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David Established at Jerusalem

14 King Hiram of Tyre sent messengers to David, along with cedar logs and masons and carpenters to build a house for him.(A) David then perceived that the Lord had established him as king over Israel and that his kingdom was highly exalted for the sake of his people Israel.

David took more wives in Jerusalem, and David became the father of more sons and daughters. These are the names of the children whom he had in Jerusalem: Shammua, Shobab, and Nathan; Solomon,(B) Ibhar, Elishua, and Elpelet; Nogah, Nepheg, and Japhia; Elishama, Beeliada, and Eliphelet.

Defeat of the Philistines

When the Philistines heard that David had been anointed king over all Israel, all the Philistines went up in search of David, but David heard about it and went out against them.(C) Now the Philistines had come and made a raid in the valley of Rephaim.(D) 10 David inquired of God, “Shall I go up against the Philistines? Will you give them into my hand?” The Lord said to him, “Go up, and I will give them into your hand.” 11 So they went up to Baal-perazim, and David defeated them there. David said, “God has burst forth against my enemies by my hand, like a bursting flood.” Therefore that place is called Baal-perazim.[a] 12 They abandoned their gods there, and at David’s command they were burned.

13 Once again the Philistines made a raid in the valley.(E) 14 When David again inquired of God, God said to him, “You shall not go up after them; go around and come upon them opposite the balsam trees.(F) 15 When you hear the sound of marching in the tops of the balsam trees, then go out to battle, for God has gone out before you to strike down the army of the Philistines.” 16 David did as God had commanded him, and they struck down the Philistine army from Gibeon to Gezer.(G) 17 The fame of David went out into all lands, and the Lord brought the fear of him on all nations.(H)

The Ark Brought to Jerusalem

15 David[b] built houses for himself in the city of David, and he prepared a place for the ark of God and pitched a tent for it.(I) Then David commanded that no one but the Levites were to carry the ark of God, for the Lord had chosen them to carry the ark of the Lord and to minister to him forever.(J) David assembled all Israel in Jerusalem to bring up the ark of the Lord to its place, which he had prepared for it.(K) Then David gathered together the descendants of Aaron and the Levites: of the sons of Kohath, Uriel the chief, with one hundred twenty of his kindred; of the sons of Merari, Asaiah the chief, with two hundred twenty of his kindred; of the sons of Gershom, Joel the chief, with one hundred thirty of his kindred; of the sons of Elizaphan, Shemaiah the chief, with two hundred of his kindred;(L) of the sons of Hebron, Eliel the chief, with eighty of his kindred;(M) 10 of the sons of Uzziel, Amminadab the chief, with one hundred twelve of his kindred.

11 David summoned the priests Zadok and Abiathar and the Levites Uriel, Asaiah, Joel, Shemaiah, Eliel, and Amminadab.(N) 12 He said to them, “You are the heads of families of the Levites; sanctify yourselves, you and your kindred, so that you may bring up the ark of the Lord, the God of Israel, to the place that I have prepared for it.(O) 13 Because you did not carry it[c] the first time,[d] the Lord our God burst out against us because we did not give it proper care.”(P) 14 So the priests and the Levites sanctified themselves to bring up the ark of the Lord, the God of Israel.(Q) 15 And the Levites carried the ark of God on their shoulders with the poles, as Moses had commanded according to the word of the Lord.(R)

16 David also commanded the chiefs of the Levites to appoint their kindred as singers to raise loud sounds of joy on musical instruments, on harps and lyres and cymbals.(S) 17 So the Levites appointed Heman son of Joel; and of his kindred Asaph son of Berechiah; and of the sons of Merari, their kindred, Ethan son of Kushaiah;(T) 18 and with them their kindred of the second order, Zechariah, Jaaziel, Shemiramoth, Jehiel, Unni, Eliab, Benaiah, Maaseiah, Mattithiah, Eliphelehu, and Mikneiah, and the gatekeepers Obed-edom and Jeiel. 19 The singers Heman, Asaph, and Ethan were to sound bronze cymbals; 20 Zechariah, Aziel, Shemiramoth, Jehiel, Unni, Eliab, Maaseiah, and Benaiah were to play harps according to Alamoth, 21 but Mattithiah, Eliphelehu, Mikneiah, Obed-edom, Jeiel, and Azaziah were to lead with lyres according to the Sheminith.[e] 22 Chenaniah, leader of the Levites in music, was to direct the music, for he understood it. 23 Berechiah and Elkanah were to be gatekeepers for the ark. 24 Shebaniah, Joshaphat, Nethanel, Amasai, Zechariah, Benaiah, and Eliezer, the priests, were to blow the trumpets before the ark of God. Obed-edom and Jehiah also were to be gatekeepers for the ark.(U)

25 So David and the elders of Israel and the commanders of the thousands went to bring up the ark of the covenant of the Lord from the house of Obed-edom with rejoicing.(V) 26 And because God helped the Levites who were carrying the ark of the covenant of the Lord, they sacrificed seven bulls and seven rams. 27 David was clothed with a robe of fine linen, as also were all the Levites who were carrying the ark, and the singers, and Chenaniah the leader of the music of the singers, and David wore a linen ephod. 28 So all Israel brought up the ark of the covenant of the Lord with shouting, to the sound of the horn, trumpets, and cymbals, and made loud music on harps and lyres.(W)

29 As the ark of the covenant of the Lord came to the city of David, Michal daughter of Saul looked out of the window and saw King David leaping and dancing, and she despised him in her heart.(X)

The Ark Placed in the Tent

16 They brought in the ark of God and set it inside the tent that David had pitched for it, and they offered burnt offerings and offerings of well-being before God.(Y) When David had finished offering the burnt offerings and the offerings of well-being, he blessed the people in the name of the Lord, and he distributed to every person in Israel—man and woman alike—to each a loaf of bread, a portion of meat,[f] and a cake of raisins.

He appointed certain of the Levites as ministers before the ark of the Lord, to invoke, to thank, and to praise the Lord, the God of Israel. Asaph was the chief, and second to him was Zechariah, Jeiel, Shemiramoth, Jehiel, Mattithiah, Eliab, Benaiah, Obed-edom, and Jeiel, with harps and lyres; Asaph was to sound the cymbals,(Z) and the priests Benaiah and Jahaziel were to blow trumpets regularly before the ark of the covenant of God.

David’s Psalm of Thanksgiving

Then on that day David first appointed the singing of praises to the Lord by Asaph and his kindred.(AA)

O give thanks to the Lord, call on his name,
    make known his deeds among the peoples.(AB)
Sing to him, sing praises to him;
    tell of all his wonderful works.
10 Glory in his holy name;
    let the hearts of those who seek the Lord rejoice.
11 Seek the Lord and his strength;
    seek his presence continually.(AC)
12 Remember the wonderful works he has done,
    his miracles and the judgments he uttered,(AD)
13 O offspring of his servant Israel,
    children of Jacob, his chosen ones.

14 He is the Lord our God;
    his judgments are in all the earth.(AE)
15 Remember his covenant forever,
    the word that he commanded for a thousand generations,
16 the covenant that he made with Abraham,
    his sworn promise to Isaac,(AF)
17 which he confirmed to Jacob as a statute,
    to Israel as an everlasting covenant,(AG)
18 saying, “To you I will give the land of Canaan
    as your portion for an inheritance.”

19 When they were few in number,
    of little account, and strangers in the land,[g](AH)
20 wandering from nation to nation,
    from one kingdom to another people,
21 he allowed no one to oppress them;
    he rebuked kings on their account,(AI)
22 saying, “Do not touch my anointed ones;
    do my prophets no harm.”

23 Sing to the Lord, all the earth.
    Tell of his salvation from day to day.(AJ)
24 Declare his glory among the nations,
    his marvelous works among all the peoples.
25 For great is the Lord and greatly to be praised;
    he is to be revered above all gods.(AK)
26 For all the gods of the peoples are idols,
    but the Lord made the heavens.(AL)
27 Honor and majesty are before him;
    strength and joy are in his place.

28 Ascribe to the Lord, O families of the peoples,
    ascribe to the Lord glory and strength.(AM)
29 Ascribe to the Lord the glory due his name;
    bring an offering and come before him.
Worship the Lord in holy splendor;
30     tremble before him, all the earth.
    The world is firmly established; it shall never be moved.
31 Let the heavens be glad, and let the earth rejoice,
    and let them say among the nations, “The Lord is king!”(AN)
32 Let the sea roar and all that fills it;
    let the field exult and everything in it.(AO)
33 Then shall the trees of the forest sing for joy
    before the Lord, for he comes to judge the earth.
34 O give thanks to the Lord, for he is good,
    for his steadfast love endures forever.(AP)

35 Say also,

“Save us, O God of our salvation,
    and gather and rescue us from among the nations,
that we may give thanks to your holy name
    and glory in your praise.(AQ)
36 Blessed be the Lord, the God of Israel,
    from everlasting to everlasting.”

Then all the people said “Amen!” and praised the Lord.(AR)

Regular Worship Maintained

37 David[h] left Asaph and his kinsfolk there before the ark of the covenant of the Lord to minister regularly before the ark as each day required,(AS) 38 and also Obed-edom and his[i] sixty-eight kinsfolk, while Obed-edom son of Jeduthun and Hosah were to be gatekeepers.(AT) 39 And he left the priest Zadok and his kindred the priests before the tabernacle of the Lord in the high place that was at Gibeon,(AU) 40 to offer burnt offerings to the Lord on the altar of burnt offering regularly, morning and evening, according to all that is written in the law of the Lord that he commanded Israel.(AV) 41 With them were Heman and Jeduthun and the rest of those chosen and expressly named to render thanks to the Lord, for his steadfast love endures forever.(AW) 42 Heman and Jeduthun had with them trumpets and cymbals for the music and instruments for sacred song. The sons of Jeduthun were appointed to the gate.

43 Then all the people departed to their homes, and David went home to bless his household.


  1. 14.11 That is, lord of bursting forth
  2. 15.1 Heb He
  3. 15.13 Cn: Heb lacks carry it
  4. 15.13 Meaning of Heb uncertain
  5. 15.21 Or set for the eighth (octave)
  6. 16.3 Compare Gk Syr Vg: Meaning of Heb uncertain
  7. 16.19 Heb in it
  8. 16.37 Heb He
  9. 16.38 Gk Syr Vg: Heb their