4:2, 3 Contrary to the view that Abraham was considered righteous and sustained in covenant with God on the basis of his obedience and faithfulness, Paul intends to demonstrate that the general statement in 3:27 is true of Abraham in particular. Abraham had nothing “to boast about,” for Gen. 15:6 proves that it was by faith, not by law-keeping, that he was counted righteous. James also points to Abraham as an example of one who demonstrates true faith by his works (James 2:21). See “Justification and Merit” at Gal. 3:11.