Jehoram Succeeds Jehoshaphat in Judah

21 (A)Then Jehoshaphat [a]lay down with his fathers and was buried with his fathers in the city of David, and his son Jehoram became king in his place. He had brothers, the sons of Jehoshaphat: Azariah, Jehiel, Zechariah, [b]Azaryahu, Michael, and Shephatiah. All these were the sons of Jehoshaphat king (B)of Israel. Their father gave them many gifts of silver, gold, and precious things, (C)with fortified cities in Judah; but he gave the kingdom to Jehoram because he was the firstborn.

Now when Jehoram had [c]taken over the kingdom of his father and gathered courage, he (D)killed all his brothers with the sword, and some of the leaders of Israel as well. (E)Jehoram was thirty-two years old when he became king, and he reigned for eight years in Jerusalem. (F)He walked in the way of the kings of Israel, just as the house of Ahab had done, (G)for Ahab’s daughter was his wife; and he did evil in the sight of the Lord. Yet the Lord was not willing to destroy the house of David because of the covenant which He had made with David, (H)and because He had promised to give a lamp to him and his sons forever.

Revolt against Judah

In his days (I)Edom broke away [d]from the rule of Judah, and appointed a king over themselves. Then Jehoram crossed over with his commanders and all his chariots with him. And he got up at night and struck and killed the Edomites who were surrounding him, and the commanders of the chariots. 10 So Edom revolted [e]against Judah to this day. Then Libnah revolted at the same time [f]against his rule because he had abandoned the Lord God of his fathers. 11 Furthermore, (J)he made high places in the mountains of Judah, and caused the inhabitants of Jerusalem (K)to be unfaithful, and led Judah astray.

12 Then a letter came to him from Elijah the prophet, saying, “This is what the Lord, the God of your father David says: ‘Because (L)you have not walked in the ways of your father Jehoshaphat (M)and the ways of Asa king of Judah, 13 but (N)have walked in the way of the kings of Israel, and have caused Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem to be unfaithful (O)as the house of Ahab was unfaithful, and you (P)have also killed your brothers, [g]your own family, who were better than you, 14 behold, the Lord is going to strike your people, your sons, your wives, and all your possessions with a great plague; 15 and (Q)you will suffer [h]severe sickness, a disease of your bowels, until your bowels come out because of the sickness, day by day.’”

16 Then (R)the Lord stirred up against Jehoram the spirit of the Philistines and (S)the Arabs who [i]bordered the Ethiopians; 17 and they came against Judah and invaded it, and carried away all the possessions found in the king’s house together with his sons and his wives, so that no son was left to him except [j](T)Jehoahaz, the youngest of his sons.

18 So after all this the Lord struck him (U)in his intestines with an incurable sickness. 19 Now it came about in the course of time, at the end of two years, that his bowels came out because of his sickness, and he died in great pain. And his people did not make a funeral fire for him like (V)the fire for his fathers. 20 He was thirty-two years old when he became king, and he reigned in Jerusalem for eight years; and he departed [k](W)with no one’s regret, and they buried him in the city of David, (X)but not in the tombs of the kings.

Ahaziah Succeeds Jehoram in Judah

22 (Y)Then the inhabitants of Jerusalem made [l]Ahaziah, his youngest son, king in his place, for the band of men who came with (Z)the Arabs to the camp had killed all the older sons. So Ahaziah the son of Jehoram king of Judah began to reign. Ahaziah was [m]twenty-two years old when he became king, and he reigned for one year in Jerusalem. And his mother’s name was Athaliah, the [n]granddaughter of Omri. He also walked in the ways of the house of Ahab, for his mother was his counselor to act wickedly. So he did evil in the sight of the Lord like the house of Ahab, for they were his counselors after the death of his father, to (AA)his own destruction.

Ahaziah Allies with Jehoram of Israel

He also walked by their counsel, and went with Jehoram the son of Ahab king of Israel to wage war against Hazael king of Aram at Ramoth-gilead. But the (AB)Arameans [o]wounded [p]Joram. So he returned to be healed in Jezreel of the wounds [q]which they had inflicted on him at Ramah, when he fought against Hazael king of Aram. And [r]Ahaziah, the son of Jehoram king of Judah, went down to see Jehoram the son of Ahab in Jezreel, because he was sick.

Now (AC)the destruction of Ahaziah was from God, in that [s]he went to Joram. For when he arrived, (AD)he went out with Jehoram against Jehu the son of Nimshi, (AE)whom the Lord had anointed to eliminate the house of Ahab.

Jehu Murders Princes of Judah

(AF)And it came about, when Jehu was executing judgment on the house of Ahab, that he found the princes of Judah and the sons of Ahaziah’s brothers attending to Ahaziah, and killed them. (AG)He also searched for Ahaziah, and they caught him while he was hiding in Samaria; they brought him to Jehu, put him to death, (AH)and buried him. For they said, “He is the son of Jehoshaphat, (AI)who sought the Lord with all his heart.” So there was no one of the house of Ahaziah to retain the power of the kingdom.

10 (AJ)Now when Athaliah the mother of Ahaziah saw that her son was dead, she rose and eliminated all the royal [t]children of the house of Judah. 11 But Jehoshabeath the king’s daughter took Joash the son of Ahaziah, and stole him from among the king’s sons who were being put to death, and placed him and his nurse in the bedroom. So Jehoshabeath, the daughter of King Jehoram, the wife of Jehoiada the priest (for she was the sister of Ahaziah), hid him from Athaliah so that she would not put him to death. 12 He kept himself hidden with them in the house of God for six years while Athaliah reigned over the land.

Jehoiada Sets Joash on the Throne of Judah

23 (AK)Now in the seventh year, Jehoiada gathered his courage, and took captains of hundreds: Azariah the son of Jeroham, Ishmael the son of Johanan, Azariah the son of Obed, Maaseiah the son of Adaiah, and Elishaphat the son of Zichri, and they entered into a covenant with him. And they went throughout Judah and gathered the Levites from all the cities of Judah, and the heads of the fathers’ households of (AL)Israel, and they came to Jerusalem. Then all the assembly made a covenant with the king in the house of God. And [u]Jehoiada said to them, “Behold, the king’s son shall reign, (AM)as the Lord has spoken concerning the sons of David. This is the thing which you shall do: a third of you, of the priests and Levites (AN)who come in on the Sabbath, shall be gatekeepers, and a third shall be at the king’s house, and a third at the Gate of the Foundation; and all the people shall be in the courtyards of the house of the Lord. But no one is to enter the house of the Lord except the priests and (AO)the ministering Levites; they may enter, for they are holy. And all the people are to keep the command of the Lord. The Levites will surround the king, each man with his weapons in his hand; and whoever enters the house is to be put to death. Therefore be with the king when he comes in and when he goes out.”

The Levites and all Judah did according to all that Jehoiada the priest commanded. And each one of them took his men who were to come in on the Sabbath, with those who were to go out on the Sabbath, for Jehoiada the priest did not dismiss any of (AP)the divisions. Then Jehoiada the priest gave the captains of hundreds the spears and the shields and quivers which had been King David’s, which were in the house of God. 10 He stationed all the people, each man with his weapon in his hand, from the right [v]side of the house to the left [w]side of the house, by the altar and by the house, around the king. 11 Then they brought out the king’s son and put the crown on him, and gave him (AQ)the testimony and made him king. And Jehoiada and his sons anointed him and said, “(AR)Long live the king!”

Athaliah Murdered

12 When Athaliah heard the noise of the people running and praising the king, she went into the house of the Lord to the people. 13 She looked, and behold, the king was standing by his pillar at the entrance, and the captains and the [x]trumpeters were beside the king. And all the people of the land rejoiced and blew trumpets, the singers with their musical instruments [y]leading the praise. Then Athaliah tore her clothes and said, “Conspiracy! Conspiracy!” 14 And Jehoiada the priest brought out the captains of hundreds who were appointed over the army, and said to them, “Bring her out [z]between the ranks, and whoever follows her is to be put to death with the sword.” For the priest said, “You shall not put her to death in the house of the Lord.” 15 So they [aa]seized her, and when she arrived at the entrance of (AS)the Horse Gate of the king’s house, they (AT)put her to death there.

Reforms Carried Out

16 Then (AU)Jehoiada made a covenant between himself and all the people and the king, that they would be the Lords people. 17 And all the people went to the house of Baal and tore it down, and they broke in pieces his altars and his images, and (AV)killed Mattan the priest of Baal before the altars. 18 Moreover, Jehoiada placed the offices of the house of the Lord under the [ab]authority of (AW)the Levitical priests, (AX)whom David had assigned over the house of the Lord, to offer the burnt offerings of the Lord, as it is written in the Law of Moses—(AY)with rejoicing and singing according to the [ac]order of David. 19 He stationed (AZ)the gatekeepers of the house of the Lord, so that no one would enter who was in any way unclean. 20 (BA)He took the captains of hundreds, the nobles, the rulers of the people, and all the people of the land, and brought the king down from the house of the Lord, and went through the upper gate to the king’s house. And they seated the king upon the royal throne. 21 So (BB)all of the people of the land rejoiced and the city was at rest. For they had put Athaliah to death with the sword.

Young Joash Influenced by Jehoiada

24 (BC)Joash was seven years old when he became king, and he reigned for forty years in Jerusalem; and his mother’s name was Zibiah from Beersheba. (BD)Joash did what was right in the sight of the Lord all the days of Jehoiada the priest. Jehoiada took two wives for him, and he fathered sons and daughters.

Faithless Priests

Now it came about after this that Joash [ad]decided (BE)to restore the house of the Lord. He gathered the priests and Levites and said to them, “Go out to the cities of Judah and collect money from all (BF)Israel to [ae]repair the house of your God annually, and you shall [af]do the work quickly.” But the Levites did not act quickly. So the king summoned Jehoiada, the chief priest, and said to him, “Why have you not required the Levites to bring in from Judah and from Jerusalem (BG)the [ag]contribution of Moses, the servant of the Lord, and the congregation of Israel, (BH)for the tent of the testimony?” For (BI)the sons of the wicked Athaliah had broken into the house of God, and even [ah]used the holy things of the house of the Lord for the Baals.

Temple Repaired

So the king commanded, and (BJ)they made a chest and set it outside by the gate of the house of the Lord. (BK)And they made a proclamation in Judah and Jerusalem to bring to the Lord (BL)the [ai]contribution commanded by Moses the servant of God on Israel in the wilderness. 10 All the officers and all the people rejoiced, and they brought in their contribution and [aj]dropped it into the chest until they had finished. 11 It happened that whenever the chest was brought to the king’s officer by the Levites, and (BM)they saw that the money was substantial, the king’s scribe and the chief priest’s officer would come and empty the chest, and pick it up and return it to its place. They did this daily and collected a large amount of money. 12 The king and Jehoiada gave it to those who did the work of the service of the house of the Lord; and they hired masons and carpenters to restore the house of the Lord, and also workers in iron and bronze to repair the house of the Lord. 13 So the workmen labored, and the repair work progressed in their hands, and they [ak]restored the house of God according to its [al]specifications and strengthened it. 14 When they had finished, they brought the rest of the money before the king and Jehoiada; and it was made into utensils for the house of the Lord, utensils for the service and the burnt offerings, and pans and utensils of gold and silver. And they offered burnt offerings in the house of the Lord continually, all the days of Jehoiada.

15 Now Jehoiada [am]reached a good old age and he died; he was 130 years old at his death. 16 And they buried him (BN)in the city of David with the kings, because he had done well in (BO)Israel and [an]for God and His house.

17 But after the death of Jehoiada the officials of Judah came and bowed down to the king, and the king listened to them. 18 And they abandoned (BP)the house of the Lord, the God of their fathers, and (BQ)served the [ao]Asherim and the idols; so (BR)wrath came upon Judah and Jerusalem for this guilt of theirs. 19 Yet (BS)He sent prophets to them to bring them back to the Lord; and they testified against them, but they would not listen.

Joash Murders Son of Jehoiada

20 (BT)Then the Spirit of God [ap]covered Zechariah, the son of Jehoiada the priest like clothing; and he stood above the people and said to them, “This is what God has said, ‘(BU)Why do you break the commandments of the Lord and do not prosper? (BV)Because you have abandoned the Lord, He has also abandoned you.’” 21 So (BW)they conspired against him, and at the command of the king they stoned him [aq]to death in the courtyard of the house of the Lord. 22 So Joash the king did not remember the kindness which Zechariah’s father Jehoiada had shown him, but he murdered his son. And as Zechariah died he said, “May (BX)the Lord see and [ar]avenge!”

Aram Invades and Defeats Judah

23 Now it happened at the turn of the year that (BY)the army of the Arameans came up against Joash; and they came to Judah and Jerusalem, destroyed all the officials of the people from among the people, and sent all their spoils to the king of Damascus. 24 Indeed, the army of the Arameans came with a small number of men; yet (BZ)the Lord handed a very great army over to them, (CA)because [as]Judah and Joash had abandoned the Lord, the God of their fathers. So they executed judgment on Joash.

25 (CB)When they left him (for they left him very sick), his own servants conspired against him because of the blood of the [at]son of Jehoiada the priest, and they murdered him on his bed. So he died, and they buried him in the city of David, but they did not bury him in the tombs of the kings. 26 Now these are the men who conspired against him: Zabad the son of Shimeath the Ammonitess, and Jehozabad the son of Shimrith the Moabitess. 27 As to his sons and the many pronouncements against him and (CC)the [au]rebuilding of the house of God, behold, they are written in the [av](CD)treatise of the Book of the Kings. Then his son Amaziah became king in his place.

Amaziah Succeeds Joash in Judah

25 (CE)Amaziah was twenty-five years old when he became king, and he reigned for twenty-nine years in Jerusalem. And his mother’s name was Jehoaddan of Jerusalem. He did what was right in the sight of the Lord, (CF)only not wholeheartedly. Now (CG)it came about, as soon as the kingdom was [aw]firmly in his grasp, that he killed his servants who had killed his father the king. However, he did not put their children to death, but did as it is written in the Law in the Book of Moses, which the Lord commanded, saying, “(CH)Fathers shall not be put to death for sons, nor sons be put to death for fathers; but each shall be put to death for his own sin.”

Amaziah Defeats Edomites

Moreover, Amaziah assembled Judah and appointed them according to their fathers’ households under commanders of thousands and commanders of hundreds throughout Judah and Benjamin; and he [ax]took a census of those (CI)from twenty years old and upward and found them to be (CJ)three hundred thousand choice men, able to go to war and handle spear and shield. He also hired a hundred thousand valiant warriors from Israel for [ay]a hundred talents of silver. But (CK)a man of God came to him saying, “O king, do not let the army of Israel come with you, for the Lord is not with Israel nor with any of the sons of Ephraim. But if you do go, do it, be strong for the battle; yet God will [az]bring you down before the enemy, (CL)for God has the power to help and to [ba]bring down.” Amaziah said to the man of God, “But what are we to do about the [bb]hundred talents which I have given to the troops of Israel?” And the man of God answered, “(CM)The Lord has much more to give you than this.” 10 Then Amaziah [bc]dismissed the troops which came to him from Ephraim, to go home; so their anger burned against Judah, and they returned [bd]home in fierce anger.

11 Now Amaziah gathered his courage and led his people out, and went to (CN)the Valley of Salt, and struck and killed ten thousand of the sons of Seir. 12 The sons of Judah also captured ten thousand alive and brought them to the top of the cliff, and threw them down from the top of the cliff so that they were all dashed to pieces. 13 But the [be]troops whom Amaziah sent back, those not going with him to battle, raided the cities of Judah from Samaria to Beth-horon, and struck and killed three thousand of them, and plundered a large amount of spoils.

Amaziah Rebuked for Idolatry

14 Now after Amaziah came from slaughtering the Edomites, (CO)he brought the gods of the sons of Seir and set them up as his gods. Then he bowed down before them and burned incense to them. 15 So the anger of the Lord burned against Amaziah, and He sent him a prophet who said to him, “Why have you sought the gods of the people (CP)who have not saved their own people from your hand?” 16 As he was talking with him, [bf]the king said to him, “Have we appointed you to be a royal counselor? Stop! Why should [bg]you be put to death?” Then the prophet stopped and said, “I know that God has planned to destroy you, because you have done this and have not listened to my counsel.”

Amaziah Defeated by Joash of Israel

17 (CQ)Then Amaziah king of Judah took counsel and sent word to Joash the son of Jehoahaz the son of Jehu, the king of Israel, saying, “Come, let’s face each other.” 18 But Joash the king of Israel sent a reply to Amaziah king of Judah, saying, “(CR)The thorn bush that was in Lebanon sent word to the cedar that was in Lebanon, saying, ‘Give your daughter to my son in marriage.’ But a wild beast that was in Lebanon passed by and trampled the thorn bush. 19 You said, ‘Behold, you have [bh]defeated Edom.’ And (CS)your heart has lifted you up in boasting. Now stay home; why should you provoke trouble so that you, would fall, you and Judah with you?”

20 But Amaziah would not listen, for it was from God, so that He might hand them over to Joash, because they had sought the gods of Edom. 21 So Joash king of Israel went up, and he and Amaziah king of Judah faced each other at Beth-shemesh, which belonged to Judah. 22 And Judah was defeated [bi]by Israel, and they fled, every man to his tent. 23 Then Joash king of Israel captured Amaziah king of Judah, the son of Joash the son of (CT)Jehoahaz, at Beth-shemesh, and brought him to Jerusalem and tore down the wall of Jerusalem from the Gate of Ephraim to the Corner Gate, [bj]four hundred cubits. 24 He took all the gold and silver and all the utensils which were found in the house of God with (CU)Obed-edom, and the treasures of the king’s house, the hostages too, and returned to Samaria.

25 (CV)And Amaziah, the son of Joash king of Judah, lived fifteen years after the death of Joash, son of Jehoahaz, king of Israel. 26 Now the rest of the acts of Amaziah, from the first to the last, behold, are they not written in the Book of the Kings of Judah and Israel? 27 From the time that Amaziah turned away from following the Lord they conspired against him in Jerusalem, and he fled to Lachish; but they sent men after him to Lachish, and they killed him there. 28 Then they brought him on horses and buried him with his fathers in the city of Judah.

Uzziah Succeeds Amaziah in Judah

26 Now all the people of Judah took [bk]Uzziah, who was sixteen years old, and made him king in place of his father Amaziah. He built Eloth and restored it to Judah after the king [bl]lay down with his fathers. Uzziah was (CW)sixteen years old when he became king, and he reigned for fifty-two years in Jerusalem; and his mother’s name was [bm]Jechiliah of Jerusalem. He did what was right in the sight of the Lord, in accordance with everything that his father Amaziah had done. (CX)He continued to seek God in the days of Zechariah, (CY)who had understanding [bn]through the vision of God; and [bo](CZ)as long as he sought the Lord, God made him successful.

Uzziah Succeeds in War

Now he went out and (DA)fought against the Philistines, and broke down the wall of Gath, the wall of Jabneh, and the wall of Ashdod; and he built cities in the area of Ashdod and among the Philistines. (DB)God helped him against the Philistines, and against the Arabians who lived in Gur-baal, and the Meunites. The Ammonites gave (DC)tribute to Uzziah, and his [bp]fame extended to the border of Egypt, for he became very strong. Moreover, Uzziah built towers in Jerusalem at (DD)the Corner Gate, the (DE)Valley Gate, and at the corner buttress, and he fortified them. 10 He also built towers in the wilderness and (DF)carved out many cisterns, for he had much livestock, both in the [bq]lowland and in the plain. He also had plowmen and vinedressers in the hill country and the fertile fields, for he loved the soil. 11 Moreover, Uzziah had an army ready for battle, which [br]entered combat by divisions according to the number of their muster, [bs]recorded by Jeiel the scribe and Maaseiah the official, under the direction of Hananiah, one of the king’s officers. 12 The total number of the heads of the [bt]households, of valiant warriors, was 2,600. 13 Under their direction was an army of (DG)307,500, who could wage war with great power, to help the king against the enemy. 14 Moreover, Uzziah prepared [bu]for all the army shields, spears, helmets, body armor, bows, and slingstones. 15 In Jerusalem he made machines of war invented by skillful workmen to be on the towers and the corners, for the purpose of shooting arrows and great stones. So his [bv]fame spread far, for he was marvelously helped until he was strong.

Pride Is Uzziah’s Undoing

16 But (DH)when he became strong, his heart was so [bw]proud that he acted corruptly, and he was untrue to the Lord his God, for (DI)he entered the temple of the Lord to burn incense on the altar of incense. 17 Then (DJ)Azariah the priest entered after him, and with him eighty priests of the Lord, valiant men. 18 (DK)They opposed Uzziah the king and said to him, “(DL)It is not for you, Uzziah, to burn incense to the Lord, (DM)but for the priests, the sons of Aaron who have been consecrated to burn incense. Leave the sanctuary, for you have been untrue and will have no honor from the Lord God.” 19 But Uzziah, with a censer in his hand for burning incense, was enraged; and while he was enraged with the priests, (DN)leprosy broke out on his forehead in the presence of the priests in the house of the Lord, beside the altar of incense. 20 Azariah the chief priest and all the priests looked at him, and behold, he was leprous on his forehead; and they quickly removed him from there, and he himself also hurried to get out because the Lord had stricken him. 21 (DO)King Uzziah had leprosy to the day of his death; and he lived in (DP)a separate house, afflicted as he was with leprosy, for he was cut off from the house of the Lord. And his son Jotham was over the king’s house, judging the people of the land.

22 Now the rest of the acts of Uzziah, the first to the last, the prophet (DQ)Isaiah, the son of Amoz, has written. 23 So Uzziah [bx]lay down with his fathers, and they buried him with his fathers (DR)in the field of the grave which belonged to the kings, for they said, “He had leprosy.” And his son Jotham became king in his place.

Jotham Succeeds Uzziah in Judah

27 (DS)Jotham was twenty-five years old when he became king, and he reigned for sixteen years in Jerusalem. And his mother’s name was Jerushah the daughter of Zadok. He did what was right in the sight of the Lord, according to all that his father Uzziah had done; (DT)however he did not enter the temple of the Lord. But the people continued acting corruptly. He built the upper gate of the house of the Lord, and he built the wall of (DU)Ophel extensively. Moreover, he built (DV)cities in the hill country of Judah, and he built fortresses and towers on the wooded hills. He fought with the king of the Ammonites and prevailed over them so that during that year the Ammonites gave him [by]a hundred talents of silver, [bz]ten thousand kors of wheat, and ten thousand of barley. The Ammonites also paid him this amount in the second year and in the third. (DW)So Jotham became powerful because he directed his ways before the Lord his God. (DX)Now the rest of the acts of Jotham, all his wars and his ways, behold, they are written in the Book of the Kings of Israel and Judah. He was (DY)twenty-five years old when he became king, and he reigned in Jerusalem for sixteen years. And Jotham [ca]lay down with his fathers, and they buried him in the city of David; and his son Ahaz became king in his place.

Ahaz Succeeds Jotham in Judah

28 (DZ)Ahaz was twenty years old when he became king, and he reigned in Jerusalem for sixteen years. (EA)He did not do what was right in the sight of the Lord as his father David had done. (EB)But he walked in the ways of the kings of Israel; he also (EC)made cast metal images for the Baals. Furthermore, (ED)he burned incense in the Valley of Ben-hinnom, and (EE)burned his sons in fire, (EF)according to the abominations of the nations whom the Lord had driven out from the sons of Israel. He sacrificed and (EG)burned incense on the high places, on the hills, and under every green tree.

Judah Is Invaded

Therefore (EH)the Lord his God handed him over to the king of Aram; and they [cb]defeated him and carried from him a great number of captives, and brought them to Damascus. And he was also handed over to the king of Israel, who struck him with heavy casualties. For (EI)Pekah the son of Remaliah killed 120,000 in Judah in one day, all valiant men, because they had abandoned the Lord God of their fathers. And Zichri, a mighty man of Ephraim, killed Maaseiah the king’s son, Azrikam the ruler of the house, and Elkanah the second to the king.

(EJ)The sons of Israel led away captive two hundred thousand of (EK)their relatives, women, sons, and daughters; and they also [cc]took a great deal of spoils from them, and brought the spoils to Samaria. But a prophet of the Lord was there, whose name was Oded; and (EL)he went out to meet the army which came to Samaria and said to them, “Behold, because the Lord, the God of your fathers, (EM)was angry with Judah, He has handed them over to you, and you have killed them in a rage (EN)which has even reached heaven. 10 Now you are proposing to (EO)subjugate the people of Judah and Jerusalem as male and female slaves for yourselves. Are you not, however guilty yourselves of offenses against the Lord your God? 11 Now then, listen to me and return the captives (EP)whom you captured from your brothers, (EQ)for the burning anger of the Lord is against you.” 12 Then some of the leading men of the sons of Ephraim—Azariah the son of Johanan, Berechiah the son of Meshillemoth, Jehizkiah the son of Shallum, and Amasa the son of Hadlai—rose up against those who were coming from the battle, 13 and said to them, “You must not bring the captives in here, for you are proposing to bring guilt upon us before the Lord, adding to our sins and our guilt; for our guilt is great, and His burning anger is against Israel.” 14 So the armed men left the captives and the spoils before the officers and all the assembly. 15 Then (ER)the men who were designated by name got up, took the captives, and they clothed all their naked people from the spoils; they gave them clothes and sandals, fed them and (ES)gave them drink, anointed them with oil, led all their feeble ones on donkeys, and brought them to Jericho, (ET)the city of palm trees, to their brothers; then they returned to Samaria.

Compromise with Assyria

16 (EU)At that time King Ahaz sent word to the [cd]kings of Assyria for help. 17 (EV)For the Edomites had come again and attacked Judah, and led away captives. 18 (EW)The Philistines had also invaded the cities of the [ce]lowland and of the Negev of Judah, and had taken Beth-shemesh, Aijalon, Gederoth, and Soco with its villages, Timnah with its villages, and Gimzo with its villages; and they had settled there. 19 For the Lord had humbled Judah because of Ahaz king of (EX)Israel, for he had brought about a lack of restraint in Judah and was very unfaithful to the Lord. 20 So (EY)Tilgath-pilneser king of Assyria came against him and afflicted him instead of strengthening him. 21 (EZ)Although Ahaz took a portion out of the house of the Lord and out of the palace of the king and of the princes, and gave it to the king of Assyria, it did not help him.

22 Now during the time of his distress, this same King Ahaz (FA)became even more unfaithful to the Lord. 23 (FB)For he sacrificed to the gods of Damascus who had [cf]defeated him, and said, “(FC)Because the gods of the kings of Aram helped them, I will sacrifice to them so that they may help me.” But they became the [cg]downfall of him and all Israel. 24 Moreover, when Ahaz gathered together the utensils of the house of God, he (FD)cut the utensils of the house of God in pieces; and he (FE)closed the doors of the house of the Lord, and (FF)made altars for himself in every corner of Jerusalem. 25 In every city of Judah he made high places to burn incense to other gods, and provoked the Lord, the God of his fathers, to anger. 26 (FG)Now the rest of his acts and all his ways, from the first to the last, behold, they are written in the Book of the Kings of Judah and Israel. 27 (FH)So Ahaz [ch]lay down with his fathers, and they buried him in the city, in Jerusalem, for they did not bring him to the tombs of the kings of (FI)Israel; and his son Hezekiah reigned in his place.

Hezekiah Succeeds Ahaz in Judah

29 (FJ)Hezekiah became king when he was twenty-five years old; and he reigned for twenty-nine years in Jerusalem. And his mother’s name was Abijah, the daughter of Zechariah. (FK)He did what was right in the sight of the Lord, in accordance with everything that his father David had done.

In the first year of his reign, in the first month, he (FL)opened the doors of the house of the Lord and repaired them. He brought in the priests and the Levites and gathered them into the public square on the east.

Reforms Begun

Then he said to them, “Listen to me, you Levites. (FM)Consecrate yourselves now, and consecrate the house of the Lord, the God of your fathers, and carry the uncleanness out of the holy place. For our fathers have been unfaithful and have done evil in the sight of the Lord our God, and they have abandoned Him and (FN)turned their faces away from the dwelling place of the Lord, and have [ci]turned their backs. They have also (FO)shut the doors of the porch and extinguished the lamps, and have not burned incense nor offered burnt offerings in the holy place to the God of Israel. Therefore (FP)the wrath of the Lord was against Judah and Jerusalem, and He has made them an object of terror, of horror, and of (FQ)hissing, as you see with your own eyes. For behold, (FR)our fathers have fallen by the sword, and our sons, our daughters, and our wives are in captivity because of this. 10 Now it is in my heart (FS)to make a covenant with the Lord God of Israel, so that His burning anger may turn away from us. 11 My sons, do not be negligent now, for (FT)the Lord has chosen you to stand before Him, to serve Him, and to be His ministers and burn incense.”

12 Then the Levites arose: (FU)Mahath the son of Amasai and Joel the son of Azariah, from the sons of (FV)the Kohathites; and from the sons of Merari, Kish the son of Abdi and Azariah the son of Jehallelel; and from the Gershonites, Joah the son of Zimmah and Eden the son of Joah; 13 and from the sons of Elizaphan, Shimri and [cj]Jeiel; and from the sons of Asaph, Zechariah and Mattaniah; 14 and from the sons of Heman, [ck]Jehiel and Shimei; and from the sons of Jeduthun, Shemaiah and Uzziel. 15 They assembled their brothers, (FW)consecrated themselves, and went in (FX)to cleanse the house of the Lord, according to the commandment of the king (FY)by the words of the Lord. 16 So the priests went into the inner part of the house of the Lord to cleanse it, and they brought every unclean thing which they found in the temple of the Lord out to the courtyard of the house of the Lord. Then the Levites received it to carry out to (FZ)the Kidron [cl]Valley. 17 Now they began [cm]the consecration (GA)on the first day of the first month, and on the eighth day of the month they entered the porch of the Lord. Then they consecrated the house of the Lord in eight days, and finished on the sixteenth day of the first month. 18 Then they went in to King Hezekiah and said, “We have cleansed the whole house of the Lord, the altar of burnt offering with all its utensils, and the table of the showbread with all of its utensils. 19 Moreover, (GB)all the utensils which King Ahaz had discarded during his reign in his unfaithfulness, we have prepared and consecrated; and behold, they are before the altar of the Lord.”

Hezekiah Restores Temple Worship

20 Then King Hezekiah got up early and assembled the princes of the city, and went up to the house of the Lord. 21 They brought seven bulls, seven rams, seven lambs, and seven male goats (GC)as a sin offering for the kingdom, the sanctuary, and Judah. And he ordered the priests, the sons of Aaron, to offer them on the altar of the Lord. 22 So they slaughtered the bulls, and the priests took the blood and sprinkled it on the altar. They also slaughtered the rams and sprinkled the blood on the altar; they slaughtered the lambs as well, and (GD)sprinkled the blood on the altar. 23 Then they brought the male goats of the sin offering before the king and the assembly, and (GE)they laid their hands on them. 24 The priests slaughtered them and purified the altar with their blood (GF)to atone for all Israel, because the king ordered the burnt offering and the sin offering for all Israel.

25 (GG)He then stationed the Levites in the house of the Lord with cymbals, harps, and lyres, (GH)according to the command of David and of (GI)Gad, the king’s seer, and of (GJ)Nathan the prophet; for the command was from the Lord through His prophets. 26 The Levites stood with (GK)the musical instruments of David, and (GL)the priests with the trumpets. 27 Then Hezekiah gave the order to offer the burnt offering on the altar. When the burnt offering began, (GM)the song to the Lord also began with the trumpets, [cn]accompanied by the instruments of David, king of Israel. 28 While the whole assembly worshiped, the singers also sang and the trumpets sounded; all this continued until the burnt offering was finished.

29 Now at the completion of the burnt offerings, (GN)the king and all who were present with him bowed down and worshiped. 30 Moreover, King Hezekiah and the officials ordered the Levites to sing praises to the Lord with the words of David and Asaph the seer. (GO)So they sang praises with joy, and bowed down and worshiped.

31 Then Hezekiah said, “(GP)Now that you have [co]consecrated yourselves to the Lord, come forward and bring sacrifices and thanksgiving offerings to the house of the Lord.” So the assembly brought sacrifices and thanksgiving offerings, and (GQ)everyone who was [cp]willing brought burnt offerings. 32 The number of the burnt offerings which the assembly brought was seventy bulls, a hundred rams, and two hundred lambs; all of these were for a burnt offering to the Lord. 33 The consecrated offerings were six hundred bulls and three thousand sheep. 34 But the priests were too few, so that they were unable to skin all the burnt offerings; (GR)therefore their brothers the Levites helped them until the work was finished and the other priests had consecrated themselves. For (GS)the Levites were more [cq]conscientious to consecrate themselves than the priests. 35 There were also [cr](GT)many burnt offerings with (GU)the fat of the peace offerings and (GV)the drink offerings for the burnt offerings. So the service of the house of the Lord was established again. 36 Then Hezekiah and all the people rejoiced over what God had prepared for the people, because the thing came about suddenly.

All Israel Invited to the Passover

30 Now Hezekiah sent word to all Israel and Judah and also wrote letters to Ephraim and Manasseh, that they should come to the house of the Lord in Jerusalem to [cs]celebrate the Passover to the Lord God of Israel. For the king and his princes and all the assembly in Jerusalem had decided (GW)to celebrate the Passover in the second month, since they could not celebrate it (GX)at that time, because the priests had not consecrated themselves in sufficient numbers, nor had the people been gathered to Jerusalem. So the [ct]decision was right in the sight of the king and all the assembly. So they established a decree to circulate a [cu]proclamation throughout Israel (GY)from Beersheba to Dan, that they are to come to celebrate the Passover to the Lord God of Israel in Jerusalem. For they had not celebrated it in great numbers as was written. (GZ)The [cv]couriers went throughout Israel and Judah with the letters from the hand of the king and his princes, even according to the command of the king, saying, “Sons of Israel, return to the Lord God of Abraham, Isaac, and Israel, that He may return to those of you who escaped and are left from (HA)the [cw]hand of the kings of Assyria. (HB)Do not be like your fathers and your brothers, who were untrue to the Lord God of their fathers, so that (HC)He made them an object of horror, just as you see. Now do not (HD)stiffen your neck like your fathers, but [cx]yield to the Lord and enter His sanctuary which He has consecrated forever, and serve the Lord your God, (HE)that His burning anger may turn away from you. For (HF)if you return to the Lord, your brothers and your sons will find compassion in the presence of those who led them captive, and will return to this land. (HG)For the Lord your God is gracious and compassionate, and will not turn His face away from you if you return to Him.”

10 So the [cy]couriers passed from city to city through the country of Ephraim and Manasseh, and as far as Zebulun, but (HH)they laughed at them with scorn and mocked them. 11 Nevertheless, (HI)some men of Asher, Manasseh, and Zebulun humbled themselves and came to Jerusalem. 12 The (HJ)hand of God was also on Judah to give them one heart to do what the king and the princes commanded by the word of the Lord.

Passover Reinstituted

13 Now many people were gathered at Jerusalem to celebrate the Feast of Unleavened Bread (HK)in the second month, a very large assembly. 14 They got up and removed the altars which were in Jerusalem; they also (HL)removed all the incense altars and (HM)threw them into the brook Kidron. 15 Then (HN)they slaughtered the Passover lambs on the fourteenth of the second month. And (HO)the priests and Levites were ashamed of themselves, and consecrated themselves and brought burnt offerings to the house of the Lord. 16 (HP)They stood at their stations following their custom, according to the Law of Moses the man of God; the priests sprinkled the blood which they received from the hand of the Levites. 17 For there were many in the assembly who had not consecrated themselves; therefore, (HQ)the Levites were in charge of the slaughter of the Passover lambs for everyone who was unclean, in order to consecrate them to the Lord. 18 For a multitude of the people, (HR)many from Ephraim and Manasseh, and Issachar and Zebulun, had not purified themselves, (HS)yet they ate the Passover (HT)contrary to what was written. For Hezekiah prayed for them, saying, “May the good Lord pardon 19 (HU)everyone who prepares his heart to seek God, the Lord God of his fathers, though not according to the purification rules of the sanctuary.” 20 So the Lord heard Hezekiah and (HV)healed the people. 21 The sons of Israel present in Jerusalem (HW)celebrated the Feast of Unleavened Bread for seven days with great joy, and the Levites and the priests were praising the Lord day after day with loud instruments to the Lord. 22 Then Hezekiah (HX)spoke [cz]encouragingly to all the Levites who showed good insight in the things of the Lord. So they ate for the appointed seven days, sacrificing peace offerings and (HY)giving thanks to the Lord God of their fathers.

23 Then the whole assembly (HZ)decided to celebrate the feast another seven days, so they celebrated the seven days with joy. 24 For (IA)Hezekiah king of Judah had contributed to the assembly a thousand bulls and seven thousand sheep, and the princes had contributed to the assembly a thousand bulls and ten thousand sheep; and (IB)a large number of priests consecrated themselves. 25 All the assembly of Judah rejoiced, with the priests and the Levites and (IC)all the assembly that came from Israel, both the strangers who came from the land of Israel and those living in Judah. 26 So there was great joy in Jerusalem, because there was nothing like this in Jerusalem (ID)since the days of Solomon the son of David, king of Israel. 27 Then (IE)the Levitical priests stood and (IF)blessed the people; and their voice was heard and their prayer came to (IG)His holy dwelling place, to heaven.

Idols Are Destroyed

31 Now when all this was finished, all Israel who were present went out to the cities of Judah, (IH)broke the memorial stones in pieces, cut down the [da]Asherim and pulled down the high places and the altars throughout Judah and Benjamin, as well as in Ephraim and Manasseh, until [db]they had destroyed them all. Then all the sons of Israel returned to their cities, each to his possession.

And Hezekiah appointed (II)the divisions of the priests and the Levites by their divisions, each according to his service, both the priests and the Levites, (IJ)for burnt offerings and for peace offerings, to serve and to give thanks and to praise in the gates of the camp of the Lord.

Reforms Continued

He also appointed (IK)the king’s portion of his property for the burnt offerings, namely, for the morning and evening burnt offerings, and the burnt offerings for the Sabbaths and for the new moons and for the appointed festivals, (IL)as it is written in the Law of the Lord. Also he told the people who lived in Jerusalem to give (IM)the portion due to the priests and the Levites, so that they might devote themselves to (IN)the Law of the Lord. As soon as the [dc]order spread, the sons of Israel abundantly provided the first fruits of grain, new wine, oil, honey, and of all the produce of the field; and they brought in abundantly (IO)the tithe of everything. The sons of Israel and Judah who lived in the cities of Judah also brought in the tithe of oxen and sheep, and (IP)the tithe of [dd]sacred gifts which were consecrated to the Lord their God, and placed them in heaps. In the third month they began to [de]make the heaps, and they finished them by the seventh month. When Hezekiah and the rulers came and saw the heaps, they blessed the Lord and (IQ)His people Israel. Then Hezekiah questioned the priests and the Levites concerning the heaps. 10 Azariah, the chief priest (IR)of the house of Zadok, said to [df]him, “(IS)Since the contributions started coming into the house of the Lord, we have had enough to eat with plenty left over, for the Lord has blessed His people, and this great quantity is left over.”

11 Then Hezekiah commanded them to prepare (IT)rooms in the house of the Lord, and they prepared them. 12 They faithfully brought in the contributions, the tithes, and the consecrated things; and Conaniah the Levite was the officer in charge (IU)of them, and his brother Shimei was second. 13 Jehiel, Azaziah, Nahath, Asahel, Jerimoth, Jozabad, Eliel, Ismachiah, Mahath, and Benaiah were overseers [dg]under the authority of Conaniah and his brother Shimei by the appointment of King Hezekiah, and (IV)Azariah was the chief officer of the house of God. 14 Kore the son of Imnah the Levite, the keeper of the eastern gate, was in charge of the [dh]voluntary offerings for God, to distribute the contributions for the Lord and the most holy things. 15 [di]Under his authority were (IW)Eden, Miniamin, Jeshua, Shemaiah, Amariah, and Shecaniah, in (IX)the cities of the priests, to distribute their portions faithfully to their brothers by divisions, whether great or small, 16 without regard to their genealogical enrollment, to the males from [dj](IY)thirty years old and upward—everyone who entered the house of the Lord (IZ)for his daily obligations—for their work in their duties according to their divisions; 17 as well as the priests who were enrolled genealogically according to their fathers’ households, and the Levites (JA)from twenty years old and upward, by their duties and their divisions. 18 The genealogical enrollment included [dk]all their little children, their wives, their sons, and their daughters, for the whole assembly, for they consecrated themselves [dl]faithfully in holiness. 19 Also for the sons of Aaron, the priests, who were in (JB)the pasture lands of their cities, or in each and every city, (JC)there were men who were designated by name to distribute portions to every male among the priests and to everyone genealogically enrolled among the Levites.

20 Hezekiah did this throughout Judah; and (JD)he did what was good, right, and true before the Lord his God. 21 Every work which he began in the service of the house of God in the Law and in the commandment, seeking his God, he did with all his heart and (JE)prospered.

Sennacherib Invades Judah

32 After these [dm]acts of faithfulness (JF)Sennacherib king of Assyria came and invaded Judah and besieged the fortified cities, and [dn]intended to break into them for himself. Now when Hezekiah saw that Sennacherib had come and that [do]he intended to wage war against Jerusalem, he decided with his officers and his warriors to cut off the supply of water from the springs which were outside the city, and they helped him. So many people assembled (JG)and stopped up all the springs and (JH)the stream which flowed [dp]through the region, saying, “Why should the kings of Assyria come and find abundant water?” And he resolutely set to work and (JI)rebuilt all of the wall that had been broken down and [dq]erected towers on it, and built (JJ)another outside wall and strengthened the [dr](JK)Millo in the city of David, and made weapons and shields in great numbers. He appointed military officers over the people and gathered them to him in the public square at the city gate, and (JL)spoke [ds]encouragingly to them, saying, (JM)Be strong and courageous, do not fear or be dismayed because of the king of Assyria nor because of all the horde that is with him; (JN)for the One with us is greater than the one with him. With him is only (JO)an arm of flesh, but (JP)with us is the Lord our God to help us and to fight our battles.” And the people relied on the words of Hezekiah king of Judah.

Sennacherib Undermines Hezekiah

After this (JQ)Sennacherib king of Assyria sent his servants to Jerusalem while he was [dt]besieging Lachish with all his forces with him, against Hezekiah king of Judah and against all of Judah who were in Jerusalem, saying, 10 “This is what Sennacherib king of Assyria says: ‘On what are you trusting that you are staying in Jerusalem under siege? 11 Is Hezekiah not misleading you to give yourselves over to die by hunger and by thirst, saying, “The Lord our God will save us from the [du]hand of the king of Assyria”? 12 (JR)Is it not the same Hezekiah who removed His high places and His altars, and said to Judah and [dv]Jerusalem, “You shall worship before one altar, and on it you shall [dw]burn incense”? 13 Do you not know what I and my fathers have done to all the peoples of the lands? (JS)Were the gods of the nations of those lands at all able to save their land from my hand? 14 (JT)Who was there among all the gods of those nations which my fathers utterly destroyed who could save his people from my hand, that your God would be able to save you from my hand? 15 Now then, do not let Hezekiah deceive you or mislead you like this, and do not believe him, for (JU)no god of any nation or kingdom was able to save his people from my hand or from the hand of my fathers. How much less will your God save you from my hand?’”

16 His servants spoke further against the Lord God and against His servant Hezekiah. 17 He also wrote letters to insult the Lord God of Israel, and to speak against Him, saying, “(JV)As the gods of the nations of the lands [dx]have not saved their people from my hand, so the God of Hezekiah will not save His people from my hand.” 18 (JW)They called this out with a loud voice in the language of Judah to the people of Jerusalem who were on the wall, to frighten and terrify them, so that they might take the city. 19 They spoke [dy]of the God of Jerusalem as they did against (JX)the gods of the peoples of the earth, the work of human hands.

Hezekiah’s Prayer Is Answered

20 But King Hezekiah and Isaiah the prophet, the son of Amoz, prayed about this and called out to heaven for help. 21 And the Lord sent an angel who destroyed every warrior, commander, and officer in the camp of the king of Assyria. So he returned [dz]in shame to his own land. And when he had entered the temple of his god, some of his own sons killed him there with the sword. 22 So the Lord (JY)saved Hezekiah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem from the hand of Sennacherib the king of Assyria and from the hand of all others, and [ea]guided them on every side. 23 And (JZ)many were bringing gifts to the Lord at Jerusalem and valuable presents to Hezekiah king of Judah; so thereafter (KA)he rose in the sight of all nations.

24 (KB)In those days Hezekiah became [eb]mortally ill; and he prayed to the Lord, and [ec]the Lord spoke to him and gave him a sign. 25 But Hezekiah did nothing in return for the benefit [ed]he received, (KC)because his heart was [ee]proud; (KD)therefore wrath came upon him and upon Judah and Jerusalem. 26 However, (KE)Hezekiah [ef]humbled the pride of his heart, both he and the inhabitants of Jerusalem, so that the wrath of the Lord did not come on them in the days of Hezekiah.

27 Now Hezekiah had immense riches and honor; and he made for himself treasuries for silver, gold, precious stones, spices, shields, and all kinds of valuable articles, 28 also storehouses for the produce of grain, wine, and oil; stalls for all kinds of cattle, and [eg]sheepfolds for the flocks. 29 He made cities for himself and acquired flocks and herds in abundance, because (KF)God had given him very great [eh]wealth. 30 It was Hezekiah who (KG)stopped the upper outlet of the waters of (KH)Gihon and directed them to the west side of the city of David. And Hezekiah was successful in everything that he did. 31 Even in the matter of (KI)the messengers of the rulers of Babylon, who were sent to him to inquire about (KJ)the wonder that had happened in the land; God left him alone only (KK)to test him, so that He might know everything that was in his heart.

32 Now the rest of the acts of Hezekiah and his deeds of devotion, behold, they are written in the vision of Isaiah the prophet, the son of Amoz, in the Book of the Kings of Judah and Israel. 33 So Hezekiah [ei]lay down with his fathers, and they buried him in the [ej]upper section of the tombs of the sons of David; and all Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem (KL)honored him at his death. And his son Manasseh became king in his place.

Manasseh Succeeds Hezekiah in Judah

33 (KM)Manasseh was twelve years old when he became king, and he reigned for fifty-five years in Jerusalem. (KN)He did evil in the sight of the Lord according to the abominations of the nations whom the Lord dispossessed before the sons of Israel. For (KO)he rebuilt the high places which his father Hezekiah had torn down; (KP)he also set up altars for the Baals and made [ek]Asherim, and he worshiped all the heavenly [el]lights and served them. (KQ)He built altars in the house of the Lord of which the Lord had said, “My name shall be (KR)in Jerusalem forever.” He built altars for all the heavenly [em]lights in (KS)the two courtyards of the house of the Lord. (KT)He also made his sons pass through the fire in the Valley of Ben-hinnom; and he practiced witchcraft, used divination, practiced sorcery, and (KU)dealt with mediums and spiritists. He did much evil in the sight of the Lord, provoking Him to anger. Then he put (KV)the carved image of the idol which he had made in the house of God, of which God had said to David and his son Solomon, “(KW)In this house and in Jerusalem, which I have chosen from all the tribes of Israel, I will put My name forever; and I will not remove the foot of Israel again from the land (KX)which I have appointed for your fathers, if only they will take care to do everything that I have commanded them according to all the Law, the statutes, and the ordinances given through Moses.” So Manasseh encouraged Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem to do more evil than the nations whom the Lord destroyed before the sons of Israel.

Manasseh’s Idolatry Rebuked

10 So the Lord spoke to Manasseh and his people, but (KY)they paid no attention. 11 (KZ)Therefore the Lord brought the commanders of the army of the king of Assyria against them, and they captured Manasseh with hooks, (LA)bound him with bronze chains, and led him to Babylon. 12 When (LB)he was in distress, he appeased the Lord his God and (LC)humbled himself greatly before the God of his fathers. 13 When he prayed to Him, (LD)He was moved by him and heard his pleading, and brought him back to Jerusalem to his kingdom. Then Manasseh (LE)knew that the Lord alone is God.

14 Now after this he built the outer wall of the city of David on the west side of (LF)Gihon, in the valley, up to the entrance of the (LG)Fish Gate; and he encircled the (LH)Ophel with it and made it very high. Then he put army commanders in all the fortified cities in Judah. 15 He also (LI)removed the foreign gods and the idol from the house of the Lord, as well as all the altars which he had built on the mountain of the house of the Lord and in Jerusalem, and he threw them outside the city. 16 He set up the altar of the Lord and sacrificed (LJ)peace offerings and thanksgiving offerings on it; and he ordered Judah to serve the Lord God of Israel. 17 However, (LK)the people still sacrificed on the high places, although only to the Lord their God.

18 Now the rest of the acts of Manasseh and (LL)his prayer to his God, and the words of (LM)the seers who spoke to him in the name of the Lord God of Israel, behold, they are among the records of the kings of (LN)Israel. 19 His prayer also and (LO)how God was moved by him, and all his sin, his unfaithfulness, and (LP)the sites on which he built high places and erected the [en]Asherim and the carved images, before he humbled himself, behold, they are written in the records of [eo]Hozai. 20 So Manasseh [ep]lay down with his fathers, and they buried him in his own house. And his son Amon became king in his place.

Amon Becomes King in Judah

21 (LQ)Amon was twenty-two years old when he became king, and he reigned for two years in Jerusalem. 22 He did evil in the sight of the Lord, just as his father Manasseh (LR)had done, and Amon sacrificed to all (LS)the carved images which his father Manasseh had made, and he served them. 23 Furthermore, he did not humble himself before the Lord (LT)as his father Manasseh had [eq]done, but Amon multiplied his guilt. 24 Finally, (LU)his servants conspired against him and put him to death in his own house. 25 But the people of the land [er]killed all the conspirators against King Amon, and the people of the land made his son Josiah king in his place.

Josiah Succeeds Amon in Judah

34 (LV)Josiah was eight years old when he became king, and he reigned for thirty-one years in Jerusalem. (LW)He did what was right in the sight of the Lord, and walked in the ways of his father David and did not turn aside to the right or the left. For in the eighth year of his reign while he was still a youth, he began to (LX)seek the God of his father David; and in the twelfth year he began (LY)to purge Judah and Jerusalem of the high places, the [es]Asherim, the carved images, and the cast metal images. They tore down the altars of the Baals in his presence, and he chopped down (LZ)the incense altars that were high above them; also he broke in pieces the Asherim, the carved images, and the cast metal images, and (MA)ground them to powder, and scattered it on the graves of those who had sacrificed to them. Then (MB)he burned the bones of the priests on their altars and purged Judah and Jerusalem. (MC)In the cities of Manasseh, Ephraim, Simeon, and as far as Naphtali, in their surrounding spaces, he also tore down the altars and (MD)crushed the [et]Asherim and the carved images into powder, and chopped down all the incense altars throughout the land of Israel. Then he returned to Jerusalem.

Josiah Repairs the Temple

(ME)Now in the eighteenth year of his reign, when he had purged the land and the house, he sent Shaphan the son of Azaliah, Maaseiah (MF)an official of the city, and Joah the son of Joahaz the secretary, to repair the house of the Lord his God. They came to (MG)Hilkiah the high priest and gave him the money that was brought into the house of God, which the Levites, the [eu]doorkeepers, had collected [ev]from (MH)Manasseh and Ephraim, and from all the remnant of Israel, from all Judah and Benjamin and the inhabitants of Jerusalem. 10 Then they handed it over to the workmen who had the oversight of the house of the Lord, and the workmen who were working in the house of the Lord [ew]used it to restore and repair the house. 11 They in turn gave it to the carpenters and the builders to buy quarried stone and timber for couplings, and to make beams for the houses (MI)which the kings of Judah had let go to ruin. 12 (MJ)The men did the work faithfully with foremen over them to supervise: Jahath and Obadiah, the Levites of the sons of Merari, Zechariah and Meshullam of the sons of the Kohathites, and (MK)the Levites, all who were skillful with musical instruments. 13 They were also in charge of (ML)the burden bearers, and supervised all the workmen from job to job; and some of the Levites were scribes, and officials, and gatekeepers.

Hilkiah Discovers the Lost Book of the Law

14 When they were bringing out the money which had been brought into the house of the Lord, (MM)Hilkiah the priest found the Book of the Law of the Lord given by Moses. 15 Hilkiah responded and said to Shaphan the scribe, “I have found the Book of the Law in the house of the Lord.” And Hilkiah gave the book to Shaphan. 16 Then Shaphan brought the book to the king and [ex]reported further word to the king, saying, “Everything that was [ey]entrusted to your servants, they are doing. 17 They have also emptied out the money which was found in the house of the Lord, and have handed it over to the supervisors and the workmen.” 18 Moreover, Shaphan the scribe informed the king, saying, “Hilkiah the priest gave me a book.” And Shaphan read from it in the presence of the king.

19 When the king heard (MN)the words of the Law, (MO)he tore his clothes. 20 Then the king commanded Hilkiah, Ahikam the son of Shaphan, [ez]Abdon the son of Micah, Shaphan the scribe, and Asaiah the king’s servant, saying, 21 “Go, inquire of the Lord for me and for those who are left in Israel and Judah, concerning the words of the book which has been found; for (MP)the wrath of the Lord which has poured out on us is great, because our fathers have not kept the word of the Lord, to act in accordance with everything that is written in this book.”

Huldah, the Prophetess, Speaks

22 So Hilkiah and those [fa]whom the king had told went to Huldah the prophetess, the wife of Shallum the son of [fb]Tokhath, the son of Hasrah, the keeper of the wardrobe (she lived in Jerusalem in the Second Quarter); and they spoke to her regarding this. 23 Then she said to them, “This is what the Lord, the God of Israel says: ‘Tell the man who sent you to Me, 24 this is what the Lord says: “Behold, (MQ)I am bringing [fc]evil on this place and on its inhabitants, all (MR)the curses written in the book which they have read in the presence of the king of Judah. 25 (MS)Since they have abandoned Me and have burned incense to other gods, so that they may provoke Me to anger with all the works of their hands, My wrath will be poured out on this place and it will not be quenched.”’ 26 But to the king of Judah who sent you to inquire of the Lord, this is what you shall say to him: ‘This is what the Lord, the God of Israel says: In regard to the words which you have heard, 27 (MT)Because your heart was tender and you humbled yourself before God when you heard His words against this place and its inhabitants, and because you humbled yourself before Me, tore your clothes, and wept before Me, I have indeed heard you,” declares the Lord. 28 “Behold, I will gather you to your fathers, and you will be gathered to your grave in peace, so your eyes will not see all the evil which I am bringing on this place and its inhabitants.”’” And they brought back word to the king.

29 (MU)Then the king sent word and gathered all the elders of Judah and Jerusalem. 30 The king went up to the house of the Lord [fd]with (MV)all the men of Judah, the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the priests, the Levites, and all the people, from the greatest to the least; and he read in their [fe]presence all the words of the Book of the Covenant which was found in the house of the Lord.

Josiah’s Good Reign

31 Then the king (MW)stood [ff]in his place and (MX)made a covenant before the Lord to walk after the Lord, and to keep His commandments, His testimonies, and His statutes with all his heart and with all his soul, to perform the words of the covenant that are written in this book. 32 Furthermore, he made all who were present in Jerusalem and Benjamin stand with him. So the inhabitants of Jerusalem acted in accordance with the covenant of God, the God of their fathers. 33 Josiah (MY)removed all the abominations from all the lands belonging to the sons of Israel, and made all who were present in Israel serve the Lord their God. Throughout his [fg]lifetime they did not turn from following the Lord God of their fathers.

The Passover Held Again

35 Then Josiah (MZ)celebrated the Passover to the Lord in Jerusalem, and (NA)they slaughtered the Passover animals on the fourteenth day of the first month. He appointed the priests to their offices and (NB)encouraged them in the service of the house of the Lord. He also said to (NC)the Levites who taught all Israel and who were holy to the Lord, “Put the holy ark in the house which Solomon the son of David king of Israel built; (ND)it will not be a burden on your shoulders. Now serve the Lord your God and His people Israel. (NE)Prepare yourselves by your fathers’ households in your divisions, according to the writing of David king of Israel and (NF)according to the writing of his son Solomon. Furthermore, (NG)stand in the holy place according to the sections of the fathers’ households of your countrymen, the [fh]lay people, and according to the Levites, by division of a father’s household. Now (NH)slaughter the Passover animals, (NI)keep one another consecrated, and prepare for your countrymen to act in accordance with the word of the Lord by Moses.”

Josiah contributed to the lay people, to all who were present, flocks of lambs and young goats, all for the Passover offerings, numbering thirty thousand, plus three thousand bulls; these were from the king’s property. His officers also contributed a [fi]voluntary offering to the people, the priests, and the Levites. Hilkiah, Zechariah, and Jehiel, (NJ)the officials of the house of God, gave the priests 2,600 from the flocks and three hundred bulls, for the Passover offerings. (NK)Conaniah also, and his brothers Shemaiah and Nethanel, and Hashabiah and Jeiel and Jozabad, the officers of the Levites, contributed five thousand from the flocks and five hundred bulls to the Levites for the Passover offerings.

10 So the service was prepared, and (NL)the priests stood at their positions and the Levites by their divisions according to the king’s command. 11 [fj](NM)They slaughtered the Passover animals, and while (NN)the priests [fk]sprinkled the blood received from their hand, (NO)the Levites skinned the animals. 12 Then they removed the burnt offerings so that they might give them to the sections of the fathers’ households of the lay people to present to the Lord, as it is written in the Book of Moses. They did this with the bulls as well. 13 So (NP)they roasted the Passover animals on the fire according to the ordinance, and they boiled (NQ)the holy things in pots, in kettles, and in pans and carried them quickly to all the lay people. 14 Afterward they prepared for themselves and for the priests, because the priests, the sons of Aaron, were offering the burnt offerings and the fat until night; so the Levites prepared for themselves and for the priests, the sons of Aaron. 15 The singers, the sons of Asaph, were also at their positions (NR)according to the command of David, Asaph, Heman, and Jeduthun the king’s seer; and (NS)the gatekeepers at each gate did not have to leave their service, because their kinsmen the Levites prepared for them.

16 So all the service of the Lord was prepared on that day to celebrate the Passover, and to offer burnt offerings on the altar of the Lord according to the command of King Josiah. 17 And (NT)the sons of Israel who were present celebrated the Passover at that time, and the Feast of Unleavened Bread for seven days. 18 (NU)There had not been a Passover celebrated like it in Israel since the days of Samuel the prophet; nor had any of the kings of Israel celebrated such a Passover as Josiah did with the priests, the Levites, all Judah and Israel who were present, and the inhabitants of Jerusalem. 19 In the eighteenth year of Josiah’s reign this Passover was celebrated.

Josiah Dies in Battle

20 (NV)After all this, when Josiah had set the [fl]temple in order, Neco king of Egypt came up to wage war at (NW)Carchemish on the Euphrates, and Josiah went out to engage him. 21 But [fm]Neco sent messengers to him, saying, “[fn](NX)What business do you have with me, King of Judah? I am not coming against you today, but against the house with which I am at war, and God has told me to hurry. For your own sake, stop interfering with God who is with me, so that He does not destroy you.” 22 However, Josiah would not turn [fo]away from him, but (NY)disguised himself in order to fight against him; nor did he listen to the words of Neco (NZ)from the mouth of God, but he came to wage war on the plain of (OA)Megiddo. 23 The archers shot King Josiah, and the king said to his servants, “Take me away, for I am badly wounded.” 24 So his servants took him out of the chariot and carried him on the second chariot which he had, and brought him to Jerusalem [fp]where he died and was buried in the tombs of his fathers. (OB)All Judah and Jerusalem mourned for Josiah. 25 Then (OC)Jeremiah chanted a song of mourning for Josiah. And all the male and female singers speak about Josiah in their songs of mourning to this day. And they made them an ordinance in Israel; behold, they are also written in the Lamentations. 26 Now the rest of the acts of Josiah and his deeds of devotion as written in the Law of the Lord, 27 and his acts, the first to the last, behold, they are written in the Book of the Kings of Israel and Judah.

Joahaz, Jehoiakim, Then Jehoiachin Rule

36 (OD)Then the people of the land took [fq](OE)Joahaz the son of Josiah and made him king in place of his father in Jerusalem. Joahaz was twenty-three years old when he became king, and he reigned for three months in Jerusalem. Then the king of Egypt deposed him in Jerusalem, and imposed a fine on the land of [fr]a hundred talents of silver and [fs]one talent of gold. The king of Egypt made [ft]Joahaz’s brother Eliakim king over Judah and Jerusalem, and changed his name to Jehoiakim. But (OF)Neco took his brother Joahaz and brought him to Egypt.

(OG)Jehoiakim was twenty-five years old when he became king, and he reigned for eleven years in Jerusalem; and he did evil in the sight of the Lord his God. Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came up (OH)against him and (OI)bound him with bronze chains to take him to Babylon. (OJ)Nebuchadnezzar also brought some of the articles of the house of the Lord to Babylon, and he put them in his temple in Babylon. (OK)Now the rest of the acts of Jehoiakim and [fu]the abominations which he committed, and what was found against him, behold, they are written in the Book of the Kings of Israel and Judah. And his son Jehoiachin became king in his place.

(OL)Jehoiachin was [fv]eighteen years old when he became king, and he reigned for three months and ten days in Jerusalem. He did evil in the sight of the Lord.

Captivity in Babylon Begun

10 (OM)At the turn of the year King Nebuchadnezzar sent men and had him brought to Babylon with the valuable articles of the house of the Lord; and he made his relative (ON)Zedekiah king over Judah and Jerusalem.

Zedekiah Rules in Judah

11 (OO)Zedekiah was twenty-one years old when he became king, and he reigned for eleven years in Jerusalem. 12 He did evil in the sight of the Lord his God; (OP)he did not humble himself (OQ)before Jeremiah the prophet [fw]who spoke for the Lord. 13 (OR)He also rebelled against King Nebuchadnezzar, who had made him swear allegiance by God. But (OS)he stiffened his neck and hardened his heart against turning to the Lord God of Israel. 14 Furthermore, all the officials of the priests and the people were very unfaithful, following all the abominations of the nations; and they defiled the house of the Lord which He had sanctified in Jerusalem.

15 Yet the Lord, the God of their fathers, (OT)sent word to them again and again by His messengers, because He had compassion on His people and on His dwelling place; 16 but they continually (OU)mocked the messengers of God, (OV)despised His words, and scoffed at His prophets, (OW)until the wrath of the Lord rose against His people, until there was no remedy. 17 (OX)So He brought up against them the king of the Chaldeans, who killed their young men with the sword in the house of their sanctuary, and had no compassion on young man or virgin, old man or frail; He handed them all over to him. 18 (OY)He brought all the articles of the house of God, great and small, and the treasures of the house of the Lord, and the treasures of the king and his officers, to Babylon. 19 Then (OZ)they burned the house of God and broke down the wall of Jerusalem, and burned all its fortified buildings with fire and destroyed all its valuable articles. 20 He (PA)took into exile those who had escaped from the sword to Babylon; and (PB)they were servants to him and to his sons until the rule of the kingdom of Persia, 21 (PC)to fulfill the word of the Lord by the mouth of Jeremiah, until (PD)the land had enjoyed its Sabbaths. (PE)All the days of its desolation it kept the Sabbath [fx](PF)until seventy years were complete.

Cyrus Permits Return

22 (PG)Now in the first year of Cyrus king of Persia—in order to fulfill the word of the Lord (PH)by the mouth of Jeremiah—the Lord (PI)stirred up the spirit of Cyrus king of Persia so that he sent a proclamation throughout his kingdom, and also put it in writing, saying, 23 “This is what Cyrus king of Persia says: ‘The Lord, the God of heaven, has given me all the kingdoms of the earth, and He has appointed me to build Him a house in Jerusalem, which is in Judah. Whoever there is among you of all His people, may the Lord his God be with him; [fy]go up then!’”


  1. 2 Chronicles 21:1 I.e., died
  2. 2 Chronicles 21:2 Or Azariah
  3. 2 Chronicles 21:4 Lit risen
  4. 2 Chronicles 21:8 Lit from under the hand of
  5. 2 Chronicles 21:10 Lit from under the hand of
  6. 2 Chronicles 21:10 Lit from under his hand
  7. 2 Chronicles 21:13 Lit your father’s house
  8. 2 Chronicles 21:15 Lit in many sicknesses
  9. 2 Chronicles 21:16 Lit were at the hand of
  10. 2 Chronicles 21:17 In 2 Chr 22:1, Ahaziah
  11. 2 Chronicles 21:20 Lit without desire
  12. 2 Chronicles 22:1 In 2 Chr 21:17, Jehoahaz
  13. 2 Chronicles 22:2 As in some ancient versions and 2 Kin 8:26; MT 42 years
  14. 2 Chronicles 22:2 Lit daughter
  15. 2 Chronicles 22:5 Lit struck
  16. 2 Chronicles 22:5 I.e., Jehoram
  17. 2 Chronicles 22:6 Lit with which...struck
  18. 2 Chronicles 22:6 As in 2 Kin 8:29; MT Azariah
  19. 2 Chronicles 22:7 Lit to go
  20. 2 Chronicles 22:10 Lit seed
  21. 2 Chronicles 23:3 Lit he
  22. 2 Chronicles 23:10 Lit shoulder
  23. 2 Chronicles 23:10 Lit shoulder
  24. 2 Chronicles 23:13 Lit trumpets
  25. 2 Chronicles 23:13 Lit and leading for praising
  26. 2 Chronicles 23:14 Lit from within
  27. 2 Chronicles 23:15 Lit put hands to her
  28. 2 Chronicles 23:18 Lit hand
  29. 2 Chronicles 23:18 Lit hands of
  30. 2 Chronicles 24:4 Lit was with a heart
  31. 2 Chronicles 24:5 Lit strengthen
  32. 2 Chronicles 24:5 Lit hasten to the thing
  33. 2 Chronicles 24:6 Or mandatory offering
  34. 2 Chronicles 24:7 Lit made
  35. 2 Chronicles 24:9 Or mandatory offering
  36. 2 Chronicles 24:10 Lit threw
  37. 2 Chronicles 24:13 Lit set up
  38. 2 Chronicles 24:13 Lit measurement
  39. 2 Chronicles 24:15 Lit became old and satisfied with days
  40. 2 Chronicles 24:16 Lit with
  41. 2 Chronicles 24:18 I.e., wooden symbols of a female deity (Asherah)
  42. 2 Chronicles 24:20 Lit clothed
  43. 2 Chronicles 24:21 Lit with stones
  44. 2 Chronicles 24:22 Lit seek; or require
  45. 2 Chronicles 24:24 Lit they
  46. 2 Chronicles 24:25 As in some ancient versions; MT sons
  47. 2 Chronicles 24:27 Lit founding
  48. 2 Chronicles 24:27 Heb midrash
  49. 2 Chronicles 25:3 Lit firm upon him
  50. 2 Chronicles 25:5 Lit mustered
  51. 2 Chronicles 25:6 About 3.75 tons or 3.4 metric tons
  52. 2 Chronicles 25:8 Lit cause you to stumble
  53. 2 Chronicles 25:8 Lit cause to stumble
  54. 2 Chronicles 25:9 About 3.75 tons or 3.4 metric tons
  55. 2 Chronicles 25:10 Lit separated
  56. 2 Chronicles 25:10 Lit to their own place
  57. 2 Chronicles 25:13 Lit sons of the troops
  58. 2 Chronicles 25:16 Lit he
  59. 2 Chronicles 25:16 Lit they strike and kill you
  60. 2 Chronicles 25:19 Lit struck
  61. 2 Chronicles 25:22 Lit before
  62. 2 Chronicles 25:23 About 600 ft. or 183 m
  63. 2 Chronicles 26:1 In 2 Kin 14:21, Azariah
  64. 2 Chronicles 26:2 I.e., died
  65. 2 Chronicles 26:3 In 2 Kin 15:2, Jecoliah
  66. 2 Chronicles 26:5 Many mss in the fear of God
  67. 2 Chronicles 26:5 Lit in the days of his seeking
  68. 2 Chronicles 26:8 Lit name went to the entering of Egypt
  69. 2 Chronicles 26:10 Heb shephelah
  70. 2 Chronicles 26:11 Lit was going out to
  71. 2 Chronicles 26:11 Lit by the hand of
  72. 2 Chronicles 26:12 Lit fathers
  73. 2 Chronicles 26:14 Lit for them, for all
  74. 2 Chronicles 26:15 Lit name
  75. 2 Chronicles 26:16 Lit high
  76. 2 Chronicles 26:23 I.e., died
  77. 2 Chronicles 27:5 About 3.75 tons or 3.4 metric tons
  78. 2 Chronicles 27:5 About 77,000 cubic feet or 2,180 cubic meters
  79. 2 Chronicles 27:9 I.e., died
  80. 2 Chronicles 28:5 Lit struck
  81. 2 Chronicles 28:8 Lit plundered
  82. 2 Chronicles 28:16 Ancient versions king
  83. 2 Chronicles 28:18 Heb shephelah
  84. 2 Chronicles 28:23 Lit struck
  85. 2 Chronicles 28:23 Lit stumbling
  86. 2 Chronicles 28:27 I.e., died
  87. 2 Chronicles 29:6 Lit given
  88. 2 Chronicles 29:13 Or Jeuel
  89. 2 Chronicles 29:14 Another reading is Jehuel
  90. 2 Chronicles 29:16 Or wadi
  91. 2 Chronicles 29:17 Lit to consecrate
  92. 2 Chronicles 29:27 Lit and on the hands of
  93. 2 Chronicles 29:31 Lit filled your hands
  94. 2 Chronicles 29:31 Lit willing of heart
  95. 2 Chronicles 29:34 Lit upright of heart
  96. 2 Chronicles 29:35 Lit the burnt offerings to an abundance
  97. 2 Chronicles 30:1 Lit do, and so throughout the ch
  98. 2 Chronicles 30:4 Lit word
  99. 2 Chronicles 30:5 Lit voice
  100. 2 Chronicles 30:6 Lit runners
  101. 2 Chronicles 30:6 Lit palm
  102. 2 Chronicles 30:8 Lit give a hand
  103. 2 Chronicles 30:10 Lit runners
  104. 2 Chronicles 30:22 Lit to the heart of
  105. 2 Chronicles 31:1 I.e., wooden symbols of a female deity (Asherah)
  106. 2 Chronicles 31:1 Lit to completion
  107. 2 Chronicles 31:5 Lit word
  108. 2 Chronicles 31:6 Lit consecrated things
  109. 2 Chronicles 31:7 Lit lay
  110. 2 Chronicles 31:10 Lit him, and he said
  111. 2 Chronicles 31:13 Lit from the hand of
  112. 2 Chronicles 31:14 Or freewill offerings
  113. 2 Chronicles 31:15 Lit On his hand
  114. 2 Chronicles 31:16 Heb three
  115. 2 Chronicles 31:18 Lit with all
  116. 2 Chronicles 31:18 Lit in their faithfulness
  117. 2 Chronicles 32:1 Lit things and this faithfulness
  118. 2 Chronicles 32:1 Lit said
  119. 2 Chronicles 32:2 Lit he set his face for war
  120. 2 Chronicles 32:4 Lit in the midst of
  121. 2 Chronicles 32:5 Lit raised on the towers
  122. 2 Chronicles 32:5 I.e., terraced structure
  123. 2 Chronicles 32:6 Lit upon their hearts
  124. 2 Chronicles 32:9 Lit against
  125. 2 Chronicles 32:11 Lit palm
  126. 2 Chronicles 32:12 Lit Jerusalem, saying,
  127. 2 Chronicles 32:12 Lit offer up in smoke
  128. 2 Chronicles 32:17 Lit who have
  129. 2 Chronicles 32:19 Lit to
  130. 2 Chronicles 32:21 Lit in shame of face
  131. 2 Chronicles 32:22 Another reading is gave them rest
  132. 2 Chronicles 32:24 Lit sick to the point of death
  133. 2 Chronicles 32:24 Lit He
  134. 2 Chronicles 32:25 Lit to Him
  135. 2 Chronicles 32:25 Lit high
  136. 2 Chronicles 32:26 Lit humbled himself in
  137. 2 Chronicles 32:28 As in ancient versions; MT herds for the stables
  138. 2 Chronicles 32:29 Lit possessions; or property
  139. 2 Chronicles 32:33 I.e., died
  140. 2 Chronicles 32:33 Or ascent to
  141. 2 Chronicles 33:3 I.e., wooden symbols of a female deity (Asherah)
  142. 2 Chronicles 33:3 Lit host
  143. 2 Chronicles 33:5 Lit host
  144. 2 Chronicles 33:19 I.e., wooden symbols of a female deity (Asherah)
  145. 2 Chronicles 33:19 LXX seers
  146. 2 Chronicles 33:20 I.e., died
  147. 2 Chronicles 33:23 Lit humbled himself
  148. 2 Chronicles 33:25 Lit struck
  149. 2 Chronicles 34:3 I.e., wooden symbols of a female deity (Asherah)
  150. 2 Chronicles 34:7 I.e., wooden symbols of a female deity (Asherah)
  151. 2 Chronicles 34:9 Lit guardians of the threshold
  152. 2 Chronicles 34:9 Lit from the hand of
  153. 2 Chronicles 34:10 Lit gave
  154. 2 Chronicles 34:16 Lit returned
  155. 2 Chronicles 34:16 Lit given into the hand of
  156. 2 Chronicles 34:20 In 2 Kin 22:12, Achbor, son of Micaiah
  157. 2 Chronicles 34:22 As in LXX; MT who were the king’s men
  158. 2 Chronicles 34:22 In 2 Kin 22:14, Tikvah, son of Harhas
  159. 2 Chronicles 34:24 Or disaster
  160. 2 Chronicles 34:30 Lit and
  161. 2 Chronicles 34:30 Lit ears
  162. 2 Chronicles 34:31 LXX by a pillar
  163. 2 Chronicles 34:33 Lit days
  164. 2 Chronicles 35:5 Lit sons of the people, and so throughout the ch
  165. 2 Chronicles 35:8 Or freewill offering
  166. 2 Chronicles 35:11 I.e., the Levites
  167. 2 Chronicles 35:11 As in LXX; MT sprinkled from their hand
  168. 2 Chronicles 35:20 Lit house
  169. 2 Chronicles 35:21 Lit he
  170. 2 Chronicles 35:21 Lit What to me and to you, an ancient idiom
  171. 2 Chronicles 35:22 Lit his face
  172. 2 Chronicles 35:24 Lit and
  173. 2 Chronicles 36:1 I.e., short form of Jehoahaz
  174. 2 Chronicles 36:3 About 3.75 tons or 3.4 metric tons
  175. 2 Chronicles 36:3 About 75 lb. or 34 kg
  176. 2 Chronicles 36:4 Lit his
  177. 2 Chronicles 36:8 Lit his
  178. 2 Chronicles 36:9 As in LXX and some Heb mss; MT eight years
  179. 2 Chronicles 36:12 Lit from the mouth of the Lord
  180. 2 Chronicles 36:21 Lit to fulfill seventy years
  181. 2 Chronicles 36:23 Lit and he is to go up; i.e., go to Jerusalem

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