8:1 Do not fear. Compare 7:5. This call to faith (1:9; 1:6 note) is based on the promises of God despite visible circumstances. It is a common expression of God’s favor (Gen. 15:1). It confirms that the Lord’s anger has ceased towards Israel.
all the fighting men. Contrast 7:3.
given. The promise of 1:2, 3 (notes) is applied to Ai.