55 Now when Saul saw David going out against the Philistine, he said to Abner the commander of the army, “Abner, whose son is (A)this young man?” And Abner said, “By your life, O king, I do not know.” 56 The king said, “You inquire whose son the youth is.” 57 So when David returned from killing the Philistine, Abner took him and (B)brought him before Saul with the Philistine’s head in his hand. 58 Saul said to him, “Whose son are you, young man?” And David answered, “(C)I am the son of your servant Jesse the Bethlehemite.”

Jonathan and David

18 Now it came about when he had finished speaking to Saul, that (D)the soul of Jonathan was knit to the soul of David, and (E)Jonathan loved him as himself. Saul took him that day and (F)did not let him return to his father’s house. Then (G)Jonathan made a covenant with David because he loved him as himself. (H)Jonathan stripped himself of the robe that was on him and gave it to David, with his armor, including his sword and his bow and his belt. So David went out wherever Saul sent him, and [a]prospered; and Saul set him over the men of war. And it was pleasing in the sight of all the people and also in the sight of Saul’s servants.

It happened as they were coming, when David returned from killing the Philistine, that (I)the women came out of all the cities of Israel, singing and dancing, to meet King Saul, with tambourines, with joy and with [b]musical instruments. The women (J)sang as they [c]played, and said,

(K)Saul has slain his thousands,
(L)And David his ten thousands.”

Then Saul became very angry, for this saying [d]displeased him; and he said, “They have ascribed to David ten thousands, but to me they have ascribed thousands. Now (M)what more can he have but the kingdom?” Saul looked at David with suspicion from that day on.

Saul Turns against David

10 Now it came about on the next day that (N)an evil spirit from God came mightily upon Saul, and (O)he raved in the midst of the house, while David was playing the harp with his hand, [e](P)as usual; and [f](Q)a spear was in Saul’s hand. 11 (R)Saul hurled the spear for he thought, “I will [g]pin David to the wall.” But David [h]escaped from his presence twice.


  1. 1 Samuel 18:5 Or acted wisely
  2. 1 Samuel 18:6 I.e. triangles; or three-stringed instruments
  3. 1 Samuel 18:7 Or danced
  4. 1 Samuel 18:8 Lit was evil in his eyes
  5. 1 Samuel 18:10 Lit day by day
  6. 1 Samuel 18:10 Lit the
  7. 1 Samuel 18:11 Lit strike David and the wall
  8. 1 Samuel 18:11 Lit turned about

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