8:14 For 2,300 evenings and mornings. Cf. the “vision of the evenings and the mornings” in v. 26. Some interpreters understand it simply as a reference to the evening and morning sacrifices as separate offerings (cf. Ex. 29:38–42). On this basis it would represent 1150 days, but these paired sacrifices were traditionally considered a single offering. Others understand it as simply an expression for 2300 days. Since the persecutions by Antiochus IV could be linked with any one of a number of incidents beginning as early as 171 b.c. and ending with the rededication of the temple in 164 b.c., it is difficult to say which understanding of the phrase is to be preferred. The multiple of the number twenty-three may simply be symbolic for a fixed period as in extrabiblical apocalypses (cf. the sixty-nine [23 x 3] weeks in 9:25, 26).
Then the sanctuary shall be restored. The temple was cleansed and rededicated under the leadership of Judas Maccabeus in December, 164 b.c. (11:34 note; cf. Zech. 9:13–17).