3:7 Pur (that is, they cast lots). Haman used the ancient practice of casting lots (1 Sam. 14:41–42; Prov. 16:33) to determine the most propitious time to set in motion his plan to destroy the Jews. The plural form of Pur, Purim, is the name of the celebration that commemorates the death of Haman, the enemy of all the Jews (9:23–32).