Israel’s Rejection of Christ

I (A)tell the truth in Christ, I am not lying, my conscience also bearing me witness in the Holy Spirit, (B)that I have great sorrow and continual grief in my heart. For (C)I could wish that I myself were accursed from Christ for my brethren, my [a]countrymen according to the flesh, who are Israelites, (D)to whom pertain the adoption, (E)the glory, (F)the covenants, (G)the giving of the law, (H)the service of God, and (I)the promises; (J)of whom are the fathers and from (K)whom, according to the flesh, Christ came, (L)who is over all, the eternally blessed God. Amen.

Israel’s Rejection and God’s Purpose(M)

(N)But it is not that the word of God has taken no effect. For (O)they are not all Israel who are of Israel, (P)nor are they all children because they are the seed of Abraham; but, (Q)“In Isaac your seed shall be called.” That is, those who are the children of the flesh, these are not the children of God; but (R)the children of the promise are counted as the seed. For this is the word of promise: (S)“At this time I will come and Sarah shall have a son.”

10 And not only this, but when (T)Rebecca also had conceived by one man, even by our father Isaac 11 (for the children not yet being born, nor having done any good or evil, that the purpose of God according to election might stand, not of works but of (U)Him who calls), 12 it was said to her, (V)“The older shall serve the younger.” 13 As it is written, (W)“Jacob I have loved, but Esau I have hated.”

Israel’s Rejection and God’s Justice

14 What shall we say then? (X)Is there unrighteousness with God? Certainly not! 15 For He says to Moses, (Y)“I will have mercy on whomever I will have mercy, and I will have compassion on whomever I will have compassion.” 16 So then it is not of him who wills, nor of him who runs, but of God who shows mercy. 17 For (Z)the Scripture says to the Pharaoh, (AA)“For this very purpose I have raised you up, that I may show My power in you, and that My name may be declared in all the earth.” 18 Therefore He has mercy on whom He wills, and whom He wills He (AB)hardens.

19 You will say to me then, “Why does He still find fault? For (AC)who has resisted His will?” 20 But indeed, O man, who are you to reply against God? (AD)Will the thing formed say to him who formed it, “Why have you made me like this?” 21 Does not the (AE)potter have power over the clay, from the same lump to make (AF)one vessel for honor and another for dishonor?

22 What if God, wanting to show His wrath and to make His power known, endured with much longsuffering (AG)the vessels of wrath (AH)prepared for destruction, 23 and that He might make known (AI)the riches of His glory on the vessels of mercy, which He had (AJ)prepared beforehand for glory, 24 even us whom He (AK)called, (AL)not of the Jews only, but also of the Gentiles?

25 As He says also in Hosea:

(AM)“I will call them My people, who were not My people,
And her beloved, who was not beloved.”
26 “And(AN) it shall come to pass in the place where it was said to them,
‘You are not My people,’
There they shall be called sons of the living God.”

27 Isaiah also cries out concerning Israel:

(AO)“Though the number of the children of Israel be as the sand of the sea,
(AP)The remnant will be saved.
28 For [b]He will finish the work and cut it short in righteousness,
(AQ)Because the Lord will make a short work upon the earth.”

29 And as Isaiah said before:

(AR)“Unless the Lord of [c]Sabaoth had left us a seed,
(AS)We would have become like Sodom,
And we would have been made like Gomorrah.”

Present Condition of Israel

30 What shall we say then? (AT)That Gentiles, who did not pursue righteousness, have attained to righteousness, (AU)even the righteousness of faith; 31 but Israel, (AV)pursuing the law of righteousness, (AW)has not attained to the law [d]of righteousness. 32 Why? Because they did not seek it by faith, but as it were, [e]by the works of the law. For (AX)they stumbled at that stumbling stone. 33 As it is written:

(AY)“Behold, I lay in Zion a stumbling stone and rock of offense,
And (AZ)whoever believes on Him will not be put to shame.”

Israel Needs the Gospel

10 Brethren, my heart’s desire and prayer to God for [f]Israel is that they may be saved. For I bear them witness (BA)that they have a zeal for God, but not according to knowledge. For they being ignorant of (BB)God’s righteousness, and seeking to establish their own (BC)righteousness, have not submitted to the righteousness of God. For (BD)Christ is the end of the law for righteousness to everyone who believes.

For Moses writes about the righteousness which is of the law, (BE)“The man who does those things shall live by them.” But the righteousness of faith speaks in this way, (BF)“Do not say in your heart, ‘Who will ascend into heaven?’ ” (that is, to bring Christ down from above) or, (BG)“ ‘Who will descend into the abyss?’ ” (that is, to bring Christ up from the dead). But what does it say? (BH)“The word is near you, in your mouth and in your heart” (that is, the word of faith which we preach): that (BI)if you confess with your mouth the Lord Jesus and believe in your heart that God has raised Him from the dead, you will be saved. 10 For with the heart one believes unto righteousness, and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation. 11 For the Scripture says, (BJ)“Whoever believes on Him will not be put to shame.” 12 For (BK)there is no distinction between Jew and Greek, for (BL)the same Lord over all (BM)is rich to all who call upon Him. 13 For (BN)“whoever calls (BO)on the name of the Lord shall be saved.”

Israel Rejects the Gospel

14 How then shall they call on Him in whom they have not believed? And how shall they believe in Him of whom they have not heard? And how shall they hear (BP)without a preacher? 15 And how shall they preach unless they are sent? As it is written:

(BQ)“How beautiful are the feet of those who [g]preach the gospel of peace,
Who bring glad tidings of good things!”

16 But they have not all obeyed the gospel. For Isaiah says, (BR)Lord, who has believed our report?” 17 So then faith comes by hearing, and hearing by the word of God.

18 But I say, have they not heard? Yes indeed:

(BS)“Their sound has gone out to all the earth,
And their words to the ends of the world.”

19 But I say, did Israel not know? First Moses says:

(BT)“I will provoke you to jealousy by those who are not a nation,
I will move you to anger by a (BU)foolish nation.”

20 But Isaiah is very bold and says:

(BV)“I was found by those who did not seek Me;
I was made manifest to those who did not ask for Me.”

21 But to Israel he says:

(BW)“All day long I have stretched out My hands
To a disobedient and contrary people.”

Israel’s Rejection Not Total

11 I say then, (BX)has God cast away His people? (BY)Certainly not! For (BZ)I also am an Israelite, of the seed of Abraham, of the tribe of Benjamin. God has not cast away His people whom (CA)He foreknew. Or do you not know what the Scripture says of Elijah, how he pleads with God against Israel, saying, (CB)Lord, they have killed Your prophets and torn down Your altars, and I alone am left, and they seek my life”? But what does the divine response say to him? (CC)“I have reserved for Myself seven thousand men who have not bowed the knee to Baal.” (CD)Even so then, at this present time there is a remnant according to the election of grace. And (CE)if by grace, then it is no longer of works; otherwise grace is no longer grace. [h]But if it is of works, it is no longer grace; otherwise work is no longer work.

What then? (CF)Israel has not obtained what it seeks; but the elect have obtained it, and the rest were (CG)blinded. Just as it is written:

(CH)“God has given them a spirit of stupor,
(CI)Eyes that they should not see
And ears that they should not hear,
To this very day.”

And David says:

(CJ)“Let their table become a snare and a trap,
A stumbling block and a recompense to them.
10 Let their eyes be darkened, so that they do not see,
And bow down their back always.”

Israel’s Rejection Not Final

11 I say then, have they stumbled that they should fall? Certainly not! But (CK)through their [i]fall, to provoke them to (CL)jealousy, salvation has come to the Gentiles. 12 Now if their [j]fall is riches for the world, and their failure riches for the Gentiles, how much more their fullness!

13 For I speak to you Gentiles; inasmuch as (CM)I am an apostle to the Gentiles, I magnify my ministry, 14 if by any means I may provoke to jealousy those who are my flesh and (CN)save some of them. 15 For if their being cast away is the reconciling of the world, what will their acceptance be (CO)but life from the dead?

16 For if (CP)the firstfruit is holy, the lump is also holy; and if the root is holy, so are the branches. 17 And if (CQ)some of the branches were broken off, (CR)and you, being a wild olive tree, were grafted in among them, and with them became a partaker of the root and [k]fatness of the olive tree, 18 (CS)do not boast against the branches. But if you do boast, remember that you do not support the root, but the root supports you.

19 You will say then, “Branches were broken off that I might be grafted in.” 20 Well said. Because of (CT)unbelief they were broken off, and you stand by faith. Do not be haughty, but fear. 21 For if God did not spare the natural branches, He may not spare you either. 22 Therefore consider the goodness and severity of God: on those who fell, severity; but toward you, [l]goodness, (CU)if you continue in His goodness. Otherwise (CV)you also will be cut off. 23 And they also, (CW)if they do not continue in unbelief, will be grafted in, for God is able to graft them in again. 24 For if you were cut out of the olive tree which is wild by nature, and were grafted contrary to nature into a cultivated olive tree, how much more will these, who are natural branches, be grafted into their own olive tree?

25 For I do not desire, brethren, that you should be ignorant of this mystery, lest you should be (CX)wise in your own [m]opinion, that (CY)blindness in part has happened to Israel (CZ)until the fullness of the Gentiles has come in. 26 And so all Israel will be [n]saved, as it is written:

(DA)“The Deliverer will come out of Zion,
And He will turn away ungodliness from Jacob;
27 For (DB)this is My covenant with them,
When I take away their sins.”

28 Concerning the gospel they are enemies for your sake, but concerning the election they are (DC)beloved for the sake of the fathers. 29 For the gifts and the calling of God are (DD)irrevocable. 30 For as you (DE)were once disobedient to God, yet have now obtained mercy through their disobedience, 31 even so these also have now been disobedient, that through the mercy shown you they also may obtain mercy. 32 For God has [o]committed them (DF)all to disobedience, that He might have mercy on all.

33 Oh, the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and knowledge of God! How unsearchable are His judgments and His ways past finding out!

34 “For who has known the (DG)mind of the Lord?
Or (DH)who has become His counselor?”
35 “Or(DI) who has first given to Him
And it shall be repaid to him?”

36 For (DJ)of Him and through Him and to Him are all things, (DK)to whom be glory forever. Amen.


  1. Romans 9:3 Or relatives
  2. Romans 9:28 NU the Lord will finish the work and cut it short upon the earth
  3. Romans 9:29 Lit., in Heb., Hosts
  4. Romans 9:31 NU omits of righteousness
  5. Romans 9:32 NU by works, omitting of the law
  6. Romans 10:1 NU them
  7. Romans 10:15 NU omits preach the gospel of peace, Who
  8. Romans 11:6 NU omits the rest of v. 6.
  9. Romans 11:11 trespass
  10. Romans 11:12 trespass
  11. Romans 11:17 richness
  12. Romans 11:22 NU adds of God
  13. Romans 11:25 estimation
  14. Romans 11:26 Or delivered
  15. Romans 11:32 shut them all up in

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