Ps 110:1

110:1 Lord. As the translators indicate with the use of small capital letters, this is God’s name, Yahweh.

Lord. This title is often used for God but can also be addressed to a king or other respected person. The New Testament makes it clear that King David refers to his Son as his “Lord” (Mark 12:35–37). The promised Messiah descended from David but is greater than David. See “Jesus’ Heavenly Reign” at Acts 7:55.

at my right hand. The place of honor. After His resurrection, Jesus was exalted to the right hand of God in heaven.

your enemies. In the Old Testament they were physical flesh and blood enemies of Israel. In the New Testament the battle is intensified, as Jesus fights against the invisible, cosmic powers of evil.

footstool. A place of disgrace, symbolizing subjugation. After a victory, Near Eastern leaders would humiliate their defeated enemies by stepping on their heads or necks (Josh. 10:24–26).