For it is the God (A)who commanded light to shine out of darkness, who has (B)shone in our hearts to give the light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Jesus Christ.

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For God, who said, “(A)Light shall shine out of darkness,” is the One who has (B)shone in our hearts to give the (C)Light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Christ.

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For God, who said, “Let light shine out of darkness,” is the One who has shone in our hearts to give us the Light of the knowledge of the glory and majesty of God [clearly revealed] in the face of Christ.(A)

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For God, who said, “Let light shine out of darkness,”[a](A) made his light shine in our hearts(B) to give us the light of the knowledge of God’s glory displayed in the face of Christ.(C)

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Footnotes

  1. 2 Corinthians 4:6 Gen. 1:3

For God, who commanded the light to shine out of darkness, hath shined in our hearts, to give the light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Jesus Christ.

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13 But (A)all things that are [a]exposed are made manifest by the light, for whatever makes manifest is light.

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Footnotes

  1. Ephesians 5:13 reproved

13 But all things become visible (A)when they are exposed by the light, for everything that becomes visible is light.

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13 But all things become visible when they are exposed by the light [of God’s precepts], for [a]it is light that makes everything visible.

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Footnotes

  1. Ephesians 5:13 Paul, who was privileged to study under the brilliant Gamaliel (Acts 22:3), is probably speaking from the viewpoint of ancient Greek science. Even the philosopher Plato maintained that vision essentially is the process of light forming an image of an object it touches and conveying that image to the eyes. So Paul may mean that what is actually seen is an image composed of light (like the photographic process), and since light is always reliable and its physical properties are constant, nothing exposed to light escapes being revealed. Spiritually speaking, to the extent that a believer functions as Light (v 8), he will expose the sins of unbelievers simply by his presence, just as it is the nature of light to expose whatever it touches.

13 But everything exposed by the light(A) becomes visible—and everything that is illuminated becomes a light.

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13 But all things that are reproved are made manifest by the light: for whatsoever doth make manifest is light.

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