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The Setting of the Covenant

These are the words that Moses spoke to the assembly of[a] Israel east[b] of the Jordan River,[c] in the Arabah desert, opposite Suph between Paran, Tophel, Laban, Hazeroth, and Di-zahab. It takes eleven days to travel[d] from Horeb to Kadesh-barnea via Mount Seir.[e] On the first day of the eleventh month,[f] in the fortieth year, Moses spoke to the Israelis about everything that the Lord had commanded him concerning them.

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  1. Deuteronomy 1:1 Lit. to all
  2. Deuteronomy 1:1 Lit. Israel on the other side; and so throughout the book
  3. Deuteronomy 1:1 The Heb. lacks River; and so throughout the book
  4. Deuteronomy 1:2 The Heb. lacks to travel
  5. Deuteronomy 1:2 This mountain, the modern Jebel esh-sherá, is located in the mountain range that extends south of the Dead Sea toward the Gulf of Aqaba, and is bordered by the Arabah Valley to the west.
  6. Deuteronomy 1:3 I.e. the month of Shebat in the Hebrew calendar