1 Samuel 22-25
New International Version
David at Adullam and Mizpah
22 David left Gath and escaped to the cave(A) of Adullam.(B) When his brothers and his father’s household heard about it, they went down to him there. 2 All those who were in distress or in debt or discontented gathered(C) around him, and he became their commander. About four hundred men were with him.
3 From there David went to Mizpah in Moab and said to the king of Moab, “Would you let my father and mother come and stay with you until I learn what God will do for me?” 4 So he left them with the king of Moab,(D) and they stayed with him as long as David was in the stronghold.
Saul Kills the Priests of Nob
6 Now Saul heard that David and his men had been discovered. And Saul was seated,(G) spear in hand, under the tamarisk(H) tree on the hill at Gibeah, with all his officials standing at his side. 7 He said to them, “Listen, men of Benjamin! Will the son of Jesse give all of you fields and vineyards? Will he make all of you commanders(I) of thousands and commanders of hundreds? 8 Is that why you have all conspired(J) against me? No one tells me when my son makes a covenant(K) with the son of Jesse.(L) None of you is concerned(M) about me or tells me that my son has incited my servant to lie in wait for me, as he does today.”
9 But Doeg(N) the Edomite, who was standing with Saul’s officials, said, “I saw the son of Jesse come to Ahimelek son of Ahitub(O) at Nob.(P) 10 Ahimelek inquired(Q) of the Lord for him; he also gave him provisions(R) and the sword(S) of Goliath the Philistine.”
11 Then the king sent for the priest Ahimelek son of Ahitub and all the men of his family, who were the priests at Nob, and they all came to the king. 12 Saul said, “Listen now, son of Ahitub.”
“Yes, my lord,” he answered.
13 Saul said to him, “Why have you conspired(T) against me, you and the son of Jesse, giving him bread and a sword and inquiring of God for him, so that he has rebelled against me and lies in wait for me, as he does today?”
14 Ahimelek answered the king, “Who(U) of all your servants is as loyal as David, the king’s son-in-law, captain of your bodyguard and highly respected in your household? 15 Was that day the first time I inquired of God for him? Of course not! Let not the king accuse your servant or any of his father’s family, for your servant knows nothing at all about this whole affair.”
16 But the king said, “You will surely die, Ahimelek, you and your whole family.(V)”
17 Then the king ordered the guards at his side: “Turn and kill the priests of the Lord, because they too have sided with David. They knew he was fleeing, yet they did not tell me.”
But the king’s officials were unwilling(W) to raise a hand to strike the priests of the Lord.
18 The king then ordered Doeg, “You turn and strike down the priests.”(X) So Doeg the Edomite turned and struck them down. That day he killed eighty-five men who wore the linen ephod.(Y) 19 He also put to the sword(Z) Nob,(AA) the town of the priests, with its men and women, its children and infants, and its cattle, donkeys and sheep.
20 But one son of Ahimelek son of Ahitub,(AB) named Abiathar,(AC) escaped and fled to join David.(AD) 21 He told David that Saul had killed the priests of the Lord. 22 Then David said to Abiathar, “That day, when Doeg(AE) the Edomite was there, I knew he would be sure to tell Saul. I am responsible for the death of your whole family. 23 Stay with me; don’t be afraid. The man who wants to kill you(AF) is trying to kill me too. You will be safe with me.”
David Saves Keilah
23 When David was told, “Look, the Philistines are fighting against Keilah(AG) and are looting the threshing floors,”(AH) 2 he inquired(AI) of the Lord, saying, “Shall I go and attack these Philistines?”
The Lord answered him, “Go, attack the Philistines and save Keilah.”
3 But David’s men said to him, “Here in Judah we are afraid. How much more, then, if we go to Keilah against the Philistine forces!”
4 Once again David inquired(AJ) of the Lord, and the Lord answered him, “Go down to Keilah, for I am going to give the Philistines(AK) into your hand.(AL)” 5 So David and his men went to Keilah, fought the Philistines and carried off their livestock. He inflicted heavy losses on the Philistines and saved the people of Keilah. 6 (Now Abiathar(AM) son of Ahimelek had brought the ephod(AN) down with him when he fled to David at Keilah.)
Saul Pursues David
7 Saul was told that David had gone to Keilah, and he said, “God has delivered him into my hands,(AO) for David has imprisoned himself by entering a town with gates and bars.”(AP) 8 And Saul called up all his forces for battle, to go down to Keilah to besiege David and his men.
9 When David learned that Saul was plotting against him, he said to Abiathar(AQ) the priest, “Bring the ephod.(AR)” 10 David said, “Lord, God of Israel, your servant has heard definitely that Saul plans to come to Keilah and destroy the town on account of me. 11 Will the citizens of Keilah surrender me to him? Will Saul come down, as your servant has heard? Lord, God of Israel, tell your servant.”
And the Lord said, “He will.”
12 Again David asked, “Will the citizens of Keilah surrender(AS) me and my men to Saul?”
And the Lord said, “They will.”
13 So David and his men,(AT) about six hundred in number, left Keilah and kept moving from place to place. When Saul was told that David had escaped from Keilah, he did not go there.
15 While David was at Horesh in the Desert of Ziph, he learned that[a] Saul had come out to take his life.(AY) 16 And Saul’s son Jonathan went to David at Horesh and helped him find strength(AZ) in God. 17 “Don’t be afraid,” he said. “My father Saul will not lay a hand on you. You will be king(BA) over Israel, and I will be second to you. Even my father Saul knows this.” 18 The two of them made a covenant(BB) before the Lord. Then Jonathan went home, but David remained at Horesh.
19 The Ziphites(BC) went up to Saul at Gibeah and said, “Is not David hiding among us(BD) in the strongholds at Horesh, on the hill of Hakilah,(BE) south of Jeshimon? 20 Now, Your Majesty, come down whenever it pleases you to do so, and we will be responsible for giving(BF) him into your hands.”
21 Saul replied, “The Lord bless(BG) you for your concern(BH) for me. 22 Go and get more information. Find out where David usually goes and who has seen him there. They tell me he is very crafty. 23 Find out about all the hiding places he uses and come back to me with definite information. Then I will go with you; if he is in the area, I will track(BI) him down among all the clans of Judah.”
24 So they set out and went to Ziph ahead of Saul. Now David and his men were in the Desert of Maon,(BJ) in the Arabah south of Jeshimon.(BK) 25 Saul and his men began the search, and when David was told about it, he went down to the rock and stayed in the Desert of Maon. When Saul heard this, he went into the Desert of Maon in pursuit of David.
26 Saul(BL) was going along one side of the mountain, and David and his men were on the other side, hurrying to get away from Saul. As Saul and his forces were closing in on David and his men to capture them, 27 a messenger came to Saul, saying, “Come quickly! The Philistines are raiding the land.” 28 Then Saul broke off his pursuit of David and went to meet the Philistines. That is why they call this place Sela Hammahlekoth.[b] 29 And David went up from there and lived in the strongholds(BM) of En Gedi.[c](BN)
David Spares Saul’s Life
24 [d]After Saul returned from pursuing the Philistines, he was told, “David is in the Desert of En Gedi.(BO)” 2 So Saul took three thousand able young men from all Israel and set out to look(BP) for David and his men near the Crags of the Wild Goats.
3 He came to the sheep pens along the way; a cave(BQ) was there, and Saul went in to relieve(BR) himself. David and his men were far back in the cave. 4 The men said, “This is the day the Lord spoke(BS) of when he said[e] to you, ‘I will give your enemy into your hands for you to deal with as you wish.’”(BT) Then David crept up unnoticed and cut(BU) off a corner of Saul’s robe.
5 Afterward, David was conscience-stricken(BV) for having cut off a corner of his robe. 6 He said to his men, “The Lord forbid that I should do such a thing to my master, the Lord’s anointed,(BW) or lay my hand on him; for he is the anointed of the Lord.” 7 With these words David sharply rebuked his men and did not allow them to attack Saul. And Saul left the cave and went his way.
8 Then David went out of the cave and called out to Saul, “My lord the king!” When Saul looked behind him, David bowed down and prostrated himself with his face to the ground.(BX) 9 He said to Saul, “Why do you listen(BY) when men say, ‘David is bent on harming(BZ) you’? 10 This day you have seen with your own eyes how the Lord delivered you into my hands in the cave. Some urged me to kill you, but I spared(CA) you; I said, ‘I will not lay my hand on my lord, because he is the Lord’s anointed.’ 11 See, my father, look at this piece of your robe in my hand! I cut(CB) off the corner of your robe but did not kill you. See that there is nothing in my hand to indicate that I am guilty(CC) of wrongdoing(CD) or rebellion. I have not wronged(CE) you, but you are hunting(CF) me down to take my life.(CG) 12 May the Lord judge(CH) between you and me. And may the Lord avenge(CI) the wrongs you have done to me, but my hand will not touch you. 13 As the old saying goes, ‘From evildoers come evil deeds,(CJ)’ so my hand will not touch you.
14 “Against whom has the king of Israel come out? Who are you pursuing? A dead dog?(CK) A flea?(CL) 15 May the Lord be our judge(CM) and decide(CN) between us. May he consider my cause and uphold(CO) it; may he vindicate(CP) me by delivering(CQ) me from your hand.”
16 When David finished saying this, Saul asked, “Is that your voice,(CR) David my son?” And he wept aloud. 17 “You are more righteous than I,”(CS) he said. “You have treated me well,(CT) but I have treated you badly.(CU) 18 You have just now told me about the good you did to me; the Lord delivered(CV) me into your hands, but you did not kill me. 19 When a man finds his enemy, does he let him get away unharmed? May the Lord reward(CW) you well for the way you treated me today. 20 I know that you will surely be king(CX) and that the kingdom(CY) of Israel will be established in your hands. 21 Now swear(CZ) to me by the Lord that you will not kill off my descendants or wipe out my name from my father’s family.(DA)”
22 So David gave his oath to Saul. Then Saul returned home, but David and his men went up to the stronghold.(DB)
David, Nabal and Abigail
2 A certain man in Maon,(DF) who had property there at Carmel, was very wealthy.(DG) He had a thousand goats and three thousand sheep, which he was shearing(DH) in Carmel. 3 His name was Nabal and his wife’s name was Abigail.(DI) She was an intelligent and beautiful woman, but her husband was surly and mean in his dealings—he was a Calebite.(DJ)
4 While David was in the wilderness, he heard that Nabal was shearing sheep. 5 So he sent ten young men and said to them, “Go up to Nabal at Carmel and greet him in my name. 6 Say to him: ‘Long life to you! Good health(DK) to you and your household! And good health to all that is yours!(DL)
7 “‘Now I hear that it is sheep-shearing time. When your shepherds were with us, we did not mistreat(DM) them, and the whole time they were at Carmel nothing of theirs was missing. 8 Ask your own servants and they will tell you. Therefore be favorable toward my men, since we come at a festive time. Please give your servants and your son David whatever(DN) you can find for them.’”
9 When David’s men arrived, they gave Nabal this message in David’s name. Then they waited.
10 Nabal answered David’s servants, “Who(DO) is this David? Who is this son of Jesse? Many servants are breaking away from their masters these days. 11 Why should I take my bread(DP) and water, and the meat I have slaughtered for my shearers, and give it to men coming from who knows where?”
12 David’s men turned around and went back. When they arrived, they reported every word. 13 David said to his men(DQ), “Each of you strap on your sword!” So they did, and David strapped his on as well. About four hundred men went(DR) up with David, while two hundred stayed with the supplies.(DS)
14 One of the servants told Abigail, Nabal’s wife, “David sent messengers from the wilderness to give our master his greetings,(DT) but he hurled insults at them. 15 Yet these men were very good to us. They did not mistreat(DU) us, and the whole time we were out in the fields near them nothing was missing.(DV) 16 Night and day they were a wall(DW) around us the whole time we were herding our sheep near them. 17 Now think it over and see what you can do, because disaster is hanging over our master and his whole household. He is such a wicked(DX) man that no one can talk to him.”
18 Abigail acted quickly. She took two hundred loaves of bread, two skins of wine, five dressed sheep, five seahs[g] of roasted grain,(DY) a hundred cakes of raisins(DZ) and two hundred cakes of pressed figs, and loaded them on donkeys.(EA) 19 Then she told her servants, “Go on ahead;(EB) I’ll follow you.” But she did not tell(EC) her husband Nabal.
20 As she came riding her donkey into a mountain ravine, there were David and his men descending toward her, and she met them. 21 David had just said, “It’s been useless—all my watching over this fellow’s property in the wilderness so that nothing of his was missing.(ED) He has paid(EE) me back evil(EF) for good. 22 May God deal with David,[h] be it ever so severely,(EG) if by morning I leave alive one male(EH) of all who belong to him!”
23 When Abigail saw David, she quickly got off her donkey and bowed down before David with her face to the ground.(EI) 24 She fell at his feet and said: “Pardon your servant, my lord,(EJ) and let me speak to you; hear what your servant has to say. 25 Please pay no attention, my lord, to that wicked man Nabal. He is just like his name—his name means Fool(EK),(EL) and folly goes with him. And as for me, your servant, I did not see the men my lord sent. 26 And now, my lord, as surely as the Lord your God lives and as you live, since the Lord has kept you from bloodshed(EM) and from avenging(EN) yourself with your own hands, may your enemies and all who are intent on harming my lord be like Nabal.(EO) 27 And let this gift,(EP) which your servant has brought to my lord, be given to the men who follow you.
28 “Please forgive(EQ) your servant’s presumption. The Lord your God will certainly make a lasting(ER) dynasty for my lord, because you fight the Lord’s battles,(ES) and no wrongdoing(ET) will be found in you as long as you live. 29 Even though someone is pursuing you to take your life,(EU) the life of my lord will be bound securely in the bundle of the living by the Lord your God, but the lives of your enemies he will hurl(EV) away as from the pocket of a sling.(EW) 30 When the Lord has fulfilled for my lord every good thing he promised concerning him and has appointed him ruler(EX) over Israel, 31 my lord will not have on his conscience the staggering burden of needless bloodshed or of having avenged himself. And when the Lord your God has brought my lord success, remember(EY) your servant.”(EZ)
32 David said to Abigail, “Praise(FA) be to the Lord, the God of Israel, who has sent you today to meet me. 33 May you be blessed for your good judgment and for keeping me from bloodshed(FB) this day and from avenging myself with my own hands. 34 Otherwise, as surely as the Lord, the God of Israel, lives, who has kept me from harming you, if you had not come quickly to meet me, not one male belonging to Nabal(FC) would have been left alive by daybreak.”
35 Then David accepted from her hand what she had brought him and said, “Go home in peace. I have heard your words and granted(FD) your request.”
36 When Abigail went to Nabal, he was in the house holding a banquet like that of a king. He was in high(FE) spirits and very drunk.(FF) So she told(FG) him nothing at all until daybreak. 37 Then in the morning, when Nabal was sober, his wife told him all these things, and his heart failed him and he became like a stone.(FH) 38 About ten days later, the Lord struck(FI) Nabal and he died.
39 When David heard that Nabal was dead, he said, “Praise be to the Lord, who has upheld my cause against Nabal for treating me with contempt. He has kept his servant from doing wrong and has brought Nabal’s wrongdoing down on his own head.”
Then David sent word to Abigail, asking her to become his wife. 40 His servants went to Carmel and said to Abigail, “David has sent us to you to take you to become his wife.”
41 She bowed down with her face to the ground and said, “I am your servant and am ready to serve you and wash the feet of my lord’s servants.” 42 Abigail(FJ) quickly got on a donkey and, attended by her five female servants, went with David’s messengers and became his wife. 43 David had also married Ahinoam(FK) of Jezreel, and they both were his wives.(FL) 44 But Saul had given his daughter Michal, David’s wife, to Paltiel[i](FM) son of Laish, who was from Gallim.(FN)
- 1 Samuel 23:15 Or he was afraid because
- 1 Samuel 23:28 Sela Hammahlekoth means rock of parting.
- 1 Samuel 23:29 In Hebrew texts this verse (23:29) is numbered 24:1.
- 1 Samuel 24:1 In Hebrew texts 24:1-22 is numbered 24:2-23.
- 1 Samuel 24:4 Or “Today the Lord is saying
- 1 Samuel 25:1 Hebrew and some Septuagint manuscripts; other Septuagint manuscripts Maon
- 1 Samuel 25:18 That is, probably about 60 pounds or about 27 kilograms
- 1 Samuel 25:22 Some Septuagint manuscripts; Hebrew with David’s enemies
- 1 Samuel 25:44 Hebrew Palti, a variant of Paltiel