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Deuteronomy 32 Common English Bible (CEB)

32 Heaven! Pay attention and I will speak;
    Earth! Listen to the words of my mouth.
My teaching will fall like raindrops;
    my speech will settle like dew—
        like gentle rains on grass,
        like spring showers on all that is green—
            because I proclaim the Lord’s name:
    Give praise to our God!
The rock: his acts are perfection!
    No doubt about it: all his ways are right!
He’s the faithful God, never deceiving;
    altogether righteous and true is he.
But children who weren’t his own[a]
        sinned against him with their defects;[b]
    they are a twisted and perverse generation.
Is this how you thank the Lord,
    you stupid, senseless people?
Isn’t he your father, your creator?
    Didn’t he make you and establish you?
Remember the days long past;
    consider the years long gone.
Ask your father, he will tell you about it;
    ask your elders, they will give you the details:
When God Most High divided up the nations—
        when he divided up humankind—
    he decided the people’s boundaries
        based on the number of the gods.[c]
Surely the Lord’s property was his people;
    Jacob was his part of the inheritance.
10 God found[d] Israel in a wild land—
        in a howling desert wasteland—
    he protected him, cared for him,
    watched over him with his very own eye.
11 Like an eagle protecting its nest,
    hovering over its young,
God spread out his wings, took hold of Israel,
    carried him on his back.
12 The Lord alone led Israel;
    no foreign god assisted.
13 God[e] made Israel[f] glide over the highlands;
    he fed him[g] with food from the field,
        nursed him with honey from a boulder,
        with oil from a hard rock:
14         curds from the herd, milk from the flock,
            along with the best of lambs,
        rams from Bashan, he-goats too,
        along with the finest wheat—
        and for drink, wine from the juiciest grapes!
15 Jacob ate until he was stuffed;[h]
    Jeshurun[i] got fat, then rebellious.[j]
It was you who got fat, thick, stubborn![k]
Jeshurun[l] gave up on the God who made him,
    thought the rock of his salvation was worthless.
16 They made God[m] jealous with strange gods,
    aggravated him with detestable things.
17 They sacrificed to demons, not to God,
    to deities of which they had no knowledge—
        new gods only recently on the scene,
        ones about which your ancestors had never heard.[n]
18 You deserted[o] the rock that sired you;
    you forgot the God who gave birth to you!
19 The Lord saw this and rejected
    out of aggravation his sons and his daughters.[p]
20 He said: I will hide my face from them—
    I will see what becomes of them—
        because they are a confused generation;
        they are children lacking loyalty.
21 They provoked me with “no-gods,”
    aggravated me with their pieces of junk.
So I am going to provoke them with “No-People,”
    aggravate them with a nation of fools.
22 A fire burns in me—
    it will blaze to the depths of the grave;[q]
    it will destroy the land and its crops;
    it will blacken the base of the mountains.
23 I’ll throw[r] on them disaster after disaster;
    I’ll destroy them with my arrows:
24     devastating hunger, consuming plague, bitter sickness.
I’ll send animal fangs after them,
    venom from dust crawlers too.
25 Outside, in the streets, the sword will bereave!
    Inside, in the safest room, there will be terror
        for young men and women,
        nursing baby and senior citizen.
26 I thought about it: I could have struck them down,[s]
    erased them from human memory,
27         but their enemies’ rage concerned me;
        their opponents might misunderstand.
They might say, “Our strong hands,
    not the Lord’s, did all this,”
28         because they are not a thoughtful nation;
        they lack any insight.
29 If they had any wisdom, they would understand this;
    they would discern what will become of them.
30 How could one person chase off a thousand in battle?
    How could two people make ten thousand flee for their lives?
Only because their rock sold them off,
    only because the Lord handed them over!
31 But, no, their rocks can’t compare to our rock!
    Our enemies are completely stupid.[t]
32 Their roots run straight from Sodom—
    from the fields of Gomorrah!
Their grapes are pure poison;
    their grape clusters, nothing but bitter;
33     their wine is snake poison,
    venom from a cruel cobra.
34 Don’t I have this stored up,
    sealed in my vaults?
35 Revenge is my domain, so is punishment-in-kind,
    at the exact moment their step slips up,
    because the day of their destruction is just around the corner;
    their final destiny is speeding on its way!
36 But the Lord will acquit his people,
    will have compassion on those who serve him,
        once he sees that their strength is all gone,
        that both prisoners and free people are wiped out.[u]
37 The Lord will ask, “Where are their gods—
    the rocks they trusted in—
38         who ate up the fat of their sacrifices,
        who drank their sacred wine?
They should stand up and help you!
    They should protect you now!
39 Now, look here: I myself, I’m the one;
            there are no other gods with me.
    I’m the one who deals death and gives life;
    I’m the one who wounded, but now I will heal.
        There’s no escaping my hand.
40 But now I’m lifting my hand to heaven—
    I swear by my own eternity:
41         when I sharpen my blazing sword
            and my hand grabs hold of justice,
    I’ll pay my enemies back;
    I’ll punish in kind everyone who hates me.
42 I’ll make my arrows drink much blood,
    while my sword devours flesh,
    the blood of the dead and captured,
        flowing from the heads of enemy generals.”[v]
43 Heavens:[w] Rejoice with God![x]
    All you gods: bow down to the Lord![y]
    Because he will avenge his children’s[z] blood;
        he will pay back his enemies;
        he will punish in kind those who hate him;[aa]
        he will cleanse his people’s land.[ab]

44 So Moses came and recited all the words of this poem in everyone’s hearing; Joshua,[ac] Nun’s son, joined him. 45 When Moses finished speaking all these words to all Israel, 46 he told them: Set your mind on all these words I’m testifying against you right now, because you must command your children to perform carefully all the words of this Instruction. 47 This is no trivial matter for you—this is your very life! It is by this means[ad] alone that you will prolong your life on the fertile land you are crossing the Jordan River to possess.

Moses’ death imminent

48 The Lord spoke to Moses that very same day: 49 “Hike up the Abarim mountains, to Mount Nebo, which is in the land of Moab opposite Jericho. Take a good look at the land of Canaan, which I’m giving to the Israelites as their property. 50 You will die on the mountain you have hiked up, and you will be gathered to your people just like your brother Aaron, who died on Mount Hor and was gathered to his people, 51 because the two of you were unfaithful toward me in front of the Israelites at the waters of Meribath-kadesh, in the Zin wilderness, because you didn’t treat me with proper respect before the Israelites. 52 You can look at the land from the other side of the river,[ae] but you won’t enter there.”[af]


  1. Deuteronomy 32:5 Heb uncertain
  2. Deuteronomy 32:5 LXX, Vulg; Heb uncertain
  3. Deuteronomy 32:8 DSS (4QDeutj), LXX; MT the Israelites
  4. Deuteronomy 32:10 Vulg, Syr, and others; Sam, LXX, Tg Onkelos sustained him
  5. Deuteronomy 32:13 Or he
  6. Deuteronomy 32:13 Or him
  7. Deuteronomy 32:13 Sam, Syr, LXX, Tg; MT he ate
  8. Deuteronomy 32:15 DSS (4QPhyln), Sam, LXX; MT lacks Jacob ate until he was stuffed.
  9. Deuteronomy 32:15 A poetic name for Israel; see also 33:5, 26.
  10. Deuteronomy 32:15 Or kicked
  11. Deuteronomy 32:15 Heb uncertain
  12. Deuteronomy 32:15 Or he
  13. Deuteronomy 32:16 Or him
  14. Deuteronomy 32:17 Heb uncertain
  15. Deuteronomy 32:18 LXX, Vulg; Heb uncertain
  16. Deuteronomy 32:19 Or, following LXX, DSS (4QPhyln), and correcting the Lord saw this and was jealous; he spurned his sons and daughters.
  17. Deuteronomy 32:22 Heb Sheol
  18. Deuteronomy 32:23 LXX
  19. Deuteronomy 32:26 Heb uncertain; LXX scattered them
  20. Deuteronomy 32:31 LXX; Heb uncertain
  21. Deuteronomy 32:36 Heb uncertain
  22. Deuteronomy 32:42 Heb uncertain
  23. Deuteronomy 32:43 DSS (4QDeutq), LXX; MT nations
  24. Deuteronomy 32:43 DSS (4QDeutq), LXX; MT his people
  25. Deuteronomy 32:43 This line is missing in Heb; it is found in DSS (4QDeutq); LXX him for the Lord.
  26. Deuteronomy 32:43 DSS (4QDeutq), LXX; MT his servants’
  27. Deuteronomy 32:43 DSS (4QDeutq), LXX; MT lacks this line.
  28. Deuteronomy 32:43 Sam, DSS (4QDeutq), LXX, Vulg; MT his land his people or his land for his people; or, correcting, he will wipe away his people’s tears.
  29. Deuteronomy 32:44 Sam, Syr, Tg Neofiti; MT Hoshea
  30. Deuteronomy 32:47 Or word
  31. Deuteronomy 32:52 Heb lacks of the river.
  32. Deuteronomy 32:52 LXX; MT, Sam, Vulg, Syr, Tg add to the land that I am giving to the Israelites
Common English Bible (CEB)

Copyright © 2011 by Common English Bible

Deuteronomy 32 New International Version (NIV)

32 Listen, you heavens, and I will speak;
    hear, you earth, the words of my mouth.
Let my teaching fall like rain
    and my words descend like dew,
like showers on new grass,
    like abundant rain on tender plants.

I will proclaim the name of the Lord.
    Oh, praise the greatness of our God!
He is the Rock, his works are perfect,
    and all his ways are just.
A faithful God who does no wrong,
    upright and just is he.

They are corrupt and not his children;
    to their shame they are a warped and crooked generation.
Is this the way you repay the Lord,
    you foolish and unwise people?
Is he not your Father, your Creator,[a]
    who made you and formed you?

Remember the days of old;
    consider the generations long past.
Ask your father and he will tell you,
    your elders, and they will explain to you.
When the Most High gave the nations their inheritance,
    when he divided all mankind,
he set up boundaries for the peoples
    according to the number of the sons of Israel.[b]
For the Lord’s portion is his people,
    Jacob his allotted inheritance.

10 In a desert land he found him,
    in a barren and howling waste.
He shielded him and cared for him;
    he guarded him as the apple of his eye,
11 like an eagle that stirs up its nest
    and hovers over its young,
that spreads its wings to catch them
    and carries them aloft.
12 The Lord alone led him;
    no foreign god was with him.

13 He made him ride on the heights of the land
    and fed him with the fruit of the fields.
He nourished him with honey from the rock,
    and with oil from the flinty crag,
14 with curds and milk from herd and flock
    and with fattened lambs and goats,
with choice rams of Bashan
    and the finest kernels of wheat.
You drank the foaming blood of the grape.

15 Jeshurun[c] grew fat and kicked;
    filled with food, they became heavy and sleek.
They abandoned the God who made them
    and rejected the Rock their Savior.
16 They made him jealous with their foreign gods
    and angered him with their detestable idols.
17 They sacrificed to false gods, which are not God—
    gods they had not known,
    gods that recently appeared,
    gods your ancestors did not fear.
18 You deserted the Rock, who fathered you;
    you forgot the God who gave you birth.

19 The Lord saw this and rejected them
    because he was angered by his sons and daughters.
20 “I will hide my face from them,” he said,
    “and see what their end will be;
for they are a perverse generation,
    children who are unfaithful.
21 They made me jealous by what is no god
    and angered me with their worthless idols.
I will make them envious by those who are not a people;
    I will make them angry by a nation that has no understanding.
22 For a fire will be kindled by my wrath,
    one that burns down to the realm of the dead below.
It will devour the earth and its harvests
    and set afire the foundations of the mountains.

23 “I will heap calamities on them
    and spend my arrows against them.
24 I will send wasting famine against them,
    consuming pestilence and deadly plague;
I will send against them the fangs of wild beasts,
    the venom of vipers that glide in the dust.
25 In the street the sword will make them childless;
    in their homes terror will reign.
The young men and young women will perish,
    the infants and those with gray hair.
26 I said I would scatter them
    and erase their name from human memory,
27 but I dreaded the taunt of the enemy,
    lest the adversary misunderstand
and say, ‘Our hand has triumphed;
    the Lord has not done all this.’”

28 They are a nation without sense,
    there is no discernment in them.
29 If only they were wise and would understand this
    and discern what their end will be!
30 How could one man chase a thousand,
    or two put ten thousand to flight,
unless their Rock had sold them,
    unless the Lord had given them up?
31 For their rock is not like our Rock,
    as even our enemies concede.
32 Their vine comes from the vine of Sodom
    and from the fields of Gomorrah.
Their grapes are filled with poison,
    and their clusters with bitterness.
33 Their wine is the venom of serpents,
    the deadly poison of cobras.

34 “Have I not kept this in reserve
    and sealed it in my vaults?
35 It is mine to avenge; I will repay.
    In due time their foot will slip;
their day of disaster is near
    and their doom rushes upon them.

36 The Lord will vindicate his people
    and relent concerning his servants
when he sees their strength is gone
    and no one is left, slave or free.[d]
37 He will say: “Now where are their gods,
    the rock they took refuge in,
38 the gods who ate the fat of their sacrifices
    and drank the wine of their drink offerings?
Let them rise up to help you!
    Let them give you shelter!

39 “See now that I myself am he!
    There is no god besides me.
I put to death and I bring to life,
    I have wounded and I will heal,
    and no one can deliver out of my hand.
40 I lift my hand to heaven and solemnly swear:
    As surely as I live forever,
41 when I sharpen my flashing sword
    and my hand grasps it in judgment,
I will take vengeance on my adversaries
    and repay those who hate me.
42 I will make my arrows drunk with blood,
    while my sword devours flesh:
the blood of the slain and the captives,
    the heads of the enemy leaders.”

43 Rejoice, you nations, with his people,[e][f]
    for he will avenge the blood of his servants;
he will take vengeance on his enemies
    and make atonement for his land and people.

44 Moses came with Joshua[g] son of Nun and spoke all the words of this song in the hearing of the people. 45 When Moses finished reciting all these words to all Israel, 46 he said to them, “Take to heart all the words I have solemnly declared to you this day, so that you may command your children to obey carefully all the words of this law. 47 They are not just idle words for you—they are your life. By them you will live long in the land you are crossing the Jordan to possess.”

Moses to Die on Mount Nebo

48 On that same day the Lord told Moses, 49 “Go up into the Abarim Range to Mount Nebo in Moab, across from Jericho, and view Canaan, the land I am giving the Israelites as their own possession. 50 There on the mountain that you have climbed you will die and be gathered to your people, just as your brother Aaron died on Mount Hor and was gathered to his people. 51 This is because both of you broke faith with me in the presence of the Israelites at the waters of Meribah Kadesh in the Desert of Zin and because you did not uphold my holiness among the Israelites. 52 Therefore, you will see the land only from a distance; you will not enter the land I am giving to the people of Israel.”


  1. Deuteronomy 32:6 Or Father, who bought you
  2. Deuteronomy 32:8 Masoretic Text; Dead Sea Scrolls (see also Septuagint) sons of God
  3. Deuteronomy 32:15 Jeshurun means the upright one, that is, Israel.
  4. Deuteronomy 32:36 Or and they are without a ruler or leader
  5. Deuteronomy 32:43 Or Make his people rejoice, you nations
  6. Deuteronomy 32:43 Masoretic Text; Dead Sea Scrolls (see also Septuagint) people, / and let all the angels worship him, /
  7. Deuteronomy 32:44 Hebrew Hoshea, a variant of Joshua
New International Version (NIV)

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