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As we work together with him,[a] we entreat you also not to accept the grace of God in vain.(A) For he says,

“At an acceptable time I have listened to you,
    and on a day of salvation I have helped you.”

Look, now is the acceptable time; look, now is the day of salvation!(B) We are putting no obstacle in anyone’s way, so that no fault may be found with our ministry,(C) but as servants of God we have commended ourselves in every way: in great endurance, afflictions, hardships, calamities, beatings, imprisonments, riots, labors, sleepless nights, hunger;(D) in purity, knowledge, patience, kindness, holiness of spirit, genuine love, truthful speech, and the power of God; with the weapons of righteousness for the right hand and for the left;(E) in honor and dishonor, in ill repute and good repute. We are treated as impostors and yet are true, as unknown and yet are well known, as dying and look—we are alive, as punished and yet not killed,(F) 10 as sorrowful yet always rejoicing, as poor yet making many rich, as having nothing and yet possessing everything.

11 We have spoken frankly to you Corinthians; our heart is wide open to you. 12 There is no restriction in our affections but only in yours. 13 In return—I speak as to children—open wide your hearts also.(G)

The Temple of the Living God

14 Do not be mismatched with unbelievers. For what do righteousness and lawlessness have in common? Or what partnership is there between light and darkness?(H) 15 What agreement does Christ have with Beliar? Or what does a believer share with an unbeliever? 16 What agreement has the temple of God with idols? For we[b] are the temple of the living God, as God said,

“I will live in them[c] and walk among them,
    and I will be their God,
    and they shall be my people.(I)
17 Therefore come out from them,
    and be separate from them, says the Lord,
and touch nothing unclean;
    then I will welcome you,(J)
18 and I will be your father,
    and you shall be my sons and daughters,
says the Lord Almighty.”(K)

Since we have these promises, beloved, let us cleanse ourselves from every defilement of flesh and of spirit, making holiness perfect in the fear of God.(L)

Paul’s Joy at the Church’s Repentance

Make room in your hearts[d] for us; we have wronged no one; we have corrupted no one; we have taken advantage of no one.(M) I do not say this to condemn you, for I have already said that you are in our hearts, to die together and to live together.(N) I am being completely frank with you; I have great pride in you; I am filled with consolation; I am overjoyed in all our affliction.(O)

For even when we came into Macedonia, our flesh had no rest, but we were afflicted in every way—disputes without and fears within.(P) But God, who consoles the downcast, consoled us by the arrival of Titus,(Q) and not only by his arrival but also by the consolation with which he was consoled about you, as he told us of your longing, your mourning, your zeal for me, so that I rejoiced still more. For although I grieved you with my letter, I do not regret it. Although I did regret it (for[e] I see that that letter caused you grief, though only briefly), now I rejoice, not because you were grieved but because your grief led to repentance, for you felt a godly grief, so that you were not harmed in any way by us. 10 For godly grief produces a repentance that leads to salvation and brings no regret, but worldly grief produces death.(R) 11 For see what earnestness this godly grief has produced in you, what eagerness to clear yourselves, what indignation, what alarm, what longing, what zeal, what punishment! At every point you have proved yourselves guiltless in the matter. 12 So although I wrote to you, it was not on account of the one who did the wrong nor on account of the one who suffered the wrong but in order that your zeal for us might be made known to you before God.(S) 13 In this we have found consolation.

In addition to our own consolation, we rejoiced still more at the joy of Titus, because his mind has been set at rest by all of you.(T) 14 For if I have been somewhat boastful about you to him, I was not put to shame, but just as everything we said to you was true, so our boasting to Titus has proved true as well.(U) 15 And his heart goes out all the more to you, as he remembers the obedience of all of you and how you welcomed him with fear and trembling.(V) 16 I rejoice because I have complete confidence in you.(W)

Encouragement to Be Generous

We want you to know, brothers and sisters, about the grace of God that has been granted to the churches of Macedonia, for during a severe ordeal of affliction their abundant joy and their extreme poverty have overflowed in a wealth of generosity on their part. For, as I can testify, they voluntarily gave according to their means and even beyond their means, begging us earnestly for the favor[f] of partnering in this ministry to the saints,(X) and not as we expected. Instead, they gave themselves first to the Lord and, by the will of God, to us, so that we might urge Titus that, as he had already made a beginning, so he should also complete this generous undertaking[g] among you.(Y) Now as you excel in everything—in faith, in speech, in knowledge, in utmost eagerness, and in our love for you[h]—so we want you to excel also in this generous undertaking.[i](Z)

I do not say this as a command, but I am, by mentioning the eagerness of others, testing the genuineness of your love.(AA) For you know the generous act[j] of our Lord Jesus Christ, that though he was rich, yet for your sakes he became poor, so that by his poverty you might become rich.(AB) 10 And in this matter I am giving my opinion: it is beneficial for you who began last year not only to do something but even to desire to do something.(AC) 11 Now finish doing it, so that your eagerness may be matched by completing it according to your means.(AD) 12 For if the eagerness is there, the gift is acceptable according to what one has, not according to what one does not have.(AE) 13 For I do not mean that there should be relief for others and hardship for you, but it is a question of equality between 14 your present abundance and their need, so that their abundance may also supply your need, in order that there may be equality. 15 As it is written,

“The one who had much did not have too much,
    and the one who had little did not have too little.”(AF)

Commendation of Titus

16 But thanks be to God, who put in the heart of Titus the same eagerness for you that I myself have. 17 For he not only accepted our appeal, but since he is more eager than ever, he is going to you of his own accord. 18 With him we are sending the brother who is praised among all the churches for his work for the gospel,(AG) 19 and not only that, but he has also been appointed by the churches to travel with us while we are administering this generous undertaking[k] for the glory of the Lord himself[l] and to show our goodwill.(AH) 20 We are making this arrangement lest anyone blame us about this generous gift that we are administering, 21 for we are setting our minds on what is right not only before the Lord but also before the people.(AI) 22 And with them we are sending our brother whom we have often tested and found eager in many matters but who is now more eager than ever because of his great confidence in you. 23 As for Titus, he is my partner and coworker in your service; as for our brothers, they are messengers[m] of the churches, the glory of Christ.(AJ) 24 Therefore openly before the churches, show them the proof of your love and of our reason for boasting about you to them.(AK)

The Collection for Christians at Jerusalem

Now it is not necessary for me to write you about the ministry to the saints, for I know your eagerness, which is the subject of my boasting about you to the people of Macedonia, saying that Achaia has been ready since last year, and your zeal has stirred up most of them.(AL) But I am sending[n] the brothers in order that our boasting about you may not prove to have been empty in this case, so that you may be ready, as I said you would be;(AM) otherwise, if some Macedonians come with me and find that you are not ready, we would be put to shame—to say nothing of you—in this undertaking.[o] So I thought it necessary to urge the brothers to go on ahead to you and arrange in advance for this bountiful gift that you have promised, so that it may be ready as a bountiful gift and not as an extortion.

The point is this: the one who sows sparingly will also reap sparingly, and the one who sows bountifully will also reap bountifully.(AN) Each of you must give as you have made up your mind, not regretfully or under compulsion, for God loves a cheerful giver.(AO) And God is able to provide you with every blessing[p] in abundance, so that by always having enough of everything, you may share abundantly in every good work.(AP) As it is written,

“He scatters abroad; he gives to the poor;
    his righteousness[q] endures forever.”(AQ)

10 He who supplies seed to the sower and bread for food will supply and multiply your seed for sowing and increase the harvest of your righteousness.[r] 11 You will be enriched in every way for your great generosity, which will produce thanksgiving to God through us, 12 for the rendering of this ministry not only supplies the needs of the saints but also overflows with many thanksgivings to God. 13 Through the testing of this ministry you[s] glorify God by your obedience to the confession of the gospel of Christ and by the generosity of your partnership with them and with all others,(AR) 14 while they long for you and pray for you because of the surpassing grace of God that he has given you. 15 Thanks be to God for his indescribable gift!(AS)

Paul Defends His Ministry

10 I myself, Paul, appeal to you by the meekness and gentleness of Christ—I who am humble when face to face with you but bold toward you when I am away!(AT) I ask that when I am present I need not show boldness by daring to oppose those who think we are acting according to human standards.[t](AU) Indeed, we live as humans[u] but do not wage war according to human standards,[v] for the weapons of our warfare are not merely human,[w] but they have divine power to destroy strongholds. We destroy arguments(AV) and every proud obstacle raised up against the knowledge of God, and we take every thought captive to obey Christ.(AW) We are ready to punish every disobedience when your obedience is complete.(AX)

Look[x] at what is before your eyes. If you are confident that you belong to Christ, remind yourself of this, that just as you belong to Christ, so also do we.(AY) Now, even if I boast a little too much of our authority, which the Lord gave for building you up and not for tearing you down, I will not be ashamed of it.(AZ) I do not want to seem as though I am trying to frighten you with my letters. 10 For someone says,[y] “His letters are weighty and strong, but his bodily presence is weak and his speech contemptible.”(BA) 11 Let such a person understand that what we say by letter when absent we will also do when present.

12 We do not dare to classify or compare ourselves with some of those who commend themselves. But when they measure themselves by one another and compare themselves with one another, they do not show good sense.(BB) 13 We, however, will not boast beyond limits but will keep within the field that God has assigned to us, to reach out even as far as you. 14 For we were not overstepping our limits when we reached you; we were the first to come all the way to you with the good news[z] of Christ.(BC) 15 We do not boast beyond limits, that is, in the labors of others, but our hope is that, as your faith increases, our field among you may be greatly enlarged, 16 so that we may proclaim the good news[aa] in lands beyond you, without boasting of work already done in someone else’s field. 17 “Let the one who boasts, boast in the Lord.”(BD) 18 For it is not those who commend themselves that are approved but those whom the Lord commends.(BE)

Paul and the False Apostles

11 I wish you would put up with me in a little foolishness. Yes, do put up[ab] with me!(BF) I feel a divine jealousy for you, for I promised you in marriage to one husband, to present you as a chaste virgin to Christ.(BG) But I am afraid that, as the serpent deceived Eve by its cunning, your thoughts will be led astray from a sincere and pure[ac] devotion to Christ.(BH) For if someone comes and proclaims another Jesus than the one we proclaimed, or if you receive a different spirit from the one you received, or a different gospel from the one you accepted, you put up with it readily enough.(BI) I think that I am not in the least inferior to these super-apostles.(BJ) Even if I am untrained in speech, I certainly am not with respect to knowledge; certainly in every way and in all things we have made this evident to you.(BK)

Did I commit a sin by humbling myself so that you might be exalted, because I proclaimed God’s good news[ad] to you free of charge?(BL) I robbed other churches by accepting support from them in order to serve you. And when I was with you and was in need, I did not burden anyone, for my needs were supplied by the brothers who came from Macedonia. So I refrained and will continue to refrain from burdening you in any way.(BM) 10 As the truth of Christ is in me, this boast of mine will not be silenced in the regions of Achaia.(BN) 11 And why? Because I do not love you? God knows I do!(BO)

12 And what I do I will also continue to do, in order to deny an opportunity to those who want an opportunity to be recognized as our equals in what they boast about. 13 For such boasters are false apostles, deceitful workers, disguising themselves as apostles of Christ.(BP) 14 And no wonder! Even Satan disguises himself as an angel of light. 15 So it is not strange if his ministers also disguise themselves as ministers of righteousness. Their end will match their deeds.(BQ)

Paul’s Sufferings as an Apostle

16 I repeat, let no one think that I am a fool, but if you do, then accept me as a fool, so that I, too, may boast a little. 17 What I am saying in regard to this boastful undertaking, I am saying not with the Lord’s authority but as a fool;(BR) 18 since many boast according to human standards,[ae] I will also boast. 19 For you gladly put up with fools, being wise yourselves! 20 For you put up with it when someone makes slaves of you or preys upon you or takes advantage of you or puts on airs or gives you a slap in the face. 21 To my shame, I must say, we were too weak for that!

But whatever anyone dares to boast of—I am speaking as a fool—I also dare to boast of that.(BS) 22 Are they Hebrews? So am I. Are they Israelites? So am I. Are they descendants of Abraham? So am I.(BT) 23 Are they ministers of Christ? I am talking like a madman—I am a better one: with far greater labors, far more imprisonments, with countless floggings, and often near death.(BU) 24 Five times I have received from the Jews the forty lashes minus one.(BV) 25 Three times I was beaten with rods. Once I received a stoning. Three times I was shipwrecked; for a night and a day I was adrift at sea;(BW) 26 on frequent journeys, in danger from rivers, danger from bandits, danger from my own people, danger from gentiles, danger in the city, danger in the wilderness, danger at sea, danger from false brothers and sisters;(BX) 27 in toil and hardship, through many a sleepless night, hungry and thirsty, often without food,[af] cold and naked.(BY) 28 And, besides other things, I am under daily pressure because of my anxiety for all the churches. 29 Who is weak, and I am not weak? Who is made to stumble, and I am not indignant?(BZ)

30 If I must boast, I will boast of the things that show my weakness.(CA) 31 The God and Father of the Lord Jesus (blessed be he forever!) knows that I do not lie.(CB) 32 In Damascus, the governor under King Aretas guarded the city of Damascus in order to[ag] seize me,(CC) 33 but I was let down in a basket through a window in the wall[ah] and escaped from his hands.


  1. 6.1 Gk As we work together
  2. 6.16 Other ancient authorities read you
  3. 6.16 Or in their midst
  4. 7.2 Gk lacks in your hearts
  5. 7.8 Other ancient witnesses lack for
  6. 8.4 Gk grace or gift
  7. 8.6 Gk this grace or gift
  8. 8.7 Other ancient authorities read your love for us
  9. 8.7 Gk this grace or gift
  10. 8.9 Gk the grace or gift
  11. 8.19 Gk this grace or gift
  12. 8.19 Other ancient authorities lack himself
  13. 8.23 Gk apostles
  14. 9.3 Or I have sent
  15. 9.4 Other ancient authorities add of boasting
  16. 9.8 Gk gift or grace
  17. 9.9 Or benevolence
  18. 9.10 Or benevolence
  19. 9.13 Or they
  20. 10.2 Gk according to the flesh
  21. 10.3 Gk in the flesh
  22. 10.3 Gk according to the flesh
  23. 10.4 Gk fleshly
  24. 10.7 Or You look
  25. 10.10 Other ancient authorities read they say
  26. 10.14 Or the gospel
  27. 10.16 Or the gospel
  28. 11.1 Or But indeed you do put up
  29. 11.3 Other ancient authorities lack and pure
  30. 11.7 Gk the gospel of God
  31. 11.18 Gk according to the flesh
  32. 11.27 Gk with frequent fasting
  33. 11.32 Other ancient authorities read and wanted to
  34. 11.33 Gk through the wall