34:25 killed all the males. Under the Mosaic law, Shechem’s sin against Dinah would not have earned such excessive punishment (Deut. 22:28, 29). The action of Simeon and Levi prematurely (and illegitimately) anticipated the holy war that Israel was to wage against the inhabitants of the land (15:16; Ex. 23:27–31; Deut. 20:16–20).