Wars Against the Philistines(A)

15 Once again there was a battle between the Philistines(B) and Israel. David went down with his men to fight against the Philistines, and he became exhausted. 16 And Ishbi-Benob, one of the descendants of Rapha, whose bronze spearhead weighed three hundred shekels[a] and who was armed with a new sword, said he would kill David. 17 But Abishai(C) son of Zeruiah came to David’s rescue; he struck the Philistine down and killed him. Then David’s men swore to him, saying, “Never again will you go out with us to battle, so that the lamp(D) of Israel will not be extinguished.(E)

18 In the course of time, there was another battle with the Philistines, at Gob. At that time Sibbekai(F) the Hushathite killed Saph, one of the descendants of Rapha.

19 In another battle with the Philistines at Gob, Elhanan son of Jair[b] the Bethlehemite killed the brother of[c] Goliath the Gittite,(G) who had a spear with a shaft like a weaver’s rod.(H)

20 In still another battle, which took place at Gath, there was a huge man with six fingers on each hand and six toes on each foot—twenty-four in all. He also was descended from Rapha. 21 When he taunted(I) Israel, Jonathan son of Shimeah,(J) David’s brother, killed him.

22 These four were descendants of Rapha in Gath, and they fell at the hands of David and his men.

David’s Song of Praise(K)

22 David sang(L) to the Lord the words of this song when the Lord delivered him from the hand of all his enemies and from the hand of Saul. He said:

“The Lord is my rock,(M) my fortress(N) and my deliverer;(O)
    my God is my rock, in whom I take refuge,(P)
    my shield[d](Q) and the horn[e](R) of my salvation.
He is my stronghold,(S) my refuge and my savior—
    from violent people you save me.

“I called to the Lord, who is worthy(T) of praise,
    and have been saved from my enemies.
The waves(U) of death swirled about me;
    the torrents of destruction overwhelmed me.
The cords of the grave(V) coiled around me;
    the snares of death confronted me.

“In my distress(W) I called(X) to the Lord;
    I called out to my God.
From his temple he heard my voice;
    my cry came to his ears.
The earth(Y) trembled and quaked,(Z)
    the foundations(AA) of the heavens[f] shook;
    they trembled because he was angry.
Smoke rose from his nostrils;
    consuming fire(AB) came from his mouth,
    burning coals(AC) blazed out of it.
10 He parted the heavens and came down;
    dark clouds(AD) were under his feet.
11 He mounted the cherubim(AE) and flew;
    he soared[g] on the wings of the wind.(AF)
12 He made darkness(AG) his canopy around him—
    the dark[h] rain clouds of the sky.
13 Out of the brightness of his presence
    bolts of lightning(AH) blazed forth.
14 The Lord thundered(AI) from heaven;
    the voice of the Most High resounded.
15 He shot his arrows(AJ) and scattered the enemy,
    with great bolts of lightning he routed them.
16 The valleys of the sea were exposed
    and the foundations of the earth laid bare
at the rebuke(AK) of the Lord,
    at the blast(AL) of breath from his nostrils.

17 “He reached down from on high(AM) and took hold of me;
    he drew(AN) me out of deep waters.
18 He rescued(AO) me from my powerful enemy,
    from my foes, who were too strong for me.
19 They confronted me in the day of my disaster,
    but the Lord was my support.(AP)
20 He brought me out into a spacious(AQ) place;
    he rescued(AR) me because he delighted(AS) in me.(AT)


  1. 2 Samuel 21:16 That is, about 7 1/2 pounds or about 3.5 kilograms
  2. 2 Samuel 21:19 See 1 Chron. 20:5; Hebrew Jaare-Oregim.
  3. 2 Samuel 21:19 See 1 Chron. 20:5; Hebrew does not have the brother of.
  4. 2 Samuel 22:3 Or sovereign
  5. 2 Samuel 22:3 Horn here symbolizes strength.
  6. 2 Samuel 22:8 Hebrew; Vulgate and Syriac (see also Psalm 18:7) mountains
  7. 2 Samuel 22:11 Many Hebrew manuscripts (see also Psalm 18:10); most Hebrew manuscripts appeared
  8. 2 Samuel 22:12 Septuagint (see also Psalm 18:11); Hebrew massed

Bible Gateway Recommends