The Resurrection

16 (A)When the Sabbath was over, (B)Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of [a]James, and Salome (C)bought spices so that they might come and anoint Him. And very early on the first day of the week, they *came to the tomb when the sun had risen. They were saying to one another, “Who will roll away (D)the stone from the entrance of the tomb for us?” And looking up, they *noticed that the stone had been rolled away; [b]for it was extremely large. And (E)entering the tomb, they saw a young man sitting at the right, wearing a white robe; and they (F)were amazed. But he *said to them, “(G)Do not be amazed; you are looking for Jesus the (H)Nazarene, who has been crucified. (I)He has risen; He is not here; see, here is the place where they laid Him. But go, tell His disciples and Peter, ‘(J)He is going ahead of you to Galilee; there you will see Him, just as He told you.’” And they went out and fled from the tomb, for trembling and astonishment had gripped them; and they said nothing to anyone, for they were afraid.

[[[c]Now after He had risen early on the first day of the week, He first appeared to (K)Mary Magdalene, from whom He had cast out seven demons. 10 (L)She went and reported to those who had been with Him, while they were mourning and weeping. 11 And when they heard that He was alive and had been seen by her, (M)they refused to believe it.

12 Now after that, (N)He appeared in a different form (O)to two of them while they were walking along on their way to the country. 13 And they went away and reported it to the rest, but they (P)did not believe them, either.

The Disciples Commissioned

14 Later (Q)He appeared (R)to the eleven disciples themselves as they were reclining at the table; and He reprimanded them for their (S)unbelief and hardness of heart, because they had not believed those who had seen Him after He had risen from the dead. 15 And He said to them, (T)Go into all the world and preach the gospel to all creation. 16 (U)The one who has believed and has been baptized will be saved; but the one who has not believed will be condemned. 17 These signs will accompany those who have believed: (V)in My name they will cast out demons, they will (W)speak with new tongues; 18 they will (X)pick up serpents, and if they drink any deadly poison, it will not harm them; they will (Y)lay hands on the sick, and they will recover.”

19 So then, when the Lord Jesus had (Z)spoken to them, He (AA)was received up into heaven and (AB)sat down at the right hand of God. 20 And they went out and preached everywhere, while the Lord worked with them, and confirmed the word by the signs that followed.]]

[[[d]And they promptly reported all these instructions to Peter and his companions. And after that, Jesus Himself also sent out through them from east to west the sacred and imperishable proclamation of eternal salvation.]]


  1. Mark 16:1 Or Jacob
  2. Mark 16:4 I.e., its size drew their attention
  3. Mark 16:9 Later mss add vv 9-20
  4. Mark 16:20 A few late mss and ancient versions contain this paragraph, usually after v 8; a few have it at the end of the ch

11 Believe Me that (A)I am in the Father and the Father is in Me; otherwise (B)believe because of the works themselves. 12 Truly, truly I say to you, the one who believes in Me, the works that I do, he will do also; and (C)greater works than these he will do; because (D)I am going to the Father. 13 And (E)whatever you ask in My name, this I will do, so that (F)the Father may be glorified in the Son. 14 If you ask Me anything (G)in My name, I will do it.

15 (H)If you love Me, you will keep My commandments.

The Holy Spirit

16 I will ask the Father, and He will give you another [a](I)Helper, so that He may be with you forever;

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  1. John 14:16 Or Comforter, Advocate, Intercessor


The first account I [a]composed, (A)Theophilus, about all that Jesus (B)began to do and teach, until the day when He (C)was taken up to heaven, after He (D)had given orders [b]by the Holy Spirit to (E)the apostles whom He had (F)chosen. To [c]these (G)He also presented Himself alive after His suffering, by many convincing proofs, appearing to them over a period of forty days and speaking of (H)things regarding the kingdom of God. [d]Gathering them together, He commanded them (I)not to leave Jerusalem, but to wait for [e](J)what the Father had promised, “Which,” He said, “you heard of from Me; for (K)John baptized [f]with water, but you will be baptized [g]with the Holy Spirit [h](L)not many days from now.”

So, when they had come together, they began asking Him, saying, “Lord, (M)is it at this time that You are restoring the kingdom to Israel?” But He said to them, “It is not for you to know periods of time or appointed times which (N)the Father has set by His own authority; but you will receive power (O)when the Holy Spirit has come upon you; and you shall be (P)My witnesses both in Jerusalem and in all Judea, and (Q)Samaria, and as far as (R)the remotest part of the earth.”

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  1. Acts 1:1 Lit made
  2. Acts 1:2 Or through
  3. Acts 1:3 Lit whom
  4. Acts 1:4 Or eating with; or lodging with
  5. Acts 1:4 Lit the promise of the Father
  6. Acts 1:5 Or in
  7. Acts 1:5 Or in
  8. Acts 1:5 Lit not long after these many days

The Day of Pentecost

When (A)the day of Pentecost [a]had come, they were all together in one place. And suddenly a noise like a violent rushing wind came from heaven, and it filled (B)the whole house where they were sitting. And tongues that looked like fire appeared to them, [b]distributing themselves, and a tongue [c]rested on each one of them. And they were all (C)filled with the Holy Spirit and began to (D)speak with different [d]tongues, as the Spirit was giving them the ability to speak out.

Now there were Jews residing in Jerusalem, (E)devout men from every nation under heaven. And when (F)this sound occurred, the crowd came together and they were bewildered, because each one of them was hearing them speak in his own [e]language. (G)They were amazed and astonished, saying, “[f]Why, are not all these who are speaking (H)Galileans? And how is it that we each hear them in our own [g]language [h]to which we were born? Parthians, Medes, and Elamites, and residents of Mesopotamia, Judea, and (I)Cappadocia, (J)Pontus and [i](K)Asia, 10 (L)Phrygia and (M)Pamphylia, Egypt and the parts of Libya around (N)Cyrene, and [j](O)visitors from Rome, both Jews and [k](P)proselytes, 11 Cretans and Arabs—we hear them speaking in our own [l]tongues of the mighty deeds of God.” 12 And (Q)they all continued in amazement and great perplexity, saying to one another, “What does this mean?” 13 But others were jeering and saying, “(R)They are full of [m]sweet wine!”

Peter’s Sermon

14 But Peter, taking his stand with (S)the other eleven, raised his voice and declared to them: “Men of Judea and all you who live in Jerusalem, [n]know this, and pay attention to my words. 15 For these people are not drunk, as you assume, (T)since it is only the [o]third hour of the day; 16 but this is what has been spoken through the prophet Joel:

17 (U)And it shall be in the last days,’ God says,
That I will pour out My Spirit on all [p]mankind;
And your sons and your daughters will prophesy,
And your young men will see visions,
And your old men will [q]have dreams;
18 And even on My male and female [r]servants
I will pour out My Spirit in those days,
And they will prophesy.
19 And I will [s]display wonders in the sky above
And signs on the earth below,
Blood, fire, and [t]vapor of smoke.
20 The sun will be turned into darkness
And the moon into blood,
Before the great and glorious day of the Lord comes.
21 And it shall be that (V)everyone who calls on the name of the Lord will be saved.’

22 “Men of Israel, listen to these words: (W)Jesus the Nazarene, (X)a Man [u]attested to you by God with [v]miracles and (Y)wonders and [w]signs which God performed through Him in your midst, just as you yourselves know— 23 this Man, delivered over by the (Z)predetermined plan and foreknowledge of God, (AA)you nailed to a cross by the hands of [x]godless men and put Him to death. 24 [y]But (AB)God raised Him from the dead, putting an end to the [z]agony of death, since it (AC)was impossible for Him to be held [aa]in its power. 25 For David says of Him,

(AD)I saw the Lord continually before me,
Because He is at my right hand, so that I will not be shaken.
26 Therefore my heart was glad and my tongue was overjoyed;
Moreover my flesh also will live in hope;
27 For You will not abandon my soul to (AE)Hades,
(AF)Nor will You [ab]allow Your [ac]Holy One to [ad]undergo decay.
28 You have made known to me the ways of life;
You will make me full of gladness with Your presence.’

29 [ae]Brothers, I may confidently say to you regarding the (AG)patriarch David that he both (AH)died and (AI)was buried, and (AJ)his tomb is [af]with us to this day. 30 So because he was (AK)a prophet and knew that (AL)God had sworn to him with an oath to seat one [ag]of his descendants on his throne, 31 he looked ahead and spoke of the resurrection of the [ah]Christ, that (AM)He was neither abandoned to Hades, nor did His flesh [ai]suffer decay. 32 It is this Jesus whom (AN)God raised up, [aj]a fact to which we are all (AO)witnesses. 33 Therefore, [ak]since He has been exalted [al](AP)at the right hand of God, and (AQ)has received (AR)the promise of the Holy Spirit from the Father, He has (AS)poured out this which you both see and hear. 34 For it was not David who ascended into [am]heaven, but he himself says:

(AT)The Lord said to my Lord,
Sit at My right hand,
35 Until I make Your enemies a footstool for Your feet.”’

36 Therefore let all the (AU)house of Israel know for certain that God has made Him both (AV)Lord and [an]Christ—this Jesus (AW)whom you crucified.”

37 Now when they heard this, they were [ao]pierced to the heart, and said to Peter and the rest of the apostles, “[ap]Brothers, (AX)what are we to do?” 38 Peter said to them, “(AY)Repent, and each of you be (AZ)baptized in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins; and you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit. 39 For (BA)the promise is for you and your children and for all who are (BB)far away, as many as the Lord our God will call to Himself.” 40 And with many other words he solemnly (BC)testified and kept on urging them, saying, “[aq]Be saved from this (BD)perverse generation!” 41 So then, those who had received his word were baptized; and that day there were added about three thousand [ar](BE)souls. 42 They were (BF)continually devoting themselves to the apostles’ teaching and to fellowship, to (BG)the breaking of bread and (BH)to [as]prayer.

43 [at]Everyone kept feeling a sense of awe; and many (BI)wonders and [au]signs were taking place through the apostles. 44 And all the believers [av]were together and (BJ)had all things in common; 45 and they (BK)would sell their property and possessions and share them with all, to the extent that anyone had need. 46 (BL)Day by day continuing with one mind in the temple, and (BM)breaking bread [aw]from house to house, they were taking their [ax]meals together with gladness and [ay]sincerity of heart, 47 praising God and (BN)having favor with all the people. And the Lord (BO)was adding to [az]their number day by day (BP)those who were being saved.


  1. Acts 2:1 Lit was being fulfilled
  2. Acts 2:3 Or being distributed, and
  3. Acts 2:3 Or sat
  4. Acts 2:4 Or languages
  5. Acts 2:6 Or dialect
  6. Acts 2:7 Lit Behold
  7. Acts 2:8 Or dialect
  8. Acts 2:8 Lit in
  9. Acts 2:9 I.e., west coast province of Asia Minor
  10. Acts 2:10 Lit the sojourning Romans
  11. Acts 2:10 I.e., Gentile converts to Judaism
  12. Acts 2:11 Or languages
  13. Acts 2:13 I.e., new wine
  14. Acts 2:14 Lit let this be known to you
  15. Acts 2:15 I.e., 9 a.m.
  16. Acts 2:17 Lit flesh
  17. Acts 2:17 Lit dream with dreams
  18. Acts 2:18 Or slaves
  19. Acts 2:19 Lit give
  20. Acts 2:19 I.e., like a volcanic eruption
  21. Acts 2:22 Or exhibited; or accredited
  22. Acts 2:22 Or works of power
  23. Acts 2:22 I.e., confirming miracles
  24. Acts 2:23 Lit men without the Law; i.e., pagan
  25. Acts 2:24 Lit Whom God raised up
  26. Acts 2:24 Lit birth pains
  27. Acts 2:24 Lit by it
  28. Acts 2:27 Lit give
  29. Acts 2:27 Or Devout; or Pious
  30. Acts 2:27 Lit see corruption
  31. Acts 2:29 Lit Men, brothers
  32. Acts 2:29 Lit among
  33. Acts 2:30 Lit of the fruit of his loins
  34. Acts 2:31 I.e., Messiah
  35. Acts 2:31 Lit see corruption
  36. Acts 2:32 Or of whom we
  37. Acts 2:33 Or having been...having received
  38. Acts 2:33 Or by
  39. Acts 2:34 Lit the heavens
  40. Acts 2:36 I.e., Messiah
  41. Acts 2:37 Or wounded in conscience
  42. Acts 2:37 Lit Men, brothers
  43. Acts 2:40 Or Escape
  44. Acts 2:41 I.e., persons
  45. Acts 2:42 Lit the prayers
  46. Acts 2:43 Lit fear was occurring to every soul
  47. Acts 2:43 I.e., confirming miracles
  48. Acts 2:44 One early ms does not contain were and and
  49. Acts 2:46 Or in the various private homes
  50. Acts 2:46 Lit food
  51. Acts 2:46 Or simplicity
  52. Acts 2:47 Lit the same

Peter and John Arrested

As they were speaking to the people, the priests and (A)the captain of the temple guard and (B)the Sadducees (C)came up to them, being greatly disturbed because they were teaching the people and proclaiming [a](D)in Jesus the resurrection from the dead. And they laid hands on them and (E)put them in prison until the next day, for it was already evening. But many of those who had heard the [b]message believed; and (F)the number of the men came to be about five thousand.

On the next day, their (G)rulers and elders and scribes were gathered together in Jerusalem; and (H)Annas the high priest was there, and (I)Caiaphas, John, and Alexander, and all who were of high-priestly descent. When they had placed them in the center, they began to inquire, “By what power, or in what name, have you done this?” Then Peter, [c](J)filled with the Holy Spirit, said to them, “[d](K)Rulers and elders of the people, if we are [e]on trial today for (L)a benefit done to a sick man, as to [f]how this man has been made well, 10 let it be known to all of you and to all the people of Israel, that [g](M)by the name of Jesus Christ the Nazarene, whom you crucified, whom (N)God raised from the dead—[h]by [i]this name this man stands here before you in good health. 11 [j](O)He is the (P)stone which was (Q)rejected by you, the builders, but which became the chief cornerstone. 12 And there is salvation in (R)no one else; for there is no other name under heaven that has been given among mankind by which we must be saved.”

Threat and Release

13 Now as they observed the (S)confidence of (T)Peter and John and understood that they were uneducated and untrained men, they were amazed, and (U)began to recognize them [k]as having been with Jesus. 14 And seeing the man who had been healed standing with them, they had nothing to say in reply. 15 But when they had ordered them to leave the [l](V)Council, they began to confer with one another, 16 saying, “(W)What are we to do with these men? For the fact that a (X)noteworthy [m]miracle has taken place through them is apparent to all who live in Jerusalem, and we cannot deny it. 17 But so that it will not spread any further among the people, let’s warn them not to speak any longer to any person (Y)in this name.” 18 And when they had summoned them, they (Z)commanded them not to speak or teach at all [n]in the name of Jesus. 19 But (AA)Peter and John answered and said to them, “(AB)Whether it is right in the sight of God to listen to you rather than to God, make your own judgment; 20 for (AC)we cannot stop speaking about what we have seen and heard.” 21 When they had threatened them further, they let them go (finding no basis on which to punish them) (AD)on account of the people, because they were all (AE)glorifying God for what had happened; 22 for the man on whom this [o]miracle of healing had been performed was more than forty years old.

23 When they had been released, they went to their own companions and reported everything that the chief priests and the elders had said to them. 24 And when they heard this, they raised their voices to God with one mind and said, “[p]Lord, it is You who (AF)made the heaven and the earth and the sea, and everything that is in them, 25 who (AG)by the Holy Spirit, through the mouth of our father David Your servant, said,

(AH)Why were the [q]nations insolent,
And the peoples plotting in vain?
26 (AI)The kings of the earth [r]took their stand,
And the rulers were gathered together
Against the Lord and against His [s](AJ)Christ.’

27 For truly in this city there were gathered together against Your holy [t](AK)servant Jesus, whom You anointed, both (AL)Herod and (AM)Pontius Pilate, along with (AN)the [u]Gentiles and the peoples of Israel, 28 to do whatever Your hand and (AO)purpose predestined to occur. 29 And [v]now, Lord, look at their threats, and grant it to Your bond-servants to (AP)speak Your word with all (AQ)confidence, 30 while You extend Your hand to heal, and [w](AR)signs and wonders take place through the name of Your holy [x](AS)servant Jesus.” 31 And when they had prayed, the (AT)place where they had gathered together was shaken, and they were all (AU)filled with the Holy Spirit and began to (AV)speak the word of God with (AW)boldness.

Sharing among Believers

32 And the [y]congregation of those who believed were of one heart and soul; and not one of them [z]claimed that anything belonging to him was his own, but (AX)all things were common property to them. 33 And (AY)with great power the apostles were giving (AZ)testimony to the resurrection of the Lord Jesus, and abundant grace was upon them all. 34 For there was not a needy person among them, for all who were owners of land or houses (BA)would sell them and bring the [aa]proceeds of the sales 35 and (BB)lay them at the apostles’ feet, and they would be (BC)distributed to each to the extent that any had need.

36 Now Joseph, a Levite of (BD)Cyprian birth, who was also called (BE)Barnabas by the apostles (which translated means Son of [ab](BF)Encouragement), 37 [ac]owned a tract of land. So he sold it, and brought the money and (BG)laid it at the apostles’ feet.


  1. Acts 4:2 Or in the case of
  2. Acts 4:4 Lit word
  3. Acts 4:8 Or having just been filled
  4. Acts 4:8 Lit Rulers of the people and elders
  5. Acts 4:9 Lit answering
  6. Acts 4:9 Or by what; or by whom
  7. Acts 4:10 Or in
  8. Acts 4:10 Or in
  9. Acts 4:10 Or Him
  10. Acts 4:11 Lit This One
  11. Acts 4:13 Lit that they had been
  12. Acts 4:15 Or Sanhedrin
  13. Acts 4:16 Or sign
  14. Acts 4:18 Or on the basis of
  15. Acts 4:22 Or sign
  16. Acts 4:24 Or Master
  17. Acts 4:25 Or Gentiles
  18. Acts 4:26 Or approached
  19. Acts 4:26 I.e., Messiah
  20. Acts 4:27 Or Son
  21. Acts 4:27 Or nations
  22. Acts 4:29 Or as for the present situation
  23. Acts 4:30 I.e., confirming miracles
  24. Acts 4:30 Or Son
  25. Acts 4:32 Or community; lit multitude
  26. Acts 4:32 Lit was saying
  27. Acts 4:34 Lit the prices of the things being sold
  28. Acts 4:36 Or Exhortation; or Consolation
  29. Acts 4:37 Lit a tract...belonging to him, he sold...

However, since we have gifts that (A)differ according to the grace given to us, each of us is to use them properly: if (B)prophecy, [a]in proportion to one’s faith; if [b](C)service, in the act of serving; or the one who (D)teaches, in the act of teaching; or the one who [c](E)exhorts, in the work of [d]exhortation; the one who gives, with [e](F)generosity; (G)the one who [f]is in leadership, with diligence; the one who shows mercy, with (H)cheerfulness.

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  1. Romans 12:6 Or in agreement with the faith
  2. Romans 12:7 Or office of service
  3. Romans 12:8 Or encourages
  4. Romans 12:8 Or encouragement
  5. Romans 12:8 Or sincere concern
  6. Romans 12:8 Or provides care

The Use of Spiritual Gifts

12 Now concerning (A)spiritual gifts, brothers and sisters, (B)I do not want you to be unaware. (C)You know that when you were [a]pagans, you were (D)led [b]astray to the (E)mute idols, however you were led. Therefore I make known to you that no one speaking [c](F)by the Spirit of God says, “Jesus is [d](G)accursed”; and no one can say, “Jesus is (H)Lord,” except [e](I)by the Holy Spirit.

Now there are (J)varieties of gifts, but the same Spirit. And there are varieties of ministries, and the same Lord. There are varieties of effects, but the same (K)God who works all things in all persons. But to each one is given the manifestation of the Spirit (L)for the common good. For to one is given the word of (M)wisdom through the Spirit, and to another the word of (N)knowledge according to the same Spirit; to another (O)faith [f]by the same Spirit, and to another (P)gifts of [g]healing [h]by the one Spirit, 10 and to another the [i]effecting of [j](Q)miracles, and to another (R)prophecy, and to another the [k](S)distinguishing of spirits, to another various (T)kinds of tongues, and to another the (U)interpretation of tongues. 11 But one and the same Spirit works all these things, (V)distributing to each one individually just as He [l]wills.

12 For just (W)as the body is one and yet has many parts, and all the parts of the body, though they are many, are one body, (X)so also is Christ. 13 For [m](Y)by one Spirit we were all baptized into one body, whether (Z)Jews or Greeks, whether slaves or free, and we were all made to (AA)drink of one Spirit.

14 For (AB)the body is not one part, but many. 15 If the foot says, “Because I am not a hand, I am not a part of the body,” it is not for this reason [n]any less a part of the body. 16 And if the ear says, “Because I am not an eye, I am not a part of the body,” it is not for this reason [o]any less a part of the body. 17 If the whole body were an eye, where would the hearing be? If the whole body were hearing, where would the sense of smell be? 18 But now God has (AC)arranged the parts, each one of them in the body, (AD)just as He desired. 19 If they were all one part, where would the body be? 20 But now (AE)there are many parts, but one body. 21 And the eye cannot say to the hand, “I have no need of you”; or again, the head to the feet, “I have no need of you.” 22 On the contrary, [p]it is much truer that the parts of the body which seem to be weaker are necessary; 23 and those parts of the body which we [q]consider less honorable, [r]on these we bestow greater honor, and our less presentable parts become much more presentable, 24 whereas our more presentable parts have no need of it. But God has so composed the body, giving more abundant honor to that part which lacked, 25 so that there may be no [s]division in the body, but that the parts may have the same care for one another. 26 And if one part of the body suffers, all the parts suffer with it; if a part is [t]honored, all the parts rejoice with it.

27 Now you are (AF)Christ’s body, and (AG)individually parts of it. 28 And God has [u](AH)appointed in (AI)the church, first (AJ)apostles, second (AK)prophets, third (AL)teachers, then [v](AM)miracles, then (AN)gifts of healings, helps, (AO)administrations, and various (AP)kinds of tongues. 29 All are not apostles, are they? All are not prophets, are they? All are not teachers, are they? All are not workers of [w]miracles, are they? 30 All do not have gifts of healings, do they? All do not speak with tongues, do they? All do not (AQ)interpret, do they? 31 But (AR)earnestly desire the greater gifts.

And yet, I am going to show you a far better way.

The Excellence of Love

13 If I speak with the (AS)tongues of mankind and of (AT)angels, but do not have love, I have become a noisy gong or a (AU)clanging cymbal. If I have the gift of (AV)prophecy and know all (AW)mysteries and all (AX)knowledge, and if I have (AY)all faith so as to (AZ)remove mountains, but do not have love, I am nothing. And if I (BA)give away all my possessions to charity, and if I (BB)surrender my body so that I may [x]glory, but do not have love, it does me no good.

Love (BC)is patient, love is kind, it (BD)is not jealous; love does not brag, it is not (BE)arrogant. It does not act disgracefully, it (BF)does not seek its own benefit; it is not provoked, (BG)does not keep an account of a wrong suffered, (BH)it does not rejoice in unrighteousness, but (BI)rejoices with the truth; it [y](BJ)keeps every confidence, it believes all things, hopes all things, endures all things.

Love never fails; but if there are gifts of [z](BK)prophecy, they will be done away with; if there are (BL)tongues, they will cease; if there is knowledge, it will be done away with. For we (BM)know in part and prophesy in part; 10 but when the perfect comes, the partial will be done away with. 11 When I was a child, I used to speak like a child, think like a child, reason like a child; when I [aa]became a man, I did away with childish things. 12 For now we (BN)see in a mirror [ab]dimly, but then (BO)face to face; now I know in part, but then I will know fully, just as I also (BP)have been fully known. 13 But now faith, hope, and love remain, these three; but the [ac]greatest of these is (BQ)love.

Prophecy a Superior Gift

14 (BR)Pursue love, yet earnestly (BS)desire (BT)spiritual gifts, but especially that you may (BU)prophesy. For the one who (BV)speaks in a tongue does not speak to people, but to God; for no one [ad]understands, but [ae]in his spirit he speaks (BW)mysteries. But the one who prophesies speaks to people for (BX)edification, [af](BY)exhortation, and consolation. The one who (BZ)speaks in a tongue (CA)edifies himself; but the one who (CB)prophesies (CC)edifies the church. Now I wish that you all (CD)spoke in tongues, but (CE)rather that you would prophesy; and greater is the one who prophesies than the one who (CF)speaks in tongues, unless he interprets, so that the church may receive (CG)edification.

But now, brothers and sisters, if I come to you speaking in tongues, how will I benefit you unless I speak to you either by way of (CH)revelation, or of (CI)knowledge, or of (CJ)prophecy, or of (CK)teaching? Yet even lifeless instruments, whether flute or harp, in producing a sound, if they do not produce a distinction in the tones, how will it be known what is played on the flute or on the harp? For if (CL)the trumpet produces an indistinct sound, who will prepare himself for battle? So you too, unless you produce intelligible speech by the tongue, how will it be known what is spoken? For you will just be (CM)talking to the air. 10 There are, perhaps, a great many kinds of [ag]languages in the world, and none is incapable of meaning. 11 So if I do not know the meaning of the language, I will be (CN)unintelligible to the one who speaks, and the one who speaks will be unintelligible [ah]to me. 12 So you too, since you are eager to possess [ai]spiritual gifts, strive to excel for the (CO)edification of the church.

13 Therefore, one who speaks in a tongue is to pray that he may interpret. 14 For if I pray in a tongue, my spirit prays, but my mind is unproductive. 15 (CP)What is the outcome then? I will pray with the spirit, but I will pray with the mind also; I will (CQ)sing with the spirit, but I will sing with the mind also. 16 For otherwise, if you bless God [aj]in the spirit only, how will the one who occupies the place of the [ak]outsider know to say (CR)the “Amen” at your (CS)giving of thanks, since he does not understand what you are saying? 17 For you are giving thanks well enough, but the other person is not (CT)edified. 18 I thank God, I speak in tongues more than you all; 19 nevertheless, in church I prefer to speak five words with my mind so that I may instruct others also, rather than ten thousand words in a tongue.

Instruction for the Church

20 (CU)Brothers and sisters, (CV)do not be children in your thinking; yet in evil (CW)be infants, but in your thinking be mature. 21 In (CX)the [al]Law it is written: “(CY)By men of strange tongues and by the lips of strangers I will speak to this people, and even so they will not listen to Me,” says the Lord. 22 So then, tongues are for a sign, not to those who believe but to unbelievers; but (CZ)prophecy is not for unbelievers, but for those who believe. 23 Therefore if the whole church gathers together and all the people speak in tongues, and [am]outsiders or unbelievers enter, will they not say that (DA)you are insane? 24 But if all (DB)prophesy, and an unbeliever or an [an]outsider enters, he is (DC)convicted by all, he is called to account by all; 25 (DD)the secrets of his heart are disclosed; and so he will (DE)fall on his face and worship God, (DF)declaring that God is certainly among you.

26 (DG)What is the outcome then, (DH)brothers and sisters? When you assemble, (DI)each one has a (DJ)psalm, has a (DK)teaching, has a (DL)revelation, has a (DM)tongue, has an (DN)interpretation. (DO)All things are to be done for edification. 27 If anyone speaks in a (DP)tongue, it must be by two or at the most three, and each one in turn, and one is to (DQ)interpret; 28 but if there is no interpreter, he is to keep silent in church; and have him speak to himself and to God. 29 Have two or three (DR)prophets speak, and have the others (DS)pass judgment. 30 But if a revelation is made to another who is seated, then the first one is to keep silent. 31 For you can all prophesy one by one, so that all may learn and all may be [ao]exhorted; 32 and the spirits of prophets are subject to prophets; 33 for God is not a God of (DT)confusion, but of peace.

As in (DU)all the churches of the [ap](DV)saints, 34 the women are to (DW)keep silent in the churches; for they are not permitted to speak, but (DX)are to subject themselves, just as (DY)the Law also says. 35 If they desire to learn anything, let them ask their own husbands at home; for it is [aq]improper for a woman to speak in church. 36 Or was it from you that the word of God first went out? Or has it come to you only?

37 (DZ)If anyone thinks that he is a prophet or (EA)spiritual, let him recognize that the things which I write to you (EB)are the Lord’s commandment. 38 But if anyone does not recognize this, [ar]he is not recognized.

39 Therefore, my brothers and sisters, (EC)earnestly desire to (ED)prophesy, and do not forbid speaking in tongues. 40 But (EE)all things must be done properly and in an orderly way.


  1. 1 Corinthians 12:2 Lit Gentiles; i.e., mainly Greeks and Romans, traditionally polytheistic
  2. 1 Corinthians 12:2 Or away
  3. 1 Corinthians 12:3 Or in
  4. 1 Corinthians 12:3 Gr anathema
  5. 1 Corinthians 12:3 Or in
  6. 1 Corinthians 12:9 Or in
  7. 1 Corinthians 12:9 Lit healings
  8. 1 Corinthians 12:9 Or in
  9. 1 Corinthians 12:10 Lit effects
  10. 1 Corinthians 12:10 Or works of power
  11. 1 Corinthians 12:10 Lit distinguishings
  12. 1 Corinthians 12:11 Or intends
  13. 1 Corinthians 12:13 Or in
  14. 1 Corinthians 12:15 Lit not a part
  15. 1 Corinthians 12:16 Lit not a part
  16. 1 Corinthians 12:22 Lit to a much greater degree the parts
  17. 1 Corinthians 12:23 Or think to be
  18. 1 Corinthians 12:23 Or these we clothe with
  19. 1 Corinthians 12:25 Or dissension
  20. 1 Corinthians 12:26 Lit glorified
  21. 1 Corinthians 12:28 Lit set some in
  22. 1 Corinthians 12:28 Or works of power
  23. 1 Corinthians 12:29 Or works of power
  24. 1 Corinthians 13:3 I.e., in martyrdom
  25. 1 Corinthians 13:7 Lit covers all things
  26. 1 Corinthians 13:8 Lit prophecies
  27. 1 Corinthians 13:11 Lit have become...have done away with
  28. 1 Corinthians 13:12 Lit in a riddle
  29. 1 Corinthians 13:13 Lit greater
  30. 1 Corinthians 14:2 Lit hears
  31. 1 Corinthians 14:2 Or by the Spirit
  32. 1 Corinthians 14:3 Or encouragement
  33. 1 Corinthians 14:10 Lit voices
  34. 1 Corinthians 14:11 Or in my estimation
  35. 1 Corinthians 14:12 Lit spirits
  36. 1 Corinthians 14:16 Or with the
  37. 1 Corinthians 14:16 Lit private person
  38. 1 Corinthians 14:21 I.e., Old Testament, Isaiah
  39. 1 Corinthians 14:23 See note 2 v 16
  40. 1 Corinthians 14:24 See note 2 v 16
  41. 1 Corinthians 14:31 Or encouraged
  42. 1 Corinthians 14:33 I.e., God’s people
  43. 1 Corinthians 14:35 Or disgraceful
  44. 1 Corinthians 14:38 Two early mss let him continue not to recognize it

Unity of the Spirit

Therefore I, (A)the prisoner of the Lord, (B)urge you to (C)walk in a manner worthy of the (D)calling with which you have been (E)called, with all (F)humility and gentleness, with patience, bearing with one another (G)in love, being diligent to keep the unity of the Spirit in the (H)bond of peace. There is (I)one body and one Spirit, just as you also were called in one (J)hope of your calling; (K)one Lord, one faith, one baptism, one God and Father of all (L)who is over all and through all and in all.

But (M)to each one of us (N)grace was given (O)according to the measure of Christ’s gift. Therefore [a]it says,

(P)When He ascended on high,
He (Q)led captive the captives,
And He gave gifts to people.”

(Now this expression, “He (R)ascended,” what [b]does it mean except that He also [c]had descended into (S)the lower parts of the earth? 10 He who descended is Himself also He who ascended (T)far above all the heavens, so that He might (U)fill all things.) 11 And He (V)gave (W)some as apostles, some as prophets, some as (X)evangelists, some as [d]pastors and (Y)teachers, 12 (Z)for the equipping of the [e]saints for the work of ministry, for the building up of (AA)the body of Christ; 13 until we all attain to (AB)the unity of the faith, and of the [f](AC)knowledge of the Son of God, to a (AD)mature man, to the measure of the stature [g]which belongs to the (AE)fullness of Christ. 14 [h]As a result, we are (AF)no longer to be children, (AG)tossed here and there by waves and carried about by every wind of doctrine, by the trickery of people, by (AH)craftiness [i]in (AI)deceitful scheming; 15 but [j]speaking the truth (AJ)in love, [k]we are to (AK)grow up in all aspects into Him who is the (AL)head, that is, Christ, 16 from whom (AM)the whole body, being fitted and held together [l]by what every joint supplies, according to the [m]proper working of each individual part, causes the growth of the body for the building up of itself (AN)in love.

The Christian’s Walk

17 (AO)So I say this, and affirm in the Lord, (AP)that you are to no longer walk just as the [n]Gentiles also walk, in the (AQ)futility of their minds, 18 being (AR)darkened in their understanding, [o](AS)excluded from the life of God because of the (AT)ignorance that is in them, because of the (AU)hardness of their heart; 19 and they, having (AV)become callous, (AW)have given themselves up to (AX)indecent behavior [p]for the practice of every kind of impurity with greediness. 20 But you did not (AY)learn Christ in this way, 21 if indeed you (AZ)have heard Him and have (BA)been taught in Him, just as truth is in Jesus, 22 that, in reference to your former way of life, you are to (BB)rid yourselves of the (BC)old [q]self, which is being corrupted in accordance with the (BD)lusts of deceit, 23 and that you are to be (BE)renewed in the spirit of your minds, 24 and to (BF)put on the (BG)new [r]self, which [s](BH)in the likeness of God has been created in righteousness and holiness of the truth.

25 Therefore, (BI)ridding yourselves of falsehood, (BJ)speak truth each one of you with his neighbor, because we are (BK)parts of one another. 26 (BL)Be angry, and yet do not sin; do not let the sun go down on your anger, 27 and do not (BM)give the devil [t]an opportunity. 28 The one who steals must no longer steal; but rather (BN)he must labor, (BO)producing with his own hands what is good, (BP)so that he will have something to share with the one who has need. 29 Let no [u](BQ)unwholesome word come out of your mouth, but if there is any good word for (BR)edification [v]according to the need of the moment, say that, so that it will give grace to those who hear. 30 (BS)Do not grieve the Holy Spirit of God, [w]by whom you were (BT)sealed for the day of redemption. 31 (BU)All bitterness, wrath, anger, [x]clamor, and slander must be (BV)removed from you, along with all (BW)malice. 32 (BX)Be kind to one another, compassionate, forgiving each other, (BY)just as God in Christ also has forgiven [y]you.


  1. Ephesians 4:8 Or He
  2. Ephesians 4:9 Lit is it except
  3. Ephesians 4:9 One early ms had first descended
  4. Ephesians 4:11 From Gr for shepherds
  5. Ephesians 4:12 Lit holy ones; i.e., God’s people
  6. Ephesians 4:13 Or true knowledge
  7. Ephesians 4:13 Lit of the fullness
  8. Ephesians 4:14 Lit So that we will no longer be
  9. Ephesians 4:14 Lit with regard to the scheming of deceit
  10. Ephesians 4:15 Or holding to; or being truthful in
  11. Ephesians 4:15 Or let’s grow up
  12. Ephesians 4:16 Lit through every joint of the supply
  13. Ephesians 4:16 Lit working in measure
  14. Ephesians 4:17 I.e., unbelieving Gentiles
  15. Ephesians 4:18 Or alienated
  16. Ephesians 4:19 Or greedy for the practice of every kind of impurity
  17. Ephesians 4:22 Lit person
  18. Ephesians 4:24 Lit person
  19. Ephesians 4:24 Lit according to God
  20. Ephesians 4:27 Lit a place
  21. Ephesians 4:29 Lit rotten
  22. Ephesians 4:29 Lit of the need
  23. Ephesians 4:30 Lit in
  24. Ephesians 4:31 Or shouting
  25. Ephesians 4:32 Two early mss us

12 Indeed, all who want to live in a godly way in Christ Jesus (A)will be persecuted.

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