Asshur. An ancestor of the Assyrians. Though a mixed people (cf. v. 11), the Assyrians were predominantly Semitic.
Arpachshad. The third son of Shem and the first born after the Flood (11:10), he was the ancestor of many Semitic tribes, including the Hebrews (cf. Luke 3:36).
Aram. The patriarchs had close relations with the Arameans (see 25:20; 31:20; Deut. 26:5).