The Crown of Thorns

19 Pilate then took Jesus and [a](A)scourged Him. (B)And the soldiers twisted together a crown of thorns and put it on His head, and put a purple robe on Him; and they began to come up to Him and say, “(C)Hail, King of the Jews!” and to (D)give Him slaps in the face. Pilate (E)came out again and *said to them, “Behold, I am bringing Him out to you so that you may know that (F)I find no guilt in Him.” Jesus then came out, (G)wearing the crown of thorns and the purple robe. Pilate *said to them, “Behold, the Man!” So when the chief priests and the (H)officers saw Him, they cried out saying, “Crucify, crucify!” Pilate *said to them, “Take Him yourselves and crucify Him, for (I)I find no guilt in Him.” The Jews answered him, “(J)We have a law, and by that law He ought to die because He (K)made Himself out to be the Son of God.”

Therefore when Pilate heard this statement, he was even more afraid; and he (L)entered into the [b]Praetorium again and *said to Jesus, “Where are You from?” But (M)Jesus gave him no answer. 10 So Pilate *said to Him, “You do not speak to me? Do You not know that I have authority to release You, and I have authority to crucify You?” 11 Jesus answered, (N)You would have no authority [c]over Me, unless it had been given you from above; for this reason (O)he who delivered Me to you has the greater sin.” 12 As a result of this Pilate [d]made efforts to release Him, but the Jews cried out saying, “(P)If you release this Man, you are no friend of Caesar; everyone who makes himself out to be a king [e]opposes Caesar.”

13 Therefore when Pilate heard these words, he brought Jesus out, and (Q)sat down on the judgment seat at a place called [f]The Pavement, but (R)in [g]Hebrew, Gabbatha. 14 Now it was (S)the day of preparation for the Passover; it was about the [h](T)sixth hour. And he *said to the Jews, “Behold, (U)your King!” 15 So they cried out, “(V)Away with Him, away with Him, crucify Him!” Pilate *said to them, “Shall I crucify your King?” The chief priests answered, “We have no king but Caesar.”

The Crucifixion

16 So he then (W)handed Him over to them to be crucified.

17 (X)They took Jesus, therefore, and He went out, [i](Y)bearing His own cross, to the place called (Z)the Place of a Skull, which is called (AA)in [j]Hebrew, Golgotha. 18 There they crucified Him, and with Him (AB)two other men, one on either side, and Jesus in between. 19 Pilate also wrote an inscription and put it on the cross. It was written, “(AC)JESUS THE NAZARENE, (AD)THE KING OF THE JEWS.” 20 Therefore many of the Jews read this inscription, for the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city; and it was written (AE)in [k]Hebrew, Latin and in Greek. 21 So the chief priests of the Jews were saying to Pilate, “Do not write, ‘(AF)The King of the Jews’; but that He said, ‘I am (AG)King of the Jews.’” 22 Pilate answered, “(AH)What I have written I have written.”

23 Then (AI)the soldiers, when they had crucified Jesus, took His outer garments and made (AJ)four parts, a part to every soldier and also the [l]tunic; now the tunic was seamless, woven [m]in one piece. 24 So they said to one another, “(AK)Let us not tear it, but cast lots for it, to decide whose it shall be”; (AL)this was to fulfill the Scripture: “They (AM)divided My outer garments among them, and for My clothing they cast [n]lots.” 25 Therefore the soldiers did these things.

(AN)But standing by the cross of Jesus were (AO)His mother, and His mother’s sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and (AP)Mary Magdalene. 26 When Jesus then saw His mother, and (AQ)the disciple whom He loved standing nearby, He *said to His mother, (AR)Woman, behold, your son!” 27 Then He *said to the disciple, “Behold, your mother!” From that hour the disciple took her into (AS)his own household.

28 After this, Jesus, (AT)knowing that all things had already been accomplished, (AU)to fulfill the Scripture, *said, (AV)I am thirsty.” 29 A jar full of sour wine was standing there; so (AW)they put a sponge full of the sour wine upon a branch of hyssop and brought it up to His mouth. 30 Therefore when Jesus had received the sour wine, He said, (AX)It is finished!” And He bowed His head and (AY)gave up His spirit.

Care of the Body of Jesus

31 Then the Jews, because it was (AZ)the day of preparation, so that (BA)the bodies would not remain on the cross on the Sabbath ([o]for that Sabbath was a (BB)high day), asked Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away. 32 So the soldiers came, and broke the legs of the first man and of the other who was (BC)crucified with Him; 33 but coming to Jesus, when they saw that He was already dead, they did not break His legs. 34 But one of the soldiers pierced His side with a spear, and immediately (BD)blood and water came out. 35 And he who has seen has (BE)testified, and his testimony is true; and he knows that he is telling the truth, so that you also may believe. 36 For these things came to pass (BF)to fulfill the Scripture, “(BG)Not a bone of Him shall be [p]broken.” 37 And again another Scripture says, “(BH)They shall look on Him whom they pierced.”

38 (BI)After these things Joseph of Arimathea, being a disciple of Jesus, but a (BJ)secret one for (BK)fear of the Jews, asked Pilate that he might take away the body of Jesus; and Pilate granted permission. So he came and took away His body. 39 (BL)Nicodemus, who had first come to Him by night, also came, (BM)bringing a [q]mixture of (BN)myrrh and aloes, about a (BO)hundred [r]pounds weight. 40 So they took the body of Jesus and (BP)bound it in (BQ)linen wrappings with the spices, as is the burial custom of the Jews. 41 Now in the place where He was crucified there was a garden, and in the garden a (BR)new tomb (BS)in which no one had yet been laid. 42 Therefore because of the Jewish day of (BT)preparation, since the tomb was (BU)nearby, they laid Jesus there.

The Empty Tomb

20 (BV)Now on the first day of the week (BW)Mary Magdalene *came early to the tomb, while it *was still dark, and *saw (BX)the stone already taken away from the tomb. So she *ran and *came to Simon Peter and to the other (BY)disciple whom Jesus loved, and *said to them, “(BZ)They have taken away the Lord out of the tomb, and we do not know where they have laid Him.” (CA)So Peter and the other disciple went forth, and they were going to the tomb. The two were running together; and the other disciple ran ahead faster than Peter and came to the tomb first; and (CB)stooping and looking in, he *saw the (CC)linen wrappings lying there; but he did not go in. And so Simon Peter also *came, following him, and entered the tomb; and he *saw the linen wrappings lying there, and (CD)the face-cloth which had been on His head, not lying with the (CE)linen wrappings, but rolled up in a place by itself. So the other disciple who (CF)had first come to the tomb then also entered, and he saw and believed. For as yet (CG)they did not understand the Scripture, (CH)that He must rise again from the dead. 10 So the disciples went away again (CI)to their own homes.

11 (CJ)But Mary was standing outside the tomb weeping; and so, as she wept, she (CK)stooped and looked into the tomb; 12 and she *saw (CL)two angels in white sitting, one at the head and one at the feet, where the body of Jesus had been lying. 13 And they *said to her, “(CM)Woman, why are you weeping?” She *said to them, “Because (CN)they have taken away my Lord, and I do not know where they have laid Him.” 14 When she had said this, she turned around and *(CO)saw Jesus standing there, and (CP)did not know that it was Jesus. 15 Jesus *said to her, (CQ)Woman, why are you weeping? Whom are you seeking?” Supposing Him to be the gardener, she *said to Him, “Sir, if you have carried Him away, tell me where you have laid Him, and I will take Him away.” 16 Jesus *said to her, “Mary!” She turned and *said to Him (CR)in [s]Hebrew, “(CS)Rabboni!” (which means, Teacher). 17 Jesus *said to her, “Stop clinging to Me, for I have not yet ascended to the Father; but go to (CT)My brethren and say to them, ‘I (CU)ascend to My Father and your Father, and My God and your God.’” 18 (CV)Mary Magdalene *came, (CW)announcing to the disciples, “I have seen the Lord,” and that He had said these things to her.

Jesus among His Disciples

19 So when it was evening on that day, the first day of the week, and when the doors were shut where the disciples were, for (CX)fear of the Jews, Jesus came and stood in their midst and *said to them, [t](CY)Peace be with you.” 20 And when He had said this, (CZ)He showed them both His hands and His side. The disciples then (DA)rejoiced when they saw the Lord. 21 So Jesus said to them again, (DB)Peace be with you; (DC)as the Father has sent Me, I also send you.” 22 And when He had said this, He breathed on them and *said to them, “Receive the Holy Spirit. 23 (DD)If you forgive the sins of any, their sins [u]have been forgiven them; if you retain the sins of any, they have been retained.”

24 But (DE)Thomas, one of (DF)the twelve, called [v](DG)Didymus, was not with them when Jesus came. 25 So the other disciples were saying to him, “We have seen the Lord!” But he said to them, “Unless I see in (DH)His hands the imprint of the nails, and put my finger into the place of the nails, and put my hand into His side, (DI)I will not believe.”

26 [w]After eight days His disciples were again inside, and Thomas with them. Jesus *came, the doors having been [x]shut, and stood in their midst and said, (DJ)Peace be with you.” 27 Then He *said to Thomas, (DK)Reach here with your finger, and see My hands; and reach here your hand and put it into My side; and do not be unbelieving, but believing.” 28 Thomas answered and said to Him, “My Lord and my God!” 29 Jesus *said to him, “Because you have seen Me, have you believed? (DL)Blessed are they who did not see, and yet believed.”

Why This Gospel Was Written

30 (DM)Therefore many other [y](DN)signs Jesus also performed in the presence of the disciples, which are not written in this book; 31 but these have been written (DO)so that you may believe that Jesus is [z]the Christ, (DP)the Son of God; and that (DQ)believing you may have life in His name.

Jesus Appears at the Sea of Galilee

21 After these things Jesus [aa](DR)manifested Himself (DS)again to the disciples at the (DT)Sea of Tiberias, and He manifested Himself in this way. Simon Peter, and (DU)Thomas called [ab]Didymus, and (DV)Nathanael of (DW)Cana in Galilee, and (DX)the sons of Zebedee, and two others of His disciples were together. Simon Peter *said to them, “I am going fishing.” They *said to him, “We will also come with you.” They went out and got into the boat; and (DY)that night they caught nothing.

But when the day was now breaking, Jesus stood on the beach; yet the disciples did not (DZ)know that it was Jesus. So Jesus *said to them, “Children, (EA)you do not have [ac]any fish, do you?” They answered Him, “No.” And He said to them, (EB)Cast the net on the right-hand side of the boat and you will find a catch.” So they cast, and then they were not able to haul it in because of the great number of fish. (EC)Therefore that disciple whom Jesus loved *said to Peter, “It is the Lord.” So when Simon Peter heard that it was the Lord, he put his outer garment on (for he was stripped for work), and threw himself into the sea. But the other disciples came in the little boat, for they were not far from the land, but about [ad]one hundred yards away, dragging the net full of fish.

So when they got out on the land, they *saw a charcoal (ED)fire already laid and (EE)fish placed on it, and bread. 10 Jesus *said to them, “Bring some of the (EF)fish which you have now caught.” 11 Simon Peter went up and drew the net to land, full of large fish, a hundred and fifty-three; and although there were so many, the net was not torn.

Jesus Provides

12 Jesus *said to them, “Come and have (EG)breakfast.” None of the disciples ventured to question Him, “Who are You?” knowing that it was the Lord. 13 Jesus *came and *took (EH)the bread and *gave it to them, and the (EI)fish likewise. 14 This is now the (EJ)third time that Jesus [ae]was manifested to the disciples, after He was raised from the dead.

The Love Motivation

15 So when they had (EK)finished breakfast, Jesus *said to Simon Peter, “Simon, son of John, do you [af](EL)love Me more than these?” He *said to Him, “Yes, Lord; You know that I [ag]love You.” He *said to him, “Tend (EM)My lambs.” 16 He *said to him again a second time, “Simon, son of John, do you [ah]love Me?” He *said to Him, “Yes, Lord; You know that I [ai]love You.” He *said to him, (EN)Shepherd My sheep.” 17 He *said to him the third time, “Simon, son of John, do you [aj]love Me?” Peter was grieved because He said to him (EO)the third time, “Do you [ak]love Me?” And he said to Him, “Lord, (EP)You know all things; You know that I [al]love You.” Jesus *said to him, (EQ)Tend My sheep.

Our Times Are in His Hand

18 Truly, truly, I say to you, when you were younger, you used to gird yourself and walk wherever you wished; but when you grow old, you will stretch out your hands and someone else will gird you, and bring you where you do not wish to go.” 19 Now this He said, (ER)signifying by (ES)what kind of death he would glorify God. And when He had spoken this, He *said to him, (ET)Follow Me!”

20 Peter, turning around, *saw the (EU)disciple whom Jesus loved following them; the one who also had (EV)leaned back on His bosom at the supper and said, “Lord, who is the one who betrays You?” 21 So Peter seeing him *said to Jesus, “Lord, and what about this man?” 22 Jesus *said to him, “If I want him to remain (EW)until I come, what is that to you? You (EX)follow Me!” 23 Therefore this saying went out among (EY)the brethren that that disciple would not die; yet Jesus did not say to him that he would not die, but only, “If I want him to remain (EZ)until I come, what is that to you?”

24 This is the disciple who (FA)is testifying to these things and wrote these things, and we know that his testimony is true.

25 And there are also (FB)many other things which Jesus did, which if they *were written in detail, I suppose that even the world itself *would not contain the books that *would be written.


  1. John 19:1 Or had Him scourged
  2. John 19:9 I.e. governor’s official residence
  3. John 19:11 Lit against
  4. John 19:12 Lit was seeking to
  5. John 19:12 Or speaks against
  6. John 19:13 Gr The Lithostrotos
  7. John 19:13 I.e. Jewish Aramaic
  8. John 19:14 Perhaps 6 a.m.
  9. John 19:17 Lit bearing the cross for Himself
  10. John 19:17 I.e. Jewish Aramaic
  11. John 19:20 I.e. Jewish Aramaic
  12. John 19:23 Gr khiton, the garment worn next to the skin
  13. John 19:23 Lit from the upper part through the whole
  14. John 19:24 Lit a lot
  15. John 19:31 Lit for the day of that Sabbath was great
  16. John 19:36 Or crushed or shattered
  17. John 19:39 Two early mss read package of
  18. John 19:39 Lit 100 litras (12 oz each)
  19. John 20:16 I.e. Jewish Aramaic
  20. John 20:19 Lit Peace to you
  21. John 20:23 I.e. have previously been forgiven
  22. John 20:24 I.e. the Twin
  23. John 20:26 Or A week later
  24. John 20:26 Or locked
  25. John 20:30 Or attesting miracles
  26. John 20:31 I.e. the Messiah
  27. John 21:1 Or made Himself visible
  28. John 21:2 I.e. the Twin
  29. John 21:5 Lit something eaten with bread
  30. John 21:8 Lit 200 cubits
  31. John 21:14 Or made Himself visible
  32. John 21:15 Gr agapao
  33. John 21:15 Gr phileo
  34. John 21:16 Gr agapao
  35. John 21:16 Gr phileo
  36. John 21:17 Gr phileo
  37. John 21:17 Gr phileo
  38. John 21:17 Gr phileo

Jesus before Pilate

23 Then the whole body of them got up and (A)brought Him before Pilate. (B)And they began to accuse Him, saying, “We found this man (C)misleading our nation and (D)forbidding to pay taxes to Caesar, and saying that He Himself is [a]Christ, a King.” So Pilate asked Him, saying, “Are You the King of the Jews?” And He answered him and said, (E)It is as you say.” Then Pilate said to the chief priests and the crowds, “(F)I find no guilt in this man.” But they kept on insisting, saying, “He stirs up the people, teaching all over Judea, (G)starting from Galilee even as far as this place.”

When Pilate heard it, he asked whether the man was a Galilean. And when he learned that He belonged to Herod’s jurisdiction, he sent Him to (H)Herod, who himself also was in Jerusalem [b]at that time.

Jesus before Herod

Now Herod was very glad when he saw Jesus; for (I)he had wanted to see Him for a long time, because he had been hearing about Him and was hoping to see some [c]sign performed by Him. And he questioned Him [d]at some length; but (J)He answered him nothing. 10 And the chief priests and the scribes were standing there, accusing Him vehemently. 11 And Herod with his soldiers, after treating Him with contempt and mocking Him, (K)dressed Him in a gorgeous robe and sent Him back to Pilate. 12 Now (L)Herod and Pilate became friends with one another that very day; for before they had been enemies with each other.

Pilate Seeks Jesus’ Release

13 Pilate summoned the chief priests and the (M)rulers and the people, 14 and said to them, “You brought this man to me as one who (N)incites the people to rebellion, and behold, having examined Him before you, I (O)have found no guilt in this man regarding the charges which you make against Him. 15 No, nor has (P)Herod, for he sent Him back to us; and behold, nothing deserving death has been done by Him. 16 Therefore I will (Q)punish Him and release Him.” 17 [[e]Now he was obliged to release to them at the feast one prisoner.]

18 But they cried out all together, saying, “(R)Away with this man, and release for us Barabbas!” 19 (He was one who had been thrown into prison for an insurrection made in the city, and for murder.) 20 Pilate, wanting to release Jesus, addressed them again, 21 but they kept on calling out, saying, “Crucify, crucify Him!” 22 And he said to them the third time, “Why, what evil has this man done? I have found in Him no guilt demanding death; therefore I will (S)punish Him and release Him.” 23 But they were insistent, with loud voices asking that He be crucified. And their voices began to prevail. 24 And Pilate pronounced sentence that their demand be granted. 25 And he released the man they were asking for who had been thrown into prison for insurrection and murder, but he delivered Jesus to their will.

Simon Bears the Cross

26 (T)When they led Him away, they seized a man, Simon of (U)Cyrene, coming in from the country, and placed on him the cross to carry behind Jesus.

27 And following Him was a large crowd of the people, and of women who were [f](V)mourning and lamenting Him. 28 But Jesus turning to them said, “Daughters of Jerusalem, stop weeping for Me, but weep for yourselves and for your children. 29 For behold, the days are coming when they will say, ‘(W)Blessed are the barren, and the wombs that never bore, and the breasts that never nursed.’ 30 Then they will begin to (X)say to the mountains, ‘Fall on us,’ and to the hills, ‘Cover us.’ 31 For if they do these things [g]when the tree is green, what will happen [h]when it is dry?”

32 (Y)Two others also, who were criminals, were being led away to be put to death with Him.

The Crucifixion

33 (Z)When they came to the place called [i]The Skull, there they crucified Him and the criminals, one on the right and the other on the left. 34 [j]But Jesus was saying, (AA)Father, forgive them; for they do not know what they are doing.” (AB)And they cast lots, dividing up His garments among themselves. 35 And the people stood by, looking on. And even the (AC)rulers were sneering at Him, saying, “He saved others; (AD)let Him save Himself if this is the [k]Christ of God, His Chosen One.” 36 The soldiers also mocked Him, coming up to Him, (AE)offering Him sour wine, 37 and saying, “(AF)If You are the King of the Jews, save Yourself!” 38 Now there was also an inscription above Him, “(AG)THIS IS THE KING OF THE JEWS.”

39 (AH)One of the criminals who were hanged there was [l]hurling abuse at Him, saying, “Are You not the [m]Christ? (AI)Save Yourself and us!” 40 But the other answered, and rebuking him said, “Do you not even fear God, since you are under the same sentence of condemnation? 41 And we indeed are suffering justly, for we are receiving [n]what we deserve for our deeds; but this man has done nothing wrong.” 42 And he was saying, “Jesus, remember me when You come [o]in Your kingdom!” 43 And He said to him, “Truly I say to you, today you shall be with Me in (AJ)Paradise.”

44 (AK)It was now about [p](AL)the sixth hour, and darkness [q]fell over the whole land until [r]the ninth hour, 45 [s]because the sun was obscured; and (AM)the veil of the temple was torn [t]in two. 46 And Jesus, (AN)crying out with a loud voice, said, “Father, (AO)into Your hands I commit My spirit.” Having said this, He breathed His last. 47 (AP)Now when the centurion saw what had happened, he began (AQ)praising God, saying, “Certainly this man was [u]innocent.” 48 And all the crowds who came together for this spectacle, when they observed what had happened, began to return, [v](AR)beating their breasts. 49 (AS)And all His acquaintances and (AT)the women who accompanied Him from Galilee were standing at a distance, seeing these things.

Jesus Is Buried

50 (AU)And a man named Joseph, who was a (AV)member of the Council, a good and righteous man 51 (he had not consented to their plan and action), a man from Arimathea, a city of the Jews, who was (AW)waiting for the kingdom of God; 52 this man went to Pilate and asked for the body of Jesus. 53 And he took it down and wrapped it in a linen cloth, and laid Him in a tomb cut into the rock, where no one had ever lain. 54 It was (AX)the [w]preparation day, and the Sabbath was about to [x]begin. 55 Now (AY)the women who had come with Him out of Galilee followed, and saw the tomb and how His body was laid. 56 Then they returned and (AZ)prepared spices and perfumes.

And (BA)on the Sabbath they rested according to the commandment.

The Resurrection

24 (BB)But on the first day of the week, at early dawn, they came to the tomb bringing the spices which they had prepared. And they found the stone rolled away from the tomb, but when they entered, they did not find the body of (BC)the Lord Jesus. While they were perplexed about this, behold, (BD)two men suddenly (BE)stood near them in dazzling clothing; and as the women were terrified and bowed their faces to the ground, the men said to them, “Why do you seek the living One among the dead? He is not here, but He (BF)has [y]risen. Remember how He spoke to you (BG)while He was still in Galilee, saying that (BH)the Son of Man must be delivered into the hands of sinful men, and be crucified, and the third day rise again.” And (BI)they remembered His words, and returned from the tomb and reported all these things to the eleven and to all the rest. 10 Now they were (BJ)Mary Magdalene and Joanna and Mary the mother of James; also the other women with them were telling these things to (BK)the apostles. 11 But these words appeared [z]to them as nonsense, and they (BL)would not believe them. 12 But Peter got up and (BM)ran to the tomb; stooping and looking in, he *saw the linen wrappings [aa]only; and he went away (BN)to his home, marveling at what had happened.

The Road to Emmaus

13 And behold, (BO)two of them were going that very day to a village named Emmaus, which was [ab]about seven miles from Jerusalem. 14 And they were talking with each other about all these things which had taken place. 15 While they were talking and discussing, Jesus Himself approached and began traveling with them. 16 But (BP)their eyes were prevented from recognizing Him. 17 And He said to them, “What are these words that you are exchanging with one another as you are walking?” And they stood still, looking sad. 18 One of them, named Cleopas, answered and said to Him, “Are You [ac]the only one visiting Jerusalem and unaware of the things which have happened here in these days?” 19 And He said to them, “What things?” And they said to Him, “The things about (BQ)Jesus the Nazarene, who was a (BR)prophet mighty in deed and word in the sight of God and all the people, 20 and how the chief priests and our (BS)rulers delivered Him to the sentence of death, and crucified Him. 21 But we were hoping that it was He who was going to (BT)redeem Israel. Indeed, besides all this, it is the third day since these things happened. 22 But also some women among us amazed us. (BU)When they were at the tomb early in the morning, 23 and did not find His body, they came, saying that they had also seen a vision of angels who said that He was alive. 24 Some of those who were with us went to the tomb and found it just exactly as the women also had said; but Him they did not see.” 25 And He said to them, “O foolish men and slow of heart to believe in all that (BV)the prophets have spoken! 26 (BW)Was it not necessary for the [ad]Christ to suffer these things and to enter into His glory?” 27 Then beginning [ae]with (BX)Moses and [af]with all the (BY)prophets, He explained to them the things concerning Himself in all the Scriptures.

28 And they approached the village where they were going, and (BZ)He acted as though He were going farther. 29 But they urged Him, saying, “Stay with us, for it is getting toward evening, and the day [ag]is now nearly over.” So He went in to stay with them. 30 When He had reclined at the table with them, He took the bread and (CA)blessed it, and breaking it, He began giving it to them. 31 Then their (CB)eyes were opened and they recognized Him; and He vanished from [ah]their sight. 32 They said to one another, “[ai]Were not our hearts burning within us while He was speaking to us on the road, while He (CC)was [aj]explaining the Scriptures to us?” 33 And they got up that very hour and returned to Jerusalem, and (CD)found gathered together the eleven and (CE)those who were with them, 34 saying, “(CF)The Lord has really risen and (CG)has appeared to Simon.” 35 They began to relate [ak]their experiences on the road and how (CH)He was recognized by them in the breaking of the bread.

Other Appearances

36 While they were telling these things, (CI)He Himself stood in their midst and *said to them, “Peace be to you.” 37 But they were startled and frightened and thought that they were seeing (CJ)a spirit. 38 And He said to them, “Why are you troubled, and why do doubts arise in your [al]hearts? 39 (CK)See My hands and My feet, that it is I Myself; (CL)touch Me and see, for a spirit does not have flesh and bones as you see that I have.” 40 And when He had said this, He showed them His hands and His feet. 41 While they still [am](CM)could not believe it because of their joy and amazement, He said to them, (CN)Have you anything here to eat?” 42 They gave Him a piece of a broiled fish; 43 and He took it and (CO)ate it before them.

44 Now He said to them, (CP)These are My words which I spoke to you while I was still with you, that all things which are written about Me in the (CQ)Law of Moses and the Prophets and (CR)the Psalms must be fulfilled.” 45 Then He (CS)opened their [an]minds to understand the Scriptures, 46 and He said to them, (CT)Thus it is written, that the [ao]Christ would suffer and (CU)rise again from the dead the third day, 47 and that (CV)repentance [ap]for forgiveness of sins would be proclaimed [aq]in His name to (CW)all the nations, beginning from Jerusalem. 48 You are (CX)witnesses of these things. 49 And behold, (CY)I am sending forth the promise of My Father upon you; but (CZ)you are to stay in the city until you are clothed with power from on high.”

The Ascension

50 And He led them out as far as (DA)Bethany, and He lifted up His hands and blessed them. 51 While He was blessing them, He parted from them and was carried up into heaven. 52 And they, after worshiping Him, returned to Jerusalem with great joy, 53 and were continually in the temple [ar]praising God.


  1. Luke 23:2 I.e. Messiah
  2. Luke 23:7 Lit in these days
  3. Luke 23:8 Or attesting miracle
  4. Luke 23:9 Lit in many words
  5. Luke 23:17 Early mss do not contain this v
  6. Luke 23:27 Lit beating the breast
  7. Luke 23:31 Lit in the green tree
  8. Luke 23:31 Lit in the dry
  9. Luke 23:33 In Lat Calvarius; or Calvary
  10. Luke 23:34 Some early mss do not contain But Jesus was saying...doing
  11. Luke 23:35 I.e. Messiah
  12. Luke 23:39 Or blaspheming
  13. Luke 23:39 I.e. Messiah
  14. Luke 23:41 Lit things worthy of what we have done
  15. Luke 23:42 Or into
  16. Luke 23:44 I.e. noon
  17. Luke 23:44 Or occurred
  18. Luke 23:44 I.e. 3 p.m.
  19. Luke 23:45 Lit the sun failing
  20. Luke 23:45 Lit in the middle
  21. Luke 23:47 Lit righteous
  22. Luke 23:48 I.e. as a traditional sign of mourning or contrition
  23. Luke 23:54 I.e. preparation for the Sabbath
  24. Luke 23:54 Lit dawn
  25. Luke 24:6 Or been raised
  26. Luke 24:11 Lit in their sight
  27. Luke 24:12 Or by themselves
  28. Luke 24:13 Lit 60 stadia; one stadion was about 600 ft
  29. Luke 24:18 Or visiting Jerusalem alone
  30. Luke 24:26 I.e. Messiah
  31. Luke 24:27 Lit from
  32. Luke 24:27 Lit from
  33. Luke 24:29 Lit has now declined
  34. Luke 24:31 Lit them
  35. Luke 24:32 Lit Was not our heart
  36. Luke 24:32 Lit opening
  37. Luke 24:35 Lit the things
  38. Luke 24:38 Lit heart
  39. Luke 24:41 Lit were disbelieving
  40. Luke 24:45 Lit mind
  41. Luke 24:46 I.e. Messiah
  42. Luke 24:47 Later mss read and forgiveness
  43. Luke 24:47 Or on the basis of
  44. Luke 24:53 Lit blessing


The first account I [a]composed, (A)Theophilus, about all that Jesus (B)began to do and teach, until the day when He (C)was taken up to heaven, after He (D)had [b]by the Holy Spirit given orders to (E)the apostles whom He had (F)chosen. To [c]these (G)He also presented Himself alive after His suffering, by many convincing proofs, appearing to them over a period of forty days and speaking of (H)the things concerning the kingdom of God. [d]Gathering them together, He commanded them (I)not to leave Jerusalem, but to wait for [e](J)what the Father had promised, “Which,” He said, “you heard of from Me; for (K)John baptized with water, but you will be baptized [f]with the Holy Spirit [g](L)not many days from now.”

So when they had come together, they were asking Him, saying, “Lord, (M)is it at this time You are restoring the kingdom to Israel?” He said to them, “It is not for you to know times or epochs which (N)the Father has fixed by His own authority; but you will receive power (O)when the Holy Spirit has come upon you; and you shall be (P)My witnesses both in Jerusalem, and in all Judea and (Q)Samaria, and even to (R)the remotest part of the earth.”

The Ascension

And after He had said these things, (S)He was lifted up while they were looking on, and a cloud received Him out of their sight. 10 And as they were gazing intently into [h]the sky while He was going, behold, (T)two men in white clothing stood beside them. 11 They also said, “(U)Men of Galilee, why do you stand looking into [i]the sky? This Jesus, who (V)has been taken up from you into heaven, will (W)come in just the same way as you have watched Him go into heaven.”

The Upper Room

12 Then they (X)returned to Jerusalem from the [j](Y)mount called [k]Olivet, which is near Jerusalem, a [l]Sabbath day’s journey away.

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  1. Acts 1:1 Lit made
  2. Acts 1:2 Or through
  3. Acts 1:3 Lit whom
  4. Acts 1:4 Or eating with; or lodging with
  5. Acts 1:4 Lit the promise of the Father
  6. Acts 1:5 Or in
  7. Acts 1:5 Lit not long after these many days
  8. Acts 1:10 Or heaven
  9. Acts 1:11 Or heaven
  10. Acts 1:12 Or hill
  11. Acts 1:12 Or Olive Grove
  12. Acts 1:12 I.e. 2K cubits, or approx 3/5 mile

The Fact of Christ’s Resurrection

15 Now (A)I make known to you, brethren, the (B)gospel which I preached to you, which also you received, (C)in which also you stand, by which also you are saved, (D)if you hold fast [a]the word which I preached to you, (E)unless you believed in vain.

For (F)I delivered to you [b]as of first importance what I also received, that Christ died (G)for our sins (H)according to the Scriptures, and that He was buried, and that He was (I)raised on the third day (J)according to the Scriptures, and that (K)He appeared to (L)Cephas, then (M)to the twelve. After that He appeared to more than five hundred brethren at one time, most of whom remain until now, but some (N)have fallen asleep; then He appeared to [c](O)James, then to (P)all the apostles; and last of all, as [d]to one untimely born, (Q)He appeared to me also. For I am (R)the least of the apostles, [e]and not fit to be called an apostle, because I (S)persecuted the church of God. 10 But by (T)the grace of God I am what I am, and His grace toward me did not prove vain; but I (U)labored even more than all of them, yet (V)not I, but the grace of God with me. 11 Whether then it was I or they, so we preach and so you believed.

12 Now if Christ is preached, that He has been raised from the dead, how do some among you say that there (W)is no resurrection of the dead? 13 But if there is no resurrection of the dead, not even Christ has been raised; 14 and (X)if Christ has not been raised, then our preaching is vain, your faith also is vain. 15 Moreover we are even found to be false witnesses of God, because we testified [f]against God that He (Y)raised [g]Christ, whom He did not raise, if in fact the dead are not raised. 16 For if the dead are not raised, not even Christ has been raised; 17 and if Christ has not been raised, your faith is worthless; (Z)you are still in your sins. 18 Then those also who (AA)have fallen asleep in Christ have perished.

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  1. 1 Corinthians 15:2 Lit to what word I
  2. 1 Corinthians 15:3 Lit among the first
  3. 1 Corinthians 15:7 Or Jacob
  4. 1 Corinthians 15:8 Lit to an untimely birth
  5. 1 Corinthians 15:9 Lit who am
  6. 1 Corinthians 15:15 Or concerning
  7. 1 Corinthians 15:15 I.e. the Messiah