Instructions for the Church

(A)Do not rebuke an older man but encourage him as you would a father, (B)younger men as brothers, older women as mothers, younger women as sisters, in all purity.

Honor widows (C)who are truly widows. But if a widow has children or grandchildren, let them first learn (D)to show godliness to their own household and to make some return to their parents, for (E)this is pleasing in the sight of God. She (F)who is truly a widow, left all alone, has set her hope on God and (G)continues in supplications and prayers night and day, but (H)she who is self-indulgent is (I)dead even while she lives. (J)Command these things as well, so that they may be without reproach. But if anyone does not provide for his relatives, and especially for (K)members of his household, he has (L)denied the faith and is worse than an unbeliever.

Let a widow be enrolled if she is not less than sixty years of age, having been (M)the wife of one husband,[a] 10 and having a reputation for good works: if she has brought up children, has (N)shown hospitality, (O)has washed the feet of the saints, has (P)cared for the afflicted, and has (Q)devoted herself to every good work. 11 But refuse to enroll younger widows, for when (R)their passions draw them away from Christ, they desire to marry 12 and so incur condemnation for having abandoned their former faith. 13 Besides that, they learn to be idlers, going about from house to house, and not only idlers, but also (S)gossips and (T)busybodies, saying what they should not. 14 So I would have (U)younger widows marry, bear children, (V)manage their households, and (W)give the adversary no occasion for slander. 15 (X)For some have already strayed after Satan. 16 If any believing woman has relatives who are widows, let her care for them. Let the church not be burdened, so that it may care for those (Y)who are truly widows.

17 Let the elders (Z)who rule well be considered worthy of (AA)double honor, especially those who labor in preaching and teaching. 18 For the Scripture says, (AB)“You shall not muzzle an ox when it treads out the grain,” and, (AC)“The laborer deserves his wages.” 19 Do not admit a charge against an elder except (AD)on the evidence of two or three witnesses. 20 As for those who persist in sin, (AE)rebuke them in the presence of all, (AF)so that the rest may stand in fear. 21 In the presence of God and of Christ Jesus and of the elect angels (AG)I charge you to keep these rules without prejudging, (AH)doing nothing from partiality. 22 (AI)Do not be hasty in the (AJ)laying on of hands, nor (AK)take part in the sins of others; keep yourself pure. 23 (No longer drink only water, but (AL)use a little wine (AM)for the sake of your stomach and your frequent ailments.) 24 The sins of some people are conspicuous, going before them to judgment, but the sins of others appear later. 25 So also good works are conspicuous, and (AN)even those that are not cannot remain hidden.

(AO)Let all who are under a yoke as bondservants[b] regard their own masters as worthy of all honor, (AP)so that the name of God and the teaching may not be reviled. Those who have believing masters must not be disrespectful on the ground that they are (AQ)brothers; rather they must serve all the better since those who benefit by their good service are believers and beloved.

False Teachers and True Contentment

(AR)Teach and urge these things. If anyone (AS)teaches a different doctrine and does not agree with (AT)the sound[c] words of our Lord Jesus Christ and the teaching (AU)that accords with godliness, (AV)he is puffed up with conceit and (AW)understands nothing. He has an unhealthy craving for (AX)controversy and for (AY)quarrels about words, which produce envy, dissension, slander, evil suspicions, and constant friction among people (AZ)who are depraved in mind and deprived of the truth, (BA)imagining that godliness is a means of gain. But (BB)godliness (BC)with contentment is great gain, for (BD)we brought nothing into the world, and[d] we cannot take anything out of the world. But (BE)if we have food and clothing, with these we will be content. But (BF)those who desire to be rich fall into temptation, (BG)into a snare, into many senseless and harmful desires that (BH)plunge people into ruin and destruction. 10 For the love of money is a root of (BI)all kinds of evils. It is through this craving that some have wandered away from the faith and pierced themselves with many pangs.

Fight the Good Fight of Faith

11 But as for you, (BJ)O man of God, (BK)flee these things. (BL)Pursue righteousness, godliness, faith, love, steadfastness, gentleness. 12 (BM)Fight the good fight of the faith. (BN)Take hold of the eternal life (BO)to which you were called and about which you made (BP)the good confession in the presence of many witnesses. 13 (BQ)I charge you in the presence of God, who gives life to all things, and of Christ Jesus, (BR)who in his testimony before[e] Pontius Pilate made (BS)the good confession, 14 to keep the commandment unstained and free from reproach until (BT)the appearing of our Lord Jesus Christ, 15 which he will display (BU)at the proper time—he who is (BV)the blessed and only Sovereign, (BW)the King of kings and Lord of lords, 16 (BX)who alone has immortality, (BY)who dwells in (BZ)unapproachable light, (CA)whom no one has ever seen or can see. To him be honor and eternal dominion. Amen.

17 As for the rich in (CB)this present age, charge them (CC)not to be haughty, nor (CD)to set their hopes on (CE)the uncertainty of riches, but on God, (CF)who richly provides us with everything to enjoy. 18 They are to do good, (CG)to be rich in good works, to be generous and (CH)ready to share, 19 thus (CI)storing up treasure for themselves as a good foundation for the future, so that they may (CJ)take hold of (CK)that which is truly life.

20 O Timothy, guard the deposit entrusted to you. (CL)Avoid the (CM)irreverent babble and contradictions of what is falsely called “knowledge,” 21 for by professing it some have swerved from the faith.

(CN)Grace be with you.[f]

Greeting

Paul, (CO)an apostle of Christ Jesus (CP)by the will of God according to (CQ)the promise of the life that is in Christ Jesus,

To Timothy, (CR)my beloved child:

(CS)Grace, mercy, and peace from God the Father and Christ Jesus our Lord.

Guard the Deposit Entrusted to You

(CT)I thank God (CU)whom I serve, as did my ancestors, (CV)with a clear conscience, as I remember you (CW)constantly in my prayers night and day. (CX)As I remember your tears, (CY)I long to see you, that I may be filled with joy. I am reminded of (CZ)your sincere faith, a faith that dwelt first in your grandmother Lois and (DA)your mother Eunice and now, I am sure, dwells in you as well. For this reason I remind you (DB)to fan into flame the gift of God, which is in you through the laying on of my hands, for God gave us (DC)a spirit not of fear but (DD)of power and love and self-control.

Therefore (DE)do not be ashamed of (DF)the testimony about our Lord, nor of (DG)me his prisoner, but (DH)share in suffering for the gospel by the power of God, (DI)who saved us and (DJ)called us to[g] a holy calling, (DK)not because of our works but because of (DL)his own purpose and grace, which he gave us in Christ Jesus (DM)before the ages began,[h] 10 and which now has (DN)been manifested through (DO)the appearing of our Savior Christ Jesus, (DP)who abolished death and (DQ)brought life and (DR)immortality to light through the gospel, 11 (DS)for which I was appointed a preacher and apostle and teacher, 12 (DT)which is why I suffer as I do. But (DU)I am not ashamed, for (DV)I know whom I have believed, and I am convinced that he is able to guard until (DW)that day (DX)what has been entrusted to me.[i] 13 (DY)Follow (DZ)the pattern of (EA)the sound[j] words (EB)that you have heard from me, in (EC)the faith and love that are in Christ Jesus. 14 By the Holy Spirit (ED)who dwells within us, guard (EE)the good deposit entrusted to you.

15 You are aware that (EF)all who are in Asia turned away from me, among whom are Phygelus and Hermogenes. 16 May the Lord grant mercy to (EG)the household of Onesiphorus, for he often (EH)refreshed me and was not ashamed of (EI)my chains, 17 but when he arrived in Rome (EJ)he searched for me earnestly and found me— 18 may the Lord grant him to find mercy from the Lord on (EK)that day!—and you well know all the service he (EL)rendered at Ephesus.

A Good Soldier of Christ Jesus

You then, (EM)my child, (EN)be strengthened by the grace that is in Christ Jesus, and (EO)what you have heard from me in the presence of many witnesses (EP)entrust to faithful men,[k] (EQ)who will be able to teach others also. (ER)Share in suffering as (ES)a good soldier of Christ Jesus. No soldier (ET)gets entangled in civilian pursuits, since his aim is to please the one who enlisted him. (EU)An athlete is not (EV)crowned unless he competes according to the rules. It is (EW)the hard-working farmer who ought to have the first share of the crops. Think over what I say, for the Lord will give you understanding in everything.

Remember Jesus Christ, (EX)risen from the dead, the (EY)offspring of David, (EZ)as preached in my gospel, (FA)for which I am suffering, (FB)bound with chains as a criminal. But (FC)the word of God is not bound! 10 Therefore (FD)I endure everything for the sake of the elect, that they also may obtain (FE)the salvation that is in Christ Jesus with (FF)eternal glory. 11 The saying is (FG)trustworthy, for:

(FH)If we have died with him, we will also (FI)live with him;
12 (FJ)if we endure, we will also reign with him;
(FK)if we deny him, he also will deny us;
13 (FL)if we are faithless, (FM)he remains faithful—

for (FN)he cannot deny himself.

A Worker Approved by God

14 Remind them of these things, and (FO)charge them before God[l] (FP)not to quarrel about words, (FQ)which does no good, but only ruins the hearers. 15 Do your best to present yourself to God as one approved,[m] a worker (FR)who has no need to be ashamed, rightly handling the word of truth. 16 But (FS)avoid (FT)irreverent babble, for it will lead people into more and more ungodliness, 17 and their talk will spread like gangrene. Among them are (FU)Hymenaeus and Philetus, 18 who have swerved from the truth, (FV)saying that the resurrection has already happened. They are upsetting the faith of some. 19 But God's firm foundation stands, bearing this seal: (FW)“The Lord knows those who are his,” and, “Let everyone (FX)who names the name of the Lord depart from iniquity.”

20 Now in (FY)a great house there are not only vessels of gold and silver but also of wood and clay, (FZ)some for honorable use, some for dishonorable. 21 Therefore, (GA)if anyone cleanses himself from what is dishonorable,[n] he will be a vessel for honorable use, set apart as holy, useful to the master of the house, (GB)ready for every good work.

22 So (GC)flee (GD)youthful passions and pursue righteousness, faith, love, and peace, along with (GE)those who call on the Lord (GF)from a pure heart. 23 Have nothing to do with foolish, ignorant (GG)controversies; you know that they breed quarrels. 24 And (GH)the Lord's servant[o] must not be quarrelsome but (GI)kind to everyone, (GJ)able to teach, patiently enduring evil, 25 correcting his opponents (GK)with gentleness. God (GL)may perhaps grant them repentance (GM)leading to a knowledge of the truth, 26 and they may come to their senses and escape from (GN)the snare of the devil, after being captured by him to do his will.

Footnotes

  1. 1 Timothy 5:9 Or a woman of one man
  2. 1 Timothy 6:1 For the contextual rendering of the Greek word doulos, see Preface
  3. 1 Timothy 6:3 Or healthy
  4. 1 Timothy 6:7 Greek for; some manuscripts insert [it is] certain [that]
  5. 1 Timothy 6:13 Or in the time of
  6. 1 Timothy 6:21 The Greek for you is plural
  7. 2 Timothy 1:9 Or with
  8. 2 Timothy 1:9 Greek before times eternal
  9. 2 Timothy 1:12 Or what I have entrusted to him; Greek my deposit
  10. 2 Timothy 1:13 Or healthy
  11. 2 Timothy 2:2 The Greek word anthropoi can refer to both men and women, depending on the context
  12. 2 Timothy 2:14 Some manuscripts the Lord
  13. 2 Timothy 2:15 That is, one approved after being tested
  14. 2 Timothy 2:21 Greek from these things
  15. 2 Timothy 2:24 For the contextual rendering of the Greek word doulos, see Preface

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