On Covering the Head in Worship

I praise you(A) for remembering me in everything(B) and for holding to the traditions just as I passed them on to you.(C) But I want you to realize that the head of every man is Christ,(D) and the head of the woman is man,[a](E) and the head of Christ is God.(F) Every man who prays or prophesies(G) with his head covered dishonors his head. But every woman who prays or prophesies(H) with her head uncovered dishonors her head—it is the same as having her head shaved.(I) For if a woman does not cover her head, she might as well have her hair cut off; but if it is a disgrace for a woman to have her hair cut off or her head shaved, then she should cover her head.

A man ought not to cover his head,[b] since he is the image(J) and glory of God; but woman is the glory of man. For man did not come from woman, but woman from man;(K) neither was man created for woman, but woman for man.(L) 10 It is for this reason that a woman ought to have authority over her own[c] head, because of the angels. 11 Nevertheless, in the Lord woman is not independent of man, nor is man independent of woman. 12 For as woman came from man, so also man is born of woman. But everything comes from God.(M)

13 Judge for yourselves: Is it proper for a woman to pray to God with her head uncovered? 14 Does not the very nature of things teach you that if a man has long hair, it is a disgrace to him, 15 but that if a woman has long hair, it is her glory? For long hair is given to her as a covering. 16 If anyone wants to be contentious about this, we have no other practice—nor do the churches of God.(N)

Correcting an Abuse of the Lord’s Supper(O)

17 In the following directives I have no praise for you,(P) for your meetings do more harm than good. 18 In the first place, I hear that when you come together as a church, there are divisions(Q) among you, and to some extent I believe it. 19 No doubt there have to be differences among you to show which of you have God’s approval.(R) 20 So then, when you come together, it is not the Lord’s Supper you eat, 21 for when you are eating, some of you go ahead with your own private suppers.(S) As a result, one person remains hungry and another gets drunk. 22 Don’t you have homes to eat and drink in? Or do you despise the church of God(T) by humiliating those who have nothing?(U) What shall I say to you? Shall I praise you?(V) Certainly not in this matter!

23 For I received from the Lord(W) what I also passed on to you:(X) The Lord Jesus, on the night he was betrayed, took bread, 24 and when he had given thanks, he broke it and said, “This is my body,(Y) which is for you; do this in remembrance of me.” 25 In the same way, after supper he took the cup, saying, “This cup is the new covenant(Z) in my blood;(AA) do this, whenever you drink it, in remembrance of me.” 26 For whenever you eat this bread and drink this cup, you proclaim the Lord’s death until he comes.(AB)

27 So then, whoever eats the bread or drinks the cup of the Lord in an unworthy manner will be guilty of sinning against the body and blood of the Lord.(AC) 28 Everyone ought to examine themselves(AD) before they eat of the bread and drink from the cup. 29 For those who eat and drink without discerning the body of Christ eat and drink judgment on themselves. 30 That is why many among you are weak and sick, and a number of you have fallen asleep.(AE) 31 But if we were more discerning with regard to ourselves, we would not come under such judgment.(AF) 32 Nevertheless, when we are judged in this way by the Lord, we are being disciplined(AG) so that we will not be finally condemned with the world.(AH)

33 So then, my brothers and sisters, when you gather to eat, you should all eat together. 34 Anyone who is hungry(AI) should eat something at home,(AJ) so that when you meet together it may not result in judgment.

And when I come(AK) I will give further directions.

Concerning Spiritual Gifts

12 Now about the gifts of the Spirit,(AL) brothers and sisters, I do not want you to be uninformed.(AM) You know that when you were pagans,(AN) somehow or other you were influenced and led astray to mute idols.(AO) Therefore I want you to know that no one who is speaking by the Spirit of God says, “Jesus be cursed,”(AP) and no one can say, “Jesus is Lord,”(AQ) except by the Holy Spirit.(AR)

There are different kinds of gifts, but the same Spirit(AS) distributes them. There are different kinds of service, but the same Lord. There are different kinds of working, but in all of them and in everyone(AT) it is the same God(AU) at work.

Now to each one the manifestation of the Spirit is given for the common good.(AV) To one there is given through the Spirit a message of wisdom,(AW) to another a message of knowledge(AX) by means of the same Spirit, to another faith(AY) by the same Spirit, to another gifts of healing(AZ) by that one Spirit, 10 to another miraculous powers,(BA) to another prophecy,(BB) to another distinguishing between spirits,(BC) to another speaking in different kinds of tongues,[d](BD) and to still another the interpretation of tongues.[e] 11 All these are the work of one and the same Spirit,(BE) and he distributes them to each one, just as he determines.

Unity and Diversity in the Body

12 Just as a body, though one, has many parts, but all its many parts form one body,(BF) so it is with Christ.(BG) 13 For we were all baptized(BH) by[f] one Spirit(BI) so as to form one body—whether Jews or Gentiles, slave or free(BJ)—and we were all given the one Spirit to drink.(BK) 14 Even so the body is not made up of one part but of many.(BL)

15 Now if the foot should say, “Because I am not a hand, I do not belong to the body,” it would not for that reason stop being part of the body. 16 And if the ear should say, “Because I am not an eye, I do not belong to the body,” it would not for that reason stop being part of the body. 17 If the whole body were an eye, where would the sense of hearing be? If the whole body were an ear, where would the sense of smell be? 18 But in fact God has placed(BM) the parts in the body, every one of them, just as he wanted them to be.(BN) 19 If they were all one part, where would the body be? 20 As it is, there are many parts, but one body.(BO)

21 The eye cannot say to the hand, “I don’t need you!” And the head cannot say to the feet, “I don’t need you!” 22 On the contrary, those parts of the body that seem to be weaker are indispensable, 23 and the parts that we think are less honorable we treat with special honor. And the parts that are unpresentable are treated with special modesty, 24 while our presentable parts need no special treatment. But God has put the body together, giving greater honor to the parts that lacked it, 25 so that there should be no division in the body, but that its parts should have equal concern for each other. 26 If one part suffers, every part suffers with it; if one part is honored, every part rejoices with it.

27 Now you are the body of Christ,(BP) and each one of you is a part of it.(BQ) 28 And God has placed in the church(BR) first of all apostles,(BS) second prophets,(BT) third teachers, then miracles, then gifts of healing,(BU) of helping, of guidance,(BV) and of different kinds of tongues.(BW) 29 Are all apostles? Are all prophets? Are all teachers? Do all work miracles? 30 Do all have gifts of healing? Do all speak in tongues[g]?(BX) Do all interpret? 31 Now eagerly desire(BY) the greater gifts.

Love Is Indispensable

And yet I will show you the most excellent way.

13 If I speak in the tongues[h](BZ) of men or of angels, but do not have love, I am only a resounding gong or a clanging cymbal. If I have the gift of prophecy(CA) and can fathom all mysteries(CB) and all knowledge,(CC) and if I have a faith(CD) that can move mountains,(CE) but do not have love, I am nothing. If I give all I possess to the poor(CF) and give over my body to hardship that I may boast,[i](CG) but do not have love, I gain nothing.

Love is patient,(CH) love is kind. It does not envy, it does not boast, it is not proud.(CI) It does not dishonor others, it is not self-seeking,(CJ) it is not easily angered,(CK) it keeps no record of wrongs.(CL) Love does not delight in evil(CM) but rejoices with the truth.(CN) It always protects, always trusts, always hopes, always perseveres.(CO)

Love never fails. But where there are prophecies,(CP) they will cease; where there are tongues,(CQ) they will be stilled; where there is knowledge, it will pass away. For we know in part(CR) and we prophesy in part, 10 but when completeness comes,(CS) what is in part disappears. 11 When I was a child, I talked like a child, I thought like a child, I reasoned like a child. When I became a man, I put the ways of childhood(CT) behind me. 12 For now we see only a reflection as in a mirror;(CU) then we shall see face to face.(CV) Now I know in part; then I shall know fully, even as I am fully known.(CW)

13 And now these three remain: faith, hope and love.(CX) But the greatest of these is love.(CY)


  1. 1 Corinthians 11:3 Or of the wife is her husband
  2. 1 Corinthians 11:7 Or Every man who prays or prophesies with long hair dishonors his head. But every woman who prays or prophesies with no covering of hair dishonors her head—she is just like one of the “shorn women.” If a woman has no covering, let her be for now with short hair; but since it is a disgrace for a woman to have her hair shorn or shaved, she should grow it again. A man ought not to have long hair
  3. 1 Corinthians 11:10 Or have a sign of authority on her
  4. 1 Corinthians 12:10 Or languages; also in verse 28
  5. 1 Corinthians 12:10 Or languages; also in verse 28
  6. 1 Corinthians 12:13 Or with; or in
  7. 1 Corinthians 12:30 Or other languages
  8. 1 Corinthians 13:1 Or languages
  9. 1 Corinthians 13:3 Some manuscripts body to the flames

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