4:11 cursed. God’s curse now links Cain with Satan (3:14; 1 John 3:12). His time of grace ended, he is consigned to judgment (Heb. 9:27; 10:27). Whereas in 3:17–19 the ground is cursed so as not to yield its produce without frustrating labor, now Cain is cursed to become a fugitive without a permanent place and security.