Pharaoh [Phā'raōh]—sun, great house or the destroyer. This was a title used as the general description of the sovereign of Egypt, both with and without the personal name attached. Pharaoh is an Egyptian term derived from Phra, meaning the sun, to which the Egyptians likened themselves. This is why we often see them represented with a disc or figure of the sun upon their heads. The Pharaohs of Bible times are as follows:
- The one who took Sarah from Abraham (Gen. 12:15-20).
- The one who reigned when Joseph was prime minister (Gen. 37:36; 40-50).
- The one who was king of Egypt when Moses was born and in whose palace Moses was brought up (Exod. 1 and 2).
- The one who was king when Moses was fully grown (Exod. 2:15).
- The one who persecuted the Israelites, and whom Moses and Aaron challenged (Exod. 3:10, 11; 4:21, 22; 5-18).
- The one who reigned in the days of Solomon and whose daughter Solomon married (1 Kings 3:1; 7:8).
- The one who was king in the days of Isaiah (Isa 19:11; 30:2, 3; 36:6).
- The one who was father of Bithiah, wife of Mered, of the tribe of Judah (1 Chron. 4:18).