessed, and the crops of your land and the young of your livestock—the calves of your herds and the lambs of your flocks.(G)

Your basket and your kneading trough will be blessed.

You will be blessed when you come in and blessed when you go out.(H)

The Lord will grant that the enemies(I) who rise up against you will be defeated before you. They will come at you from one direction but flee from you in seven.(J)

The Lord will send a blessing on your barns and on everything you put your hand to. The Lord your God will bless(K) you in the land he is giving you.

The Lord will establish you as his holy people,(L) as he promised you on oath, if you keep the commands(M) of the Lord your God and walk in obedience to him. 10 Then all the peoples on earth will see that you are called by the name(N) of the Lord, and they will fear you. 11 The Lord will grant you abundant prosperity—in the fruit of your womb, the young of your livestock(O) and the crops of your ground—in the land he swore to your ancestors to give you.(P)

12 The Lord will open the heavens, the storehouse(Q) of his bounty,(R) to send rain(S) on your land in season and to bless(T) all the work of your hands. You will lend to many nations but will borrow from none.(U) 13 The Lord will make you the head, not the tail. If you pay attention to the commands of the Lord your God that I give you this day and carefully follow(V) them, you will always be at the top, never at the bottom.(W) 14 Do not turn aside from any of the commands I give you today, to the right or to the left,(X) following other gods and serving them.

Curses for Disobedience

15 However, if you do not obey(Y) the Lord your God and do not carefully follow all his commands and decrees I am giving you today,(Z) all these curses will come on you and overtake you:(AA)

16 You will be cursed in the city and cursed in the country.(AB)

17 Your basket and your kneading trough will be cursed.(AC)

18 The fruit of your womb will be cursed, and the crops of your land, and the calves of your herds and the lambs of your flocks.(AD)

19 You will be cursed when you come in and cursed when you go out.(AE)

20 The Lord will send on you curses,(AF) confusion and rebuke(AG) in everything you put your hand to, until you are destroyed and come to sudden ruin(AH) because of the evil(AI) you have done in forsaking him.[a] 21 The Lord will plague you with diseases until he has destroyed you from the land you are entering to possess.(AJ) 22 The Lord will strike you with wasting disease,(AK) with fever and inflammation, with scorching heat and drought,(AL) with blight(AM) and mildew, which will plague(AN) you until you perish.(AO) 23 The sky over your head will be bronze, the ground beneath you iron.(AP) 24 The Lord will turn the rain(AQ) of your country into dust and powder; it will come down from the skies until you are destroyed.

25 The Lord will cause you to be defeated(AR) before your enemies. You will come at them from one direction but flee from them in seven,(AS) and you will become a thing of horror(AT) to all the kingdoms on earth.(AU) 26 Your carcasses will be food for all the birds(AV) and the wild animals, and there will be no one to frighten them away.(AW) 27 The Lord will afflict you with the boils of Egypt(AX) and with tumors, festering sores and the itch, from which you cannot be cured. 28 The Lord will afflict you with madness, blindness and confusion of mind. 29 At midday you will grope(AY) about like a blind person in the dark. You will be unsuccessful in everything you do; day after day you will be oppressed and robbed, with no one to rescue(AZ) you.

30 You will be pledged to be married to a woman, but another will take her and rape her.(BA) You will build a house, but you will not live in it.(BB) You will plant a vineyard, but you will not even begin to enjoy its fruit.(BC) 31 Your ox will be slaughtered before your eyes, but you will eat none of it. Your donkey will be forcibly taken from you and will not be returned. Your sheep will be given to your enemies, and no one will rescue them. 32 Your sons and daughters will be given to another nation,(BD) and you will wear out your eyes watching for them day after day, powerless to lift a hand. 33 A people that you do not know will eat what your land and labor produce, and you will have nothing but cruel oppression(BE) all your days.(BF) 34 The sights you see will drive you mad.(BG) 35 The Lord will afflict your knees and legs with painful boils(BH) that cannot be cured, spreading from the soles of your feet to the top of your head.(BI)

36 The Lord will drive you and the king(BJ) you set over you to a nation unknown to you or your ancestors.(BK) There you will worship other gods, gods of wood and stone.(BL) 37 You will become a thing of horror,(BM) a byword(BN) and an object of ridicule(BO) among all the peoples where the Lord will drive you.(BP)

38 You will sow much seed in the field but you will harvest little,(BQ) because locusts(BR) will devour(BS) it. 39 You will plant vineyards and cultivate them but you will not drink the wine(BT) or gather the grapes, because worms will eat(BU) them.(BV) 40 You will have olive trees throughout your country but you will not use the oil, because the olives will drop off.(BW) 41 You will have sons and daughters but you will not keep them, because they will go into captivity.(BX) 42 Swarms of locusts(BY) will take over all your trees and the crops of your land.

43 The foreigners who reside among you will rise above you higher and higher, but you will sink lower and lower.(BZ) 44 They will lend to you, but you will not lend to them.(CA) They will be the head, but you will be the tail.(CB)

45 All these curses will come on you. They will pursue you and overtake you(CC) until you are destroyed,(CD) because you did not obey the Lord your God and observe the commands and decrees he gave you. 46 They will be a sign and a wonder to you and your descendants forever.(CE) 47 Because you did not serve(CF) the Lord your God joyfully and gladly(CG) in the time of prosperity, 48 therefore in hunger and thirst,(CH) in nakedness and dire poverty, you will serve the enemies the Lord sends against you. He will put an iron yoke(CI) on your neck(CJ) until he has destroyed you.

49 The Lord will bring a nation against you(CK) from far away, from the ends of the earth,(CL) like an eagle(CM) swooping down, a nation whose language you will not understand,(CN) 50 a fierce-looking nation without respect for the old(CO) or pity for the young. 51 They will devour the young of your livestock and the crops of your land until you are destroyed. They will leave you no grain, new wine(CP) or olive oil,(CQ) nor any calves of your herds or lambs of your flocks until you are ruined.(CR) 52 They will lay siege(CS) to all the cities throughout your land until the high fortified walls in which you trust fall down. They will besiege all the cities throughout the land the Lord your God is giving you.(CT)

53 Because of the suffering your enemy will inflict on you during the siege, you will eat the fruit of the womb, the flesh of the sons and daughters the Lord your God has given you.(CU) 54 Even the most gentle and sensitive man among you will have no compassion on his own brother or the wife he loves or his surviving children, 55 and he will not give to one of them any of the flesh of his children that he is eating. It will be all he has left because of the suffering your enemy will inflict on you during the siege of all your cities.(CV) 56 The most gentle and sensitive(CW) woman among you—so sensitive and gentle that she would not venture to touch the ground with the sole of her foot—will begrudge the husband she loves and her own son or daughter(CX) 57 the afterbirth from her womb and the children she bears. For in her dire need she intends to eat them(CY) secretly because of the suffering your enemy will inflict on you during the siege of your cities.

58 If you do not carefully follow all the words of this law,(CZ) which are written in this book, and do not revere(DA) this glorious and awesome name(DB)—the Lord your God— 59 the Lord will send fearful plagues on you and your descendants, harsh and prolonged disasters, and severe and lingering illnesses. 60 He will bring on you all the diseases of Egypt(DC) that you dreaded, and they will cling to you. 61 The Lord will also bring on you every kind of sickness and disaster not recorded in this Book of the Law,(DD) until you are destroyed.(DE) 62 You who were as numerous as the stars in the sky(DF) will be left but few(DG) in number, because you did not obey the Lord your God. 63 Just as it pleased(DH) the Lord to make you prosper and increase in number, so it will please(DI) him to ruin and destroy you.(DJ) You will be uprooted(DK) from the land you are entering to possess.

64 Then the Lord will scatter(DL) you among all nations,(DM) from one end of the earth to the other.(DN) There you will worship other gods—gods of wood and stone, which neither you nor your ancestors have known.(DO) 65 Among those nations you will find no repose, no resting place(DP) for the sole of your foot. There the Lord will give you an anxious mind, eyes(DQ) weary with longing, and a despairing heart.(DR) 66 You will live in constant suspense, filled with dread both night and day, never sure of your life. 67 In the morning you will say, “If only it were evening!” and in the evening, “If only it were morning!”—because of the terror that will fill your hearts and the sights that your eyes will see.(DS) 68 The Lord will send you back in ships to Egypt on a journey I said you should never make again.(DT) There you will offer yourselves for sale to your enemies as male and female slaves, but no one will buy you.

Renewal of the Covenant

29 [b]These are the terms of the covenant the Lord commanded Moses to make with the Israelites in Moab,(DU) in addition to the covenant he had made with them at Horeb.(DV)

Moses summoned all the Israelites and said to them:

Your eyes have seen all that the Lord did in Egypt to Pharaoh, to all his officials and to all his land.(DW) With your own eyes you saw those great trials, those signs and great wonders.(DX) But to this day the Lord has not given you a mind that understands or eyes that see or ears that hear.(DY) Yet the Lord says, “During the forty years that I led(DZ) you through the wilderness, your clothes did not wear out, nor did the sandals on your feet.(EA) You ate no bread and drank no wine or other fermented drink.(EB) I did this so that you might know that I am the Lord your God.”(EC)

When you reached this place, Sihon(ED) king of Heshbon(EE) and Og king of Bashan came out to fight against us, but we defeated them.(EF) We took their land and gave it as an inheritance(EG) to the Reubenites, the Gadites and the half-tribe of Manasseh.(EH)

Carefully follow(EI) the terms of this covenant,(EJ) so that you may prosper in everything you do.(EK) 10 All of you are standing today in the presence of the Lord your God—your leaders and chief men, your elders and officials, and all the other men of Israel, 11 together with your children and your wives, and the foreigners living in your camps who chop your wood and carry your water.(EL) 12 You are standing here in order to enter into a covenant with the Lord your God, a covenant the Lord is making with you this day and sealing with an oath, 13 to confirm you this day as his people,(EM) that he may be your God(EN) as he promised you and as he swore to your fathers, Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. 14 I am making this covenant,(EO) with its oath, not only with you 15 who are standing here with us today in the presence of the Lord our God but also with those who are not here today.(EP)

16 You yourselves know how we lived in Egypt and how we passed through the countries on the way here. 17 You saw among them their detestable images and idols of wood and stone, of silver and gold.(EQ) 18 Make sure there is no man or woman, clan or tribe among you today whose heart turns(ER) away from the Lord our God to go and worship the gods of those nations; make sure there is no root among you that produces such bitter poison.(ES)

19 When such a person hears the words of this oath and they invoke a blessing(ET) on themselves, thinking, “I will be safe, even though I persist in going my own way,”(EU) they will bring disaster on the watered land as well as the dry. 20 The Lord will never be willing to forgive(EV) them; his wrath and zeal(EW) will burn(EX) against them. All the curses written in this book will fall on them, and the Lord will blot(EY) out their names from under heaven. 21 The Lord will single them out from all the tribes of Israel for disaster,(EZ) according to all the curses of the covenant written in this Book of the Law.(FA)

22 Your children who follow you in later generations and foreigners who come from distant lands will see the calamities that have fallen on the land and the diseases with which the Lord has afflicted it.(FB) 23 The whole land will be a burning waste(FC) of salt(FD) and sulfur—nothing planted, nothing sprouting, no vegetation growing on it. It will be like the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah,(FE) Admah and Zeboyim, which the Lord overthrew in fierce anger.(FF) 24 All the nations will ask: “Why has the Lord done this to this land?(FG) Why this fierce, burning anger?”

25 And the answer will be: “It is because this people abandoned the covenant of the Lord, the God of their ancestors, the covenant he made with them when he brought them out of Egypt.(FH) 26 They went off and worshiped other gods and bowed down to them, gods they did not know, gods he had not given them. 27 Therefore the Lord’s anger burned against this land, so that he brought on it all the curses written in this book.(FI) 28 In furious anger and in great wrath(FJ) the Lord uprooted(FK) them from their land and thrust them into another land, as it is now.”

29 The secret things belong to the Lord our God,(FL) but the things revealed belong to us and to our children forever, that we may follow all the words of this law.(FM)

Prosperity After Turning to the Lord

30 When all these blessings and curses(FN) I have set before you come on you and you take them to heart wherever the Lord your God disperses you among the nations,(FO) and when you and your children return(FP) to the Lord your God and obey him with all your heart(FQ) and with all your soul according to everything I command you today, then the Lord your God will restore your fortunes[c](FR) and have compassion(FS) on you and gather(FT) you again from all the nations where he scattered(FU) you.(FV) Even if you have been banished to the most distant land under the heavens,(FW) from there the Lord your God will gather(FX) you and bring you back.(FY) He will bring(FZ) you to the land that belonged to your ancestors, and you will take possession of it. He will make you more prosperous and numerous(GA) than your ancestors. The Lord your God will circumcise your hearts and the hearts of your descendants,(GB) so that you may love(GC) him with all your heart and with all your soul, and live. The Lord your God will put all these curses(GD) on your enemies who hate and persecute you.(GE) You will again obey the Lord and follow all his commands I am giving you today. Then the Lord your God will make you most prosperous in all the work of your hands and in the fruit of your womb, the young of your livestock and the crops of your land.(GF) The Lord will again delight(GG) in you and make you prosperous, just as he delighted in your ancestors, 10 if you obey the Lord your God and keep his commands and decrees that are written in this Book of the Law(GH) and turn to the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul.(GI)

The Offer of Life or Death

11 Now what I am commanding you today is not too difficult for you or beyond your reach.(GJ) 12 It is not up in heaven, so that you have to ask, “Who will ascend into heaven(GK) to get it and proclaim it to us so we may obey it?”(GL) 13 Nor is it beyond the sea,(GM) so that you have to ask, “Who will cross the sea to get it and proclaim it to us so we may obey it?”(GN) 14 No, the word is very near you; it is in your mouth and in your heart so you may obey it.(GO)

15 See, I set before you today life(GP) and prosperity,(GQ) death(GR) and destruction.(GS) 16 For I command you today to love(GT) the Lord your God, to walk in obedience to him, and to keep his commands, decrees and laws; then you will live(GU) and increase, and the Lord your God will bless you in the land you are entering to possess.

17 But if your heart turns away and you are not obedient, and if you are drawn away to bow down to other gods and worship them, 18 I declare to you this day that you will certainly be destroyed.(GV) You will not live long in the land you are crossing the Jordan to enter and possess.

19 This day I call the heavens and the earth as witnesses against you(GW) that I have set before you life and death, blessings and curses.(GX) Now choose life, so that you and your children may live 20 and that you may love(GY) the Lord your God, listen to his voice, and hold fast to him. For the Lord is your life,(GZ) and he will give(HA) you many years in the land(HB) he swore to give to your fathers, Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.

Joshua to Succeed Moses

31 Then Moses went out and spoke these words to all Israel: “I am now a hundred and twenty years old(HC) and I am no longer able to lead you.(HD) The Lord has said to me, ‘You shall not cross the Jordan.’(HE) The Lord your God himself will cross(HF) over ahead of you.(HG) He will destroy these nations(HH) before you, and you will take possession of their land. Joshua also will cross(HI) over ahead of you, as the Lord said. And the Lord will do to them what he did to Sihon and Og,(HJ) the kings of the Amorites, whom he destroyed along with their land. The Lord will deliver(HK) them to you, and you must do to them all that I have commanded you. Be strong and courageous.(HL) Do not be afraid or terrified(HM) because of them, for the Lord your God goes with you;(HN) he will never leave you(HO) nor forsake(HP) you.”

Then Moses summoned Joshua and said(HQ) to him in the presence of all Israel, “Be strong and courageous, for you must go with this people into the land that the Lord swore to their ancestors to give them,(HR) and you must divide it among them as their inheritance. The Lord himself goes before you and will be with you;(HS) he will never leave you nor forsake you.(HT) Do not be afraid; do not be discouraged.”

Public Reading of the Law

So Moses wrote(HU) down this law and gave it to the Levitical priests, who carried(HV) the ark of the covenant of the Lord, and to all the elders of Israel. 10 Then Moses commanded them: “At the end of every seven years, in the year for canceling debts,(HW) during the Festival of Tabernacles,(HX) 11 when all Israel comes to appear(HY) before the Lord your God at the place he will choose,(HZ) you shall read this law(IA) before them in their hearing. 12 Assemble the people—men, women and children, and the foreigners residing in your towns—so they can listen and learn(IB) to fear(IC) the Lord your God and follow carefully all the words of this law. 13 Their children,(ID) who do not know this law, must hear it and learn to fear the Lord your God as long as you live in the land you are crossing the Jordan to possess.”

Israel’s Rebellion Predicted

14 The Lord said to Moses, “Now the day of your death(IE) is near. Call Joshua(IF) and present yourselves at the tent of meeting, where I will commission him.(IG)” So Moses and Joshua came and presented themselves at the tent of meeting.(IH)

15 Then the Lord appeared at the tent in a pillar of cloud, and the cloud stood over the entrance to the tent.(II) 16 And the Lord said to Moses: “You are going to rest with your ancestors,(IJ) and these people will soon prostitute(IK) themselves to the foreign gods of the land they are entering. They will forsake(IL) me and break the covenant I made with them. 17 And in that day I will become angry(IM) with them and forsake(IN) them; I will hide(IO) my face(IP) from them, and they will be destroyed. Many disasters(IQ) and calamities will come on them, and in that day they will ask, ‘Have not these disasters come on us because our God is not with us?’(IR) 18 And I will certainly hide my face in that day because of all their wickedness in turning to other gods.

19 “Now write(IS) down this song and teach it to the Israelites and have them sing it, so that it may be a witness(IT) for me against them. 20 When I have brought them into the land flowing with milk and honey, the land I promised on oath to their ancestors,(IU) and when they eat their fill and thrive, they will turn to other gods(IV) and worship them,(IW) rejecting me and breaking my covenant.(IX) 21 And when many disasters and calamities come on them,(IY) this song will testify against them, because it will not be forgotten by their descendants. I know what they are disposed to do,(IZ) even before I bring them into the land I promised them on oath.” 22 So Moses wrote(JA) down this song that day and taught it to the Israelites.

23 The Lord gave this command(JB) to Joshua son of Nun: “Be strong and courageous,(JC) for you will bring the Israelites into the land I promised them on oath, and I myself will be with you.”

24 After Moses finished writing(JD) in a book the words of this law(JE) from beginning to end, 25 he gave this command to the Levites who carried(JF) the ark of the covenant of the Lord: 26 “Take this Book of the Law and place it beside the ark of the covenant of the Lord your God. There it will remain as a witness against you.(JG) 27 For I know how rebellious(JH) and stiff-necked(JI) you are. If you have been rebellious against the Lord while I am still alive and with you, how much more will you rebel after I die! 28 Assemble before me all the elders of your tribes and all your officials, so that I can speak these words in their hearing and call the heavens and the earth to testify against them.(JJ) 29 For I know that after my death you are sure to become utterly corrupt(JK) and to turn from the way I have commanded you. In days to come, disaster(JL) will fall on you because you will do evil in the sight of the Lord and arouse his anger by what your hands have made.”


  1. Deuteronomy 28:20 Hebrew me
  2. Deuteronomy 29:1 In Hebrew texts 29:1 is numbered 28:69, and 29:2-29 is numbered 29:1-28.
  3. Deuteronomy 30:3 Or will bring you back from captivity