Paul on Malta

28 After we were brought safely through, (A)we then learned that (B)the island was called Malta. (C)The native people[a] showed us unusual (D)kindness, for they kindled a fire and welcomed us all, because it had begun to rain and was cold. When Paul had gathered a bundle of sticks and put them on the fire, a viper came out because of the heat and fastened on his hand. When (E)the native people saw the creature hanging from his hand, they said to one another, (F)“No doubt this man is a murderer. Though he has escaped from the sea, (G)Justice[b] has not allowed him to live.” He, however, (H)shook off the creature into the fire and suffered no harm. They were waiting for him to swell up or suddenly fall down dead. But when they had waited a long time and saw no misfortune come to him, (I)they changed their minds and (J)said that he was a god.

Now in the neighborhood of that place were lands belonging to the chief man of the island, named Publius, who received us and entertained us hospitably for three days. It happened that the father of Publius lay sick with fever and dysentery. And Paul visited him and (K)prayed, and (L)putting his hands on him, healed him. And when this had taken place, the rest of the people on the island who had diseases also came and were cured. 10 They also honored us greatly,[c] and when we were about to sail, they put on board whatever we needed.

Paul Arrives at Rome

11 After three months we set sail in (M)a ship that had wintered in the island, a ship of Alexandria, with the twin gods[d] as a figurehead. 12 Putting in at Syracuse, we stayed there for three days. 13 And from there we made a circuit and arrived at Rhegium. And after one day a south wind sprang up, and on the second day we came to Puteoli. 14 There we found (N)brothers[e] and were invited to stay with them for seven days. And so we came to Rome. 15 And (O)the brothers there, when they heard about us, came as far as the Forum of Appius and Three Taverns to meet us. On seeing them, (P)Paul thanked God and took courage. 16 And when we came into Rome, (Q)Paul was allowed to stay by himself, with the soldier who guarded him.

Paul in Rome

17 After three days he called together the local leaders of the Jews, and when they had gathered, he said to them, “Brothers, (R)though I had done nothing against our people or (S)the customs of our fathers, yet I was delivered as a prisoner from Jerusalem into the hands of the Romans. 18 When they had examined me, they (T)wished to set me at liberty, (U)because there was no reason for the death penalty in my case. 19 But because the Jews objected, I was compelled (V)to appeal to Caesar—though I had no charge to bring against (W)my nation. 20 For this reason, therefore, I have asked to see you and speak with you, since it is (X)because of (Y)the hope of Israel that I am wearing (Z)this (AA)chain.” 21 And they said to him, “We have received no letters from Judea about you, and none of (AB)the brothers coming here has reported or spoken any evil about you. 22 But we desire to hear from you what your views are, for with regard to this (AC)sect we know that everywhere (AD)it is spoken against.”

23 When they had appointed a day for him, they came to him at his lodging in greater numbers. From morning till evening (AE)he expounded to them, testifying to (AF)the kingdom of God and (AG)trying to convince them about Jesus (AH)both from the Law of Moses and from the Prophets. 24 And (AI)some were convinced by what he said, but others disbelieved. 25 And disagreeing among themselves, they departed after Paul had made one statement: (AJ)“The Holy Spirit was right in saying to your fathers through Isaiah the prophet:

26 (AK)“‘Go to this people, and say,
(AL)“You will indeed hear but never understand,
    and you will indeed see but never perceive.”
27 (AM)For this people's heart has grown dull,
    and with their ears they can barely hear,
    and their eyes they have closed;
lest they should see with their eyes
    and hear with their ears
and understand with their heart
    and (AN)turn, and I would heal them.’

28 Therefore let it be known to you that (AO)this (AP)salvation of God (AQ)has been sent to the Gentiles; (AR)they will listen.”[f]

30 He lived there two whole years at his own expense,[g] and (AS)welcomed all who came to him, 31 (AT)proclaiming (AU)the kingdom of God and teaching about the Lord Jesus Christ (AV)with all boldness and (AW)without hindrance.


Paul, (AX)a servant[h] of Christ Jesus, (AY)called to be an apostle, (AZ)set apart for the gospel of God, which (BA)he promised beforehand (BB)through his prophets in the holy Scriptures, concerning his Son, (BC)who was descended from David[i] (BD)according to the flesh and (BE)was declared to be the Son of God (BF)in power according to the Spirit of holiness by his resurrection from the dead, Jesus Christ our Lord, through whom (BG)we have received grace and (BH)apostleship (BI)to bring about the obedience of faith for the sake of his name (BJ)among all the nations, including you who are (BK)called to belong to Jesus Christ,

To all those in Rome who are loved by God and called to be saints:

(BL)Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.

Longing to Go to Rome

First, (BM)I thank my God through Jesus Christ for all of you, (BN)because your faith is proclaimed in all the world. (BO)For God is my witness, (BP)whom I serve with my spirit in the gospel of his Son, (BQ)that without ceasing I mention you 10 always in my prayers, asking that somehow (BR)by God's will I may now at last succeed in coming to you. 11 For (BS)I long to see you, that I may impart to you some spiritual gift to strengthen you— 12 that is, that we may be mutually encouraged (BT)by each other's faith, both yours and mine. 13 I do not want you to be unaware, brothers,[j] that (BU)I have often intended to come to you (but (BV)thus far have been prevented), in order that I may reap some (BW)harvest among you as well as among the rest of the Gentiles. 14 (BX)I am under obligation both to Greeks and to (BY)barbarians,[k] both to the wise and to the foolish. 15 So I am eager to preach the gospel to you also who are in Rome.

The Righteous Shall Live by Faith

16 For (BZ)I am not ashamed of the gospel, for it is (CA)the power of God for salvation to everyone who believes, to the Jew (CB)first and also to (CC)the Greek. 17 For in it (CD)the righteousness of God is revealed (CE)from faith for faith,[l] (CF)as it is written, “The righteous shall live by faith.”[m]

God's Wrath on Unrighteousness

18 For (CG)the wrath of God (CH)is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who by their unrighteousness suppress the truth. 19 For what can be (CI)known about God is plain to them, because God has shown it to them. 20 For his invisible attributes, namely, his eternal power and divine nature, (CJ)have been clearly perceived, ever since the creation of the world,[n] in the things that have been made. So they are without excuse. 21 For although they knew God, they did not honor him as God or give thanks to him, but they (CK)became futile in their thinking, and their foolish hearts were darkened. 22 (CL)Claiming to be wise, they became fools, 23 and (CM)exchanged the glory of (CN)the immortal God for images resembling mortal man and birds and animals and creeping things.

24 Therefore (CO)God gave them up in the lusts of their hearts to impurity, to (CP)the dishonoring of their bodies among themselves, 25 because they exchanged the truth about God for (CQ)a lie and worshiped and served the creature rather than the Creator, (CR)who is blessed forever! Amen.

26 For this reason (CS)God gave them up to (CT)dishonorable passions. For their women exchanged natural relations for those that are contrary to nature; 27 and the men likewise gave up natural relations with women and were consumed with passion for one another, (CU)men committing shameless acts with men and receiving in themselves the due penalty for their error.

28 And since they did not see fit to acknowledge God, (CV)God gave them up to (CW)a debased mind to do (CX)what ought not to be done. 29 They were filled with all manner of unrighteousness, evil, covetousness, malice. They are full of envy, murder, strife, deceit, maliciousness. They are gossips, 30 slanderers, haters of God, insolent, haughty, boastful, inventors of evil, disobedient to parents, 31 foolish, faithless, heartless, ruthless. 32 Though they know (CY)God's righteous decree that those who practice such things (CZ)deserve to die, they not only do them but (DA)give approval to those who practice them.

God's Righteous Judgment

Therefore you have (DB)no excuse, O man, every one of you who judges. For (DC)in passing judgment on another you condemn yourself, because you, the judge, practice the very same things. We know that the judgment of God rightly falls on those who practice such things. Do you suppose, O man—you who judge those who practice such things and yet do them yourself—that you will escape the judgment of God? Or do you presume on (DD)the riches of his kindness and (DE)forbearance and (DF)patience, (DG)not knowing that God's kindness is meant to lead you to repentance? But because of your hard and impenitent heart you are (DH)storing up (DI)wrath for yourself on the day of wrath when God's righteous judgment will be revealed.

(DJ)He will render to each one according to his works: to those who (DK)by patience in well-doing seek for glory and honor and immortality, he will give eternal life; but for those who are self-seeking[o] and (DL)do not obey the truth, but obey unrighteousness, there will be wrath and fury. There will be tribulation and distress (DM)for every human being who does evil, the Jew (DN)first and also the Greek, 10 but glory and honor and (DO)peace for everyone who does good, (DP)the Jew first and also the Greek. 11 For (DQ)God shows no partiality.

God's Judgment and the Law

12 For all who have sinned (DR)without the law will also perish without the law, and all who have sinned under the law will be judged by the law. 13 For (DS)it is not the hearers of the law who are righteous before God, but the doers of the law who will be justified. 14 For when Gentiles, who do not have the law, (DT)by nature do what the law requires, they are a law to themselves, even though they do not have the law. 15 They show that the work of the law is (DU)written on their hearts, while their conscience also bears witness, and their conflicting thoughts accuse or even excuse them 16 (DV)on that day when, (DW)according to my gospel, God judges (DX)the secrets of men (DY)by Christ Jesus.

17 But if you call yourself a Jew and (DZ)rely on the law and boast in God 18 and know his will and approve what is excellent, because you are instructed from the law; 19 and if you are sure that you yourself are (EA)a guide to the blind, a light to those who are in darkness, 20 an instructor of the foolish, a teacher of children, having in the law (EB)the embodiment of (EC)knowledge and truth— 21 (ED)you then who teach others, do you not teach yourself? While you preach against stealing, do you steal? 22 You who say that one must not commit adultery, do you commit adultery? You who abhor idols, do you (EE)rob temples? 23 You who (EF)boast in the law (EG)dishonor God by breaking the law. 24 For, (EH)as it is written, “The name of God is blasphemed (EI)among the Gentiles because of you.”

25 For circumcision indeed is of value (EJ)if you obey the law, but if you break the law, your circumcision becomes uncircumcision. 26 So, if (EK)a man who is uncircumcised keeps (EL)the precepts of the law, will not his uncircumcision be regarded[p] as circumcision? 27 Then he who is physically[q] uncircumcised but keeps the law (EM)will condemn you who have (EN)the written code[r] and circumcision but break the law. 28 For (EO)no one is a Jew (EP)who is merely one outwardly, nor is circumcision outward and physical. 29 But a Jew is one (EQ)inwardly, and (ER)circumcision is a matter of the heart, by the Spirit, not by the letter. (ES)His praise is not from man but from God.


  1. Acts 28:2 Greek barbaroi (that is, non–Greek speakers); also verse 4
  2. Acts 28:4 Or justice
  3. Acts 28:10 Greek honored us with many honors
  4. Acts 28:11 That is, the Greek gods Castor and Pollux
  5. Acts 28:14 Or brothers and sisters; also verses 15, 21
  6. Acts 28:28 Some manuscripts add verse 29: And when he had said these words, the Jews departed, having much dispute among themselves
  7. Acts 28:30 Or in his own hired dwelling
  8. Romans 1:1 For the contextual rendering of the Greek word doulos, see Preface
  9. Romans 1:3 Or who came from the offspring of David
  10. Romans 1:13 Or brothers and sisters. In New Testament usage, depending on the context, the plural Greek word adelphoi (translated “brothers”) may refer either to brothers or to brothers and sisters
  11. Romans 1:14 That is, non-Greeks
  12. Romans 1:17 Or beginning and ending in faith
  13. Romans 1:17 Or The one who by faith is righteous shall live
  14. Romans 1:20 Or clearly perceived from the creation of the world
  15. Romans 2:8 Or contentious
  16. Romans 2:26 Or counted
  17. Romans 2:27 Or is by nature
  18. Romans 2:27 Or the letter

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