2:13 jewelry. On pagan goddesses, jewelry emphasized erotic areas of the anatomy.
her lovers. In vv. 7, 10, 12 these are probably synonymous with the Baals. The essence of the charge against Israel was that she had forgotten the Lord, whom she should have loved (cf. 4:6; 13:4–6). See theological note “Syncretism and Idolatry.”