David’s Further Conquests(A)

18 After this (B)it came to pass that David [a]attacked the Philistines, subdued them, and took Gath and its towns from the hand of the Philistines. Then he [b]defeated (C)Moab, and the Moabites became David’s (D)servants, and brought tribute.

And (E)David [c]defeated [d]Hadadezer king of Zobah as far as Hamath, as he went to establish his power by the River Euphrates. David took from him one thousand chariots, [e]seven thousand horsemen, and twenty thousand foot soldiers. Also David [f]hamstrung all the chariot horses, except that he spared enough of them for one hundred chariots.

When the (F)Syrians of Damascus came to help Hadadezer king of Zobah, David killed twenty-two thousand of the Syrians. Then David put garrisons in Syria of Damascus; and the Syrians became David’s servants, and brought tribute. So the Lord preserved David wherever he went. And David took the shields of gold that were on the servants of Hadadezer, and brought them to Jerusalem. Also from [g]Tibhath and from [h]Chun, cities of [i]Hadadezer, David brought a large amount of (G)bronze, with which (H)Solomon made the bronze [j]Sea, the pillars, and the articles of bronze.

Now when [k]Tou king of Hamath heard that David had [l]defeated all the army of Hadadezer king of Zobah, 10 he sent [m]Hadoram his son to King David, to greet him and bless him, because he had fought against Hadadezer and [n]defeated him (for Hadadezer had been at war with Tou); and Hadoram brought with him all kinds of (I)articles of gold, silver, and bronze. 11 King David also dedicated these to the Lord, along with the silver and gold that he had brought from all these nations—from Edom, from Moab, from the (J)people of Ammon, from the (K)Philistines, and from (L)Amalek.

12 Moreover (M)Abishai the son of Zeruiah killed (N)eighteen thousand [o]Edomites in the Valley of Salt. 13 (O)He also put garrisons in Edom, and all the Edomites became David’s servants. And the Lord preserved David wherever he went.

David’s Administration(P)

14 So David reigned over all Israel, and administered judgment and justice to all his people. 15 Joab the son of Zeruiah was over the army; Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder; 16 Zadok the son of Ahitub and [p]Abimelech the son of Abiathar were the priests; [q]Shavsha was the scribe; 17 (Q)Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the Cherethites and the Pelethites; and David’s sons were [r]chief ministers at the king’s side.

The Ammonites and Syrians Defeated(R)

19 It(S) happened after this that Nahash the king of the people of Ammon died, and his son reigned in his place. Then David said, “I will show kindness to Hanun the son of Nahash, because his father showed kindness to me.” So David sent messengers to comfort him concerning his father. And David’s servants came to Hanun in the land of the people of Ammon to comfort him.

And the princes of the people of Ammon said to Hanun, [s]“Do you think that David really honors your father because he has sent comforters to you? Did his servants not come to you to search and to overthrow and to spy out the land?”

Therefore Hanun took David’s servants, shaved them, and cut off their garments [t]in the middle, at their (T)buttocks, and sent them away. Then some went and told David about the men; and he sent to meet them, because the men were greatly ashamed. And the king said, “Wait at Jericho until your beards have grown, and then return.”

When the people of Ammon saw that they had made themselves repulsive to David, Hanun and the people of Ammon sent a thousand talents of silver to hire for themselves chariots and horsemen from [u]Mesopotamia, from Syrian Maacah, (U)and from [v]Zobah. So they hired for themselves thirty-two thousand chariots, with the king of Maacah and his people, who came and encamped before Medeba. Also the people of Ammon gathered together from their cities, and came to battle.

Now when David heard of it, he sent Joab and all the army of the mighty men. Then the people of Ammon came out and put themselves in battle array before the gate of the city, and the kings who had come were by themselves in the field.

10 When Joab saw that the battle line was against him before and behind, he chose some of Israel’s best and put them in battle array against the Syrians. 11 And the rest of the people he put under the command of Abishai his brother, and they set themselves in battle array against the people of Ammon. 12 Then he said, “If the Syrians are too strong for me, then you shall help me; but if the people of Ammon are too strong for you, then I will help you. 13 Be of good courage, and let us be strong for our people and for the cities of our God. And may the Lord do what is good in His sight.”

14 So Joab and the people who were with him drew near for the battle against the Syrians, and they fled before him. 15 When the people of Ammon saw that the Syrians were fleeing, they also fled before Abishai his brother, and entered the city. So Joab went to Jerusalem.

16 Now when the Syrians saw that they had been defeated by Israel, they sent messengers and brought the Syrians who were beyond [w]the River, and [x]Shophach the commander of Hadadezer’s army went before them. 17 When it was told David, he gathered all Israel, crossed over the Jordan and came upon them, and set up in battle array against them. So when David had set up in battle array against the Syrians, they fought with him. 18 Then the Syrians fled before Israel; and David killed [y]seven thousand charioteers and forty thousand [z]foot soldiers of the Syrians, and killed Shophach the commander of the army. 19 And when the servants of Hadadezer saw that they were defeated by Israel, they made peace with David and became his servants. So the Syrians were not willing to help the people of Ammon anymore.

Rabbah Is Conquered(V)

20 It(W) happened [aa]in the spring of the year, at the time kings go out to battle, that Joab led out the armed forces and ravaged the country of the people of Ammon, and came and besieged Rabbah. But (X)David stayed at Jerusalem. And (Y)Joab defeated Rabbah and overthrew it. Then David (Z)took their king’s crown from his head, and found it to weigh a talent of gold, and there were precious stones in it. And it was set on David’s head. Also he brought out the [ab]spoil of the city in great abundance. And he brought out the people who were in it, and [ac]put them to work with saws, with iron picks, and with axes. So David did to all the cities of the people of Ammon. Then David and all the people returned to Jerusalem.

Philistine Giants Destroyed(AA)

Now it happened afterward (AB)that war broke out at [ad]Gezer with the Philistines, at which time (AC)Sibbechai the Hushathite killed [ae]Sippai, who was one of the sons of [af]the giant. And they were subdued.

Again there was war with the Philistines, and Elhanan the son of [ag]Jair killed Lahmi the brother of Goliath the Gittite, the shaft of whose spear was like a weaver’s (AD)beam.

Yet again (AE)there was war at Gath, where there was a man of great stature, with twenty-four fingers and toes, six on each hand and six on each foot; and he also was born to [ah]the giant. So when he defied Israel, Jonathan the son of [ai]Shimea, David’s brother, killed him.

These were born to the giant in Gath, and they fell by the hand of David and by the hand of his servants.


  1. 1 Chronicles 18:1 Lit. struck
  2. 1 Chronicles 18:2 Lit. struck
  3. 1 Chronicles 18:3 Lit. struck
  4. 1 Chronicles 18:3 Heb. Hadarezer
  5. 1 Chronicles 18:4 seven hundred, 2 Sam. 8:4
  6. 1 Chronicles 18:4 crippled
  7. 1 Chronicles 18:8 Betah, 2 Sam. 8:8
  8. 1 Chronicles 18:8 Berothai, 2 Sam. 8:8
  9. 1 Chronicles 18:8 Heb. Hadarezer
  10. 1 Chronicles 18:8 Great laver or basin
  11. 1 Chronicles 18:9 Toi, 2 Sam. 8:9, 10
  12. 1 Chronicles 18:9 Lit. struck
  13. 1 Chronicles 18:10 Joram, 2 Sam. 8:10
  14. 1 Chronicles 18:10 Lit. struck
  15. 1 Chronicles 18:12 Syrians, 2 Sam. 8:13
  16. 1 Chronicles 18:16 Ahimelech, 2 Sam. 8:17
  17. 1 Chronicles 18:16 Seraiah, 2 Sam. 8:17, or Shisha, 1 Kin. 4:3
  18. 1 Chronicles 18:17 Lit. at the hand of the king
  19. 1 Chronicles 19:3 Lit. In your eyes is David honoring your father because
  20. 1 Chronicles 19:4 in half
  21. 1 Chronicles 19:6 Heb. Aram Naharaim
  22. 1 Chronicles 19:6 Zoba, 2 Sam. 10:6
  23. 1 Chronicles 19:16 The Euphrates
  24. 1 Chronicles 19:16 Zoba, 2 Sam. 10:6, or Shobach, 2 Sam. 10:16
  25. 1 Chronicles 19:18 seven hundred, 2 Sam. 10:18
  26. 1 Chronicles 19:18 horsemen, 2 Sam. 10:18
  27. 1 Chronicles 20:1 Lit. at the return of the year
  28. 1 Chronicles 20:2 plunder
  29. 1 Chronicles 20:3 LXX cut them with
  30. 1 Chronicles 20:4 Gob, 2 Sam. 21:18
  31. 1 Chronicles 20:4 Saph, 2 Sam. 21:18
  32. 1 Chronicles 20:4 Or Raphah
  33. 1 Chronicles 20:5 Jaare-Oregim, 2 Sam. 21:19
  34. 1 Chronicles 20:6 Or Raphah
  35. 1 Chronicles 20:7 Shammah, 1 Sam. 16:9 or Shimeah, 2 Sam. 21:21

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