Jonathan [Jŏn'athan]—the lord gave.
The story of Jonathan is remarkable in that we know so much about him, yet he was never called to office. While he lived, he was known only as the eldest son of Saul. He knew he would never succeed his father as king. With true humility he could say to David, whom he loved, “I shall be next to thee.” After his lamentable death he is only mentioned as the father of Mephibosheth. He is not to be found among the worthies in Hebrews eleven. Doubtless he was one not counted worthy by the world.
Jonathan personified all the Christian virtues or graces that Peter wrote about (2 Pet. 1:5-7). In battle, his valour was absolutely stainless, and he acted without fear. As to the love-covenant Jonathan made with David, how rare it is to see two men loving one another as these two did. Truly, Jonathan was possessed of a heroic faith (1 Sam. 14:6); undaunted courage (1 Sam. 14:7-14); self-sacrificing friendship (1 Sam. 18:4; 19:2).
3. A Son of Abiathar, a high priest in David’s time (2 Sam. 15:27, 36; 17:17, 20; 1 Kings 1:42, 43).
4. A son of Shimea, David’s brother (2 Sam. 21:21; 1 Chron. 20:7).
5. Son of Jashen and one of David’s heroes (2 Sam. 23:32; 1 Chron. 11:34).
6. A son of Jada and grandson of Onam (1 Chron. 2:32, 33).
7. An uncle of David (1 Chron. 27:32), who was a scribe.
8. The father of Ebed who returned with Ezra (Ezra 8:6).
9. The son of Asahel, who assisted in the matter of foreign wives (Ezra 10:15).
10. A descendant of Jeshua the high priest (Neh. 12:11).
11. A priest descended from Melicu (Neh. 12:14).
13. A scribe in whose house Jeremiah was imprisoned (Jer. 37:15, 20; 38:26).
14. A son of Kareah who went to Gedaliah (Jer. 40:8).