Various Laws

19 The Lord said to Moses, “Speak to the entire assembly of Israel(A) and say to them: ‘Be holy because I, the Lord your God,(B) am holy.(C)

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“‘When you reap the harvest of your land, do not reap to the very edges(A) of your field or gather the gleanings of your harvest.(B) 10 Do not go over your vineyard a second time(C) or pick up the grapes that have fallen.(D) Leave them for the poor and the foreigner.(E) I am the Lord your God.

11 “‘Do not steal.(F)

“‘Do not lie.(G)

“‘Do not deceive one another.(H)

12 “‘Do not swear falsely(I) by my name(J) and so profane(K) the name of your God. I am the Lord.

13 “‘Do not defraud or rob(L) your neighbor.(M)

“‘Do not hold back the wages of a hired worker(N) overnight.(O)

14 “‘Do not curse the deaf or put a stumbling block in front of the blind,(P) but fear your God.(Q) I am the Lord.

15 “‘Do not pervert justice;(R) do not show partiality(S) to the poor or favoritism to the great,(T) but judge your neighbor fairly.(U)

16 “‘Do not go about spreading slander(V) among your people.

“‘Do not do anything that endangers your neighbor’s life.(W) I am the Lord.

17 “‘Do not hate a fellow Israelite in your heart.(X) Rebuke your neighbor frankly(Y) so you will not share in their guilt.

18 “‘Do not seek revenge(Z) or bear a grudge(AA) against anyone among your people,(AB) but love your neighbor(AC) as yourself.(AD) I am the Lord.

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Keep my decrees(A) and follow them. I am the Lord, who makes you holy.(B)

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Eye for Eye

38 “You have heard that it was said, ‘Eye for eye, and tooth for tooth.’[a](A) 39 But I tell you, do not resist an evil person. If anyone slaps you on the right cheek, turn to them the other cheek also.(B) 40 And if anyone wants to sue you and take your shirt, hand over your coat as well. 41 If anyone forces you to go one mile, go with them two miles. 42 Give to the one who asks you, and do not turn away from the one who wants to borrow from you.(C)

Love for Enemies

43 “You have heard that it was said, ‘Love your neighbor[b](D) and hate your enemy.’(E) 44 But I tell you, love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you,(F) 45 that you may be children(G) of your Father in heaven. He causes his sun to rise on the evil and the good, and sends rain on the righteous and the unrighteous.(H) 46 If you love those who love you, what reward will you get?(I) Are not even the tax collectors doing that? 47 And if you greet only your own people, what are you doing more than others? Do not even pagans do that? 48 Be perfect, therefore, as your heavenly Father is perfect.(J)

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  1. Matthew 5:38 Exodus 21:24; Lev. 24:20; Deut. 19:21
  2. Matthew 5:43 Lev. 19:18