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He is the opposing counterpart who exalts himself over everything that is called “God” or is worshiped[a] and who sits enthroned in God’s temple[b] and makes himself out to be a god.[c] Don’t you remember that when I was with you I went over all these things?

Now you are aware of the ruling power[d] so that he may be fully revealed when his time comes.

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Footnotes

  1. 2 Thessalonians 2:4 See Dan. 11:36.
  2. 2 Thessalonians 2:4 Some see this prophecy fulfilled in AD 70 during the Roman war, when foreigners came into the temple and desecrated it and declared themselves the true rulers of the Jewish people. Roman emperors were considered to be gods. But the one who sits in God’s temple, which was not made with hands, is the sin of man, a sinful nature that is traced back to Adam.
  3. 2 Thessalonians 2:4 See also Ezek. 28:2.
  4. 2 Thessalonians 2:6 An intransitive verb meaning “to rule” or “to hold sway” or “to possess.” The Aramaic likewise is “Now you know that which controls.” The neuter form of the Greek participle suggests a principle, not a person, which could be referring to the mystery of lawlessness in human hearts (v. 7). However, some see “it” as the god of this world (Satan) or the Roman Empire, which ruled the world in the days of Paul’s writings.

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