1:7 multiplied . . . exceedingly. The terms “fruitful,” “multiplied,” and “the land was filled” remind us of Gen. 1:26–28. Israel fulfills the mandate given to humankind in Gen. 1. The land was probably the land of Goshen in northeastern Egypt, in the Wadi Tumilat in the Delta, a valley 30 to 40 miles long (cf. Gen. 47:4).