Adonijah [Ădonī'jah]—jehovah is lord.
- The fourth son of David and Haggith, born in Hebron (2 Sam 3:4). Adonijah was the victim of Oriental intrigue. After the death of Absalom, he became the rightful heir to the throne (1 Kings 2:15), but Bathsheba had other designs for her son Solomon who, when secure on the throne interpreted Adonijah’s desire for Abishag as an effort to secure the kingdom. Self-preservation compelled Solomon to order Adonijah’s death, a sentence carried out by Benaiah.
- A Levite sent by Jehoshaphat to teach the Law (2 Chron. 17:8).
- A chieftain who with Nehemiah sealed the covenant (Neh. 10:14-16).