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50 Forgive all the rebellious acts of your sinful people and cause their captors to have mercy on them.[a] 51 After all,[b] they are your people and your special possession[c] whom you brought out of Egypt, from the middle of the iron-smelting furnace.[d]

52 “May you be attentive[e] to your servant’s and your people Israel’s requests for help and may you respond to all their prayers to you.[f]

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  1. 1 Kings 8:50 tn Heb “and forgive your people who have sinned against you, and all their rebellious acts by which they rebelled against you, and grant them mercy before their captors so they will show them mercy.”
  2. 1 Kings 8:51 tn Or “for.”
  3. 1 Kings 8:51 tn Heb “inheritance.”
  4. 1 Kings 8:51 tn The Hebrew term כּוּר (kur, “furnace,” cf. Akkadian kūru) is a metaphor for the intense heat of purification. A כּוּר was not a source of heat but a crucible (“iron-smelting furnace”) in which precious metals were melted down and their impurities burned away (see I. Cornelius, NIDOTTE 2:618-19). Thus Egypt served not as a place of punishment for the Israelites, but as a place of refinement to bring Israel to a place of submission to divine From the middle of the iron-smelting furnace. The metaphor of a furnace suggests fire and heat and is an apt image to remind the people of the suffering they endured while slaves in Egypt.
  5. 1 Kings 8:52 tn Heb “May your eyes be open.”
  6. 1 Kings 8:52 tn Heb “to listen to them in all their calling out to you.”