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It is the same Holy Spirit who continues to distribute many different varieties of gifts.[a]
The Lord Yahweh is one,[b] and he is the one who apportions to believers different varieties of ministries.[c]
The same God distributes different kinds of miracles[d] that accomplish different results through each believer’s gift and ministry as he energizes and activates them.
Each believer is given continuous revelation[e] by the Holy Spirit to benefit not just himself but all.[f]

Varieties of Spiritual Gifts

For example:

The Spirit gives to one the gift of the word of wisdom.[g]
To another, the same Spirit gives the gift of the word of revelation knowledge.[h]
And to another, the same Spirit gives the gift of faith.[i]
    And to another, the same Spirit gives gifts of healing.[j]
10 And to another the power to work miracles.[k]
    And to another the gift of prophecy.[l]
    And to another the gift to discern what the Spirit is speaking.[m]
    And to another the gift of speaking different kinds of tongues.
    And to another the gift of interpretation of tongues.

11 Remember, it is the same Holy Spirit who distributes, activates, and operates these different gifts as he chooses for each believer.[n]

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  1. 12:4 The nine gifts distributed by the Holy Spirit listed here include: the word of wisdom, the word of knowledge, the gift of faith, gifts of healing, miraculous powers, prophecy, discerning of spirits, speaking in different kinds of tongues, and interpretation of tongues. See vv. 7–11.
  2. 12:5 As translated from the Aramaic. See also Deut. 6:4.
  3. 12:5 See Eph. 4:7–16. The ministries Jesus apportions by grace are apostles, prophets, evangelists, pastors, and teachers.
  4. 12:6 As translated from the Aramaic, which can also be translated “powers.”
  5. 12:7 As translated from the Aramaic and implied in the Greek word phanerosis (“the clear display in light,” or “public manifestations”).
  6. 12:7 To summarize, God the Father, the Son, and the Spirit delights to give spiritual gifts to his people, the bride of Christ. These gifts are imparted by God to every believer upon conversion as the Holy Spirit chooses (v. 11). They will confirm the Word of God and expand the kingdom of God. Spiritual gifts can be neglected and misused, but they remain the divine power source for Christ’s body on the earth. Through teaching, evangelizing, prophesying, and demonstrating the miraculous, God uses his people to expand his kingdom and to establish righteousness on the earth through the proper use of the gifts he has given. There is no place in Scripture or church history where these gifts were taken away or removed from the body of Christ. The church moves forward through these divine gifts. Spiritual gifts do not replace the Word of God, but the Word of God will spread and flourish as the fully equipped body of Christ operates in the wise use of God’s enabling power.
  7. 12:8 Or “the message [Gr. logos] of wisdom.” This is a revelation gift of the Holy Spirit to impart an understanding of strategy and insight that only God can give. This is more than simply wisdom, but the clearly crafted “word of wisdom” to unlock the hearts of people and free the corporate body to move forward under God’s direction. This gift will express the wisdom of the Holy Spirit, not of man. The best examples of this gift were (1) when Jesus saw Nathanael under the fig tree and knew his true character as a man without guile and (2) when Jesus spoke to the woman at the well and unlocked her heart with the words “Go get your husband.” See John 1:4.
  8. 12:8 The gift of the message (Gr. logos) of revelation knowledge has been defined by some as the Holy Spirit’s impartation through an impression, a vision, or his voice that gives understanding of a person or situation that cannot be known through the natural mind of man. It may be exercised in the prayer for healing. This revelation knowledge is seen in Saul’s healing of blindness in Acts 9 and in Acts 10–11 with Peter’s revelation knowledge of Cornelius’ servants outside his door and the subsequent salvation of Cornelius and his household. The word of revelation knowledge could also include knowing facts that are unknown to the speaker, such as names, dates, or events to come.
  9. 12:9 This is the supernatural power of faith released in a believer to do the miracle works of God on the earth.
  10. 12:9 This is the supernatural power of God released through a believer to heal the sick.
  11. 12:10 This includes the divine ability to still a storm, feed a multitude, walk on water, cast out demons, turn water into wine, and raise the dead. This gift was one of the distinctive marks of an apostle. See 2 Cor. 12:12.
  12. 12:10 This gift is a supernatural ability, given by the Holy Spirit, to speak the word of God in proclamation and at times in predicting the future. This is one gift that every believer should desire and never despise. See 1 Cor. 14:1; 1 Thess. 5:19–20; 1 Tim. 1:18; 4:14.
  13. 12:10 This gift imparts divine discernment to know if a prophetic message is from the Holy Spirit or from a human or demonic source. See Acts 5:3. Discernment is greatly needed in the church today to hear the voice of the Lord clearly and to know when defilement is attempting to enter the assembly.
  14. 12:11 Spiritual gifts are given by the Holy Spirit at any time to anyone he chooses.