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1 Corinthians 12-14 The Passion Translation (TPT)

Spiritual Gifts

12 My fellow believers, I don’t want you to be confused about spiritual realities.[a] For you know full well that when you were unbelievers you were often led astray[b] in one way or another by your worship of idols, which are incapable of talking with you. Therefore, I want to impart to you an understanding of the following:

No one speaking by the Spirit of God[c] would ever say, “Jesus is the accursed one.”
No one can say, “Jesus is the Lord Yahweh,”[d] unless the Holy Spirit is speaking through him.[e]
It is the same Holy Spirit who continues to distribute many different varieties of gifts.[f]
The Lord Yahweh is one,[g] and he is the one who apportions to believers different varieties of ministries.[h]
The same God distributes different kinds of miracles[i] that accomplish different results through each believer’s gift and ministry as he energizes and activates them.
Each believer is given continuous revelation[j] by the Holy Spirit to benefit not just himself but all.[k]

Varieties of Spiritual Gifts

For example:

The Spirit gives to one the gift of the word of wisdom.[l]

To another, the same Spirit gives the gift of the word of revelation knowledge.[m]
And to another, the same Spirit gives the gift of faith.[n]
    And to another, the same Spirit gives gifts of healing.[o]
10 And to another the power to work miracles.[p]
    And to another the gift of prophecy.[q]
    And to another the gift to discern what the Spirit is speaking.[r]
    And to another the gift of speaking different kinds of tongues.
    And to another the gift of interpretation of tongues.

11 Remember, it is the same Holy Spirit who distributes, activates, and operates these different gifts as he chooses for each believer.[s]

One Body with Many Parts

12 Just as the human body is one, though it has many parts that together form one body, so too is Christ.[t] 13 For by one Spirit we all were immersed and mingled into one single body.[u] And no matter our status—whether we are Jews or non-Jews, oppressed or free—we are all privileged to drink deeply of the same Holy Spirit.[v]

14 In fact, the human body is not one single part but rather many parts mingled into one. 15 So if the foot were to say, “Since I’m not a hand, I’m not a part of the body,” it’s forgetting that it is still a vital part of the body. 16 And if the ear were to say, “Since I’m not an eye, I’m not really a part of the body,” it’s forgetting that it is still an important part of the body.

17 Think of it this way. If the whole body were just an eyeball, how could it hear sounds? And if the whole body were just an ear, how could it smell different fragrances? 18 But God has carefully designed each member and placed it in the body to function as he desires.[w] 19 A diversity is required, for if the body consisted of one single part, there wouldn’t be a body at all! 20 So now we see that there are many differing parts and functions, but one body.

No Competition for Importance within the Body

21 It would be wrong for the eye to say to the hand, “I don’t need you,” and equally wrong if the head said to the foot, “I don’t need you.” 22 In fact, the weaker our parts, the more vital and essential they are.[x] 23 The body parts we think are less honorable we treat with greater respect. And the body parts that need to be covered in public we treat with propriety and clothe them. 24 But some of our body parts don’t require as much attention. Instead, God has mingled the body parts together, giving greater honor to the “lesser” members who lacked it. 25 He has done this intentionally so that every member would look after the others with mutual concern, and so that there will be no division in the body. 26 In that way, whatever happens to one member happens to all. If one suffers, everyone suffers. If one is honored, everyone rejoices.

One Body with Different Gifts

27 You are the body of the Anointed One, and each of you is a unique and vital part of it. 28 God has placed in the church the following:

First apostles,

second prophets,

third teachers,

then those with gifts of miracles, gifts of divine healing,

gifts of revelation knowledge,[y] gifts of leadership,[z]

and gifts of different kinds of tongues.

29 Not everyone is an apostle or a prophet or a teacher. Not everyone performs miracles 30 or has gifts of healing or speaks in tongues or interprets tongues. 31 But you should all constantly boil over with passion in seeking the higher gifts.

And now I will show you a superior way to live that is beyond comparison![aa]

Love, the Motivation of Our Lives

13 If I were to speak with eloquence in earth’s many languages, and in the heavenly tongues of angels,[ab] yet I didn’t express myself with love,[ac] my words would be reduced to the hollow sound of nothing more than a clanging cymbal.

And if I were to have the gift of prophecy[ad] with a profound understanding of God’s hidden secrets, and if I possessed unending supernatural knowledge, and if I had the greatest gift of faith that could move mountains,[ae] but have never learned to love, then I am nothing.

And if I were to be so generous as to give away everything I owned to feed the poor, and to offer my body to be burned as a martyr,[af] without the pure motive of love, I would gain nothing of value.

Love is large and incredibly patient.[ag] Love is gentle and consistently kind to all. It refuses to be jealous[ah] when blessing comes to someone else. Love does not brag about one’s achievements nor inflate its own importance. Love does not traffic in shame and disrespect, nor selfishly seek its own honor. Love is not easily irritated[ai] or quick to take offense.[aj] Love joyfully celebrates honesty[ak] and finds no delight in what is wrong.[al] Love is a safe place of shelter,[am] for it never stops believing the best for others.[an] Love never takes failure as defeat, for it never gives up.

Perfect Love

Love never stops loving.[ao] It extends beyond the gift of prophecy, which eventually fades away.[ap] It is more enduring than tongues, which will one day fall silent. Love remains long after words of knowledge are forgotten.[aq] Our present knowledge and our prophecies are but partial,[ar] 10 but when love’s perfection arrives, the partial will fade away.[as] 11 When I was a child, I spoke about childish matters, for I saw things like a child and reasoned like a child. But the day came when I matured, and I set aside my childish ways.

12 For now we see but a faint reflection of riddles and mysteries[at] as though reflected in a mirror, but one day we will see face-to-face.[au] My understanding is incomplete now, but one day I will understand everything, just as everything about me has been fully understood. 13 Until then, there are three things that remain: faith, hope, and love—yet love surpasses them all.[av] So above all else, let love be the beautiful prize for which you run.[aw]

Proper Use of Spiritual Gifts

14 It is good that you are enthusiastic and passionate about spiritual gifts, especially prophecy.[ax] When someone speaks in tongues, no one understands a word he says, because he’s not speaking to people, but to God—he is speaking intimate mysteries in the Spirit.[ay] But when someone prophesies, he speaks to encourage people, to build them up, and to bring them comfort.[az] The one who speaks in tongues advances his own spiritual progress,[ba] while the one who prophesies builds up the church. I would be delighted if you all spoke in tongues, but I desire even more that you impart prophetic revelation to others. Greater gain comes through the one who prophesies than the one who speaks in tongues, unless there is interpretation so that it builds up the entire church.

My dear friends, what good is it if I come to you always speaking in tongues? But if I come with a clear revelation from God, or with insight,[bb] or with a prophecy, or with a clear teaching, I can enrich you.[bc] Similarly, if musical instruments, such as flutes or stringed instruments, are out of tune and don’t play the arrangement clearly, how will anyone recognize the melody? If the bugle makes a garbled sound, who will recognize the signal to show up for the battle? So it is with you. Unless you speak in a language that’s easily understood, how will anyone know what you’re talking about? You might as well save your breath!

10 I suppose that the world has all sorts of languages, and each conveys meaning to the ones who speak it. 11 But I am like a foreigner if I don’t understand the language, and the speaker will be like a foreigner to me. 12 And that’s what’s happening among you. You are so passionate[bd] about embracing the manifestations of the Holy Spirit! Now become even more passionate about the things that strengthen the entire church.

13 So then, if you speak in a tongue, pray for the interpretation to be able to unfold the meaning of what you are saying. 14 For if I am praying in a tongue, my spirit is engaged in prayer but I have no clear understanding of what is being said.

15 So here’s what I’ve concluded. I will pray in the Spirit, but I will also pray with my mind engaged. I will sing rapturous praises in the Spirit, but I will also sing with my mind engaged. 16 Otherwise, if you are praising God in your spirit, how could someone without the gift participate by adding his “amen” to your giving of thanks, since he doesn’t have a clue of what you’re saying? 17 Your praise to God is admirable, but it does nothing to strengthen and build up others.

18 I give thanks to God that I speak in tongues more than all of you, 19 but in the church setting I would rather speak five words that can be understood than ten thousand exotic words in a tongue. That way I could have a role in teaching others.

The Function of the Gifts

20 Beloved ones,[be] don’t remain as immature children in your reasoning. As it relates to evil, be like newborns, but in your thinking be mature adults.

21 For it stands written in the law:

I will bring my message to this people with strange tongues and foreign lips, yet even then they still will not listen to me, says the Lord.[bf]

22 So then, tongues are not a sign for believers, but a miracle for unbelievers. Prophecy, on the other hand, is not for unbelievers, but a miracle sign for believers.

23 If the entire church comes together and everyone is speaking in tongues, won’t the visitors say that you have lost your minds? 24 But if everyone is prophesying, and an unbeliever or one without the gift enters your meeting, he will be convicted by all that he hears and will be called to account, 25 for the intimate secrets of his heart will be brought to light. He will be mystified and fall facedown in worship and say, “God is truly among you!”[bg]

Guidelines for Use of the Gifts

26 Beloved friends,[bh] what does all this imply? When you conduct your meetings, you should always let everything be done to build up the church family. Whether you share a song of praise,[bi] a teaching, a divine revelation, or a tongue and interpretation, let each one contribute what strengthens others.

27 If someone speaks in a tongue, it should be two or three,[bj] one after another, with someone interpreting. 28 If there’s no one with the interpretation, then he should remain silent in the meeting, content to speak to himself and to God.

29 And the same with prophecy. Let two or three prophets prophesy and let the other prophets carefully evaluate and discern what is being said. 30 But if someone receives a revelation while someone else is still speaking, the one speaking should conclude and allow the one with fresh revelation the opportunity to share it.[bk] 31 For you can all prophesy in turn and in an environment where all present can be instructed, encouraged, and strengthened. 32 Keep in mind that the anointing to prophesy doesn’t mean that the speaker is out of control[bl]—he can wait his turn.[bm] 33 For God is the God of harmony, not confusion,[bn] as is the pattern in all the churches of God’s holy believers.

34 The women[bo] should be respectfully silent during the evaluation of prophecy in the meetings.[bp] They are not allowed to interrupt,[bq] but are to be in a support role, as in fact the law teaches.[br] 35 If they want to inquire about something, let them ask their husbands when they get home, for a woman embarrasses herself when she constantly interrupts the church meeting.[bs]

36 Do you actually think that you were the starting point for the Word of God going forth? Were you the only ones it was sent to? I don’t think so![bt] 37 If anyone considers himself to be a prophet or a spiritual person,[bu] let him discern that what I’m writing to you carries the Lord’s authority. 38 And if anyone continues not to recognize this, he should not be recognized!

39 So, beloved friends,[bv] with all this in mind, be passionate[bw] to prophesy and don’t forbid anyone from speaking in tongues, 40 doing all things in a beautiful[bx] and orderly way.[by]

Footnotes:

  1. 1 Corinthians 12:1 The Greek word pneumatikos is “spiritual” (things), with the implication of spiritual realities or spiritual gifts. Some scholars believe that “spiritual” may refer to spiritual persons.
  2. 1 Corinthians 12:2 Or “carried [or snatched] away.”
  3. 1 Corinthians 12:3 Some scholars believe this “speaking by the Spirit of God” refers to speaking in tongues.
  4. 1 Corinthians 12:3 As translated from the Aramaic. The Greek language has no equivalent for “Lord Yahweh” and uses the word kurios, which means “sir, master, wealthy landowner, boss” and is sometimes used for demons. The Aramaic is preferred. It is by divine revelation that one begins to see that the Lord Yahweh is none other than our Lord Jesus Christ.
  5. 1 Corinthians 12:3 Or “except by union with the Holy Spirit.”
  6. 1 Corinthians 12:4 The nine gifts distributed by the Holy Spirit listed here include: the word of wisdom, the word of knowledge, the gift of faith, gifts of healing, miraculous powers, prophecy, discerning of spirits, speaking in different kinds of tongues, and interpretation of tongues. See vv. 7–11.
  7. 1 Corinthians 12:5 As translated from the Aramaic. See also Deut. 6:4.
  8. 1 Corinthians 12:5 See Eph. 4:7-16. The ministries Jesus apportions by grace are apostles, prophets, evangelists, pastors, and teachers.
  9. 1 Corinthians 12:6 As translated from the Aramaic, which can also be translated “powers.”
  10. 1 Corinthians 12:7 As translated from the Aramaic and implied in the Greek word phanerosis (“the clear display in light,” or “public manifestations”).
  11. 1 Corinthians 12:7 To summarize, God the Father, the Son, and the Spirit delights to give spiritual gifts to his people, the bride of Christ. These gifts are imparted by God to every believer upon conversion as the Holy Spirit chooses (v. 11). They will confirm the Word of God and expand the kingdom of God. Spiritual gifts can be neglected and misused, but they remain the divine power source for Christ’s body on the earth. Through teaching, evangelizing, prophesying, and demonstrating the miraculous, God uses his people to expand his kingdom and to establish righteousness on the earth through the proper use of the gifts he has given. There is no place in Scripture or church history where these gifts were taken away or removed from the body of Christ. The church moves forward through these divine gifts. Spiritual gifts do not replace the Word of God, but the Word of God will spread and flourish as the fully equipped body of Christ operates in the wise use of God’s enabling power.
  12. 1 Corinthians 12:8 Or “the message [Gr. logos] of wisdom.” This is a revelation gift of the Holy Spirit to impart an understanding of strategy and insight that only God can give. This is more than simply wisdom, but the clearly crafted “word of wisdom” to unlock the hearts of people and free the corporate body to move forward under God’s direction. This gift will express the wisdom of the Holy Spirit, not of man. The best examples of this gift were (1) when Jesus saw Nathanael under the fig tree and knew his true character as a man without guile and (2) when Jesus spoke to the woman at the well and unlocked her heart with the words “Go get your husband.” See John 1:4.
  13. 1 Corinthians 12:8 The gift of the message (Gr. logos) of revelation knowledge has been defined by some as the Holy Spirit’s impartation through an impression, a vision, or his voice that gives understanding of a person or situation that cannot be known through the natural mind of man. It may be exercised in the prayer for healing. This revelation knowledge is seen in Saul’s healing of blindness in Acts 9 and in Acts 10–11 with Peter’s revelation knowledge of Cornelius’ servants outside his door and the subsequent salvation of Cornelius and his household. The word of revelation knowledge could also include knowing facts that are unknown to the speaker, such as names, dates, or events to come.
  14. 1 Corinthians 12:9 This is the supernatural power of faith released in a believer to do the miracle works of God on the earth.
  15. 1 Corinthians 12:9 This is the supernatural power of God released through a believer to heal the sick.
  16. 1 Corinthians 12:10 This includes the divine ability to still a storm, feed a multitude, walk on water, cast out demons, turn water into wine, and raise the dead. This gift was one of the distinctive marks of an apostle. See 2 Cor. 12:12.
  17. 1 Corinthians 12:10 This gift is a supernatural ability, given by the Holy Spirit, to speak the word of God in proclamation and at times in predicting the future. This is one gift that every believer should desire and never despise. See 1 Cor. 14:1; 1 Thess. 5:19-20; 1 Tim. 1:18; 4:14.
  18. 1 Corinthians 12:10 This gift imparts divine discernment to know if a prophetic message is from the Holy Spirit or from a human or demonic source. See Acts 5:3. Discernment is greatly needed in the church today to hear the voice of the Lord clearly and to know when defilement is attempting to enter the assembly.
  19. 1 Corinthians 12:11 Spiritual gifts are given by the Holy Spirit at any time to anyone he chooses.
  20. 1 Corinthians 12:12 Christ is now a body with many parts. The human body of Jesus is glorified and enthroned in heaven. So also is the body of Christ. We are co-enthroned with him (Rom. 8:29-30; Eph. 2:6; Col. 3:1-4), but we continue to exist on earth to represent him to the world.
  21. 1 Corinthians 12:13 This is not a baptism into the Spirit (Matt. 3:6) but a baptism into the body of Christ. Upon conversion, the Holy Spirit does four things for every believer: (1) He gives us new birth (regeneration—see John 3:5; Titus 3:5). (2) He comes to live inside us (indwelling—see Rom. 8:9). (3) He places us into the body as a member of Christ’s body on the earth (spiritual baptism—see 1 Cor. 12:13). (4) He seals us as the possession of Christ until the redemption of our human body (see Eph. 1:13-14; 4:30).
  22. 1 Corinthians 12:13 To “drink deeply” of the Spirit is the same as receiving his power and gifts until rivers of living water flow from the inside of us. See John 3:34; 7:37.
  23. 1 Corinthians 12:18 Every believer should be content with the place within the body God has placed him. And God is pleased when we serve him with joy in every activity or ministry that we engage in for the sake of the body.
  24. 1 Corinthians 12:22 Paul is, no doubt, speaking of our internal organs: liver, heart, lungs, etc.
  25. 1 Corinthians 12:28 Most translations render the Greek word antilēmpsis (a hapax legomenon) as “helps.” However, it is literally “laying hold of” (revelation) or “apprehending” (perception).
  26. 1 Corinthians 12:28 This is a hapax legomenon that can be translated “guidance” or “one who steers the ship.”
  27. 1 Corinthians 12:31 Or “a path corresponding to transcendence.”
  28. 1 Corinthians 13:1 The implication is that the angels speak a distinct language among themselves that is not known on earth.
  29. 1 Corinthians 13:1 The Aramaic word for love is hooba, and it is a homonym that also means “to set on fire.” It is difficult to fully express the meaning of this word and translate it into English. You could say the Aramaic concept is “burning love” or “fiery love,” coming from the inner depths of the heart as an eternal energy, an active power of bonding hearts and lives in secure relationships. The Greek word is agapē, which describes the highest form of love. It is the love God has for his people. It is an intense affection that must be demonstrated. It is a loyal, endless, and unconditional commitment of love. Feelings are attached to this love. It is not abstract, but devoted to demonstrating the inward feelings of love toward another with acts of kindness and benevolence.
  30. 1 Corinthians 13:2 Or “prophetic powers.”
  31. 1 Corinthians 13:2 The Greek present infinitive indicates a continuous aspect, which means a faith to keep on removing mountains or to remove one mountain after another.
  32. 1 Corinthians 13:3 The Aramaic word used here is a homonym that can mean either “to burn” or “to boast.” Because of this, some Greek manuscripts have “I offer my body in order to boast [glory].”
  33. 1 Corinthians 13:4 Or “Love patiently endures mistreatment” could mean that love is incredibly patient even in difficult relationships. The Aramaic can be translated “Love transforms the spirit.”
  34. 1 Corinthians 13:4 Or “boil with jealousy.”
  35. 1 Corinthians 13:5 Or “overly sensitive” (having sharp edges).
  36. 1 Corinthians 13:5 Or “resentful” or “does not keep score.” The Aramaic can be translated “Love does not stare at evil.” Love will overlook offenses and remain focused on what is good, refusing to hold resentment in our hearts.
  37. 1 Corinthians 13:6 Or “reality” (or “truth”).
  38. 1 Corinthians 13:6 Or “injustice” or “unrighteousness.”
  39. 1 Corinthians 13:7 Or “Love bears all things.” Although commonly understood to mean that love can bear hardships of any kind, the nominalized form of the verb (stego) is actually the word for “roof” found in Mark 2:4. Paul is saying that love covers all things, like a roof covers the house. See 1 Peter 4:8. Love does not focus on what is wrong but will bear with the shortcomings of others. And like a roof protects and shields, you could say that love springs no leak. It is a safe place that offers shelter, not exposure.
  40. 1 Corinthians 13:7 Or “it never loses faith.”
  41. 1 Corinthians 13:8 Or “Love never, not even once, fails [lapses]” or “Love never falls down” (it keeps going higher).
  42. 1 Corinthians 13:8 The Aramaic can be translated “prophecy comes to pass.”
  43. 1 Corinthians 13:8 That is, the gift of the word of knowledge (1 Cor. 12:8). Knowledge itself will not pass away or be set aside, for we will learn of God’s mercies throughout eternity. This is the gifts of knowledge Paul refers to.
  44. 1 Corinthians 13:9 Or “in fragments.”
  45. 1 Corinthians 13:10 Perfect love diminishes the importance of prophecy and tongues. Paul could be saying that they will cease being important when compared with perfect love. That which is perfect is love and is greater than the gifts. Perfect love puts everything else in second place, for God is love. See 1 John 4:8, 18. Paul is contrasting spiritual gifts with love, saying, “Gifts will fail, but love will never fail.” Like leaves falling to the ground, something greater will one day take their place: the love of God.
  46. 1 Corinthians 13:12 The Greek word ainigma used here is equal to our English word enigma.
  47. 1 Corinthians 13:12 Paul is referring to God speaking to Moses “face-to-face” (Hebrew “mouth-to-mouth”), and not using dreams and figures of speech (Num. 12:8). Transforming love will bring us all face-to-face, mouth-to-mouth with God.
  48. 1 Corinthians 13:13 Faith and hope both spring from love, which makes love the greatest virtue of all. Faith and hope are temporary, but love is eternal. Paul gives us ten characteristics of divine love in this chapter. Love (1) is patient under stress, (2) is kind at all times, (3) is generous, not envious, (4) is humble, not self-promoting, (5) is never rude, (6) does not manipulate by using shame, (7) is not irritable or easily offended, (8) celebrates honesty, (9) does not focus on what is flawed, and (10) is loyal to the end.
  49. 1 Corinthians 13:13 Unfortunately, there is a chapter break before this line. Chapter headings are not part of the inspired text. The translator has chosen to insert the partial text of 14:1 here in conclusion to Paul’s masterful treatise on love.
  50. 1 Corinthians 14:1 Or “that you crave spiritual things” or “that you crave spiritual realities.”
  51. 1 Corinthians 14:2 This verse makes it clear that the tongues Paul refers to are not known languages but Spirit-inspired utterances.
  52. 1 Corinthians 14:3 The Greek word paramythia (a hapax legomenon) could also be translated “soothing, calming speech” or “affirmation.” Paul does not describe prophecy here as predictive, but as influential to advance the spiritual welfare of the body.
  53. 1 Corinthians 14:4 See Rom. 8:26.
  54. 1 Corinthians 14:6 Or “intimate knowledge through experience.”
  55. 1 Corinthians 14:6 Paul uses these four ministries as examples of what builds up the church. Every congregation needs to focus on all four (revelation from God, insights of truth, prophecy, and teaching), as they are all necessary today.
  56. 1 Corinthians 14:12 The Greek word implies a boiling over with affection and emotion.
  57. 1 Corinthians 14:20 Or “brothers and sisters.”
  58. 1 Corinthians 14:21 See Deut. 28:49; Isa. 28:11-12.
  59. 1 Corinthians 14:25 Or “Truly God is in you.”
  60. 1 Corinthians 14:26 Or “brothers and sisters.”
  61. 1 Corinthians 14:26 Or “a psalm.”
  62. 1 Corinthians 14:27 This could be a Greek idiom (lit. by twos and threes) meaning “just a few.”
  63. 1 Corinthians 14:30 God wants a fresh word spoken to his people. The churches must allow God’s “now” voice to be heard and evaluated by the written Word.
  64. 1 Corinthians 14:32 Or “The spirits of the prophets are subject to the prophets.” The Aramaic allows for this translation: “The prophecies (spiritual words) of the prophets are subject to the prophets,” which could imply that the prophet is to be accountable with his/her prophecies.
  65. 1 Corinthians 14:32 From the context it appears that the Corinthians were speaking in tongues and prophesying without regarding others in the body who also had prophetic words to share or a tongue and interpretation. This caused disorder and confusion in the church meetings, with people speaking up and giving their opinions about what was spoken.
  66. 1 Corinthians 14:33 Or “instability.”
  67. 1 Corinthians 14:34 Or “wives.”
  68. 1 Corinthians 14:34 Implied in the greater context. The theme Paul is addressing is unity and mutual edification, not simply the role of women. Women are permitted to speak in church, to prophesy, and to minister the gospel. See 1 Cor. 11:2-16; 14:31. Paul is apparently prohibiting interrupting the leaders as they evaluate prophetic utterances. It is likely that Paul was addressing a specific issue taking place in the church fellowship of Corinth with women interrupting the meetings with their opinions and questions about the prophetic words just spoken, possibly even words spoken by their husbands.
  69. 1 Corinthians 14:34 Or “speak.” Interrupting the meeting is implied when compared with 1 Cor. 11:2-16; 14:31; Acts 2:16-21; 21:9.
  70. 1 Corinthians 14:34 See Gen. 2:18-24; 3:16.
  71. 1 Corinthians 14:35 One interpretation of this passage is that Paul is quoting from a letter written by the Corinthians to him. They were the ones saying a woman should remain silent and Paul is responding to their questions. In other words, they were imposing a rule in the church that Paul refutes in v. 36. Some manuscripts move vv. 34–35 to after v. 40, which causes a few scholars to consider this as evidence of an early introduction into the text by Jewish scribes. The only two places in the New Testament where Paul writes about women being quiet or not teaching in the church are in his letters to the church of Ephesus (1 Timothy) and Corinth. Both cities were centers of worship to the goddess Artemis (Diana), where women had the leading roles of teaching and temple prostitution was commonplace. To the Galatians Paul writes that there is no distinction between believing men and women (Gal. 3:28).
  72. 1 Corinthians 14:36 Inferred by the rhetorical question and the disjunctive particle.
  73. 1 Corinthians 14:37 Or “a spiritually gifted person.”
  74. 1 Corinthians 14:39 Or “brothers and sisters.”
  75. 1 Corinthians 14:39 The Greek word zēloō means “a boiling fervor.”
  76. 1 Corinthians 14:40 Or “respectably.” The Aramaic can be translated “with the right design.”
  77. 1 Corinthians 14:40 This is the Greek word taxis, which can also mean “in battle array.” Here are some summary observations concerning believers’ gatherings: (1) When the believers gathered, they ate together and frequently observed the Lord’s Table. See 1 Cor. 11:7-33. (2) Men and women participated together and used their spiritual gifts. See 1 Cor. 11:2-16; 12. (3) The main purpose of gathering together was the mutual building up and encouragement of one another. See 1 Cor. 14:1-26. (4) Several people would speak in the meetings, and the leaders would discern and direct. See 1 Cor. 14:26-40. (5) Expressing love was more important than gifts, teachings, or prophecies. See 1 Cor. 13. (6) Everything was to be done in a beautiful way and in order. See 1 Cor. 14:40.
The Passion Translation (TPT)

The Passion Translation®. Copyright © 2017 by BroadStreet Publishing® Group, LLC.
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