Ahaz Reigns in Judah(A)

16 In the seventeenth year of Pekah the son of Remaliah, Ahaz the son of Jotham, king of Judah, began to reign. Ahaz was twenty years old when he became king, and he reigned sixteen years in Jerusalem; and he did not do what was right in the sight of the Lord his God, as his father David had done. But he walked in the way of the kings of Israel; indeed (B)he made his son pass through the fire, according to the (C)abominations of the nations whom the Lord had cast out from before the children of Israel. And he sacrificed and burned incense on the (D)high places, (E)on the hills, and under every green tree.

(F)Then Rezin king of Syria and Pekah the son of Remaliah, king of Israel, came up to Jerusalem to make war; and they besieged Ahaz but could not overcome him. At that time Rezin king of Syria (G)captured [a]Elath for Syria, and drove the men of Judah from Elath. Then the [b]Edomites went to Elath, and dwell there to this day.

So Ahaz sent messengers to (H)Tiglath-Pileser[c] king of Assyria, saying, “I am your servant and your son. Come up and save me from the hand of the king of Syria and from the hand of the king of Israel, who rise up against me.” And Ahaz (I)took the silver and gold that was found in the house of the Lord, and in the treasuries of the king’s house, and sent it as a present to the king of Assyria. So the king of Assyria heeded him; for the king of Assyria went up against (J)Damascus and (K)took it, carried its people captive to (L)Kir, and killed Rezin.

10 Now King Ahaz went to Damascus to meet Tiglath-Pileser king of Assyria, and saw an altar that was at Damascus; and King Ahaz sent to Urijah the priest the design of the altar and its pattern, according to all its workmanship. 11 Then (M)Urijah the priest built an altar according to all that King Ahaz had sent from Damascus. So Urijah the priest made it before King Ahaz came back from Damascus. 12 And when the king came back from Damascus, the king saw the altar; and (N)the king approached the altar and made offerings on it. 13 So he burned his burnt offering and his grain offering; and he poured his drink offering and sprinkled the blood of his peace offerings on the altar. 14 He also brought (O)the bronze altar which was before the Lord, from the front of the [d]temple—from between the new altar and the house of the Lord—and put it on the north side of the new altar. 15 Then King Ahaz commanded Urijah the priest, saying, “On the great new altar burn (P)the morning burnt offering, the evening grain offering, the king’s burnt sacrifice, and his grain offering, with the burnt offering of all the people of the land, their grain offering, and their drink offerings; and sprinkle on it all the blood of the burnt offering and all the blood of the sacrifice. And the bronze altar shall be for me to inquire by. 16 Thus did Urijah the priest, according to all that King Ahaz commanded.

17 (Q)And King Ahaz cut off (R)the panels of the carts, and removed the lavers from them; and he took down (S)the Sea from the bronze oxen that were under it, and put it on a pavement of stones. 18 Also he removed the Sabbath pavilion which they had built in the temple, and he removed the king’s outer entrance from the house of the Lord, on account of the king of Assyria.

19 Now the rest of the acts of Ahaz which he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah? 20 So Ahaz rested with his fathers, and (T)was buried with his fathers in the City of David. Then Hezekiah his son reigned in his place.

Hoshea Reigns in Israel

17 In the twelfth year of Ahaz king of Judah, (U)Hoshea the son of Elah became king of Israel in Samaria, and he reigned nine years. And he did evil in the sight of the Lord, but not as the kings of Israel who were before him. (V)Shalmaneser king of Assyria came up against him; and Hoshea (W)became his vassal, and paid him tribute money. And the king of Assyria uncovered a conspiracy by Hoshea; for he had sent messengers to So, king of Egypt, and brought no tribute to the king of Assyria, as he had done year by year. Therefore the king of Assyria shut him up, and bound him in prison.

Israel Carried Captive to Assyria(X)

Now (Y)the king of Assyria went throughout all the land, and went up to Samaria and besieged it for three years. (Z)In the ninth year of Hoshea, the king of Assyria took Samaria and (AA)carried Israel away to Assyria, (AB)and placed them in Halah and by the Habor, the River of Gozan, and in the cities of the Medes.

For (AC)so it was that the children of Israel had sinned against the Lord their God, who had brought them up out of the land of Egypt, from under the hand of Pharaoh king of Egypt; and they had (AD)feared other gods, and (AE)had walked in the statutes of the nations whom the Lord had cast out from before the children of Israel, and of the kings of Israel, which they had made. Also the children of Israel secretly did against the Lord their God things that were not right, and they built for themselves [e]high places in all their cities, (AF)from watchtower to fortified city. 10 (AG)They set up for themselves sacred pillars and (AH)wooden images[f] (AI)on every high hill and under every green tree. 11 There they burned incense on all the high places, like the nations whom the Lord had carried away before them; and they did wicked things to provoke the Lord to anger, 12 for they served idols, (AJ)of which the Lord had said to them, (AK)“You shall not do this thing.”

13 Yet the Lord testified against Israel and against Judah, by all of His (AL)prophets, (AM)every seer, saying, (AN)“Turn from your evil ways, and keep My commandments and My statutes, according to all the law which I commanded your fathers, and which I sent to you by My servants the prophets.” 14 Nevertheless they would not hear, but (AO)stiffened their necks, like the necks of their fathers, who (AP)did not believe in the Lord their God. 15 And they (AQ)rejected His statutes (AR)and His covenant that He had made with their fathers, and His testimonies which He had testified against them; they followed (AS)idols, (AT)became idolaters, and went after the nations who were all around them, concerning whom the Lord had charged them that they should (AU)not do like them. 16 So they left all the commandments of the Lord their God, (AV)made for themselves a molded image and two calves, (AW)made a wooden image and worshiped all the (AX)host of heaven, (AY)and served Baal. 17 (AZ)And they caused their sons and daughters to pass through the fire, (BA)practiced witchcraft and soothsaying, and (BB)sold themselves to do evil in the sight of the Lord, to provoke Him to anger. 18 Therefore the Lord was very angry with Israel, and removed them from His sight; there was none left (BC)but the tribe of Judah alone.

19 Also (BD)Judah did not keep the commandments of the Lord their God, but walked in the statutes of Israel which they made. 20 And the Lord rejected all the descendants of Israel, afflicted them, and (BE)delivered them into the hand of plunderers, until He had cast them from His (BF)sight. 21 For (BG)He tore Israel from the house of David, and (BH)they made Jeroboam the son of Nebat king. Then Jeroboam drove Israel from following the Lord, and made them commit a great sin. 22 For the children of Israel walked in all the sins of Jeroboam which he did; they did not depart from them, 23 until the Lord removed Israel out of His sight, (BI)as He had said by all His servants the prophets. (BJ)So Israel was carried away from their own land to Assyria, as it is to this day.

Assyria Resettles Samaria

24 (BK)Then the king of Assyria brought people from Babylon, Cuthah, (BL)Ava, Hamath, and from Sepharvaim, and placed them in the cities of Samaria instead of the children of Israel; and they took possession of Samaria and dwelt in its cities. 25 And it was so, at the beginning of their dwelling there, that they did not fear the Lord; therefore the Lord sent lions among them, which killed some of them. 26 So they spoke to the king of Assyria, saying, “The nations whom you have removed and placed in the cities of Samaria do not know the rituals of the God of the land; therefore He has sent lions among them, and indeed, they are killing them because they do not know the rituals of the God of the land.” 27 Then the king of Assyria commanded, saying, “Send there one of the priests whom you brought from there; let him go and dwell there, and let him teach them the rituals of the God of the land.” 28 Then one of the priests whom they had carried away from Samaria came and dwelt in Bethel, and taught them how they should fear the Lord.

29 However every nation continued to make gods of its own, and put them (BM)in the shrines on the high places which the Samaritans had made, every nation in the cities where they dwelt. 30 The men of (BN)Babylon made Succoth Benoth, the men of Cuth made Nergal, the men of Hamath made Ashima, 31 (BO)and the Avites made Nibhaz and Tartak; and the Sepharvites (BP)burned their children in fire to Adrammelech and Anammelech, the gods of Sepharvaim. 32 So they feared the Lord, (BQ)and from every class they appointed for themselves priests of the [g]high places, who sacrificed for them in the shrines of the high places. 33 (BR)They feared the Lord, yet served their own gods—according to the rituals of the nations from among whom they were carried away.

34 To this day they continue practicing the former rituals; they do not fear the Lord, nor do they follow their statutes or their ordinances, or the law and commandment which the Lord had commanded the children of Jacob, (BS)whom He named Israel, 35 with whom the Lord had made a covenant and charged them, saying: (BT)“You shall not fear other gods, nor (BU)bow down to them nor serve them nor sacrifice to them; 36 but the Lord, who (BV)brought you up from the land of Egypt with great power and (BW)an outstretched arm, (BX)Him you shall fear, Him you shall worship, and to Him you shall offer sacrifice. 37 And the statutes, the ordinances, the law, and the commandment which He wrote for you, (BY)you shall be careful to observe forever; you shall not fear other gods. 38 And the covenant that I have made with you, (BZ)you shall not forget, nor shall you fear other gods. 39 But the Lord your God you shall fear; and He will deliver you from the hand of all your enemies.” 40 However they did not obey, but they followed their former rituals. 41 (CA)So these nations feared the Lord, yet served their carved images; also their children and their children’s children have continued doing as their fathers did, even to this day.


  1. 2 Kings 16:6 Lit. Large Tree; sing. of Eloth
  2. 2 Kings 16:6 A few ancient mss. Syrians
  3. 2 Kings 16:7 A later name of Pul, 2 Kin. 15:19
  4. 2 Kings 16:14 Lit. house
  5. 2 Kings 17:9 Places for pagan worship
  6. 2 Kings 17:10 Heb. Asherim, Canaanite deities
  7. 2 Kings 17:32 Places for pagan worship

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