22 “Brothers and fathers,(A) listen now to my defense.”

When they heard him speak to them in Aramaic,(B) they became very quiet.

Then Paul said: “I am a Jew,(C) born in Tarsus(D) of Cilicia,(E) but brought up in this city. I studied under(F) Gamaliel(G) and was thoroughly trained in the law of our ancestors.(H) I was just as zealous(I) for God as any of you are today. I persecuted(J) the followers of this Way(K) to their death, arresting both men and women and throwing them into prison,(L) as the high priest and all the Council(M) can themselves testify. I even obtained letters from them to their associates(N) in Damascus,(O) and went there to bring these people as prisoners to Jerusalem to be punished.

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For it is we who are the circumcision,(A) we who serve God by his Spirit, who boast in Christ Jesus,(B) and who put no confidence in the flesh— though I myself have reasons for such confidence.(C)

If someone else thinks they have reasons to put confidence in the flesh, I have more: circumcised(D) on the eighth day, of the people of Israel,(E) of the tribe of Benjamin,(F) a Hebrew of Hebrews; in regard to the law, a Pharisee;(G) as for zeal,(H) persecuting the church;(I) as for righteousness based on the law,(J) faultless.

But whatever were gains to me I now consider loss(K) for the sake of Christ. What is more, I consider everything a loss because of the surpassing worth of knowing(L) Christ Jesus my Lord, for whose sake I have lost all things. I consider them garbage, that I may gain Christ(M) and be found in him, not having a righteousness of my own that comes from the law,(N) but that which is through faith in[a] Christ—the righteousness(O) that comes from God on the basis of faith.(P) 10 I want to know(Q) Christ—yes, to know the power of his resurrection and participation in his sufferings,(R) becoming like him in his death,(S) 11 and so, somehow, attaining to the resurrection(T) from the dead.

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  1. Philippians 3:9 Or through the faithfulness of

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