David's Song of Deliverance

22 And David spoke (A)to the Lord the words of this song on the day when the Lord delivered him from the hand of all his enemies, and from the hand of Saul. (B)He said,

(C)“The Lord is my rock and my fortress and my deliverer,
    (D)my[a] God, my rock, (E)in whom I take refuge,
(F)my shield, and (G)the horn of my salvation,
    (H)my stronghold and (I)my refuge,
    my savior; you save me from violence.
I call upon the Lord, who is (J)worthy to be praised,
    and I am saved from my enemies.

(K)“For the waves of death encompassed me,
    the torrents of destruction assailed me;[b]
(L)the cords of Sheol entangled me;
    the snares of death confronted me.

(M)“In my distress I called upon the Lord;
    to my God I called.
From his temple he heard my voice,
    and my cry (N)came to his ears.

“Then (O)the earth reeled and rocked;
    (P)the foundations of the heavens trembled
    and quaked, because he was angry.
Smoke went up from his nostrils,[c]
    and devouring fire from his mouth;
    (Q)glowing coals flamed forth from him.
10 (R)He bowed the heavens and (S)came down;
    (T)thick darkness was under his feet.
11 He rode on a cherub and flew;
    he was seen on (U)the wings of the wind.
12 He made (V)darkness around him (W)his canopy,
    thick clouds, a gathering of water.
13 Out of the brightness before him
    (X)coals of fire flamed forth.
14 (Y)The Lord thundered from heaven,
    and the Most High uttered his voice.
15 And he sent out (Z)arrows and scattered them;
    lightning, and routed them.
16 Then the channels of the sea were seen;
    the foundations of the world were laid bare,
at the rebuke of the Lord,
    at the (AA)blast of the breath of his nostrils.

17 (AB)“He sent from on high, he took me;
    he drew me out of many waters.
18 He rescued me from my strong enemy,
    from those who hated me,
    for they were too mighty for me.
19 They confronted me in the day of my calamity,
    but the Lord was my support.
20 (AC)He brought me out into a broad place;
    he rescued me, because (AD)he delighted in me.

21 “The Lord (AE)dealt with me according to my righteousness;
    according to the (AF)cleanness of my hands he rewarded me.
22 (AG)For I have kept the ways of the Lord
    and have not wickedly departed from my God.
23 (AH)For all his rules were before me,
    and from his statutes I did not turn aside.
24 I was (AI)blameless before him,
    and I kept myself from guilt.
25 (AJ)And the Lord has rewarded me according to my righteousness,
    according to my cleanness in his sight.

26 (AK)“With the merciful you show yourself merciful;
    with the (AL)blameless man you show yourself blameless;
27 with the purified you deal purely,
    and with the crooked you make yourself seem tortuous.
28 (AM)You save a humble people,
    (AN)but your eyes are on the haughty to bring them down.
29 (AO)For you are my lamp, O Lord,
    and my God lightens my darkness.
30 For by you I can run against a troop,
    and by my God I can leap over a wall.
31 This God—(AP)his way is perfect;
    the (AQ)word of the Lord proves true;
    he is (AR)a shield for all those who take refuge in him.

32 “For who is God, but the Lord?
    (AS)And who is a rock, except our God?
33 This God is my (AT)strong refuge
    and has made my[d] way blameless.[e]
34 (AU)He made my feet like the feet of a deer
    and set me secure (AV)on the heights.
35 (AW)He trains my hands for war,
    so that my arms can bend a bow of bronze.
36 You have given me the shield of your salvation,
    and your gentleness made me great.
37 (AX)You gave a wide place for my steps under me,
    and my feet[f] did not slip;
38 I pursued my enemies and destroyed them,
    and did not turn back until they were consumed.
39 I consumed them; I thrust them through, so that they did not rise;
    they fell (AY)under my feet.
40 For you equipped me with strength for the battle;
    you made (AZ)those who rise against me sink under me.
41 You (BA)made my enemies turn their backs to me,[g]
    those who hated me, and I destroyed them.
42 They looked, but there was none to save;
    they cried to the Lord, but (BB)he did not answer them.
43 I beat them fine (BC)as the dust of the earth;
    I crushed them and stamped them down (BD)like the mire of the streets.

44 “You delivered me from strife with my people;[h]
    you kept me as the head of (BE)the nations;
    (BF)people whom I had not known served me.
45 Foreigners came cringing to me;
    as soon as they heard of me, they obeyed me.
46 Foreigners lost heart
    and came trembling[i] (BG)out of their fortresses.

47 “The Lord lives, and blessed be my rock,
    and exalted be (BH)my God, (BI)the rock of my salvation,
48 the God who gave me vengeance
    and (BJ)brought down peoples under me,
49 who brought me out from my enemies;
    you exalted me above (BK)those who rose against me;
    you delivered me from (BL)men of violence.

50 (BM)“For this I will praise you, O Lord, among the nations,
    and sing praises to your name.
51 (BN)Great salvation he brings[j] to his king,
    and shows steadfast love to (BO)his anointed,
    to David and his offspring (BP)forever.”

The Last Words of David

23 Now these are the last words of David:

The oracle of David, the son of Jesse,
    the oracle of (BQ)the man who was raised on high,
(BR)the anointed of the God of Jacob,
    the sweet psalmist of Israel:[k]

(BS)“The Spirit of the Lord speaks by me;
    his word is on my tongue.
The God of Israel has spoken;
    (BT)the Rock of Israel has said to me:
When one rules justly over men,
    ruling (BU)in the fear of God,
he (BV)dawns on them like the morning light,
    like the sun shining forth on a cloudless morning,
    like rain[l] that makes grass to sprout from the earth.

“For does not my house stand so with God?
    (BW)For he has made with me an everlasting covenant,
    ordered in all things and secure.
For will he not cause to prosper
    all my help and my desire?
But worthless men[m] are all like thorns that are thrown away,
    for they cannot be taken with the hand;
but the man who touches them
    arms himself with iron and the shaft of a spear,
    and they are utterly consumed with fire.”[n]

David's Mighty Men

(BX)These are the names of the mighty men whom David had: (BY)Josheb-basshebeth a Tahchemonite; he was chief of the three.[o] He wielded his spear[p] against eight hundred whom he killed at one time.

And next to him among the three mighty men was Eleazar the son of (BZ)Dodo, son of (CA)Ahohi. He was with David when they defied the Philistines who were gathered there for battle, and the men of Israel withdrew. 10 He rose and struck down the Philistines until his hand was weary, and his hand clung to the sword. And the Lord brought about a great victory that day, and the men returned after him only to strip the slain.

11 And next to him was Shammah, the son of Agee the (CB)Hararite. The Philistines gathered together at Lehi,[q] where there was a plot of ground full of lentils, and the men fled from the Philistines. 12 But he took his stand in the midst of the plot and defended it and struck down the Philistines, and the Lord worked a great victory.

13 And three of the thirty chief men went down and came about harvest time to David at the (CC)cave of Adullam, when a band of Philistines was encamped (CD)in the Valley of Rephaim. 14 David was then (CE)in the stronghold, and (CF)the garrison of the Philistines was then at Bethlehem. 15 And David said longingly, “Oh, that someone would give me water to drink from the well of Bethlehem that is by the gate!” 16 Then the three mighty men broke through the camp of the Philistines and drew water out of the well of Bethlehem that was by the gate and carried and brought it to David. But he would not drink of it. He poured it out to the Lord 17 and said, “Far be it from me, O Lord, that I should do this. Shall I drink (CG)the blood of the men who went at the risk of their lives?” Therefore he would not drink it. These things the three mighty men did.

18 Now Abishai, the brother of Joab, the son of Zeruiah, was chief of the thirty.[r] And he wielded his spear against three hundred men[s] and killed them and won a name beside the three. 19 He was the most renowned of the thirty[t] and became their commander, but he did not attain to (CH)the three.

20 And (CI)Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was a valiant man[u] of (CJ)Kabzeel, a doer of great deeds. He struck down two ariels[v] of Moab. He also went down and struck down a lion in a pit on a day when snow had fallen. 21 And he struck down an Egyptian, a handsome man. The Egyptian had a spear in his hand, but Benaiah went down to him with a staff and snatched the spear out of the Egyptian's hand and killed him with his own spear. 22 These things did Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and won a name beside the three mighty men. 23 He was renowned among the thirty, but he did not attain to the three. And David set him over his bodyguard.

24 (CK)Asahel the brother of Joab was one of the thirty; Elhanan the son of Dodo of Bethlehem, 25 (CL)Shammah of Harod, Elika of Harod, 26 Helez the Paltite, Ira the son of Ikkesh (CM)of Tekoa, 27 Abiezer (CN)of Anathoth, Mebunnai (CO)the Hushathite, 28 Zalmon (CP)the Ahohite, Maharai (CQ)of Netophah, 29 Heleb the son of Baanah (CR)of Netophah, Ittai the son of Ribai of (CS)Gibeah of the people of Benjamin, 30 Benaiah (CT)of Pirathon, Hiddai of the brooks of (CU)Gaash, 31 Abi-albon the Arbathite, Azmaveth of (CV)Bahurim, 32 Eliahba the Shaalbonite, the sons of Jashen, Jonathan, 33 (CW)Shammah the Hararite, Ahiam the son of Sharar the Hararite, 34 Eliphelet the son of Ahasbai (CX)of Maacah, (CY)Eliam the son of (CZ)Ahithophel the Gilonite, 35 Hezro[w] (DA)of Carmel, Paarai the Arbite, 36 Igal the son of Nathan (DB)of Zobah, Bani the Gadite, 37 Zelek the Ammonite, Naharai (DC)of Beeroth, the armor-bearer of Joab the son of Zeruiah, 38 (DD)Ira the (DE)Ithrite, Gareb the Ithrite, 39 (DF)Uriah the Hittite: thirty-seven in all.


  1. 2 Samuel 22:3 Septuagint (compare Psalm 18:2); Hebrew lacks my
  2. 2 Samuel 22:5 Or terrified me
  3. 2 Samuel 22:9 Or in his wrath
  4. 2 Samuel 22:33 Or his; also verse 34
  5. 2 Samuel 22:33 Compare Psalm 18:32; Hebrew he has blamelessly set my way free, or he has made my way spring up blamelessly
  6. 2 Samuel 22:37 Hebrew ankles
  7. 2 Samuel 22:41 Or You gave me my enemies' necks
  8. 2 Samuel 22:44 Septuagint with the peoples
  9. 2 Samuel 22:46 Compare Psalm 18:45; Hebrew equipped themselves
  10. 2 Samuel 22:51 Or He is a tower of salvation
  11. 2 Samuel 23:1 Or the favorite of the songs of Israel
  12. 2 Samuel 23:4 Hebrew from rain
  13. 2 Samuel 23:6 Hebrew worthlessness
  14. 2 Samuel 23:7 Hebrew consumed with fire in the sitting
  15. 2 Samuel 23:8 Or of the captains
  16. 2 Samuel 23:8 Compare 1 Chronicles 11:11; the meaning of the Hebrew expression is uncertain
  17. 2 Samuel 23:11 Or gathered together as a camp
  18. 2 Samuel 23:18 Two Hebrew manuscripts, Syriac; most Hebrew manuscripts three
  19. 2 Samuel 23:18 Or slain ones
  20. 2 Samuel 23:19 Compare 1 Chronicles 11:21; Hebrew Was he the most renowned of the three?
  21. 2 Samuel 23:20 Or the son of Ishhai
  22. 2 Samuel 23:20 The meaning of the word ariel is unknown
  23. 2 Samuel 23:35 Or Hezrai

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