3:10 I may know him. This is Paul’s most passionate longing (1:20–23); he speaks not merely of greater mental awareness, but of deepened personal union. The following two clauses explain how knowing Christ is presently experienced.
his resurrection. For Paul, identification with the crucified and risen Christ is fundamental to Christian living. Elsewhere (2 Cor. 4:7, 10, 11), Paul teaches that it is through participation in the sufferings of Christ that the power of Christ’s resurrection is manifested in the life of the Christian. This identification with the sufferings of Christ is not exclusively in martyrdom (2:17) but for all of life.