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But You Know The Day of The Lord Will Come Like a Thief In The Night. Keep Watching

But concerning the times and the seasons, brothers, you have no need that anything should be written to you. For you yourselves accurately know that the day of the Lord comes in this manner— like a thief in the night. When they are saying “peace and security”, then unexpected[a] destruction suddenly-comes-upon[b] them, just as the birth-pain on the one having a child in the womb. And they will by no means escape. But you, brothers, are not in darkness, so that the day should overtake you like a thief. For you all are sons of [c] light and sons of day. We are not of night, nor of darkness. So then, let us not be sleeping like the others, but let us be keeping-watch[d] and being sober. For the ones sleeping are sleeping at night. And the ones getting-drunk are-drunk at night. But let us, being of the day, be sober, having put on a breastplate of faith and love, and a helmet: the hope of salvation. Because God did not appoint[e] us for wrath, but for the obtaining[f] of salvation through our Lord Jesus Christ— 10 the One having died for us in order that whether we are keeping-watch or sleeping[g], we may live together with Him. 11 Therefore be encouraging one another and building-up one the other, just as you are also doing.

Esteem Your Leaders in Love

12 And we ask you, brothers, to know[h] the ones laboring among you and leading you in the Lord and admonishing you, 13 and to be esteeming them super-abundantly[i] in love because of their work. Be living-in-peace among yourselves.

Closing Exhortations

14 Now we exhort you, brothers— be admonishing the disorderly ones, be encouraging[j] the fainthearted ones, be holding-on-to[k] the weak ones, be patient with everyone. 15 See that no one gives-back evil for evil to anyone, but always be pursuing the good, both for one another and for everyone. 16 Be rejoicing always, 17 be praying unceasingly, 18 be giving-thanks in everything. For this is the will of God in Christ Jesus for you. 19 Do not be quenching[l] the Spirit, 20 do not be treating prophecies with contempt, 21 but be testing all things. Be holding-on-to the good[m], 22 be abstaining from every form[n] of evil.

23 Now may the God of peace Himself sanctify[o] you wholly[p]. And may your whole[q] spirit and soul and body be preserved[r] blamelessly at the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ. 24 Faithful is the One calling you, Who also will do it. 25 Brothers, be praying also for us. 26 Greet all the brothers with a holy kiss. 27 I adjure[s] you by the Lord that this letter be read to all the brothers. 28 The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you.


  1. 1 Thessalonians 5:3 Or, sudden, unforeseen.
  2. 1 Thessalonians 5:3 Or, springs-upon.
  3. 1 Thessalonians 5:5 That is, belonging to.
  4. 1 Thessalonians 5:6 Or, staying awake, keeping alert.
  5. 1 Thessalonians 5:9 Or, make, destine.
  6. 1 Thessalonians 5:9 Or, possession.
  7. 1 Thessalonians 5:10 That is, physically alive (living, remaining at the end, and thus watching) or dead. Or, prepared (keeping watch) or unprepared, as in v 6.
  8. 1 Thessalonians 5:12 That is, in the sense of stand in close relationship with, recognize and respect.
  9. 1 Thessalonians 5:13 Or, immeasurably, surpassingly.
  10. 1 Thessalonians 5:14 Or, consoling.
  11. 1 Thessalonians 5:14 Or, clinging-to, devoted to, supporting.
  12. 1 Thessalonians 5:19 Or, stifling, suppressing.
  13. 1 Thessalonians 5:21 That is, the beautiful, commendable, praiseworthy.
  14. 1 Thessalonians 5:22 Or, outward appearance; or, kind, species, class, sort.
  15. 1 Thessalonians 5:23 Or, make you wholly holy.
  16. 1 Thessalonians 5:23 Or, through and through, in every part, altogether.
  17. 1 Thessalonians 5:23 Or, taking this with the verb, complete, sound, intact: ‘May your spirit and soul and body be preserved complete’ (it would have Paul’s emphasis).
  18. 1 Thessalonians 5:23 Or, kept, guarded, protected.
  19. 1 Thessalonians 5:27 That is, make you swear, put you under oath.

The Day of the Lord

Now, brothers and sisters, about times and dates(A) we do not need to write to you,(B) for you know very well that the day of the Lord(C) will come like a thief in the night.(D) While people are saying, “Peace and safety,”(E) destruction will come on them suddenly,(F) as labor pains on a pregnant woman, and they will not escape.(G)

But you, brothers and sisters, are not in darkness(H) so that this day should surprise you like a thief.(I) You are all children of the light(J) and children of the day. We do not belong to the night or to the darkness. So then, let us not be like others, who are asleep,(K) but let us be awake(L) and sober.(M) For those who sleep, sleep at night, and those who get drunk, get drunk at night.(N) But since we belong to the day,(O) let us be sober, putting on faith and love as a breastplate,(P) and the hope of salvation(Q) as a helmet.(R) For God did not appoint us to suffer wrath(S) but to receive salvation through our Lord Jesus Christ.(T) 10 He died for us so that, whether we are awake or asleep, we may live together with him.(U) 11 Therefore encourage one another(V) and build each other up,(W) just as in fact you are doing.

Final Instructions

12 Now we ask you, brothers and sisters, to acknowledge those who work hard(X) among you, who care for you in the Lord(Y) and who admonish you. 13 Hold them in the highest regard in love because of their work. Live in peace with each other.(Z) 14 And we urge you, brothers and sisters, warn those who are idle(AA) and disruptive, encourage the disheartened, help the weak,(AB) be patient with everyone. 15 Make sure that nobody pays back wrong for wrong,(AC) but always strive to do what is good for each other(AD) and for everyone else.

16 Rejoice always,(AE) 17 pray continually,(AF) 18 give thanks in all circumstances;(AG) for this is God’s will for you in Christ Jesus.

19 Do not quench the Spirit.(AH) 20 Do not treat prophecies(AI) with contempt 21 but test them all;(AJ) hold on to what is good,(AK) 22 reject every kind of evil.

23 May God himself, the God of peace,(AL) sanctify you through and through. May your whole spirit, soul(AM) and body be kept blameless(AN) at the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ.(AO) 24 The one who calls(AP) you is faithful,(AQ) and he will do it.(AR)

25 Brothers and sisters, pray for us.(AS) 26 Greet all God’s people with a holy kiss.(AT) 27 I charge you before the Lord to have this letter read to all the brothers and sisters.(AU)

28 The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you.(AV)

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