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And do not lord it over[a] those entrusted to you,[b] but be examples to the flock. Then[c] when the Chief Shepherd appears, you will receive the crown of glory that never fades away.

In the same way, you who are younger,[d] be subject to the elders. And all of you, clothe yourselves with humility toward one another, because God opposes the proud but gives grace to the humble.[e]

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  1. 1 Peter 5:3 tn Grk “not as lording it over…but being examples.” The participles continue the command of v. 2 by describing how the shepherding should be carried out.
  2. 1 Peter 5:3 tn Grk “the ones allotted,” referring to those God has given over to their care.
  3. 1 Peter 5:4 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “Then” to reflect the logical sequence of events.
  4. 1 Peter 5:5 sn In this context younger and elder are terms that combine two meanings: relative age and an official structure of leadership in the church. As in v. 1, elder here denotes those who exercise spiritual leadership, who for the most part are older in years. Likewise younger means the rest of the community, who for the most part are younger in age, who are urged to accept the authority of their leaders.
  5. 1 Peter 5:5 sn A quotation from Prov 3:34 (cf. Jas 4:6).

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